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CHAPTER XIX.

Domestic Occurrences.His Majesty's State.-General tranquillity of

Great Britain.-Disturbed State of Ireland.- Proceedings of the Irish Roman Catholics.-- Princess of Wales.- Princess Charlotte of Wales.-Altempt to alter the Corn Laws.- Commercial Prospects.

THE official reports respecting coalescence between the superior T his Majesty's state during and inferior ranks, marked by the present year bave almost uni- bounty in the former, and decency formly been, that his bodily health in the latter. has remained unimpaired, and his In the sister island, however, mental condition has been com- the year has been distinguished by posed and tranquil, but without a very different state of things. the least improvement in his intel- Such a spirit of outrage and law. lectual faculties. It cannot be less violence was inanifested in doubted that the case is now abso- several of the Irish counties, that lutely decided, and that the regen- it was thought necessary to arm ty is to all iotepts and purposes the magistracy with extraordinary constituted a reign.

powers for the preservation of the This year, like the last, has been public peace; and in our narrative little disturbed by commotions in of parliamentary proceedings will any part of the island of Great be found the particulars of ile Britain ; for a few outrages com- measures adopted on this occasion, mitted by the frame-breakers in as well as the discussions with Nottinghamshire scarcely deserve which they were attended. A notice. It is even remarkable more full and unbiassed account of how little the vast assemblages of these disorders and their causes people in the metropolis and other was however thought to have been towns, drawn together by the fes- given in a celebrated charge from tivities and unusual objects of cu Judge Fle:cher, for which reason riosity which the time has afford. we have presented it entire to our ed, have tended to excite a riotous readers. disposition in the populace; and if It was observed, in relating the the demeanor of the mob has proceedings of the Irish Roman sometimes been marked with rude Catholics during the last year, familiarity towards the illustrious that a spirit of disunion had mani. visitants, it never put on the ap- fested itself in that body which pearance of ill humour or mis- had operated unfavourably upon chievous propensity. The rejoic. the efforts towards an improveings on account of the peace were ment of their situation; and the hearty and general, and frequent- same remark will apply to the prely offered very pleasing displays of sent year. In the beginning of

May

a communication she bad received must necessarily attend any extrafrom her son, the Prince Regent, ordinary occurrence relative to the stating the necessity of his pre- presumptive heiress of the crowo. sence at her court, and that he It was expected that her union desired it might be understood, with the hereditary Prince of for reasons of which he alone Orange, to wbich his father had could be the judge, to be his fixed alluded as a determined measure, and unalterable determination not to in a public address to bis States, meet the Princess of Wales upon would have been declared, and any occasion, either public or pri- perhaps brought to effect; but for vate. Her Majesty was tberefore some reason, of which the public under the painful necessity of inu- are left in ignorance, the negocia. mating to the Princess the impos- tion for that purpose was entirely sibility of receiving her Royal broken off. Whether or not this Highness at her drawing-rooms. circumstance was connected with A correspondence between the what followed, is matter of contwo illustrious personages was the jecture; but it appears that the result, which the Princess desired Prince Regent, accompanied by the Speaker of the House of Com- the Bishop of Salisbury, repaired mons to lay before that assembly, 10 Warwick House, his daughand which was productive of a de- ler's residence, on July 12th, and bate reported in our summary of announced the dismission of all her parliamentary proceedings. The attendants, and his intention of letters themselves will be found taking her with him to Carlton among the State Papers. A mo. House. This declaration, probacion for an increase of the allow. bly joined with paternal reproof, ance of her Royal Highness occa. had such an effect on the joung sioned other parliamentary dis- lady's feelings, that requesting cussions, which we have also re- leave to retire, she took the opporported. In conclusion, the Prin- tunity of escaping by the back cess finding, doubtless, her situa- stair-case, and rushing into the cion in this country uncomfort. street, where she got into a backable, (for influence had been used ney coach, and drove to Connaught to prevent her from receiving even House, her mother's residence. the slightest mark of respect from The Princess of Wales, much emthe great strangers), she asked and barrassed by this unexpected visit, obtained permission to make a immediately drove to the parliatour to the continent, and first ment house to consult her friends visited her brother at the court what was proper to be done on of Brunswick. She then pro- the occasion. The result was, ceeded to Italy, every where re- that the Princess Charlotte was ceiving the honours due to her persuaded to accompany her rank; and fixed herself for the cocle, the Duke of York, to winter at Naples. Of her return Carlton House. After remaining to England there are at present no there some time, she was removed indications,

· 10 Cranbouro Lodge in Windsor The Princess Charlotte of Wales Forest, where she was placed unbecame in this year a subject of der the care of ber new attendants. that interest to the public which A complaint in one of her knees having produced from the faculty nify themselves by the existing low a declaration of the expediency of prices of their commodities, and a course of sea-bathing, her Royal in many instances have been reHighness in autumu went to Wey. duced to considerable difficulty ; mouth for that purpose, whence so that it seems the general opishe returned at the latter end of nion that some modifications must the year. Since that time she has be made in their favour. continued in her residence near The restoration of peace on the Windsor, and nothing farther has continent has proved less advantaoccurred particularly to excite the geous to the commercial interests public solicitude on her account. of the country than might have

The introduction into parlia- been expected; and there is reament, in the early part of the son to apprehend a powerful risession, of bills for the purpose of valry to our manufactures in the making a great alteration in the improved skill, and much lighter corn laws, and especially of fixing expense of workmanship, by which a much higher scale for the liberty those of our neighbours are faof free importation, excited a very voured. The German fairs are extensive alarm among the ma- said to have afforded evidence of nafacturing part of the commu-' this successful competition. Meannity, and was the cause of a great while the opening of the longnumber of meetings for petition- closed interior of Europe has pro ing against such changes. Their duced a vast exportation of Engeffect was to defeat the proposed lish tourists, who, whatever remeasure, ministers not choosing to turns they may bring of amusehazard the consequences of such a ment or instruction, will certainly general impression. As the bare not improve the balance of trade. vest frustrated the expectations Nor are the emigrants few, whom that had been formed of a plentiful the comparative cheapness of livcrop, it is probable that any check ing has drawn to the continent given to the large iasportations of rather as sojourners than visitants, grain, which have since taken On the whole, the close of the place, would have raised that pe- year has not gratified the councessary of life to an inordinate try with those anticipations of inprice. In the mean time, the creased prosperity, which a state farmers, pressed upon by bigh of general peace might have been rents and wages, and burdensome hoped to justify, taxes, have not been able to indem

a communication she had received must necessarily attend any extrafrom her son, the Prince Regent, ordinary occurrence relative to the stating the necessity of his pre- presumptive heiress of the crown. sence at her court, and that he It was expected that her union desired it might be 'understood, with the hereditary Prince of for reasons of which he alone Orange, to which his father had could be the judge, to le his fixed alluded as a determined measure, and unalterable determination not to in a public address to bis States, meet the Princess of Wales upon would have been declared, and any occasion, either public or pri- perbaps brought to effect ; but for vate. Her Majesty was therefore some reason, of which the public under the painful necessity of inu- are left in ignorance, the negociamating to the Princess the impos. tion for tbat purpose was entirely sibility of receiving her Royal broken off. Whether or not this Highness at her drawing-rooms. circumstance was connected with A correspondence between the what followed, is matter of contwo illustrious personages was the jecture; but it appears that the result, which the Princess desired Prince Regent, accompanied by the Speaker of the House of Com- the Bishop of Salisbury, repaired mons to lay before that assembly, 10 Warwick House, his daughand which was productive of a de ler's residence, on July 12th, and bate reported in our summary of announced the dismission of all her parliamentary proceedings. The attendants, and his intention of letters themselves will be found taking her with him to Carlton anong the State Papers. A mo. House. This declaration, probation for an increase of the allow bly joined with paternal reproof, ance of her Royal Highness occa. had such an effect on the young sioned other parliamentary dis- lady's feelings, that requesting cussions, which we have also re- leave to retire, she took the opporported. In conclusion, the Prin- tunity of escaping by the back cess finding, doubtless, her situa- stair-case, and rushing into the sion in this country uncomfort. street, where she got into a backable, (for influence had been used ney coach, and drove to Connaught to prevent her from receiving even House, her mother's residence. the slightest mark of respect from The Princess of Wales, much emthe great strangers), she asked and barrassed by this unexpected visit, obtained permission to make a immediately drove to the parliatour to the continent, and first ment house to consult her friends visited her brother at the court what was proper to be done on of Brunswick. She then pro- the occasion. The result was, ceeded to Italy, every where re- that the Princess Charlotte was ceiving the honours due to her persuaded to accompany bec rank; and fixed herself for the uncle, the Duke of York, to winter at Naples. Of her return Carlton House. After remaining to England there are at present no there some time, she was removed indications,

· to Cranbourn Lodge in Windsor The Princess Charlotte of Wales Forest, where she was placed unbecame in this year a subject of der the care of ber new attendants. that interest to the public which A complaint in one of her knees

having produced from the faculty nify theniselves by the existing low a declaration of the expediency of prices of their commodities, and a course of sea-bathing, her Royal in many instances have been reHighness in autumu went to Wey. duced to considerable difficulty; mouth for that purpose, whence so that it seems the general opishe returned at the latter end of nion that some modifications must the year. Since that time she has be made in their favour. continued in her residence near The restoration of peace on the Windsor, and nothing farther has continent has proved less advantaoccurred particularly to excite the geous to the commercial interests public solicitude on her account of the country than might have

The introduction into parlia- been expected; and there is reament, in the early part of the son to apprehend a powerful risession, of bills for the purpose of valry to our manufactures in the making a great alteration in the improved skill, and much lighter corn laws, and especially of fixing expense of workmanship, by which a much bigher scale for the liberty those of our neighbours are faof free importation, excited a very voured. The German fairs are extensive alarm among the ma- said to have afforded evidence of nofacturing part of the commu-' this successful competition. Meannity, and was the cause of a great while the opening of the longnumber of meetings for petition- closed interior of Europe has pro ing against such changes. Their duced a vast exportation of Engeffect was to defeat the proposed lish tourists, who, whatever remeasure, ministers not choosing to turns they may bring of amusehazard the consequences of such a ment or instruction, will certainly general impression. As the har- not improve the balance of trade. vest frustrated the expectations Nor are the emigrants few, whom that had been formed of a plentiful the comparative cheapness of livcrop, it is probable that any check ing has drawn to the continent given to the large insportations of rather as sojourners than visitants. grain, which have since taken On the whole, the close of the place, would have raised that ne- year has not gratified the coun. cessary of life to an inordinate try with those anticipations of inprice. In the mean time, the creased prosperity, which a stare farmers, pressed upon by bigh of general peace might have been rents and wages, and burdensome hoped to justify. taxes, have not been able to indem

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