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advantageously disposed of in this Prince Regent to employ all the country. It would furnish the influence and resources of this means of giving to 8,000 indivi- country to procure universal aboduals the sum of 501. each. He lition. regarded it as false humanity to Mr. Bennet spoke warmly be thus seeking for foreign chan- upon the conduct of France on the nels for the disposal of our subject of the slave trade. He money, however benevolent our begged the House to recollect, intention.

that in about a month after the Mr. Wilberforce confessed his battle by which the Bourbons surprise at the observations (of were placed on the throne, it was the hon. baronet; and was per. signified by the French minister suaded that the House would to our own, that as far as France think that the sum of 400,000l. was concerned, the traffic had could not be better expended ceased every where, and for ever. than in the way proposed. As It being discovered in this counto the proposal for granting 501. try, that it was still carried on each to 8,000 individuals in this by France with great vigour, country, the hon. baronet forgot another application was made by that if the sum were not voted Sir Charles Stewart, requiring to for the purpose under discussion, know what steps had been taken it would not be voted at all. to carry the abolition into effect. One thing was perfectly clear, that The answer was, that some colothe treaty, and with it all hope of nial regulation had taken place; the extinction of the slave trade, but it had subsequently come must be wholly rejected, or that out in court, that no such order it must be accepted with the orregulation had ever been issued. pecuniary stipulation under con An active trade in slaves was sideration. As one most seriously well known to have been carried interested in the abolition of the on, to a very recent period, by slave trade, he thought the noble French subjects. Since the delord entitled to his warmest gra- livery of Senegal to France, the titude for the efforts he had made trade had revived in that part of during a long course of diploma- Africa, and had given rise to all tic attention to the subject, and those evils with which it was for the successful issue to which formerly attended. He would ask he had finally brought them. the noble lord if we were still to.

Sir James Mackintosh said, allow ourselves to be deluded by that he approved the present the French government. Was a treaty in the highest degree, treaty to be no security ? Was because it gave the right of there always to be some stroke of mutual search, the only possiblese- policy played off? Was there curity for the execution of laws of always to be some trick and subabolition, and because parliament terfuge to avoid carrying the had already pledged itself to ap- stipulations of a treaty into exeprove and support such measures čution? He knew the faithlessness by those successive addresses in of the race we had put on the which they had intreated the throne. He knew at the same

time that the person to whom After some other members had they succeeded was still more spoken on the subject, the comfaithless, and he was glad to see mittee divided : Ayes 56; Noes 4. him where he was. Under all On the 11th of February, the these circumstances, he thought House having resolved itself into some explanation was due from a Committee of Supply, Lord the noble lord as to what he Castlereagh said, that after the trusted to, and he hoped that he full discussion which this subject would be able to give them some had undergone, he felt it quite satisfactory answer on the subject. unnecessary to make any further

Lord Castlereagh could not help observations, now that he moved, thinking that the language of the in the terms of the treaty, that a hon. gentleman, if a sincere well- sum not exceeding 400,0001. be wisher to the cause of the aboli- granted to his majesty, for the tion, was not calculated to pro- purpose of carrying into execumote that object; for if any thing tion the treaty with the Spanish was more likely than another to government for the abolition of discourage the French government the slave trade. from making exertions in the Mr. Lyttelton said, that it was cause of the abolition, it was with regret he rose to offer any precisely such language as he observations calculated to disturb had held. This he (the noble the unanimity which the object lord) could say; that no engage of the treaty so justly obtained ; ment could have recorded in but he took the opportunity, more explicit and comprehensive from instructions that he had reterms the abolition of the slave ceived, to ask the noble lord a trade on the part of France. To few questions materially connecthis certain knowledge, the Frenched with our commercial intercourse government had immediately acted with Spain. And he must say, on the treaty, and sent dispatches from what he was taught to to the different ports for the pur- believe, that this country was, pose of securing its execution. as to those relations, in a state He could state also, that he knew rather remote from a cordial the governor of the island of amity with that power. The Bourbon had actually been dis- British merchants were not mereplaced by the French government ly treated with severity, but with for allowing the crime of slave a caprice the most destructive to dealing in that colony. And he the continuance of a commercial could also say, that whenever any intercourse. In the export of information had been received by cotton goods we were met by a him respecting any traffic in slaves total prohibition. Woollens and on the part of French subjects, linens, which were staples of this he had transmitted it regularly to country, were also prohibited. the French government, and that The duties on iron were 110 per they had never received it other. cent upon their actual value. If wise than with every appearance he was rightly instructed, we of the most anxious desire to act were not only treated with rigour,

but that rigour was exercised

without

upon it.

without due notice. Formerly made by the British cabinet ; but six months notice had been given he was sorry to say that nothing of any prohibitions ; now, these decisive had been done with res. were suddenly made, so that it pect to them, nor could he state was impossible to give notice to that any measures were in prothe merchant in London so as to gress relative to this point. With prevent shipments and very serious respect to the particular branches losses. That orders upon matters of trade mentioned by the hon. of commercial regulation should gentleman, no man could regret be explicit and clear was essen more than he did, that Spain had tial to the very existence of com- placed such restrictions on the merce. Let taxation be carried cotton trade; but this restriction to any extent, but let timely was not a recent one. In the notice be given of such taxation! treaty of 1792 the admission of He hoped the noble lord would cottons to the Spanish market was feel it his duty to effect, if possi- entirely prohibited ; and if since ble, a treaty to remove the ex- that time it had been at all percessive impositions on our trade, mitted, it was only by an act of or at least to ensure due notice special indulgence, suspending to our merchants. He particu- the operation of that treaty. After larly wished to know what remon- all, Spain was not the only counstrances had been made by our try that acted on the system of government, and what answer commercial restriction and prohihad been returned.

bition : we ourselves were a good Lord Castlereagh, in reply to deal embarrassed by the restricthe question of the hon. gentle- tions of our own regulations in that man, said that he lamented as matter. With respect to the much as any one, that the com- system of the Spanish government, mercial principles which regu. iť had produced such effects in lated the conduct of the Spanish so many cases, that the strongest government were of a nature remonstrances had been found which had now been quite ex. necessary. These in many cases ploded in the politics of this had been effectual ; in other incountry, and which he hoped stances the evil had been dimiwould not long maintain their nished, though not entirely remeground in any European cabinet. died; and in several instances At the same time we ought to they had been hitherto quite unshow some indulgence towards successful. It was to be hoped, that government even on this however, that as those mistaken score, considering that we our notions of commercial regulations selves, not long since, had acted were gradually abandoned by upon the very same mistaken other nations, the time was near principles in many of our com at hand when they would cease mercial regulations. For the to be prevalent in Spain. purpose of effecting a general im. Some other gentlemen joined provement in our relations with in the debate, but at length the Spain, two proposals had been resolution was agreed to.

CHAPTER

CHAPTER IV.

Proceedings in the House of Lords respecting the Indemnity Bill.-

The same in the House of Commons.

ON

N the 23rd of February the there, and on their march towards

duke of Montrose presented London, by other bodies with to the House of Lords a report such arms as they might have of the Secret Committee of the already provided, or might proLords appointed to examine into cure by force from private houses, the matter of the several papers, or from the different depôts or sealed up, presented to the House barracks, of which the attack was by command of the Prince Re. proposed. That concurrent ingent.

formation, from many quarters, The Committee were ordered confirmed the expectation of a to report that they had proceeded general rising about the time to examine the papers so referred above mentioned, but that it was to them.

subsequently postponed to the “ In execution of this duty 9th or 10th of June, for which they proceeded, in the first place, various reasons had been assignto consider such of the said pa- ed. The report added, that the pers as contained information as latest intelligence from those to the state of those parts of quarters had made it highly proEngland in which the circum- bable that the same causes which stances detailed in the two re had to that time thwarted the ports of the former committees execution of those desperate deappear to have arisen.

signs, viz. the vigilance of the In the last of those reports, government, the great activity presented to the House on the and intelligence of the magis12th of June last, it was repre, trates, the ready assistance af. sented that the period of a gene- forded under their orders by the ral rising, of which the intention regular troops and yeomanry, the and object were stated in the re prompt and efficient arrangements ports, appeared to have been of the officers intrusted with that fixed for as early a day as possi. service, the knowledge which had ble after the discussion of an ex. from time to time been obtained pected motion for reform in par- of the plans of the disaffected, liament; that Nottingham ap- and the consequent arrest and peared to have been intended as confinement of the leading agitathe head quarters, upon which a tors, would occasion a still farther part of the insurgents were to postponement of their atrocious march in the first instance; and plans. that they expected to be joined It now appears that in the

night of the 9th of June last, a laws; extravagant as those obrising took place in Derbyshire, jects were, when compared with headed by a person who went for the inadequate means which they that purpose from Nottingham, possessed. In the course of their and was therefore called “ The march, many of their body felt Nottingham Captain.". The in- alarmed at the atrocious projects surgents were not formidable in which they had engaged, which for their numbers, but they had actually led to a cruel and were actuated by an atrocious deliberate murder; they found spirit. Several of them had that their confederates had not fire arms; others had pikes pre- arrived to their support, as they viously prepared for that pur. had been led to expect ; and in pose: and as they advanced to the villages through which they wards Nottingham they plundered passed, a strong indisposition beseveral houses of arms, and in ing manifested towards their one instance a murder was com cause and projects, some of them mitted. They compelled some threw away their pikes and repersons to join them, and endea. tired, before the military force voured to compel others by appeared ; and on the first show threats and violence, and partie of that force the rest dispersed, cularly by the terror of the mur their leaders attempting in vain to der which had been committed; rally them; many were taken priand they proposed to reach Not- soners, and many guns and pikes tingham early in the morning of were seized. the 10th of June, and to surprise This insurrection, of small imthe military in their barracks: portance in itself, is a subject of hoping thus to become masters of material consideration, as it was the town, and to be joined by manifestly in consequence of considerable numbers there, and measures detailed in the two re. by a party which they expected ports above-mentioned, and apwould be assembled in Notting- pears to have been a part of the ham Forest, and which actually general rising proposed to take did assemble at that place, as effect on the 9th or 10th of June, after stated. The disposition to as stated in the last of those replunder, the resistance they met ports. with, and other circumstances, so At the assizes at Derby, in the delayed their march, that they month of July following, the had not arrived near their place grand jury found bills of indictof destination at a late hour in ment for high treason against the morning: and the country forty-six of the persons charged being alarmed, a military force with having been engaged in this was assembled to oppose them. insurrection; and several of those

The language used by many persons having been taken were persons engaged in this enterprise, arraigned upon the indictment and particularly by their leaders, before a special commission issued leaves no

room to doubt that for that purpose, which sat at their objects were the overthrow Derby in the month of October of the established government and following. Four of the principal

offenders

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