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· And as it is of the first import. first and only object; that you - anco that these Members be pos- interests and mine are the same;
sessed of the general confidence, and how can they be more manje we order that a list of the persons festly promoted, than by the in chosen for each department be troduction of constitutional rules, made public, and that to all the in wbich you will find the guainhabitants of the same, being rantee of your dearest rights? housekeepers, an opportunity shall They will furnish me with the be afforded, by signing his name advantage of condocting, on fixed without any other addition, in a principles, the charge and respon. register which shall lie open in sibility of government, assisted by each canton for eight days, 'to dis- the best and most intelligent of the approve of any such person or per- citizens; and will secure to the sons as he'may deem unqualified the continuance of that affection,
No inhabitant is deprived of the expressions of which rejoice this right, with the exception of my beart, animate my courage, domestic seryants, valets, bank- lightén my burthen, and bind me rupts, persous io a state of non-age, and my house for ever to our reor under accusation.
generated country. When it shall appear to us, Given at the Hague this ad of from the somming up of the re-. March, 1814, and of our reiga gisters, that the majority are sa. The ist. 'tisfied with the persons thus sub. (Signed) WILLIAM. mitted to their election, we sball
By command, consider them as the representa A. R. FALCK, Sec. of State.
tives of the whole Dutch people, 'call them together, appear in the
midst of them, and salute them as Discourse of his Royal Highness * constituting the great assembly, 'the Prince Sovereign of the New
representing the United Nether. therlands, delivered to the As. lands. *
sembly of the Notables, on taking They shall then commence their the Oath to the Constitution of Jabours in freedom, and give us an
the 30th of Murch, 1814. account of their progress by a committee appointed to that effect; Gentlemen, I experience a and as soon as the adoption of the lively satisfaction in perceiving my constitutional code is the result of Opinion witb regard to the ConstiTheir deliberations, we shall make tution confirmed by the decla. the necessary arrangements for ration of so numerous an assem. taking the oath prescribed to us by btage of honourable and enlightenthe constitution with all due so
ed men. lemnity, in the midst of the as
I fee! equally sensible of the sembly, and after that be installed testimonies of zeal and of attachin state.
ment wbich I have received on this In the adoption of these mea solcmn occasion, from this illustri. sures, worthy countrymen, you ous assembly. inust feel convinced, that the wel. The pational honour, our inter. fars of our beloved country is my .ests well understood, the manifest
protection granted to us by the levy in mass, and the national Almighty, everything, in short, guards, and as now also by the acmust encourage us to persevere ceptance of the Constitution. without relaxation in our efforts for I am persuaded, Gentlemen, the welfare of the country. that I shall only, anticipate the
Precisely four months have ex- wishes of you all, by immediately pired this day since my return to applying myself to the enforcement the Netherlands; and during that of that Constitution, as well as by short period, the progress which adopting all the measures, and we have made in the important establishing all the arrangements, work of the restoration of the State, without which its effects would rebas greatly exceeded all that we main long. incomplete and immight have dared to expect.. perfect.
Foreign powers trave pot con- · That important task, therefore, fined themselves to applauding the shall be henceforward the main ob. recovery of our independent existe ject of my attention : and in disence: they have also manifested charging it, I shall be guided by by deeds which must inspire us the same impartiality, and the same with boundless gratitude, their-sg- solicitude for the public welfare, tisfaction at witnessing the sore. which I have endeavoured hitherto reignty conferred upon my house. to display in all the acts of my go. · The most important of our fo vernment. reign relations, those which sub- As long as no inroad shall be sist between us and the generous made on the spirit or the letter of British nation, will soon acqùire, the constitution, the country will be by the marriage of my eldest son, sheltered from all dissentions, from a new degree of intimacy and of all contests about authority, and all reciprocal regard. .
rivalry between the provinces. It But what gives me the chief allots to reasonable citizens all the hope for the future, is the expe- liberty, to the Sovereign all tha rience which I have acquired of extent of power, which they can the sentiments and of the good dis- respectively desire : at the same position of the nation itself. time that the people and the Prince, · Its devotion to the good cause the governors and the governed, has enabled me, notwithstanding find in its equitable and liberal arthe exhaustion of this country, rangements, wbat is calculated to and its dilapidated resources, to establish and secure their mutual raise, in the space of a few weeks, agreement and co-operation. more than 25,00o troops; the I n these sentiments, the fruits of greater part of whom, well armed a long and deliberate examination, and equipped, will soon be collect- and which are still farther fortified ed on our frontiers, under the com- and exalted by the solemnity of mand of my two sons.
this memorable moment, I declare • Its unanimity in all that con- myself ready, in presence of this cerns the great interests of the assembly, as representing the Unit- . country has been displayed in the ed Netherlands, to take the oath most marked manner by the prompt which the Constitution bas preorganization of the militia, the scribed to the Sovereign Prince.
SWEDISH DECLARATION. general, of the kingdom of Nor.
way: His Majesty the King of Swe. den having declared to the people The situation in which Denof Norway, by the Proclamation mark and Norway were at the end addressed to them, that he reserved of last year, made it our duty as to them all the essential rights Sovereign to give up one of the which constitute public liberty, sister kingdoms to prevent the and having engaged himself ex- ruin of both. pressly to leave to the nation the The Treaty of Peace concladfaculty of establishing a constitu- ed at Kiel on the 14th of January, tion analogous to the wants of the this year, was the consequence.-country, aod founded chiefly upon By this we gave the solemn prothe two bases of national represen- mise, which never has been, por tion and the right of taxing them: shall be broken on our side, to reselves; these promises are now nounce all our claims to Norway, renewed in the most formal man- and to appoint Commissioners to ner. The King will by no means deliver the fortresses, the public interfere directly in the new Con- money, domains, &c. to the Plenistitutional Act of Norway, which potentiaries named by the King of must, however, be submitted for Sweden. Wecommanded his Highbis acceptance. He wishes only to ness Prince Christian, tben Gotrace the first lines of its founda- vernor of Norway, to execute in tion, leaving to the people the right our name what we had promised. of erecting the rest of the building. We gave him the most positive in
His Majesty is also invariably structions, and on the 19th of Jadetermined not to amalgamate the nuary gave him our Royal full financial systems of the two powers for the persons whom he countries. In consequence of this should appoint to execute tbe principle, the debts of the two treaty. Then we released all the crowns shall always remain sepa- inhabitants of Norway from their rate from each oiher, and no tax allegiance, and impressed on them shall be collected in Norway for the duties which for the future the purpose of paying the debts of they owed to the King of Sweden. Sweden, and vice versa. The in We have learnt with beartfelt tention of his Majesty is not to grief, that our nearest and most suffer the revenue of Norway to be belgsed relation, to whoin we gave sent out of the country. The ex- the government of Norway with pense of administration being de- unlimited confidence, instead of dected, the rest shall be employed executing our commands, has verin objects of general utility, and in tured to neglect them, and even a sinking fund for the extermina to declare Norway an independent tion of the national debt.
kingdom, and bimself the Regent of it; to refuse to give up what
the King of Sweden had a right, Circular Letter from the King of according to the treaty, to de
Denmark, addressed to the Ma- mand; and finally, that he has gistrates, and the inhabitants in even scized upon our sbips of war which were in the harbours of Declaration of the Allied Powers Norway, has takon down the Da- on the Breaking Off of the New nish flag, and hoisted another in gotiations at Chatillon, its stead, and arrested their commanders, our servants.
The Allied Powers owe it to Since, after the treaty of peace themselves, to their people, and to which we have signed, and the re- France, as soon as the negociations nunciation of our claims on Nor. at Chatillon are broken off, pubway, we neither do nor will ac- licly to declare the reasons which knowledge in that kingdom any induced them to enter into negoother authority than that of bis ciations with the French Govern, Majesty the King of Sweden, we ment, as well as the causes of the cannot but be highly displeased at breaking off of the negociations. wbat has been done there, con- Military events to which his trary to the treaty and our express tory cap produce no parallel, overorders; and the more so, as every threw in the month of October last, civil officer, from the highest to the ill-constructed edifice, known the lowest, who had been appoints under the name of the French ed by us, as well as every other of Empire; an edifice erected on the our subjects in Norway, is releas- ruins of States lately independent ed from his allegiance and duties and happy, augmented by contowards us, on the sole condition quests from ancient monarchies, of fulfilling, as far as he is concern- and held together at the expense of ed, the stipulations of the treaty of the blood, of the fortunes, of the peace.
welfare of a whole generation. *". At the same time that we The Allied Sovereigns, led by make this known, we forbid every conquest to the Rhine, thought it one of the officers whom we have their duty to proclaim to Europe nominated in Norway to accept anew, their principles, their wishes, or to retain any employment what. and their object. Far from every ever, in that kingdom in its pre- wish of domination or conquest, sent stare; we recall all the civil animated solely by the desire to see officers in the kingdom of Nor. Europe restored to a just balance way who are not natives of that of the different Powers, resolved country, and who regard Deoinark, not to lay down their arms till they or any of the countries belonging had obtained the noble object of to it, as their native country; and their efforts, they made known the command them to return within irrevocableness of their resolufour weeks from the time when tions by a public act, and they did they shall be made acquainted not hesitate to declare themselves to with tbis letter, under pain of for- the enemy's Government in a manfeiting our favour, and all the rights, ner conformable to their unalteraadvantages, and privileges, which ble determination. they do or might enjoy as native. The French Government made Danish subjects.
use of the frank declarations of the Given at our Court at Copenhagen, Allied Powers to express inclinaApril 13tb, 1814. tions to peace. It certainly bad
need of the appearance of this in- Sovereigns were permitted to have clination, in order to justify in the that the experience of late erect eyes of its people the new exertions would have had some influence which it did not cease to require.- on a conqueror, exposed to the obBut every thing, however, con- servation of a great nation, which vinced the allied Cabinets, that it was for the first time witness in merely endeavoured to take ad- the capital itself to the miseries be vantage of the appearance of a new had brought on France. gociation, in order to prejudice This experience might have con the gation in its favour, but that vinced that the support of thrane the peace of Europe was very far is principally dependent on mode from its thoughts.
ration and probity, The Allied The Powers, penetrating its se- Powers, however, convinced that cret views, resolved to go and con- the trial which ihey made must not quer, in France itself, the long de- endanger the military operatiops, sired peace. Numerous armies saw that these operations must be crossed the Rhine; scarcely were continued during the negociations. they passed the first frontiers when The experience of the past, and the French Minister for Foreign afflicting recollections, shemed Affairs appeared at the outposts. them the necessity of this step.
All the proceedings of the French Their Plenipotentiaries met those Goveroment had henceforth .no of the French Government. other object, tban to mislead opi. Meantime the victorious armies nion, to blind the French people, approached the gates of the capital. and to throw on the Allies the The Government took every mea. odium of all the miseries attendant sure to prevent its falling into our on an invasion.
hands. The plenipotentiary of The course of events had given France received orders to propose the Allies a proof of the full power an armistice, upon conditions which of the European league. The prin- were sinuilar to those which the ciples which, since their first union Allies themselves judged necessary for the common good, bad animat- for the restoration of general peace. ed the counsels of the Allied Sove. He offered the immediate surrendreigns were fully developed ; no- er of the fortresses in the countries thing more hindered them from un- wbich France was to give ap, on folding the conditions of the recon- condition of a suspension of mili, struction of the common edifice; tary operations. these conditions must be such as The Allied Courts, convinced by were no hindrance to peace after 20 years' experience, that in negoso many conquests,
ciations with the French cabinet, The only power calculated to it was necessary carefully to distiothrow into the scale indemnifica- guish the apparent from the real tions for France, England, could intention, proposed instead of this speak openly respecting the sacri- immediately to sign preliminaries fices which it was ready to make of peace. This measure would for a general peace. The Allied have had for France all the advan