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Fierce rain with lightning mixed, water with fire
In ruin reconciled; nor slept the winds
Within their stony caves, but rushed abroad
From the four hinges of the world, and fell
On the vexed wilderness, whose tallest pines,
Though rooted deep as high, and sturdiest oaks,
Bowed their stiff necks, loaden with stormy blasts,
Or torn up sheer. Ill wast Thou shrouded then,
O patient Son of God, yet only stood'st

Unshaken! Nor yet stayed the terror there :
Infernal ghosts and hellish furies round
Environed Thee ; some howled, some yelled, some shrieked,
Some bent at Thee their fiery darts, while Thou
Sat'st unappalled in calm and sinless peace.
Thus passed the night so foul, till morning fair
Came forth with pilgrim steps, in amice gray,
Who with her radiant finger stilled the roar
Of thunder, chased the clouds, and laid the winds,
And grisly spectres, which the fiend had raised

430 To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire. And now the sun with more effectual beams Had cheered the face of earth, and dried the wet From drooping plant, or dropping tree; the birds, Who all things now behold more fresh and green, After a night of storm so ruinous, Cleared up their choicest notes in bush and spray, To gratulate the sweet return of morn. Nor yet, amidst this joy and brightest morn, Was absent, after all his mischief done,

440 The Prince of Darkness; glad would also seem Of this fair change, and to our Saviour came; Yet with no new device (they all were spent), Rather by this his last affront resolved, Desperate of better course, to vent his rage And mad despite to be so oft repelled. Him walking on a sunny hill he found, Backed on the north and west by a thick wood;





Out of the wood he starts in wonted shape,
And in a careless mood thus to Him said:

“Fair morning yet betides Thee, Son of God,
After a dismal night. I heard the wrack,
As earth and sky would mingle; but myself
Was distant; and these flaws, though mortals fear them,
As dangerous to the pillared frame of Heaven,
Or to the earth's dark basis underneath,
Are to the main as inconsiderable
And harmless, if not wholesome, as a sneeze
To man's less universe, and soon are gone.
Yet, as being ofttimes noxious where they light
On man, beast, plant, wasteful and turbulent,
Like turbulencies in the affairs of men,
Over whose heads they roar, and seem to point,
They oft fore-signify and threaten ill.
This tempest at this desert most was bent;
Of men at Thee, for only Thou here dwell'st.
Did I not tell Thee, if Thou didst reject
The perfect season offered with my aid
To win Thy destined seat, but wilt prolong
All to the push of fate, pursue Thy way
Of gaining David's throne no man knows when
(For both the when and how is nowhere told),
Thou shalt be what Thou art ordained, no doubt;
For angels have proclaimed it, but concealing
The time and means? Each act is rightliest done
Not when it must, but when it may be best.
If Thou observe not this, be sure to find
What I foretold Thee—many a hard assay
Of dangers, and adversities, and pains,
Ere Thou of Israel's sceptre get fast hold;
Whereof this ominous night that closed Thee round,
So many terrors, voices, prodigies,
May warn Thee, as a sure foregoing sign.”

So talked he, while the Son of God went on,
And stayed not, but in brief him answered thus :-





Me worse than wet thou find'st not; other harm
Those terrors which thou speak’st of did Me none.
I never feared they could, though noising loud
And threatening nigh: what they can do as signs
Betokening or ill-boding I contemn
As false portents, not sent from God, but thee;
Who, knowing I shall reign past thy preventing,
Obtrud'st thy offered aid, that I, accepting,
At least might seem to hold all power of thee,
Ambitious spirit! and would'st be thought My God;
And storm'st, refused, thinking to terrify
Me to thy will! Desist (thou art discerned,
And toil'st in vain), nor Me in vain molest.'

To whom the fiend, now swollen with rage, replied :-
“Then hear, O Son of David, virgin-born !
For Son of God to me is yet in doubt.
Of the Messiah I have heard foretold
By all the prophets; of Thy birth, at length
Announced by Gabriel, with the first I knew,
And of the angelic song in Bethlehem field,
On Thy birth-night, that sung Thee Saviour born.
From that time seldom have I ceased to eye
Thy infancy, Thy childhood, and Thy youth,
Thy manhood last, though yet in private bred;
Till, at the ford of Jordan, whither all
Flocked to the Baptist, I among the rest
(Though not to be baptized), by voice from Heaven
Heard Thee pronounced the Son of God beloved.
Thenceforth I thought Thee worth my nearer view
And narrower scrutiny, that I might learn
In what degree or meaning Thou art called
The Son of God, which bears no single sense.
The son of God I also am, or was;
And, if I was, I am ; relation stands :
All men are sons of God; yet Thee I thought
In some respect far higher so declared.
Therefore I watched Thy footsteps from that hour,



And followed Thee still on to this waste wild,
Where, by all best conjectures, I collect
Thou art to be my


Good reason, then, if I beforehand seek
To understand my adversary, who
And what He is ; His wisdom, power, intent;
By parle or composition, truce or league,
To win Him, or win from Him what I can.

And opportunity I here have had
To try Thee, sift Thee, and confess have found Thee
Proof against all temptation, as a rock
Of adamant and as a centre, firm
To the utmost of mere man both wise and good,
Not more; for honours, riches, kingdoms, glory,
Have been before contemned, and may again.
Therefore, to know what more Thou art than man,
Worth naming Son of God by voice from Heaven,
Another method I must now begin."

540 So saying, he caught Him up, and, without wing Of hippogrif, bore through the air sublime, Over the wilderness and o'er the plain, Till underneath them fair Jerusalem, The holy city, lifted high her towers, And higher yet the glorious Temple reared Her pile, far off appearing like a mount Of alabaster, topped with golden spires : There, on the highest pinnacle, he set The Son of God, and added thus in scorn:

550 “There stand, if Thou wilt stand; to stand upright Will ask Thee skill. I to Thy Father's house Have brought Thee, and highest placed : highest is best. Now show Thy progeny ; if not to stand, Cast Thyself down. Safely, if Son of God; For it is written, 'He will give command Concerning Thee to His angels; in their hands They shall uplift Thee, lest at any time Thou chance to dash Thy foot against a stone.'

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CISTAILAND "Tempt not the Lord thy God,' He said, and stood :

But Satan, smitten with amazement, fell."


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