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the service of his Prussian Majes- their opinions, while conforming ty, shall remain without effect; to the laws which will repress as also the judgments which may abuses of this liberty.- Art. 9, dehave been given in execution of clares all property inviolable, that those decrees.

called national not excepted.-AK. The present additional article 11, prohibits all inquiry into opi. shall have the same force and vali- nions or votes delivered before the dity as if it had been inserted in Restoration.-By Art. 12, the conthose words in the treaty of this scription is abolished. day. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Forms of the King's Governmen!. the same time. In faith of which Art. 13. The person of the King the respective plenipotentiaries is sacred and inviolable ; his minihave signed it, and affixed the seal sters are responsible.- Art. 14. He of their arms.

is supreme head of the state ; comDone at Paris, 30th of May, in mands the sea and land forces; the year of our Lord, 1814.

makes treaties of peace, alliance, The Prince of BenevENT.

and commerce; appoints to all CHARLES AUGUSTUS, Baron of public employments. - Art. 15. HARDENBURGH.

The Legislative Power is exercised CHARLES WILLIAM, Baron de collectively by the King, the ChamHUMBOLDT.

ber of Peers, and the Chamber of Deputies of Departments.-By Art.

16 and 17, the King proposes FRENCH CONSTITUTION. laws, either to the Peers or Depu

ties; but tax-bills must first be Public Rights of the French proposed to the Deputies. Every

Arts, 1, 2, 3, declare all French- law to be discussed freely and demen, of whatever rauk or title, cided by vote.-By Art. 19 and 20, equal in the eye of the law, equal. the Chambers are entitled to rely admissible to civil and military quest the King to propose a law employments, and contributing on any subject whatever, and to without distinction in proportion suggest what it should contain. to their property to the burthens This request must have been disof the state.-Art. 4 guarantees cussed in Secret Committee, and is personal liberty, so that no one be not to be sent from the one Champrosecuted or arrested but accord- ber to the other, but after an ining to law.-Arts. 5 and 6, declare terval of ten days - Art. 21. If the the Catholic religion the religion proposition is adopted by the order of the state; but that every one chamber, it shall be transmitted to shall profess his faith with equal the King; if rejected, it cannot freedom, and be protected in its be re-introduced in the same sesesercise-By Art. 7, the minis- sion. Art. 22. The King alone ters of the Catholic and other sanctions and promulgates laws.Christian modes of worship alone Art. 23. The Civil List to be fixed receive their stipends from the for the reign, by the first legisla. royal treasury.--Art. 8. The French ture assembled after the accession are entitled to publish and print of the King.

of the Chamber of Peers. the chamber of deputies from a Arts. 24 and 25, declare this list of five members presented by chamber an essential part of the the chamber.- Art. 44. The site Legislature, to be convoked and tings of the chamber are public; closed at the same time as that of bui the demand of five members the Deputies. --Art. 27. The King is sufficient for forming it into a nominates the Peers; their num- secret committee.- Art. 45. The ber is unlimited; they may be no- chamber divides into bureaux to minated for life, or rendered here- discuss the projets which have been ditary, as the King pleases. Art. presented to it on the part of the 28. Peers enter the chamber at the King.–Art. 46. No amendment age of twenty-five, and have a de- can be made in a law, unless proliberative voice at that of thirty. By posed in committee by the King, Art. 29 and 30, the Chancellor and unless transmitted to and dispresides in the Senate, and the cussed in the bureaux.-Art. 47 Princes of the Blood are always and 48. The Chamber of Deputtes Peers by right of birth.–Art. 32. receives all propositions for taxes ; All the deliberations of the Cham- and no tax can be imposed or leber of Peers are secret.- Art. 33. vied unless assented to by the two The Chamber of Peers takes cog. chambers, and sanctioned by the nizance of the erimes of high trea- King.- Art. 49. The land-tax is son and offences against the state. voted only for a year; the indirect Peers only to bo judged by their taxes may be voted for several Peçrs,

years.- Art. 50. The King every

year convokes the two chambers; Of the Chamber of Deputies of he prorogues them, and may disDepartments.

solve that of the Deputies; but in Art. 33. This Chamber to be this case, he must convoke a new composed of Deputies chosen by one within the space of three the Elecioral Colleges, whose or months.- Art. 51. No personal ganization shall be determined by restraint shall be laid upon any law.--Art. 36 and 37. Every de- member of the house during the partment to have the same number session, or within six weeks before of depoties as at present; the depti- and after it.- Art. 52. No mem. ties to be chosen for five years, and ber of the house can, during the the chamber to be renewed annu- session, be prosecuted or arrested ally, by a fifth.-Art. 38. No de- for criminal matters, till the house puty can be admitted into the has permitted his prosecution.chamber, unless he be forty years Art. 53. All petitions to either of age, and pay direct taxes to the house must be presented in writamount of one thousand francs. ing. -By Art. 40, the electors of the of the Ministers. deputies must pay direct taxes to Art. 54. The ministers may be the amount of three hundred francs, members of the Chamber of Peers and be at least thirty years of age. or of that of Deputies. They have -By Art. 41, the presidents of the moreover, a right to admission inElectoral Colleges are to be nomi- . to either house, and must be heard nated by the King.--By Art. 43, whenever they desire it.-Art. 55. the King appoints the president of The Chamber of Deputies has a right to impeach the Ministers be- ficers, and soldiers pensioned, shall fore the Peers, wbich alone are retain their ranks, honours, and competent to try them.-Art. 36. pensions. - Art. 70. The public They cannot be accused, except for debt is guaranteed : all kinds of bigh treason or peculation. engagements contracted by the

state, with its creditors, are invio. Of the Judicial Order. lable.-- Art.71. The ancient nobi. Art. 57. All justice emanates lity resume their titles; the new from the King : it is administered retain theirs. The King creates in his name by judges whom, he nobles at pleasure, but be confers nominates and appoints.- Art. 58. on them only ranks and honours, The judges nominated by the King without any exemption from the cannot be removed. Art. 59. The charges and duties of society.- Art. ordinary courts and tribunals actu- 72. The Legion of Honour is ally existing are retained. Art. maintained : the King will fix its 60. The present institution of the interior regulationsand decorations. judges of commerce is preserved. Art. 73. The colonies shall be Art. 61. The office of justice of the governed by particular laws and repeace is likewise retained. The gulations. —Art. 74. The King and justices of the peace, though nomi- his successors shall swear at the nated by the King, are removable. ceremony of their anointment to

-Art. 62. No man can be taken the faithful observance of the preout of the hands of his natural sent constitutional charter. judges.-Art. 63. There cannot, of course, be created any extraor

Temporary Articles. dinary commissions and tribunals. Art. 75. The deputies of the - Art. 64. The pleadings in crimi- departments of France, who sat in nal matters may be published, un- the Legislative Body at the time of less their publicity be dangerous to the last adjournment, sball contigood order and morals; and in nue to sit in the house of deputies this case the tribunals shall declare till they are replaced.-- Art. 76. it by a judgment-Art. 65. The The first renewal of one-fifth of institution of juries is retained the house of deputies shall take Art. 66. The penalty of the con- place, at the latest, in the year fiscation of property is abolished, 1816, according to the order dised and cannot be re-established-Art. between the classes, 67. The King has the right of pardon, and that of commuting punishments.- Art. 68. The civil President of the United States of code and the laws actually existing

America, not contrary to the present charter, remain in force till they shall

A Proclamation. be legally abolished.

Whereas it is manifest that the

blockade, which has been proParticular Rights guaranteed ly claimed by the enemy, of the the State.

whole Atlantic coast of the United Art. 69. The military in active States, nearly two thousand miles service, the officers and soldiers in extent, and abounding in ports, who have retired, the widows, of harbours, and navigable inlets,


cannot be carried into effect by any port or place within the juris. any adequate force actually sta- diction of the United States; But, tioned for the purpose ; and it is on the contrary, to render to all rendered a matter of certainty and such vessels all the aid and kind notoriety, by the multiplied and offices which they may need or daily arrivals and departures of the require. private armed vessels of the Unit Given under my hand and the ed States, and of other vessels, that seal of the United Sates, at no such adequate force has been

the city of Washington, the SA stationed; and whereas a

29th day of June, in the blockade thus destitute of the cha- (SEAL) year one thousand eight racter of a regular and legal block

hundred and fourteen, and ade, as defined and recognized by

of the Independence of the the established law of nations, United States the thirtywhatever other purposes it may be

eighth. made to answer, forms no lawful

JAMES MADISON. prohibition or obstacle to such By the President, neutral and friendly vessels as may

JAMES MONROE, choose to visit and trade with the

Secretary of the Navy: United States; and whereas it accords with the interest and the Treaty of Peace between the Kings amicable views of the United

of France and Spain. States, to favour and promote, as far as may be, the free and In the name of the most holy mutually beneficial commercial and undivided Trinity, his Maintercourse of all friendly nations jesty the King of Spain and the disposed to engage therein, and, Indies, and his Allies, on the one with that view, to afford to their part, and his Majesty the King of vessels destined to the United States France and Navarre, on the other a more positive and satisfactory part, being equally animated by a security against all interruptions, desire to put an end to the long molestations, or vexations wbat. agitations of Europe, and the calaever, from the cruizers of the mities of nations, by a solid peace, United States; Now be it known, founded on a just distribution of that I, James Madison, President strength among the powers, and of the United States of America, containing in its stipulations the do, by this my Proclamation, guarantee of its duration; and his strictly order and instruct all the Majesty the King of Spain and the public armed vessels of the United Indies, and his Allies, not wishing, States, and all private armed ves- now that France is replaced under sels commissioned as privateers, or the paternal government of her with letters of marque and repri- kings, and that she thus furnishes sals, not to interrupt, detain, or a pledge of security and stability, otherwise molest or vex, any ves to require of her conditions and sels whatever, belonging to neutral guarantees which they would have powers, or the subjects or citizens felt regret in demanding of her thereof, which vessels shall be under the late government, their actually bound and proceeding to said Majesties bare nominated to


discuss, settle, and sign, a treaty respecting money matters, at preof peace and amity, namely : sent existing, or which may here

His Majesty the King of Spain after arise, between Spaniards and and the Indies, Don Pedro Gomez French, whether they began beLabrador, Knight of the Royal fore the war or originated since, Spanish Order of Charles III. his shall be adjusted by a mixed conCounsellor of State, &c.; and his mission; and if these disputes fall Majesty the King of France and under the exclusive cognizance of Navarre, M. Charles Maurice Tal- the courts of justice, the respect. leyrand Perigord, Prince of Bene- ive tribunals shall be exborted og vent, Grand Eagle of the legion of both sides to administer due and Honour, Koight of the Golden speedy justice. Fleece, &c.; who having exchang. Art. 2. A treaty of commerce ed their full powers, found to be in shall be concluded as soon as pos. good and due form, have agreed on sible between the two powers; the following articles :

and till this treaty can be carried Art. 1. Reckoning from this into effect, the commercial rela: date, there shall be perpetual peace tions between the two countries and amity between his Majesty the shall be re-established on the foot. King of Spain and the Indies, and ing on which they were in 1792. his allies, on the one part, and his The present additional articles Majesty the King of France and shall have the same foice and efNavarre on the other part, their fect as if they were inserted word heirs and successors, their states for word in the treaty of this day. and respective subjects. The high They shall be ratified, and their contracting parties will apply all ratifications exchanged at the same their cares to maintain, not only time. In faith of which the re, between themselves, but also, as spective Plenipotentiaries have far as depends on them, between all signed them, and affixed the seal the states of Europe, the harniony of their arms. and good understanding so neces- Done at Paris, the 20th of July, sary to its repose.

in the Year of Grace 1814. Here follow the articles con

(Signed) tained in the Treaty concluded on D. Pedro GOMEZ LABRADOR. the 30th of May, between France The Prince of BENEVENT. and the Allied Powers.]

Additional articles.

PROCLAMATIONS IN BELGIUM. • Art. 1. The property, of whatever kind, which Spaniards pos- Being called to another destinasess in France, or Frenchmen in tion, and the time fised by the Spain, shall be respectively restor- high allies being arrived, for gived to them in the state in which it ing up the general government in. was at the period of sequestration to the hands of his Royal High. or confiscation. The removal of ness the Sovereign Prince of the the sequestration shall extend to Netherlands, I cannot take leave all property in this predicament, at of your fine provinces without first what period soever it may have expressing to you my regret and been sequestrated. The disputes my wishes.


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