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Males............ 646,712 Russia bad, according to General Females .......... 660,550 Opperman, in 1796,

Inhabitants, at the first Inhabitants ....... 1,307,262 division of Poland, in To Eastern Gallicia,

1773............. 1,226,966 with Buckowine,

at the second, of Males............ 1,863,904 1793 ........ 3,745,663 Females .......... 1,922,004 at the third, of

1795 ........ 1,407,402 · Inhabitants ....... 3,785,908 The sum total is,

Inhabitants. ........ 6,379,031 Males. ........... 2,510,616 These provinces form at present Females .......... 2,580,554 seven governments : Vitebsk and

- Mobilew, or White Russia ; Wilna Inhabitanıs. ....... 5,091,570 and Grodno,or Lithuania ; Minsk;

Prussia had in the departments Volhynia ; and Podolia. White of Lithuania, Posen, Kalisch, War- Russia was acquired in 1773, the sovia, Bialistok, and Ploiz, other governments in 1793, and

Iohabitants of towns 537,074 they were increased at the last Inhabitants of the

division of 1795. country......... 2,034,615 The statements respecting the

population of these governments Inbabitants. ....... 2,572,689 which I have consulted are,

Vitebsk and Mohilew..
Vilna and Grodno......
Minsk ............
Volbynia ......crici
Podolia...........

736,376 males
796,633
576,027
568,578
576,027

3,253,641 This statement does not include the females.

2. Two tables of the total number of inhabitants made in 1803 and 1804 by the Minister of the Interior :

(Males .... 302,286 In 1803–Total 599,696 Vitebsk ..

Females .. 297,410
Males ....343,716 In 1804–Total 674,340
Females . . 330,624 S Difference 74,644
(Males ....403,219 In 1803-Total 800,459

Females . . 397,240 S
Mohilew ..

Males .... 403,614 1 In 1804-Total 800,995
Females .. 397,581) Difference 536
Males ....470,064 In 1803–Total 925,207

Females ..455,143 S
Vilna .....

Males ....465,224 / In 1804–Total 925,270 (Females :. 460,046 Difference 63

Vol. LVI.

2 N

(Males....300,278 In 1803–Total 591,060 Grodno ... ? Females .. 290,782

(Same number repeated in the table for 1804

Males ....438,455 In 1803–Total 868,393
Minsk.

Females ..429,938 S
Males....431,586 { In 1804–Total 858,526
(Females .. 426,940Difference 9,867
Males ....563,700} In 1803-Total 1,983,536

Females .. 519,836
Volhynia ..

Males ....564,586? In 1804–Total 1,086,768
Females ..522,182 % Difference 3,232
Males .... 555,499 ) In 1803–Total 1,092,025

Feinales ..536,526
Podolia ...3

" Males .... 579,215 In 1804–Total 1,136,085

Females .. 556,370 ) Difference 44,060 Total for 1803-Males ......

.........3,034,501 Females .................. 2,926,875

Inhabitants ................ 5,961,376

Total for 1804–Males. ......

Females....

...........3,088,219

.. 2,984,825

Inhabitants ................6,073,044 According to these data the way. In the ministerial slatepopulation would have gained ments of 1803 and 1804 it is eb. 111,668 ; but it is more probable served, “. The real number of inthat this apparent augmentation is habitants is greater than is marked the effect of repeated mistakes in in these statements ; for it has the enumerations. The difference been found that the numbers given between the statement of General by the governors do not much Opperman in 1796, and the popu- exceed those which give only the lation of 1804, is considerable, persons comprehended in the reamounting to 305,987. In ge- visions. We may safely add 20,000 neral the first enumerations give inhabitants to every government." the sinallest sums; but in this If we add, then, for the seven case we see the contrary. It is governments, 140,000, the total probable that during the first years number in 1804 will be 6,213,044; there took place a silent emigra- which differs by 164,987 from tion, similar to what happened in the number of inhabitants assigned the Tauride, an event pretty com- in 196. mon in countries newly occupied. From these data Austria appears But the difference appears too to have in her Polish provinces, great to be accounted for in this

5,091,170 inhabitants Prussia .............

2,372,689 Russia ...

.....6,213,04%

13,876,903

If we consider the imperfection In 1804 – Males ...... 94,397 of such enumerations, we may

Females .... 87,993 suppose the round number of 14 millions, which Count Tschatzki

Inhabitants.. 182,390 gave in 1772. Hence it appears that the population of Poland is The first of these nuinbers is stationary

evidently the revisionary peasants, Russia received by the peace of and confirms the remark just Tilsit and of Vienna about 600,000 made ; for at the fifth revision of new Polish subjects; so that the 1796 there were found 3,247 - total number of Polish Russians males in the other classes : namely, amounts to 6,800,000.

clergy, 327 ; nobles, 531; freeII. People of the Finnish race. men not included in the other

Inhabitants of ancient Russian classes, 117; merchants, 408 ; Finland. Ai the fourth revision artisans, 1854. We cannot quite of 1782 there were reckoned, double this number for the fe

Males........... 93,234 males, because all the tables show - Females ......... 33,266 that the number of females is in

ferior to that of males ;. but we Inhabitants ...... 186,500 may at least add 60,000 to the Among whom were 64,543 population of 1803. The state. peasants of the crown, and 2,207 ment of 1804 is rather imperfect; belonging to individuals : total of but it approaches nearest the peasants, 66,750. .

truth. At the fifth revision, of 1796, As there are few Russians in there were 92,684 males; among Finland, we may suppose 182,000 whom were 57,379 peasants of Fions in that government accordthe crown, -2,028 belonging to ing to the data of 1803. . domains, and 30,000 to indivi- An enumeration made in Sweduals sum total of peasants, den in 1805 gives to Finland for89,447

merly Swedish 895,773 inhabiA partial enumeration of 1797, tants : namely, gave 89,188 peasants.

The first commission for the Nobles. ............ 2,534 affairs of Finland, established on Clergy ...... ... 4,019 the 19th of May, 1803, indicated Burghers ........... 11,454 64,074 peasants of the crown, and Peasants............ 713,285 28,000 belonging to individuals : Persons not included in total 92,074. This appears the these classes. ... ... 164,480 most exact number.

The statements of the total po- Thus the sum total in old and pulation presented to the Minister new Finland is 1,077,773 inha. of the Interior differ very little bitants. from, the preceding statement. The Ischores, or Finns of Ingria, They make

constitute the great majority of In 1803-Males ...... 92,195 the inhabitants of the country io Females .... 90,196 the government of Petersburgh.

At the fifth revision there were Inhabitants.. 182,391 iq this government,

2 N2

Peasants

Peasants belonging to

The Ischores, or rather the individuals ....... 122,913 Finns of Carelia, were the old in

-domains..... 14,678 habitants of the government of the crown ... 30,827 Olonetz. At present they consti:

- tute no more than a third of tbe

168,418 population of the country, which A table drawn up for the tax on according to a table drawn up in spirits in 1803 gives almost the 1804 amounted to 91,482 males; same number, though otherwise so that 30,000 males, or 60,000 distributed :

Ischores of both sexes, is their Peasants belonging to

amount.
individuals.......

... 123,055
123,055

From these data tho most prodomains ..... 1,421 bable amount of the Ischores is as the crown ... 43,558 follows:

Ischores of St. Pe168,034

tersburgh...... 330,000 Another report respecting the

Novgorod 70,000 distribution of salt gives 168,602

-Olonetz, 60,000 peasants. The statements of the general

460,000 population of this government The Laplanders of Archangel give for 1803 the number of re- amount to 1200 families, or about visionaries,

4800 individuals. This number Males, .......... 168,900 will not appear too great if we si Females ......... 170,989 consider the imperfect state of the

enumeration of the nomades. Inhabitants ...... 339,889 The Esthes, a people of the The statement for 1804 (exclud- Finnish race, are spread over Liing the capital) is more exact; vonia. The Livonians, the ancient namely,

inbabitants of the country, exist Males........... 268,748 in a very small number upon the Females ......... 270,920 little river Salis. They have been

- confounded among the Lettes, a Inhabitants ...... 539,668 Sclavonian people, and among the We may therefore reckon the Esthes. Of these last there were Ischores inhabiting the govern- in the circle of Walk about 2,000 ment of St. Petersburgh at males; in the circle of Werroe, 330,000.

28,394 in the country, and 126 The Ischores inhabit the north- in the town; about 10,000 in the ern parts of the government of country in the circle of Dorpat, Novgorod. Their number is and 1,625 in the town; in the reckoned in the circle of Tichwin circle of Fellin, 18,388 in the at 15,000 men, in the circle of country, and 76 in the town ; Belosersk at 10,000, and in the and, finally, in the circle of Pernau, circle of Kirilow at about the 33,158: making a total of 93,767 same. Hence there exist in this males, or 187,534 individuals. governinent about 35,000 males, These data are not new; but or 70,000 individuals of this race. the population in Livonia having

made

made little progress, in 1792 there anes, 49,088 Tscheremisses, or in were

all about 511,652 individuals. Males. ............ 268,891 The Ostiaques on the Ob, in the Females ........... 269,580 goveroment of Tobolsk, amount

to 18,691 males : the Tepteri and 538,471 Bobilei, a Finnish and Tartar

tribe, in the government of Perm, And in 1800-Males .. 285,493 to 1,838 males; making a total Females. 285,421 of 20,529 males, or 41,058 indi

viduals.

570,914. The result of these data reWe make use of them as terms specting the Finnish nations is as, of approximation.

follows :As for the Esthes of Estbland Finns.............. 1,077,773 there were in 1795,

Ischores............ 460,000 Peasants belonging to

Esthes ............ 389,468 individuals....... 93,156 Tschuwasches, Mordu.

domains..... 1,638 anes, and Tschere-
the crown ... 6,193 misses .......... 511,651

Permaeques, Wogules,
100,967 and Wotjaeques ....

1,028 · In 1797 there were reckoned Syrjaenes......... 3,000 99,484 peasants, almost the same Laplanders. ......... 4,800 number. In 1803 the whole of the popu

2,492,779 lation was,

We may estimate the whole
Males. ............ 107,357 Finnish people therefore at two
Females ........... 105,591 millions and a half.
Individuals ........ 312,948

III. Tartars. By doubling the data for 1795 Tartars of Kasan.-The statewe should have the number of ments of the population of this 389,468 for the Esthes in Livonia. government in 1802 make it

The Syrjaenes, a tribe of Finns 47,801 males ; a number approachin the government of Wologda ing to that of Georgi (t. iii. p. 363), and Perme, do not exceed a few obtained from the third revision, thousands.

of 1763: namely 48,712 males. The Permaeques, the Wogules, We may estimate the total at and the Wotjaeques, according to 95,602. the statements in the tables of Tartars of Astrachan. From the governments of Tobolsk and the statements of 1802, the noTomsk, amount to 2,017 males, mades Tartars amounted to 6,703 or about 5,028 individuals. families, or about 26,812 indivi.

The Tschouwaschts, the Mor duals; the Tartars dwelling in duanes, and the Tscheremisses, fixed habitations, 9,508 males; according to the financial table of making a sum total of 45,828 in. 1795, amount to the number of dividuals. 255,826 males: namely, 144,006 Tartars of the Crimea and Tschouwasches, 62,732 Mordy. Ecathcrinoslaw. - According to

Pallas

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