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Unions; while from his lips never living, he having no visible means of comes there one word against any of honest livelihood. But, in the talents, those votes of money which are the the rare industry, the self-dependent cause of our ruin and our suffering. We powers of Mr. EDMONDS, you have a see him pelted from the hustings with better security for independent conduct, turnips and cabbages by his oppressed than you could have in all the riches of constituents, after having seen him the richest man in the land. pledge himself to support CANNING, at Mr. TENNYSOn is talked of as a memthe very moment when that impudent ber for BIRMINGHAM ; and who and tax-eater was declaring, that he would what is Mr. Tennyson? He has lately oppose reform to the end of his life! been in public pay, and has quitted it
Here, then, we have a proof of the on account, he says, of ill-health. This inefficacy of riches to secure to us good was the true ground, or it was a false representatives. Burdett's conduct has one. In either case here would be arisen from his riches. Had he been enough for Mr. Tennyson ; for you poorer he might have acted a better want both health and honesty! But part : he has too much, and is too fond there is another objection to Mr. Tenof it, to suffer hiin to wish to see the NYson; namely, that he is in Parliapower of riches diminished. Thus, it is ment now, and has been there for sevea great mistake to suppose, that riches ral years; and that he has never made and independence mean the same thing, an effort to take away the pension list; or that the latter is the effect of the never opposed the yearly grant to Haformer. The man really independent, noverian and other foreign officers; is he who feels that he has within him-never objected to the grants to the clerself the means of providing for all his gy out of the taxes; never objected to real wants, and whose life has been, the military and naval academies; and whose character is, such as to curse never protested against military and him with no imaginary wants. That naval half-pay given to rectors and viis the only truly independent man; and cars of the church; never attempted to such a man you see in your indefatigably cause any of those changes which are industrious townsman, Mr. Edmonds. absolutely necessary. And why should If, indeed, he were a great hulky beast, you suppose that he would change his whose shoulder-of-mutton fists were course of conduct? He is a tried man; made for the plough-handles, and whose he has been tried and found wanting. broad back was fashioned to a hod or a You know what he has been ; and knot, but whose laziness had never suf- therefore, if you were to choose him, fered him to earn one single penny you would stamp his past conduct with since he was born, and whose vanity your approbation ; and that would and brass united, made him think him- amount to a declaration on your part, self entitled to live, in some way or that you were content with the squanother, upon the labour of others : then, derings, and that you wished them to indeed, you might" inquire, and you continue; or, in other words, that the ought to inquire, into the amount of his people of Birmingham do not feel property. if he presented to you the themselves oppressed by the taxes and beau-ideal of a sturdy beggar, having rates and the Corn Bill, and that they his bulky, ill-formed carcass carried want a reform merely for the sake of about the country, passed along from the name! To those who propose Mr. town to town, by the means of sub- Tennyson to you, put these questions, scriptions wheedled out of the pockets Will he distincíly pledge himself, of the thoughtless; then, indeed, you 1. To move or support a motion for the might reasonably inquire how he could abolition of tithes in England ? ever be independent; and, in fact, it 2. To inove or support a motion for the would be the duty of the magistrates of repeal of the malt and hop tax? Birmingham to take him up, and make 3. To move or support a motion for the him give an account of how he got his repeal of the Corn Bill?
4. To move or support a motion for the l“ ferred for the general benefit of the
sweeping away of the pension, nation, and in particular for the pro-
“ The enlightened inhabitants of BirIf they do not answer in the negatire" mingham and its vicinity will be for him, he will do it himself. Upon“ guided in their choice of representawhat ground then, with what decency, “tives by EXPERJENCE; they will rewith what honesty, is any man of this quire something besides wealth and town to propose to you to elect Mr. “ rank, or even that regard for the conTennyson, while another man is ready
“stitutional liberties of the country to give these pledges?
“ which CONVENIENTLY discovers itself Gentlemen, I am aware that I may at the eleventh hour,' just when the have taken a liberty too great in thus cause of reform is about to triumph; appearing to think it necessary to ad- " but which existed without ENERGY, dress you on a subject, on which I know “ without ENTHUSIASM, without devoyou, and the whole nation knows you, TION, when that cause demanded the to be such competent judges; but I“ aid of every patriot; and when its trust that my anxiety that your exam- “ advocates were subjected to every ple might be such as to direct in the species of OPPRESSION, PERSECUTION, right path all the other towns, and all “ and CRUELTY. the counties in the kingdom, will be my “ Aware of the serious circuinstances apology
“of the country, you will require that the I remain,
“ meu of your choice should have the Gentlemen,
capacity to take an efficient and deterYour most humble and" mined course in the settlement of those most obedient Servant, IMMENSE QCESTIONS, CIVIL and ECCLEWM. COBBETT. SIASTICAL,
which a Reformed Pailia
ment must presently entertain; and, MR. EDMONDS'S ADDRESS.
“in the discussion of which, courage,
" decision of character, perseverance, • To the Inhabitants of Birmingham," and benevolence, of the highest order, " and its vicinity.
are necessary; and without which, a " Fellow COUNTRYMEN,
GEXTLEMAN would be tossed “You will, in all probability, be soon “ about like a FEATIER upon the ocean “ called upon to exercise the important “ of Parliamentary Debate. " privilege of electing two members of “ With the firm conviction that I “ Parliament. Etforts are now making “ possess many of these essential quali"to induce you unawares to pledge“ ties, and that I feel the awful respon“ yourselves to vote for gentlemen," sibility urder which a representative “ STRANGERS TO This Town; whose“ discharges his duty; it is my UNALE « chief recommendation is their wealth “ Terable purpose to offer myself for “and station ; who are comparatively " the representation of this town and “ unknown to you; and whose princi- " its neighbourhood. This step has re“ples are not of that decided character “ ceived the sanction of all classes, and " which is indispensable in your repre- of several of the master MINDS of “sentatives. Under these circumstances," the day; so that my return is scarcely “I venture respectfully to pray, that “ PROBLEMATICAL-I believe it to be you will reserve your pledges till you
I found my hopes of supo " have before you all the candidates for “ port, not certainly on my being a your
choice. Members of Parliament " PICH man, but on my having, for are not to be chosen in mere compli- /"
many years, steadily and persever• ment to wealth and rank. Votes are a ingly advocated the cause of reform, “trust, a solemn rust, created and con- “and opposed RELIGIOUS and CIVIL
" oppressions and impositions of every three sovereigns to one, I will bet that
description-and on my having done this letter brings me the corn from New so, with all the faculties of my head, York to London before the above-men"and all the energies of my heart. tioned shipment of corn will arrive from “I have the honour to be, Liverpool, though bought, paid for, and " Fellow Countrymen,
shipped before the first of January ! “Your most obedient
I request you to send me in common " and devoted servant,
four barrels, forty quarters, or 340 “ George EDONDS." bushels, of the best yellow corn, the very “ St. Mary's Square,
best that you can purchase; and ship it 19th March, 1832.”
as soon as you can to me at London, and by a Yankee ship: for God's sake
keep clear of the Liverpool navigation! A LETTER
I want the corn for my horses and pigs,
but also to make puddings, bread, and MR. GEORGE WOODWARD, New YORK:
other things for the table. Therefore,
get it quite fresh and sweet, and send it On Corn, Hogs, Mangel - Wurzel Beer, in barrels by all means. Perhaps it
Cholera Morbus, Fast-day, Tilhes, ought to be got in the ear, and shelled Emigration, and Peter Thimble. for the purpose. Mr. Tredwell will tell
you about this ; and he will help you to Cotteridge-Farm, near Birmingham, 16th March, 1832.
choose the sample. The great fault of all MY DEAR SIR,
the foreign corn is, that it has generally First to business, and then a little been heated, more or less, in the ship; dish of politics; but, first of all, as to and that makes it musty. Putting it in the dale of this letter. This farm is barrels, and in April too, will prevent about five miles from Birmingham, and this; and I beg you to get the very best is in Worcestershire, which I believe is yellow corn, that has not a rotten grain your native county; of which, I do in it. After this year I shall not want assure you, I think the more bighly, on foreign corn at all; and in another year your and your family's account. or two, there will be no importation of
Now then for another favour to beg it. The white corn is more steely than of you : on the 21st of December last the yellow; and, therefore, I wish to I caused twenty quarters of corn to be have the yellow. The farm, at which bought for me at Liverpool, to be sent I now am, will have two statute acres coastwise to London, and in about a of corn this year; and I will bet any week I was told by my correspondent, man ten sovereigns that they will yield that it was bought and shipped. Now, thirty quarters, or 240 bushels of shelled mind, this was before the 1st of January. corn. Well, I have just got a letter from Lon- Draw upon me for the amount of the don with these words in it, “ We have corn at sixty days sight, or at thirty
yet heard nothing of the Liverpool days if you like. Prav, as soon as you corn!” It is useless to storm, espe- get this, write to me about the WOOD; cially against wretches so torpid as ihe tell me what you have done about it. mariners of Liverpool. What a set of It will be soon enough for me to have sailors ! No wonder that JONATHAN it next winter. Avoid“ Via Liverpool" beats them at sailing ; no wonder that as you would avoid all that is slow and an English ship cannot sail so cheap as ruinous in maritime operations. If you an American ship! I deserve this, how- had to do with these people, you would ever; for I have been served in the like go mad. way twice before; and even when I was I left home on the 17th of December, giving the order for this corn I hesitated, and have been preaching politics in all observing, that perhaps the shortest way the great towns in Lancashire and Yorkwas to write to New York for the corn. shire: .I am now come hither ; and Nay, if any Liverpooler will bet me shall go to that Dudley of which you
used to talk so much. We are all in a against their day of marriage. When state of complete uncertainty as to the I get home, and have tasted the beer, passing of the Reform Bill; but we are I will give my readers a full account of sure of having a reform; and I do hope it, and of the manner of making it. We that I shall yet see you all in England. I know that sugar will make beer; and Remember me in the kindest terms to we know that mangel-wurzel will make Mr. Tredwell, Dr. Mitchell, Mr. Harris, j sugar. It remains to be seen what the and to all other of my friends that you cost of making beer will be in the latter know, and to every member of your case. I suppose not more than a sixth own excellent family. Above all things, part of the cost of mall-beer.. Mr. remind Charles and Thomas of our two Bridge, of Holford, says, that he made days laughing, at Grasshopper Lodge, a pint of ardent spirits from a gallon of when we got Peel's Bill and the report mangel-wurzel juice; and I see no reaand Ricardo's evidence! Tell them to son why very strong beer should not be remember that I then said : Now, I'll inade of that juice. Let me get some
go home; for the tiger has drawn his good ale from it, and deposit a hundred own teeth.”
bottles of it at my shop to be distriI send you this order for corn in buted ; and send half a dozen to a clever print, to save postage; for I pay as friend in each country; and my Lady little as I possibly can towards the feed- Juliana will, if her name be still on the ing and clothing of “Lady Juliana " charity"-list, have to look sharply Hobhouse" and the like. I pay as little about her for her allowance. My as possible in this way. I never use any opinion is, that farmers may all make liquor that pays a tax in any shape that their own sugar, as well as their own I can see.
The malt-tax is, however, beer ! I have no doubt about the my master as yet; for servants will not matter. But I will try it all before the drink water, and they ought not to do end of May, and make the result known it ; and you cannot always have inilk to my readers. It is, perhaps, not posfor them. However, I think, that I shall sible to make sugar for sale with a be able to match my Lady Juliana here. profil; because that implies the purchase Before I left home I caused a barrel of of the root, the conveyance of it, and mangel-wurzel beer to be brewed. I the inconvenience of disposing of the once tasted some very good at Eye, in pulp when the juice is out, besides Suffolk ; and the other day (2nd March), buildings and labour for the purpose. I tasted some very good at Mr. Stick- Whereas the farmer grows the root, has NEY's, at Ridgemont, in the Holderness it on the spot, has the brewhouse, and country, in the East Riding of York- all the implements ; has the servants shire. Now, if I find my barrel as good without any cost on this account ;
has as that, I shall, at Lady-day, make a the cattle to eat the pulp, and hogs to bargain with four Chopsticks, three men eat the wash; I will try the whole thing and a boy, to serve me for a year, at thoroughly, and will give an account of such and such wages, to be boarded and the result. You will get this Register lodged of course, and to have no drink before the end of April
, and I shall exbut mangel-wurzel beer. The maids pect. my corn in June. By-the-by, it shall be upon the same terms; and thus was I who introduced the mangel-wurzel I shall chouse my Lady out of about into the United States, and also the thirty pounds a-year! Now, mark how Swedish turnip, as a field-crop, and as this will work. In consequence of my food for cattle; and also the fine Sussex withholding this sum from my Lord hogs. A propos of hogs : at NottingALTHORP's " charily"-box, I shall be ham, the other day, I bought, in the able to give my servants higher wages. market, a ham that weighed 70 (seventy) We shall share in the effect of the sub-pounds, avoirdupois ! The hog weighed, traction : I shall have more money to when dead and dressed, forty-five score apply to other purposes; and they will and two pounds, or 902 pounds; which have more to buy clothes with, or to save is the weight of a good, large, fat Devonshire ox, and about the average the tax and tithe-eaters out of the WEN, weight of two Scotch vzen. To attain I wish the devils had a good sweating to these weights the oxen must be four fall-fever of America ; that would put or five years old ; and this hug was but an end to their “vested insolence !" three. This hog was bred by Mr. Fil- What monsters these are, too: they LINGHAM, of Soyston-hall, near Newark, complain of a surplus population : they in Nottinghamshire, and was fatted by have all manner of schemes for getting Mr. Michael Fisher, Penny-foot Style, the people out of the country, and near. Nottingham. Great praise is due making their number less; and yet they to Mr. Fillingham : anybody can give a would subject us all to the basest slavery, hog food to fat him ; but how few will in order to prevent us from dying! take the pains and have the patience to One would have thought that they would rear the frame! This hog was worth have hailed this disease as a great bless6d. a pound (and the lard, about seventy ing; but there is in their conduct every pounds, perhaps was worth 10d. a thing characteristic of supreme folly. pound), all through, 221. ) Is. 6d. : and However, again. I say, good is coming almost any large farmer might, if he out of evil: fear of catching the disease would, have a hundred of such hoys to has induced the tax and tithe-eaters to kill every year, each hog having cost give up something to those whom taxes him not more than seven pounds at the and tithes have brought to the verge of outside. But to do this requires fore- starvation. It has been and is driving sight as to food; and it requires that great numbers of the devouring corcare and that patient attention which morants from the Wex; it is thinning are wholly incompatible with the de- the gaming-houses, the stews, and the eanter and late hours: he who would assemblages of pickpockets, who, when have a stock like this must go to bed dispersed in the country, will not so with the lark, and with the lark he easily find shelter from the hand of must rise. This sort of farming implies justice. It is driving the parsons away that scores of tons of mangel-wurzel out of the Wen; and it is the only thing, and Swedish turnips are at hand, even but an abolition of the tithes, that will in May; and that heavy crops of lucern, ever drive them to their livings; still, it cabbages, and corn-tops, are at hand sends them away from this hellish Wen. throughout the summer; and to have They are lads that will devour wherever these, implies attention and well-applied they be; and it is better for them to labour ; and not a parcel of grass-land, devour anywhere but in the Wen. In which is left to produce what it pleases, short, this disease has done, and will do, and in which the animals are left to cut a great deal of good. Even the “FAST," their own victuals, to swallow it, wet or which we are going to keep on Weddry, and to cligest it as they can. Inesday next, will do a great deal of know many a farm of 200 acres which good; and, if you doubt of this, read. does not produce so much as I could the following circular- letter of the cause to be produced upon twenty acres Bishop of London to his clergy, and of the same farm! Once more, send read it, I beseech you, with all possible the corn as quickly as you can. I want gravity of countenance. While you are it in part to rear some pigs, which I reading it, look as pious as if you had shall make to weigh fifty score each, if the toothach. Do not be frightened about the
London House, Feb. 28, 1832., cholera morbus : it is a lie altogether; pointed for a general and public act of tumia
RBVEREND SIR,-A day having been apbut it has served for a pretence for the liation before God, with an especial reference passing of a law which would put to to the new and grievous disease with which shame the legislative invention even of he has been pleased to visit this kingdom the Algerines. However, “out of there is good reason to hope that it will be exil.comes good ; ” and out of this under a deep sense not only of our present cholera-morbus lie comes the driving of danger, but of the sins which have deserved,