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6. That, in other words, if the labourers You will ask what are the means that
in agriculture be suffered to in- Peter proposes to make use of, in order crease, or even to exist in their to effect his purposes ; that is to say, in present numbers, and be suffered to order to make the labourers live upon have wages sufficient to give them bad pig-meat, to quit the country, or to bread and meat, and good clothing, cease to breed at such an intolerable they will take so much money, that rate as they do now? Why! with there will not be enough left to pay regard to the first, and also with regard rents, tithes, and taxes, to support to the second, SQUIRE TAMBle does, the high classes as they are now in fact, give the thing up as hopeless. supported.
But, with regard to the breeding affair, 7. That, if these classes be not thus Perer' has written an INSTRUCTIVE
supported, the tradesmen in great Treatise,” in which he lays down all and fashionable towns will be ruin- the rules, in the most elaborate manner, ed; and that the journeymen will and upon medical and surgical princialso suffer greatly.
ples. Here, however, his public spirit 8. That, therefore, something must be has to contend against “ a want of edu
adopted by the Government to ac- cation," a thing which is deeply lacomplish one of three things : mented by the whole tribe of Scotch First, to compel the agricultural philosophers. With the prostitutes and labourers to live upon potatoes, pickpockets and robbers, whether in sea-weed, nettle-tops, and other high or low life; with these Peter and herbage, such as is not good his disciples find it very pleasant work; enough to keep a pig in good care; but, alas! these are the poor breeders ; Second, to send a large part of the so that here is very little effect proagricultural labourers out of the duced. It is in the country where the country; Third, to prevent the breeders are ; and here there is a country women from having chil- want of education; so that liere the dren, except now and then, as they beautiful doctrine of non-breeding is may be wanted.
wholly thrown away. 9. That, unless one of these three be In order to get over this difficulty,
adopted and enforced, the “ edi- the Government have appointed a board cated classes” will be wholly de- of cominissioners, for the purpose of stroyed, and the kingly government affording advice and facility to working
must and will be overthrown. people, willing to go out of the counNow, let me bey of you not to laugh try, at the head of which board is, I at this; not to set up a
ha! ha! believe, the eldest son of our Prime And let me beg that no long-faced Minister. The board confined itself, Yankee will give his jaws a twist, and at first, to invitations to the male sex ; exclaim “pawssible!” as much as to but having been reminded by me, that say, that is an English lie. I most sportsmen, in order to keep up a great seriously assure you ihat it is true ; and breed of pheasants, always make a point if I were in London, I would send you of preserving the hens, they have now Peter's book, in which he maintains issued invitation for unmarried these propositions ; and my belief is, women to go out of the country; and that if anybody were to contradict him here they will find thousands ready to to his face upon the subject, he would go ; but not a single breeder amongst either roast them with his goose, or stab all the thousands ! So that Peter them with his bodkin. “But," you will ТHIMBLE's projects will certainly all be exclaim, " is it possible that this man is defeated : and the only effect that they " the planet around which the Ministers have produced, or that they will pro“ roll?” He is, I tell you : and if I were duce, is that of exciting well-merited to send up a petition to any one of them ridicule and contempt. Perhaps it is to present, they would consult Peter the first time in the history of the world, before they would present it.
that a government has existed and gone
on, with the whole nation, labourers
MY PETITION and all, laughing at its projects.
ABOUT EMIGRATION. Peter Tumble is right enough, indeed, with regard to the effects of the
In the last Register was my petition, labouring people getting proper wages. relative to the scarcity of labourers in It must lessen rents, tithes, and taxes; it Lincolnshire and in the East Riding of must drive tradesmen out of great and Yorkshire; and praying that no more expensive towns; it must produce dis- public money might be expended on any tress among hundreds of thousands of of the Scotch projects for getting the journeymen and servants: it is pro- labourers of England out of the country. ducing all these effects now. Every one My London papers did not meet me indirectly dependent upon the taxes feels either at Sheffield or at Nottingham; so the effects of this auginentation of the that I have not yet read an uccount of ploughman's meal. If the change were what took place at the presenting of my more sudden, the distress in these de petition, which was sent froin Notting. vouring classes would be much greater ham on Monday, the 12th instant, and than it now is. The big farmers and which was, it would seem, presented the their families feel greatly the effect in very next day; and, let me take this this change of the situation of the la- opportunity of observing, that Mr. Albourers. A two or three hundred pounds derman Wood did his duty upon this is a good deal, as the yearly profits of occasion, with a promptitude such as I a farm : a large part of these is now have seldom witnessed in a similar case taken away by the labourers: a larger in any other Member of Parliament. I part will be taken away this year than have long been acquainted with the Althere was taken away last year: a still derman ; but, upon this occasion, I did larger part will be taken away the year not make use of that acquaintanceship after; and thus it will go on, till it will for the purpose of having the petition answer the purpose of no man to presented ; but merely said to him in be the holder of five or six farms; these very words :-“ Sir, as one of in short the thing had gone on, till it your constituents, I enclose you a became a question, whether the labour-"petition, which I beg you to have the ers of England would or would not live goodness to present to the House as upon polatoes, and occasionally die by soon as possible. I am, Sir, pour scores from starvation. This became a “most humble and obedient servant, question; and this question having been “Wm. Cobbett.” I expected it to be settled in the negative, some one or presented very soon; but I was sur: more of the other great heads of ex- prised, on arriving at Birmingham on penditure must give way. We are now Wednesday the 14th, at learning from in a struggle for preserving the whole : The Sun newspaper, that the petition the Government seems to have no no had been presented. There was no tion of giving way. God send, that they report of what took place in Parliament. may be convinced, in time, of the utter But I have been told that Peel's-Billimpossibility of upholding the whole Peel (that sprightly gentleman) made system, and that, by yielding to that an awkward attempt to be sarcastic, which common sense and necessity dice in which I ain told he has since been tate, they may preserve the country in joined in a publication by the hulky, peace, restore tu it its liberties and its empty-headed fool- Liar, who, not conprosperity, and make it worthy of you tent with a former exhibition of his and all your family coming back to it, cowardice, is now anxious to perform and ending your days in it: and thus I over again his cryings for mercy! But conclude this long and rambling, though, Mr. Humb, I am told, observed, upon to you, I trust, not uninteresting letter. this petition, that I was mistaken with I am always your most obliged regard to the exp.nse of the board of And faithful friend and servant, Commissioners and their proceedings;
W.. COBBETT. for that that commission and its pro
MY PREDICTIONS AGAIN. Derby and Sussex, and yet we have (From the same.)
never heard that any inconvenience had West-END TRADES-PEOPLE. We re- been found in either of these counties gret to hear that the tradesmen of the from the want of clergymen. The county nobility in London complain very much of Derby has a population of 237,170, of dulness of trade, and that several in and there are 79 magistrates, or one to situations where the rents are high have every 3,002 souls. The county of Sussex signified their intention of throwing up has a population of 272,328, and 189 their leases and quitting the country, magistrates, or one to every 1,441 souls. unless a great reduction be agreed to by We presume that in both counties there the landlords. The person from whom are enough of justices. The county of we have this information has been ena- Bucks has a population of 146,529, and bled to ascertain the comparative re. 114 magistrales, of whom fifty-four (or ceipts of 1898 and 1529, with those of nearly one-half) are clergymen; and 1830 and 1831, of more than fifteen of there is thus in the proportion of one the leading tradesmen in Bond-street, magistrate to every 1,000 souls ! The Regent-street, and Oxford-street; and, zeal manifested in favour of the antie according to his account, there is a fall- reform candidate at the late general ing off in the latter two years of more election in Bucks may be thus accounted than one-third. This is attributed, for. In Cornwall, Herefordshire, Linpartly to the prolonged discussion of the coln, Norfolk, Somerset, Brecon, DenReform Bill, and partly to the absence bigh, Glamorgan, and other counties, it of some of the first families, who have will be seen that one-half of the justaken up their residence in cheaper spots tices of the peace are clergymen; and than the metropolis. It appears, in- we think some practical conclusions deed, that the scarcity of money, the may be come to regarding the state of difficulty of collecting it, even when these counties as to crime, from an persons have it to pay, and the refrench- examination of the list; and it may be ment of the upper classes, were never so curious to notice the connexion between great. As a proof of the two latter, it the clerical magistrates and anti-reform is mentioned to us, that many of the Lord Lieutenants. The attention of nobility have paid only half of the amount his Majesty's Ministers to this connexion due for boxes at the Opera for more than may not be without its use, if they contwo years, and that those who do pay, template a reform in the magistracy; among whom is the first lady in the or if they do not, for those that shall realm, insist upon a discount of five per come after them. It will be curious to cent.-Court Journal.
hear what excuse there can be in Nor
folk, for instance, for having seventyPARSON-JUSTICES. eight clergymen, when that county is so
thickly studded with resident gentry and (From the Morning Chronicle.)
men of character and fortune to do the A return has lately been laid before duties of the magistracy. We notice Parliament (P.P. No. 39) of the Justices Hereford county, with a population of of the Peace who have qualified to act 110,976, and 155 justices, of whom 58 in the several counties in England and are clergymien, i. c. there is one magisWales, by which it appears that there trate for every 718.souls in the county. are 5,391 justices qualified, of which This looks cathedral-like-part of the number, 1,354 are clergymen, and 4,017 church-staff--and can any man say that are laymen. The perusal of this abstract, such a number of magistrates in an which we annex, will, we are confident, agricultural county can be requisite? lead to some curious, and perhaps Whilst in Yorkshire, with a population serious reflections, which we may here- of 1,371,296, and a large proportion of after more particularly notice ; at pre- their inanufacturers, there are only 414 sent we would only observe, that there magistrates, or one to every 3,312 souls. is not one clergyman in the counties of Will any man consider these inequalities,
and not say that the appointments to the the table, and we trust that each will
List of Magistrates Or Justices of TIE Peace IN EACH
COUNTY IN ENGLAND AND WALES WHO HAVE QUALIFIED,
APPOLYTED BY THE LORD CHANCELLOR.
Clergy Lay. Total.
19 27 46
28 95 123
23 28 51
16 58 74
36 54 90
15 39 54
42 144 186
23 59 82
51 119 170
49 127 176
2 145 147
52 59 111
13 44 57
Hon. John Wodehouse
78 119 197
38 106 144
58 98 156
18 71 89
24 37 61
W. E. Powell, Esg.
1354 14017 (5371
ceedings were attended WITH NO EX-barren north; and, therefore, upon PENSE TO THE PUBLIC. Mr. Hume these projects the Government may ought to have hesitated before he made squander. Mr. Hums may do what a positive assertion like this, tending to he pleases, but the projecis shall not throw discredit upon the whole of a succeed! petition of so much interest to the coun- But there was another part of the try. As to the fact, it is Mr. HUME who petition, on which, as far as I can learn, is in error and not I. I am aware that Mr. Hume said nothing ; namely, my the persons emigrating are to pay for complaint, that while all these projects their own passage ; but I am also a ware were on foot, for getting rid of the that the public furnishes the ships and English working people, millions have, everything necessary for the voyage, as I believe, been uselessly expended in and I never yet knew any such under the barren Islands of Scotland, for the taking on the part of the Government express and avowed purpose OF PREin which the public were not a loser. VENTING THE SCOTCH FROM Besides, supposing the commissioners EMIGRATING! Was not this good to have no salaries, have not the pub-ground of complaint for an Englishman lic
the clerks and who has paid a part of those millions ? messengers and for the postage of Let Mr. Hume move for an account of letters innumerable ? Mr. Hume may the sums expended by the commigperhaps find it difficult to fish out these sioners for the carrying on of that affair; items of charge in the navy, the ordon- and I will bet Mr. Hume a hundred nance, and the colonial estimates : but real sovereigns against a hundred Mr. Hume has at times complained pounds of Greek bonds, that is bitterly of the expenses of PRINTING ; about a thousand to one, that the and, before he so positively contradicted bare printing and the plans, relating a fact stated in iny petition, he ought to the Highland job; that these to have ascertained, that the immense papers alone, have cost the English mass of printing caused to be done by nation more than the amount of three this board of commissioners was not years' poor-rales for the county of Suspaid for by the public. I say that it sex. Let Mr. HUME move for an achas been and is paid for by the public; count of this expenditure, that we may and upon this alone I had a right to see how much the people of England pray, as I did, that the labourers of have been robbed of by the means of England might no longer be taxed for this unparalleled job. Twenty-nine years this at once insane and most inischiev- ago I complained in my Register of this ous purpose.
monstrous job. I have not the RegisThe truth is, that Mr. Hume is pretty ter here, or I would look out the passharply bitten with the philosophy of sage. I remember to have besought Peter TAMBLE, and the rest of those the late Mr. Windham to protest against whose selfish insincerity, or whose folly, this rascally affair; and I pointed out to induces them to ascribe the suffering of him that we were actually adding to the working peonle to a “surplus po- the national debt (for loans were making pulation ;” and Mr. Hume has no ob- at the time), in order to send English jection to the squandering of a little of money into Scotland, for the purpose our money for the purpose of indulging of causing people to be kept and bred himself in the furtherance of projects upon mountains and heaths incapable of founded on this stupid whim. He is producing them food. very scrupulous in tolling up the items Now nothing can be more easy than of expenditure on other matters ; but for Mr. Hume to move for the Act of here he will allow the Government to Parliament to be read, warranting the squander as much as they please., Their Highland project, then to move for an projects, if they could carry them into account of all the sums expended in execution, would drive away English- virtue of that Act of Parliament! statmen to make room for swarıns in the ing the several years during which the