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And waking cried, “This is the gate of heaven.'
Each stair mysteriously was meant, nor stood
There always, but drawn up to heaven sometimes
Viewless ; and underneath a bright sex flow'd
Of jasper, or of liquid pearl, whereon
Who after came from earth, sailing arriv'd,
Wafted by angels, or flew o'er the lake
Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds.
The stairs were then let down, whether to dare
The Fiend by easy ascent, or aggravate
His sad exclusion fronu the doors of bliss :
Direct against wbich opeu'd from beneath,
Just o'er the blissful seat of Paradise,
A passage down to the earth, a passage wide,
Wider by far than that of after times
Over mount Sion, and, though that were large,
Over the Promis'd land, to God so dear ;
By which, to visit oft those happy tribes, tas
On high boheets his angels to and fro"
Pass'd frequent, and his eye with choice regard
From Paneas, she fount of Jordan's flood, : :
To Beërsaba, where the Holy Land
Borders on Egypt and the Arabian shore s
So wide the opening neem'd, where bounds wore sol
To darkness, such as bound the ocean wave.
Satan from hence, now on the lower stair,
That scald by steps of gold to heaven-gate,
Looks down with wonder at the sudden view
Of all this world at once. As when a scout,
Through dark and desers ways with peril gono
All night, at last by break of cheerful dawn
Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill,
Which to his eye discovers unaware
The goodly prospect of some foreign land
First seen, or some renown'd metropolis
With glistering spires and pinnacles adorn’d,
Which now the rising sun gilds with his beains a
Such wonder seiz'd, though after heaven seen,
The spirii malign, but much more enry seiz'd,


At sight of all this world beheld so fair.
Round he surveys, (and well might, where he stood
dis high above the circling canopy
Of night's extended shade,) from eastern point
Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears
Andromeda far off Atlantic seas,
Beyond the horizon: then from pole to pole
He views in breadth, and without longer pause
Downright into the world's first region throws
His flight precipitant, and winds with ease
Through the pure marble air his oblique way
Amongst innumerable stars, that shone
Stars distant, but nigh hand seem'd other worlds ;
Or other worlds they seem'd, or happy isles,
Like those Hesperian gardens fam'd of old,
Fortunate fields, and groves, and flowery valen,
Thrice happy isles ; but who dwelt happy thero
He stay'd not to inquire : above them all
The golden sun, in splendour likest heaven,
Allur'd bis eye ; thither his course he bends
Through the calm firmament, (but up or down,
By centre or eccentric, hard to tell,
Or longitude,) where the great luminary
Aloof tbe vulgar constellations thick,
That from bir lordly eye kept distance due,
Dispenses light from far: they, as they more
Their starry, dance in numbers that compute
Days, months, and years, towards his all cheering

Turn swift their various motions, or are turn'd
By his magnetic beam, that gently warms
The universe, and to each inward part
With gentle penetration, though unseen,
Shoots invisible virtue even to the deep :
So wondrously was set his station bright.
There lands the Fiend, a spot like which perhaps
Astronomer in the sun's lucent orb
Through his glaz'd optic tube vet pever saw.
The place he found beyond expression bright,

Compar'd with aught on earth, metal nr stone ;
Not all parts like, but all alike inform'd
With radiant light, as glowing iron with fire ;
If metal, part seem'd gold, part silver clear;
If stone, carbuncle most, or chrysolite,
Ruby or topaz, to the twelve that shone
In Aaron's breast-plate, and a stone besides
Imagin'd rather oft than elsewhere seen,
That stone, or like to that, which here below
Philosophers in vain so long have sought,
In vain, though by their powerful art they bind
Volatile Hermes, and call up unbound
In various shapes old Proteus from the sea,
Drain'd throngh a limbec to his native form.
What wonder then if fields and regions here
Breathe forth elixir pure, and rivers run
Potable gold, when with one virtuous touch
The arch-chymic sun, so far from us remote,
Produces, with terrestrial humour mix'd,
Here in the dark so many precious things
Of colour glorious, and effect so rare ?
Here matter new to gan the Devil met
Undazzled ; far and wide hit eve commande ;
For sight no obstacle found here, nor shade,
But all sun-shive, as when his beams at noon
Culminate from the equator, as they now
Shot upward still direct, whence no way round
Shadow from body opaque can fall; and the air,
No where so clear, sharpen'd his visual ray
To objects distant far, whereby he soon
Saw within ken, a glorious angel stand,
The same whom Juhn saw also in the sun :
His track was turn'd, but not his brightness hid;
Of beaming suliny rays a golden tiar
Circled his head, nor less his locks behind
Illustrious on his shoulders fledge with wings
Jay waving round; on some great charge employ's
He seem'd, or six'd in cogitation deep,
Giad was the spirit impure, as now in hope


To find who might direct his wandering flight
Io Paradise, the happy seat of man,
His journey's end, and our beginning woe.
But first he casts to change his proper shape,
Which else might work him danger or delay!
And now a stripling cherub be appears,
Not of the prime, yet such as in his face
Youth smild celestial, and to every limb'
Suitable grace diffus'd, so well he feign'd :
Under a coronet his flowing hair
In curls on either cheek play'd; wings he wore,
Of many a colour'd plume, sprinkled with gold;
His habit fit for speed succinct, and held
Before his decent steps a silver wand.
He drew not nigh unheard ; the angel bright,
Ere he drew nigh, his radiant virage turn'd,
Admonish'd by his ear, and straight was known
The Archangel Uriel, one of the seven
Who in God's presence, nearest to his throne,
Stand ready at command, and are his eyes earth
That run through all the heavens, or down to the
Bear his swift errands over moist and dry,
O'er sea and land : him Suran thus accosta :

“Uriel, for thou of those seven spirits that stand
In sight of God's high throne, gloriously bright,
The first art wont his great authentic will.
Interpreter through highest heaven to bring,
Where all his sous thy embassy attend ;
And here are likeliest by supreme decreo
Like honour to obtain, and as his eye
To visit oft this new creation round;
Unspeakable desire to see, and know,
All these his wondrous works, but chiefly man,
His chief deligh: and favour, him for whom
All these his works so wondrous he ordain'd,
Hash brought me from the quires of cherubim
Alone thus wandering. Brightest seraph, tell
In which of all these shining orbs hath mas
His fixed seat, or fixed seat huli uoue,

But all these shining orbs his choice to dwell ;
That I may find him, and with secret gaze
Or open admiration, him behold,
On whom the great Creator bath bestow'd
Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces pour'd
That both in him and all things, as is meet,
The universal Maker we may praise,
Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes
To deepest hell, and, to repair that loss,
Created this new happy race of men
To serve him better : wise are all his ways."

So spake the false dissembler unperceiv'd :
For Teither man nor angel can discern
Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks
Invisible, except to God alone,
By his permissive will, through heaven and earth
Aud oft; though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps
At wisdom's gate, and to simpiicity
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill
Where no ill seems : which now for once beguild
Uriel, though regent of the sun, and held
The sharpest sighted spirit of all in heaven ;
Who to the fraudulent impostor foul,
In his uprightness, answer thus return'd :

“ Fair angel, thy desire, which tends to know The works of God, thereby to glorify The great Work-master, leads to no excess That reaches blame, lut rather merits praise The more it seems excess, that led thee hither From thy empyreal mansion thus alone, To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps, Contented with report, hear only in heaven: For wonderful indeed are all his works, Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight; But what created mind can comprehend Their number, or the wisdom infinite (deep That brought them forth, but hid their causmo I saw when at his word the furmless mass,

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