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The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day,
Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; 100
81. If the lamb, which thy riot dooms, &c. (if he) had thy reason, would he skip and play? He is only a repetition of the subject, and in app. with lamb.
85. Interjections govern both the nom. and obj. of pronouns, but the nom. only of nouns.
87. Who relates to Heaven, which is here used for God, and God, in the end of the line, is connected with who, by the conj. as-or, those nouns which follow the conj. as, and have a like meaning with those to which they are con nected, may be considered in apposition with the same.
92. Wait for the great teacher. By a particular usage of language, the obj. case is put after many verbs which do not pass over to them, as the real objects of an action.
His soul proud science never taught to stray
He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire;
IV. Go, wiser thou! and in thy scale of sense,
In pride, in reasoning pride our error lies; All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies. Pride still is aiming at the blest abodes,
102. To the solar walk, that is, the circuit of the sun. 113. Go, thou, who art wiser than the poor Indian. 115. Call that, imperfection, which thou fanciest to be
120. If he be not alone made, &c. then snatch
Men would be angels, angels would be gods.
V. Ask for what end the heavenly bodies shine, Earth for whose use? Pride answers, ""Tis for mine;
"For me, kind nature wakes her genial power, "Suckles each herb and spreads out ev'ry flow'r : "Annual for me, the grape, the rose, renew "The juice nectarius, and the balmy dew;
For me, the mine a thousand treasures brings; "For me, health gushes from a thousand springs; "Seas roll to waft me, suns to light me rise;
My footstool earth, my canopy the skies." But errs not nature from this gracious end, From burning suns when livid deaths descend, When earthquakes swallow, or when tempests
Towns to one grave, whole nations to the deep? No, 'tis replied, the first Almighty Cause "Acts not by partial, but by general laws; "The exceptions few; some change since all
129. He who, &c. sins. When but can be changed into only, without injuring the sense, it is an adverb.
141. But does not nature err from this gracious end? viz: the blessings enumerated above.
"And what created perfect?" Why then man? If the great end be human happiness,
Then nature deviates; and can man do less? 150
Better for us, perhaps, it might appear,
151-153. That end as much requires eternal springs, &c., as it requires that men should be forever temperate,
156. Catiline and Borgia were two of the most abandoned and bloody demagogues, that ever lived.
158. Who knows but he, whose hand, &c., pours? 159--160. Julius Cæsar is here meant. Alexander the Great was vainly styled the son of Jupiter Ammon: hence he is called young Ammon.
166. If all were harmony there, (i. e. in the operations of nature,) and all virtue here, (i. e. in the actions of men.)
But all subsists by elemental strife;
VI. What would this man? Now upward will
And, little less than angel, would be more?
Each beast, each insect, happy in its own: 185
Shall he alone, whom rational we call,
173. What would this man do or have; or what wishes this man. When the interrogative is not directly the nom. to the verb, there being no other nom. case, it is either the nom. after the verb, governed by it, or by a prep. expressed or understood.
179-181. Nature, being kind without profusion, assigned the proper organs, &c., and compensated each seeming want. 184. To add and to abate seem to imply a passive signi fication Nothing to be added and nothing to be abated.