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of arms, and store-houses full of with the whole of the public stores, clothing, and camp equipage were and the village of Black-rock was the farther prize of the victors. likewise burnt. A force was then

After this affair, the American directed to move down the river general Hull arrived at the town to fort Niagara to destroy all the of Buffalo, and collecting all the remaining cover of the enemy troops in the vicinity, amounting upon this frontier, which being to inore than 2000 men, look post effected, the whole frontier was at Black-Rock to check the fur- left clear and naked. ther advance of the British. He The destruction of the Amewas not, however, long suffered to rican villages on this occasion was remain there unmolested. Major- represented in a proclamation gen. Riall assembling a force of issued by Sir George Prevost, as a about 950 regulars and 50 militia, measure of retaliation for the acts with 400 Indians, crossed the of plunder and conflagration come Niagara river on the night of milted by the Americans in their Dec. 29th, and at day-break on invasion of Upper Canada, and the 30th, moved on to attack the particularly the burning of the enemy, who was strongly posted. village of Newark, consisting of After a vigorous resistance, the 150 houses, the inhabitants of impetuosity of the assailants forced which were driven out to enthe Americans to give way, and counter without covering or shelter, they were driven through their the inclemency of a Canadian batteries to the town of Buffalo, .winter. His Excellency gives seabout two miles distaut. There a · veral instances of the moderation further resistance was made; but and regard to private property in a short time the American shewn by the British, and intiIroops fled in all directions, and mates that retaliation shall be cartook to the woods, leaving behind ried no farther, unless fresh prothem three pieces of cannon. Their vocation be given. loss was not known, but 130 pri- On Jan. 71h, the President of soners were made, the rapidity of the United States communicated their fight preventing a larger to both houses of Congress, copies capture. The British loss in this of a letter from the British secrespirited action amounted to 112, tary of state, lord Castlereagh, in killed, wounded and missing. to the American Secretary Mr. Among the wounded was lieut.- Monroe, with the answer of the col. Ogilvy, as he was gallantly latter, the subject of which was leading the attack.. After the en- the proposed negotiations for gagement, an officer was sent with peace. Lord Castlereagh's letter a detachment to destroy two encloses a note from lord Cathschoopers and a sloop, part of the cart, British embassador to the enemy's lake squadron, that were emperor of Russia, addressed to on shore below the town of the count de Nesselrode, in which Buffalo, which service was effec- he mentions that the Prince Retually performed. The town itself, gent had been inforined of the the iohabitants having quitted it, arrival of the American commiswas then committed to the flames, sioners in Russia, and though be Vol. LVI.

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finds reason to decline the media- evils we suffer ; and whether, # tion of his Imperial Majesty in our conduct towards both bellithe discussions with the United gerents had been impartial, a war States, yet being sincerely desirous with either would have been of terminating the war between thought necessary. We had ag. Great Britain and America, he is sumed the character of a neutral ready to nominate plenipotentia nation; but had we not violated ries for treating directly with them, the duties imposed by that cha. and would prefer that the con racter? Had not every subject ferences should be held in Lon- of complaipt against one belligedon, but if that were objected to, rent been aviply displayed, and he would consent to substitute those against the other concealed Gottenburgh, Lord Castlereagh or palliated ? It has indeed been then says, that the American com- suggested, that we have no con. missioners having declared their nection with France in regard to readiness to treal in London, he the war ; but when France and has transmitted this proposal by a England were engaged in a most flag of cruce, and tbat the British arduous struggle, and we interadmiral on the American station fered and assaulted one of them, will be ready to give the necessary will any man doubt our intention protection to any persons sent by to assist the other?" The United States in furtherance of In the early part of February, the overture. The reply of Mr. the American army under Gen. Monroe, after expressing the Pre- Wilkinson continued to occupy its sident's regret at the new obstacle position on the frontier of Lower which has arisen to the negotia, Canada at the French mills on the tions for peace, and giving reasons Salmon river; but between the why the mediation of the Emperor 12th and 16th of that month, the of Russia had been thought ad- troops abandoned this station, after visable, finally conveys the Pre- partially burning their block sident's consent to the proposal, houses and barracks which had and makes election of Gotten- been erected at vast expense, and burgh for the place of conference. destroying their river craft and

The speech made by Governor batteaux. They carried away their Strong to the Legislature of Mas- ordnance, and the greater part of sachussetts on Jan. 12th, distinctly their military stores. Two regi. expressed the desire for peace, ments proceeded to Sacket's har. and the disapprobation of the bour, and the remainder to Burreasons for war alleged by the go- lington and Plattsburg, where Gen. vernment of the United States, Wilkinson 'took up his head. which rom the first were the pre- quarters. The reason for this vailing sentiments in this part of movement is stated to have been America. " The friends of peace the enormous expense incurred in (says the Governor) are accused supplying troops at such a disof being under British influence; cance with provisions, and their but their accusers ought to reflect daily decrease by sickness and whether partialities of an oppo. desertion. As soon as their resite kind have not produced the treat was made known to Sir

George

George Prevost, he detached a nue. The message was immeparty to press upon their rear diately followed by the introducguard, which took possession of a tion of a bill for the repeal of the quantity of provisions and stores, embargo and non-importation acts, and completed the destruction of and for other purposes, which their block-houses, barracks, and passed by a great majority, and boats. The American general re- seems to have excited in the more mained quiet in his new position commercial states sanguine exs till March żoth, when collecting a pectations of the revival of trade, large force from Plattsburg and and the renewal of pacific relaBurlington he attacked at an early tions. A proclamation, however, hour, the outposts of the commu- by Admiral Cochrane, from Ber: nication leading from Odell-town muda on April 25th, was calcu. to Burtonville, and La Cole mill, lated to overthrow these hopes. the chief attack being directed on The blockade of the American the latter post, which was under ports, which before extended from the command of Major Hancock. the southern limits of the States The enemy brought a battery to to Long-island Sound, and the bear upon it, which occasioned opposite ports of New York, was two attempts to take the guns, but now made to comprehend all the both were unsuccessful. The re- remaining coast northwards to the sistance by the British commander, boundary of the British province however, was so judicious and of New Brunswick. The reason spirited, that after the enemy liad alleged for this extension was that persevered in the attack till night numerous vessels of war had been fall, he withdrew his guns and re- fitted out from the ports left open, treated without attaining his ob- and others were now in prepara: ject, after sustaining severe loss. tion, for the prosecution of the That of the defenders, British and war against Great Britain, and Canadian, amounted in killed, frustrating the object of the block. wounded, and missing to 61, ade.

A message from the President to An expedition under the com. Congress, dated March 31st, re mand of Gen. Drummond, and commends to the consideration of Commodore Sir James Yeo, against tbat assembly the expediency of the American fort Oswego on Lake authorising after a certain day, Ontario, was undertaken in the exportations (specie excepted) from beginning of May. After a rethe United States in vessels of connoisance of the defences of the their own, and of powers in place on the 5th of the month, amity with them, and a repeal of the attack was made on the 6th. the laws prohibiting the importa- by a select detachment of troops tion of articles, not the property and the squadron of armed vessels of enemies. This proposed re- on the lake. The landing of the laxation of the acts restrictive of troops was effected under a heavy commercial intercourse evidently fire from the fort, and the enemy proceeded from a sense of the dis- posted on the brow of a bill, and contents they had excited, and in the woods, but nothing could their effect upon the public reve- rétard the advance of the assail.

IN 2

ants,

finds reason to decline the media- evils we suffer; and whether, if tion of his Imperial Majesty in our conduct towards both bellithe discussions with the United gerents had been impartial, a war States, yet being sincerely desirous with either would have been of terminating the war between thought necessary. We had agGreat Britain and America, he is sumed the character of a neutral ready to nominate plenipotentia nation; but had we not violated ries for treating directly with them, the duties imposed by that cha. and would prefer that the con racter? Had not every subject ferences should be held in Lon- of complaint against one belligedon, but if that were objected to, rent been aurply displayed, and he would consent to substitute those against the other concealed Gottenburgh, Lord Castlereagh or palliated ? It has indeed been then says, that the American com- suggested, that we have no con. missioners having declared their nection with France in regard to readiness to treat in London, he the war ; but when France and has transmitted this proposal by a England were engaged in a most flag of truce, and tbat the British arduous struggle, and we interadmiral on the American station fered and assaulted one of them, will be ready to give the necessary will any man doubt our intention protection to any persons sent by to assist the other ?". The United States in furtherance of In the early part of February, the overture. The reply of Mr. the American army under Gen. Monroe, after expressing the Pre- Wilkinson continued to occupy its sident's regret at the new obstacle position on the frontier of Lower which has arisen to the negotia- Canada at the French mills on the tions for peace, and giving reasons Salmon river ; but between the why the mediation of the Emperor 12th and 16th of that month, the of Russia had been thought ad. troops abandoned this station, after visable, finally conveys the Pre- partially burning their block. sident's consent to the proposal, houses and barracks which had and makes election of Gotten- been erected at vast expense, and burgh for the place of conference. destroying their river craft and

The speech made by Governor batteaux. They carried away their Strong to the Legislature of Mas- ordnance, and the greater part of sachussetts on Jan. 12th, distinctly their military stores. Two regi. expressed the desire for peace, ments proceeded to Sacket's harand the disapprobation of the bour, and the remainder to Burreasons for war alleged by the go- lington and Plattsburg, where Gen. vernment of the United States, Wilkinson took up his head. which rom the first were the pre- quarters. The reason for this vailing sentiments in this part of movement is stated to have been America. “ The friends of peace the enormous expense incurred in (says the Governor) are accused supplying troops at such a disof being under British influence; tance with provisions, and their but their accusers ought to reflect daily decrease by sickness and whether partialities of an oppo- desertion. As soon as their resite kind have not produced the treat was made known to Sir

George George Prevost, he detached a nue. The message was immeparty to press upon their rear- diately followed by the introduce guard, which took possession of a tion of a bill for the repeal of the quantity of provisions and stores, embargo and non-importation acts, and completed the destruction of and for other purposes, which their block-houses, barracks, and passed by a great majority, and boats. The American general re- seems to have excited in the more mained quiet in his new position commercial states sanguine exs till March żoth, when collecting a pectations of the revival of trade, large force from Plattsburg and and the renewal of pacific relaBurlington he attacked at an early tions. A proclamation, however, hour, the outposts of the commu- by Admiral Cochranie, from Bernication leading from Odell-town muda on April 25th, was calcuto Burtonville, and La Cole mill, lated to overthrow these hopes. the chief attack being directed on The blockade of the American the latter post, which was under ports, which before extended from the command of Major Hancock. the southern limits of the States The enemy brought a battery to to Long-island Sound, and the bear upon it, which occasioned opposite ports of New York, was two attempts to take the guns, but now made to comprehend all the both were unsuccessful. The re- remaining coast northwards to the sistance by the British commander, boundary of the British province however, was so judicious and of New Brunswick. The reason spirited, that after the enemy bad alleged for this extension was that persevered in the attack till night numerous vessels of war had been fall, he withdrew his guns and re- fitted out from the ports left open, treated without attaining his ob- and others were now in prepara. ject, after sustaining severe loss. tion, for the prosecution of the That of the defenders, British and war against Great Britain, and Canadiao, amounted in killed, frustrating the object of the block. wounded, and missing to 61, ade..

A message from the President to An expedition under the com. Congress, dated March 31st, re- mand of Gen. Drummond, and commends to the consideration of Commodore Sir James Yeo, against tbat assembly the expediency of the American fort Oswego on Lake authorising after a certain day, Ontario, was undertaken in the exportations (specie excepted) from beginning of May. After a retbe United States in vessels of connoisance of the defences of the their own, and of powers in place on the 5th of the month. amity with them, and a repeal of the attack was made on the 6th, the laws prohibiting the importa- by a select detachment of troops tion of articles, not the property and the squadron of armed vessels of enemies. This proposed re- on the lake. The landing of the laxation of the acts restrictive of troops was effected under a heavy commercial intercourse evidently fire from the fort, and the enemy proceeded from a sense of the dis- posted on the brow of a bill, and contents they had excited, and in the woods, but nothing could their effect upon the public reve- rétard the advance of the assail

IN 2

ants,

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