« ZurückWeiter »
Vos tandem haud vacui mei labores,
21. Cybele, one of the deities of Asia, 3. bestead, advantaged; assisted.
She was represented as wearing a 18. Milton's knowledge of Classic literature crown designed like a battlement. is everywhere apparent.
Memnon's 51. Thunder, here used for “ lightning.” sister was named Hemera, and her 65. i.e., The Muses sing to the Fates. beauty might be reasonably argued The symbolism here is gathered from the fact that Memnon himself
from the final passages of Plato's was famous as the most handsome
Republic. soldier of his time.
97. Ladon, like Alpheus, was a river in 19. The allusion is to Cassiope.
Arcadia, and Lycaeus was a moun. 33. grain, colour, from the grain that
tain in the same region. Cyllene provided the dye.
was another mountain on the limit 78. removed, distant.
of Arcadia. It was supposed that 88. Hermes, i.e., Hermes Trismegistus, Pan was born on Lycaeus, and
King of Egypt, who was supposed Hermes on Cyllene. Erymanth to have been an authority on
and Maenalus are also Arcadiar. chemistry and physics.
mountains. unsphere, bring back to earth from 106. Syrinx was a nymph whom Pan pur. the sphere he now inhabits.
sued. She was changed into a reed, 99. Alluding to the Oresteian Trilogy of and Pan, plucking the reed, formed Æschylus.
it into a fute. 110. Cambuscan, in Chaucer's Squire's Tale.
SONNETS. 123. Not elaborately adorned and with the hair dressed.
460. This sonnet was written after the 125. The Attic boy, i.e., Cephalus.
Battle of Edgehill, when Charles 156. pale, a secluded spot fenced off from was marching upon London. the outside world.
II. Alexander, when he was about to deL'ALLEGRO.
stroy Thebes, ordered that the house
of Pindar should be left untouched, 3. Stygian cave, i.e., a cave on the Styx,
to show his reverence for the poet. one of the rivers of Hell.
Emathion=Macedonian. 10. Cimmerian desert, the country of perpetual darkness.
461. Lady Margaret Ley was daughter of 40. unreproved pleasures, for “ pleasures
Sir James Ley, afterwards Earl of that ought not to be reproved.”
Marlborough. 62. dighı, decorated. 80. Cynosura was the constellation of the
5. The parliament was dissolved by
Charles on March 10, 1629.
8. The old man eloquent was Isocrates, son of Calisto, was changed. The
who starved himself to death for seamen steered their course by this
shame after the defeat of Chaeronea. constellation, hence its metaphorical use for anything upon which the eyes 461. Sonnet VI. Milton's Tetrachordon
and the attention were eagerly fixed. was a treatise dealing with divorce, 91. secure, free of care ; light-hearted.
expounding the scriptural passages 94. rebeck, a form of violin.
treating of marriage. He wrote it 136. The Lydian measure was the measure at the time when he was thinking of of romance and tender passion.
separating from his first wife, who
had left him. ARCADES.
462. Sonnet VIII. Henry Lawes of Salis. 20. Latona, wife to Jupiter, was banished bury set music to many of the poems
to the floating island of Ortygia, of Waller and Carew, and composed where she became the mother of
royal masques and the coronation Artemis and Apollo
anthem of Charles II.
PADS 463. To the Lord General Fairfax. Son.
net 1. This was written when Fairfax
was besieging Colchester. 464. Sonnet XI., line 6. The Darwen is a
stream near Preston. 464. Sonnet XII., line 4, i.e., Pyrrhus and
Hannibal. 465. Sonnet XIII. The Duke of Savoy,
in 1655, ordered his Protestant subjects in Piedmont to conform to the Roman Catholic faith and attend mass, or else leave the country. To carry this out, he sent soldiers into the country, who massacred many
of the people. 467. Sonnet XVIII., line 3. Hercules, who
restored Alcestis to Admetus. PARAPHRASE OF Ps. CXXXVI.,
page 494. 26. Erythraean main, i.c., the Red Sea. ON THE DEATH OF A FAIR INFANT,
page 498. 2. timeless, untimely. 8. Aquilo, the North Wind.
Athenian damsel, Orithyia, daughter of Erechtheus. 23. unweeting, unwitting. 50. The reference is to Astræa, who was
supposed to have left the Earth at the conclusion of the Golden Age.
VACATION EXERCISE, page 501.
See Odyssey viii. 522.
NATIVITY, page 504. 23. wisards, here used simply for “wise
33. gaudy, holiday. 59. awful, full of awe; affrighted. 123. weltring, rolling. 186. parting, for departing." 200. Ashtaroth, the Syrian equivalent of
213. Osiris, deity of the Nile.
UPON THE CIRCUMCISION, page 512
pictorial art, but for the trumpets
heralds. 21. still transgress, continue frequently to
THE PASSION, page 513.
Cremona, in 1535, his poem called
ON THE MARCHIONESS OF WINCHESTER.
Winchester, herself the daughter of
under an operation.
ON THE UNIVERSITY CARRIER. 519. This was Thomas Hobson, who used
to ply weekly between Cambridge and London. He was the origin of the expression “Hobson's choice,” as he compelled every customer to take the steed which stood nearest to the stable door. He died on New-Year's Day, 1631, leaving a
fortune behind him. ON THE NEW FORCERS OF CONSCIENCE,
page 521. 8. A.S. stands for "Adam Stewart," who
wrote against the Independents. 12. Edwards wrote a tract called “Reason
against Independence and Toleration."
COMUS. This mask was written in 1634, as part of the ceremonies designed to celebrate the appointment of the Earl of Bridgwater as President of Wales. It was performed at Ludlow, at Michaelmas, 1634, and was first printed three years later.
7. pin-fold, sheep-fold. 116. À morrice dance was originally a
Moorish dance. 129. Cotytto, the Thracian goddess, whose
rites were of a wild and libidinous nature.
tian deity, represented with ram's
bis, a god with the face of a dog.
139. nice, here used in its original sense of
“ fastidious.” 262. home-felt, i.e., felt very closely; felt at
15. the sacred well, i.e., the Pierian
spring. 36. Masson identifies Damoetas with
Chappell, the tutor of Christ's. 40. gadding, straying ; wandering. 66. meditate, practise. 96. Hippotades, i.e., Eolus, of
Calisto, daughter of the King of
maidens called the Hesperides,
securing them as one of his labours. 430. unbleach't, “fearless,” because with
out any touch of pallor. 531. croft, an enclosed field adjoining a
farm-house. 607. purchase, the thing he has stolen. 675. Nepenthes, a drug which banishes
Helen poured it into the cup of her husband Menelaus.
The wife of Thone, Polydamna. 707. budge, lambskin wool. 708. The allusion is to the tub of Diogenes. 719. hutcht, stored up. 760. bolt, sift. 791. i.e., sophistries which dazzle the
eye. 797. brute, insensate. 845. i.e., remedying the mischief done by
urchins. 984. crisped, curled. 995. purfl’d, fringed. 1017. corners, horns, from the Latin cornu.
The word here means of middle class; mean." 15. Aonia in Boeotia, the region frequented
by the Muses. 56. bale, sorrow; grief. 107. study, toil; endeavour. 117. empyreal, fiery. 186. afflicted, defeated. 232. Pelorus, the northern point of Sicily. 266. oblivious, that causes forgetfulness. 305. Orion. The constellation of Orion is
supposed, at its autumnal setting, to
cause stormy weather. 353. Rhene, i.e., the Rhine. 391. affrail, is here used in its proper sense
of “ confront." 460. grunsel, threshold. 548. serried, set close together. 580. Uther's son, i.e., King Arthur of
Britain. 585. Biserta, a Tunisian town. 609. amerc't, punished by the infliction of a
fine. 690. admire, wonder at. 694. Babel is here explained as referring to
the Temple of Belus in Babylon. 717. Fretted, is here used in the sense of
“adorned.” 797. frequent, many in number; crowded.
BOOK II. 2. Ormus was one of the islands in the
Persian Gulf. 73. drench, a draught drunk. 306. Atlas was the giant who was supposed
to carry the earth on his shoulders. 330. deiermin'd, i.e., "brought to a deter
This exquisite poem, “the high-water mark of English poetry and of Milton's own production,” as Mark Pattison called it, was dedicated to the memory of Edward King, Milton's contemporary, who was drowned on the way to Ireland on August 10, 1637. King was a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge, and Lycidas was Milton's contribution to a volume of poems in memory of him, which his Cambridge friends collected and published in 1638. It was written in November, 1637.
193. lewd, here used in its original sense of
' ignorant laymen.” 250. amiable, lovable. 280. Abassin, Abyssinian. 478. platan, from platanus, the plane-tree. 493. unreprov'd, blameless. 703. emblem, is here used in its original
sense of “inlaid floor." 753. propriety, property. 962. areed, advise. 971. i.e., proud cherub, entrusted with the
protection of the frontier.
439. unessential, having no essence ; in
substantial. 513. horrent, used in its original Latin
sense of “ bristling.” 568. obdured, like obdurate, means “har
dened.” 595. frore, frozen. 693. conjur'd, joined together in conspiracy. 715. fraught, laden, 813. dint, blow. 842. buxom, is here used in its original
BOOK V. 150. numerous verse, verse marked off into
feet. 214. pampered, full of leaves. 24.9. ardors, cherubim and seraphim. 349. The meaning is, that the shrub was
not set fire to so as to produce a
scent. 589. gonfalons, banners. 739. illustrate, here used for
"render famous.” 906. retorted, hurled back in reply.
BOOK VI. 19. in procinct, i.e., girded for battle,
after the fashion of the Roman soi
diery. 58. reluctant, here used in its Latin sense
of“ struggling. 93. hosting, gathering together into a host. 101. idol, counterfeit presentment; image. 115. realty, royalty. 216. battle, here used for that which wages
sense of “pliant,” “ yielding.' 939. Syrtis, quicksands on the north of
gods, whose name was supposed in
that separates heaven from hell. 25. The allusion is to the so-called gutta
serena, a disease of the optic nerve. 30. flow'ry brooks, Kedron and Siloam. 35. Thamyris, a Thracian bard. Maeon.
ides, Homer. 90. assay, attempt. 93. glozing, deceitful. 129. suggestion, temptation. 255. maugre, in spite of. French malgre. 328. doom, judgment. 438. Sericana, the country between Imaus
of fame, threw himself into Ætna,
Hell, where the spirits of the right-
active. 643. succinct, belted.
BOOK IV. 11. wreak, avenge. 50. sdein'd, disdained. 123. coucht, coupled with. 126. Assyrian mount, i.e., Niphates.
battle, i.e., the army. 329. griding, cutting. 362. uncouth, unknown. 382. illaudable, not to be praised. 446. Nisroch, a deity of the people of
Nineveh. 496. cheer, face; countenance. 520. pernicious, here used in its classic
sense of "quick," " hasty.” 619. result, again
a classic use for "re. bound. 766. bickering, skirmishing.