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clothing, transportotion, arms, supplies, and the purchase, hire, and construction of vessels. Approved March 11, 1862. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR :

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

General Orders, WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE.
No. 25.

Washington, March 15, 1862. The Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Potomac, and his subordinates, will turn over to Brigadier General WADSWORTH, Military Governor of the District of Columbia, the buildings and premises occupied in the city of Washington, and all the public property belonging thereto ; and from and after it being so turned over, the Provost Marshal's office will be withdrawn from the city of Washington, and all the force employed in the Military Police of the city will be henceforth under the command of Brigadier General Wadsworth, as Military Governor of the District. General Wadsworth will establish his Headquarters in the building heretofore used and occupied by the Provost Marshal in the city of Washington.

The Provost Marshal General, and his subordinates, will also turn over to Brigadier General Wadsworth, as Military Governor of the District of Columbia, all the Military prisons and prisoners within the District of Columbia, and all contrabands now in custody, and the same shall henceforth be under command of the Military Governor of the District of Columbia. General Wadsworth will forthwith assume command as Military Governor of the said District. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF War:

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

General Orders,

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Wushington, March 15, 1862. The States of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, with the expedition and forces now under Brigadier General T. W. Sherman, will constitute a military department, to be called the Department of the South, to be commanded by Major General HUNTER. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General

General Orders,

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

I'ashington, March 21, 1862. The following Acts and Resolution of Congress are published for the information and government of all concerned :

I.-AN ACT to make an additional Article of War, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional Article of War for the government of the Army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such :

ARTICLE All oflicers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor, who may have escaped from any persons to whom such service labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a court martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and after its passage.

Approved March 13, 1862.
II.-AN ACT to provide for the appointment of sutlers in the volunteer ser-

vice, and to define their duties. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the inspector generals of the army shall constitute a board of officers, whose duty it shall be to prepare, immediately after the passage of this act, a list or schedule of the following articles which may be sold by sutlers to the officers and soldiers of the volunteer service, to wit: Apples, dried apples, oranges, figs, lemons, butter, cheese, milk, sirup, molasses, raisins, candles, crackers, wallets, brooms, comforters, boots, pocket looking glasses, pins, gloves, leather, tin wash basins, shirt buttons, horn and brass buttons, newspapers, books, tobacco, cigars, pipes, matches, blacking, blacking brushes, clothes brushes, tooth brushes, hair brushes, coarse and fine combs, emery, crocus, pocket handkerchiefs, stationery, armor oil, sweet oil, rotten stone, razor strops, razors, shaving soap, soap, suspenders, scissors, shoe strings, needles, thread, knives, pencils, and Bristol brick. Said list or schedule shall be subject, from time to time, to such revision and change as, in the judgment of the said board, the good of the service may require: Provided always, That no intoxicating liquors shall at any time be contained therein, or the sale of such liquors be in any way authorized by said board. A copy of said list or schedule, and of any subsequent change therein, together with a copy of this act, shall be, without delay, furnished by said board to the commanding officer of each brigade and of each regiment not attached to any brigade in the volunteer service, and also to the Adjutant General of the Army.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That immediately upon the receipt from said board of said list or schedule and copy of this act by the commanding officer of any such brigade, the acting brigadier general, surgeon, quartermaster, and commissary of said brigade shall constitute a board of officers whose duty it shall be to affix to each article in said list or schedule a price for said brigade, which shall be by them forthwith reported to the commanding officer of the division, if any, to which said brigade is attached, for his approval, with or without modification, and who shall, after such approval, report the same to the inspector generals, and the same, if not disapproved by them, shall be the price not exceeding which said articles may be sold to the officers and soldiers in said brigade. Whenever any brigade shall not be attached to a division, said prices shall then be reported directly to the inspector generals, and if approved by them shall be the price fixed for such brigade as aforesaid ; and whenever any regiment shall be unattached to any brigade, the acting colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, and captains thereof shall constitute the board of officers by whom the price of said articles shall be fixed for said regiment in the same manner as is herein provided for an unattached brigade. The prices so fixed may be changed by said boards respectively from time to time, not oftener than once in thirty days, but all changes therein shall be reported in like manner and for the same purpose as when originally fixed.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the commanding officer of each brigade, immediately upon receipt of a copy of said list or schedule and copy of this act, as herein provided, to cause one sutler for each regiment in his brigade to be selected bŷ the commissioned officers of such regiment, which selection shall be by him reported to the Adjutant General of the

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Army; the person so selected shall be sole sutler of said regiment. And the commanding officer of each unattached regiment shall

, in like manner, cause a selection of a sutler to be made for said regiment, who shall be sole sutler of said regiment. Any vacancy in the office of sutler from any cause, shall be filled in the same way as an original appointment.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the sutlers chosen in the manner provided in the preceding section shall be allowed a lien only upon the pay of the officers, non-commissioned officers and privates of the regiment for which he has been chosen, or those stationed at the post to which he has been appointed, and for no greater sum than one-sixth of the monthly pay of each ofiicer, non-commissioned officer or private, for articles sold during each month; and the amount of one-sixth or less than one-sixth of the pay of such officer, non-commissioned officer, or private, so sold to him by the sutler, shall be charged on the pay rolls of such offioer, non-commissioned officer or private, and deducted from bis pay, and paid over by the paymaster to the sutler of the regiment or military post, as the case may be: Provided, That if any paymaster in the service of the United States shall allow or pay any greater sum to any sutler than that hereby authorized to be retained from the pay of the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, for articles sold by any sutler during any one month, then the amount so allowed or paid by the paymaster shall be charged against the said paymaster and deducted from his pay and returned to the officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, against whom the amount was originally charged. And any captain or lieutenant commanding a company who may certify any pay-roll bearing a charge in favor of the sutler against any officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, larger or greater than one-sixth of the monthly pay of such officer, noncommissioned oflicer, musician, or private, shall be punished at the discretion of a court martial: Provided, however, That sutlers shall be allowed to sell only the articles designated in the list or schedule provided in this act, and none others, and at prices not exceeding those affixed to said articles, as herein provided : And provided further, That the sutlers shall bave no legal claim upon any officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, to an amount esceeding one sixth of his pay for articles sold during any month. He shall keep said list or schedule, together with a copy of this act, fairly written or printed, posted up in some conspicuous part of the place where he makes said sales, and where the same can be easily read by any person to whom he makes said sales.

Sec. 5. Ind be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the inspector generals to cause the place of sale and articles kept for that purpose, by said sutlers, to be inspected from time to time, once in fifteen days at least, by some competent officer, specially detailed for that duty, and such changes in said place, or in the quality and character of the articles mentioned in said list or schedule so kept, as shall be required by said officer, shall be conformed to by cach sutler. And such officer shall report each inspection to the inspector generals.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be permitted to act as sutler unless appointed according to the provisions of this act; nor shall any person be sutler for more than one regiment; nor shall any sutler farm out or underlet the business of sutling or the privileges granted to him by his appointment; nor shall any officer of the army receive from any sutler any money or other presents; nor be interested in any way in the stock, trade, or business of any sutler; and any officer receiving such presents, or being thus interested, directly or indirectly, shall be punished at the discretion of a court martial. No Butler shall sell to an enlisted man on credit to a sum exceeding one-fourth of his monthly pay within the same month ; nor shall the regimental quartermasters allow the use of army wagons for sutlers' purposes; nor shall the quartermasters' conveyances be used for the transportation of sutlers' supplies.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That any sutler who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall, by the colonel, with consent of the council of administration, be dismissed from the service, and be ineligible to a reappointment as sutler in the service of the United States.

Approved March 19, 1862.

JII.-A RESOLUTION to authorize the Secretary of War to accept moneys appropriated by any State for the payment of its volunteers, and to apply the same as directed by such State.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That if any State, during the present rebellion, shall make any appropriation to pay the volunteers of that State, the Secretary of War is hereby authorized to accept the same, and cause it to be applied, by the Paymaster General, to the payments designated by the legislative acts making the appropriation in the same manner as if appropriated by act of Congress ; and also to make any regulations that may be necessary for the disbursement and proper application of such funds to the specific purpose for which they may be appropriated by the several States. Approved March 19, 1862. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

General Orders,

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WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No, 28.

Washington, March 22, 1862. I.-A military department to be called the Middle Department, and to consist of the States of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia, and the counties of Cecil, Hartford, Báltimore and Ann Arundel, in Maryland, is hereby created. Major General Dix, United States Volunteers, is assigned to the command; headquarters at Balti

more.

II.- No troops in the United States service will hereafter pass through the city of New York, without reporting to the United States military authorities entrusted with the duty of providing subsistance and transportation in that city. Reports must be made and information obtained at the office, No. 79 White street.

III.-His Excellency the Governor of New York has decided upon the following prices to be charged to the non-commissioned officers and privates of the several regiments from that State, now in the field, for articles of clothing heretofore furnished them by the State. The said prices have been fixed from the average cost of the several articles : For each infantry overcoat.

$8 63 jacket..

5 43 trowsers.

3 50 fatigue cap.

85 pair of shoes, (pegged,)

1 20 shoes, (sewed)

1 98 drawers

57 socks,

24 shirt

88 blanket.

1 95 BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

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General Orders, WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 29.

Washington, March 22, 1862. In the changes recently made in the boundaries of Department commands, it may happen that troops belonging to one Department may either be in, or may unavoidably pass into, another. In such a case the troops so situated will continue under the command of the General under whose orders they may have been operating. But it is expected that they will be withdrawn as soon as the position they may occupy comes within the control of the proper commander of the Department. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

General Orders,

, }

WAR DEP'T, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 30.

Ilashington, March 24, 1862. I.—The very great carelessness shown by many detached officers, in keeping this office advised of their movements and address, makes it necessary to recall, in a particular manner, to the attention of every officer of the Army, paragraphs 176, 188, and 468, of the General Regulations, by which all officers on detached service and leaves of absence, are required to make monthly reports of their address, as well as of every change in their address, to this office, and also to their post and regimental commanders.

11.—The attention of officers commanding regiments, both volunteer and regular, and of all commanders of Military Departments, separate armies, detached army corps, divisions, and brigades, is once more directed to the subject of returns, and to the absolute necessity of promptly furnishing this office within the first three days of every month, with an exact return of the forces under their command.

III.— The commanding officers of all Military Departments and troops in the field are also reminded that, by General Orders No. 85, of October 1, 1861, they are required to furnish this office with tri-monthly field returns of their commands, on the 10th, 20th, and last days of each month.

IV.—The exceeding importance, at this moment, of the information derived from the above reports and returns,-information which can in no other way be obtained, -obliges the Secretary of War to reiterate the existing orders on the subject, and to notify all commanding officers that these orders must in future be more punctually obeyed. To this end he directs that General Orders, No. 74, of September 10, 1861, be republished to the troops, by their Corps, Division, and Brigade Commanders, and urges upon all commanding officers the necessity of giving to this subject their own earnest and unceasing attention

V.—Justice to enlisted men who are separated from their companies, requires that they should have with them Descriptive Rolls showing the pay due them, their clothing accounts, and everything which would be required in settling with the Government, should they be discharged. Without such papers the men cannot receive the pay due them. The especial attention of company commanders is directed to this subject.

VI.—The enlisted men on extra duty in the several bureaux, offices and hospitals, and at the different headquarters, in this city, instead of being paid on separate vouchers as heretofore, will be mustered together in detachments, under the direction of their respective chiefs. The rolls may be made monthly, so as to constitute consolidated vouchers for each disbursing officer whose duty it

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