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must be made to the Adjutant Generals of the States, respectively, and the latter will be supplied from this office upon proper requisition made by them, specifying the number of each kind wanted, and the number of each actually on hand. Quarterly returns must, in such case, also be made to this office, showing the number of each kind of book and blank on hand at date of last return rendered; the number of each kind since received, and the number issued to each regiment, and the date of issue. And when the regiments are ordered out of the State a statement of all the books and blanks distributed to each should be forwarded, by the Adjutant General of the State, to the Headquarters of the Army to which the regiment is ordered, for file at the Headquarters of the Division to which it is assigned. VII.—To each regiment will be allowed the following books viz: 35 Regulations;

30 Target Practice; 35 Tactics;

35 Outpost Duty. 30 Bayonet Exercise ; VIII.—The following will be considered a six-months' supply of blanks and blank books for a regiment: 1 Guard Report Book; 1 Consolidated Morning Report Book; 10 Company Morning Report Books; 100 Consolidated Morning Reports; 2 Lists of Rolls, Returns, &c., to be made out by Company Commanders; 6 Field and Staff Muster Rolis; 18 Field and Staff Muster and Pay Rolls; 6 Muster Rolls of Hospital ; 18 Muster and pay Rolls, Hospital ; 60 Company Muster Rolls; 180 Company Muster and Pay Rolls; 12 Regimental Returns ; 60 Company Monthly Returns; 20 Returns of Men joined Company; 6 Quarterly Regimental Returns of Deceased_Soldiers ; 30 Quarterly Company Returns of Deceased Soldiers ; 2 Annual Returns of Casualties; 40 Descriptive Lists; 100 Non-commissioned Officers' Warrants. BY COMMAND OF MAJOR GENERAL MCCLELLAN :

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

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General Orders,}

Washington, February 14, 1862.
I. - Fort Garland, Colorado Territory, is transferred from the Department of
Kansas to the Department of New Mexico.

II.- The Secretary of War directs that the rations of prisoners held in the rebel States shall be commuted for and during the period of their imprisonment; the commutation to be rated at cost price.

III. —Commanders of Military Departments will forward to the Adjutant General estimates of the ordnance and ordnance stores which will be required during the succeeding quarter for the troops under their command. The estimates will be based on true economy and call only for what is essential to the efficiency of the troops. Hereafter, all requisitions for ordnance and ordnance stores required by Regiments, or Companies, serving under the orders of a Department Commander, will be sent in duplicate to the said commander, who will order the issue of such part of the requisition as he may judge proper, from the stores which will be placed at his disposal, on his own estimate. He will forward the duplicate of each requisition, with his action upon it endorsed, to the Adjutant General. As it may not be practicable to supply immediately all the articles required by each Department Commander notice will be given, after the receipt of the estimates, what proportion can be

supplied, and whence it can be drawn, and the requisitions for troops must be apportioned accordingly. BY COMMAND OF MAJOR GGNERAL MCCLELLAN:

L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

General Orders, }


Washington, February 15, 1862. I.-By direction of the President, Captain Harvey Tilden, Sixteenth United States Infantry, is hereby dropped from the rolls of the Army.

II.—Chapel tents, when purchased by Regiments, will be transported by public conveyance in the same manner as tents furnished for the use of the soldiers by the Government.

III.—The following acts of Congress are published for the information of all concerned :

1. AN ACT to amend an act entitled “An act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers," approved June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and thirty-four. (See page 517, Army Regulations.)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled, That the twentieth section of the “Act to regulate trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers,”, approved June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and thirty-four, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows, to wit:

SEC. 20. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall sell, exchange, give, Larter, or dispose of any spirituous liquor or wine to any Indian under the charge of any Indian superintendent or Indian agent appointed by the United States, or shall introduce or attempt to introduce any spirituous liquor or wine into the Indian country, such person, on conviction thereof before tho proper district Court of the United States, shall be imprisoned for a period not exceeding two years, and shall be fined not more than three hundred dollars; Provided however, That it shall be a sufficient defence to any charge of introducing or attempting to introduce liquor into the Indian country if it be proved to be done by order of the War Department, or of any officer duly authorized thereto by the War Department. And if any superintendent of Indian affairs, Indian agent, or sub-agent, or commanding officer of a military post, has reason to suspect or is informed that any white person, or Indian, is about to introduce, or has introduced, any spirituous liquor or wine into the Indian country, in violation of the provisions of this section, it shall be lawful for such superintendent, agent, sub-agent, or commanding officer, to cause the boats, stores, packages, wagons, sleds, and places of deposit of such person to be searched and if any such liquor is found therein, the same, together with the boats, teams, wagons, and sleds used in conveying the same, and also the goods, packages, and peltries of such persons, shall be seized and delivered to the proper officer, and shall be proceeded against by libel in the proper court, and forfeited, one-half to the informer, and the other half to the use of the United States; and if such person be a trader, his li ense shall be revoked and his bond put in suit. And it shall moreover be lawful for any person in the service of the United States, or for any Indian, to take and destroy any ardent spirits or wine found in the Indian country, except such as may be introduced therein by the War Department. And in all cases arising under this Act, Indians shall be competent witnesses.

Approved February 13, 1862.


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2. AN ACT making an appropriation for completing the defences of Washington, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the Treasuary not otherwise appropriated, for completing the defences of Washington: Provided, That all arrearages of debts already incurred for the objects of this Act shall be first paid out of this sum: And provided further, That no part of the sum hereby appropriated shall be expended in any work hereafter to be commenced.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the fifth section of the Act of twenty-eighth September, eighteen hundred and fifty, providing for the discharge from the service of minors enlisted without the consent of their parents or guardians, be, and the same hereby is, repealed: Provided, That bereafter no person under the age of eighteen shall be mustered into the United States service, and the oath of enlistment taken by the recruit shall be conclusive as

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no volunteers or militia from any State or Territory shall be mustered into the service of the United States on any terms or conditions confining their service to the limits of said State or Territory, or their vicinities, beyond the number of ten thousand in the State of Missouri, and four thousand five hundred in the State of Maryland, heretofore authorized by the President of the United States, or Secretary of War, to be raised in said States.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the second section of the Act of the tenth of April, eighteen hundred and six, shall be, and the same is hereby, so amended as to read as follows: (See page 516 Army Regulations.).

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, in time of war or rebellion against the supreme authority of the United States, all persons who shall be found lurking as spies, or acting as such, in or about the fortifications, encampments, posts, quarters, or headquarters of the armies of the United States, or any of them, within any part of the United States which has been or may be declared to be in a state of insurrection by proclamation of the President of the United States, shall suffer death by sentence of a general court-martial.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the fifty-fifth article of the first section of Act of tenth April, eighteen hundred and six, chapter twenty, be, and the same is hereby, so amended as to read as follows: (Sec 55th Article of War.)

Article Fifty-five, Whoever, belonging to the armies of the United States in foreign parts, or at any place within the United States, or their Territories, during rebellion against the supreme authority of the United States, shall force a safeguard, shall suffer death. Approved February 13, 1862.


L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.

Generat Orders,

Washington, February 18, 1862. 1.—The following concurrent resolutions of the two Houses of the Congress of the United States are published for the information of the Army:

Resolved, That the two Houses will assemble in the Chamber of the House of Representatives on Saturday, the 22d day of February, instant, at 12 o'clock meridian, and that in the presence of the two Houses of Congress, thus assem

bled, the Farewell Address of George Washington to the People of the United States shall be read. And that the President of the Senate and the Speaker or the House of Representatives be requested to invite the President of the United States, the Heads of the several Departments, the Judges of the Supreme Court, the Representatives from all Foreign Governments near this Government, and such officers of the Army and Navy, and distinguished citizens, as may then be at the seat of government, to be present on that occasion.

Resolved, That the President of the United States, Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, be requested to direct that orders be issued for the reading, to the Army and Navy of the United States, of the Farewell Address of George Washington, or such parts thereof as he may select, on the 22d day of February, instant.

II.-In compliance with the foregoing resolutions, the President of the United States, Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, orders that the following extracts from the Farewell Address of GEORGE WASHINGTON, be read to the troops at every military post, and at the head of the several regiments and corps of the Army :

“ Interwoven as is the love of liberty with every ligament of our hearts, no recommendation of mine is necessary to fortify or confirm the attachment.

“ The unity of government which constitutes you one people, is also now dear to you. It is justly so; for it is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence, the support of your tranquility at home, your peace abroad, of your safety, pf your prosperity, of that very liberty which you so highly prize. But as it is easy to foresee that from different causes, and from different quarters, much pains will be taken, many artifices employed to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth-as this is the point in your political fortress against which the batteries of internal and external enemies will be most constantly and actively (though often covertly and insidiously) directed—it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your national union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual and immovable attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and to speak of it as a palladium of your political safety and prosperity; watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned; and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts.

" For this you have every inducement of sympathy and interest. Citizens by birth or choice of a common country, that country has a right to concentrato your affections. The name of AMERICAN, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation derived from local discrimination. With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You have, in a common cause, fought and triumphed together. The independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint councils and joint efforts, of common dangers, sufferings, and success.

“While every part of our country feels an immediate and particular interest in union, all the parts combined, cannot fail to find in the united mass of means and efforts greater strength, greater resource, proportionately greater security from external danger, a less frequent interruption of their peace by foreign nations, and, what is of inestimable value, they must derive from union an exemption from those broils and wars between themselves, which so frequently aflict neighboring countries not tied together by the same government, which their own rivalships alone would be sufficient to produce, but which opposite foreign alliances, attachments and intrigues would stimulate and embitter. Hence likewise, they would avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments which, under any form of government are inauspicious to liberty, and

which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty. In this sense it is that your union ought to be considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that the love of the one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other.

"To the efficacy and permanency of your union, a government for the whole is indispensable. No alliances, however strict, between the parts, can be an adequate substitute. They must inevitably experience the infractions and interruptions which alliances in all times have experienced. Sensible of this momentous truth, you have improved upon your first essay by the adoption of a constitution of government better calculated than your former for an intimate union, and for the efficacious management of your common concerns. This government, the offspring of your own choice, uninfluenced and unawed, adopted upon full investigation and mature deliberation, completely free in its principles, in the distribution of its powers, uniting security with energy, and containing within itself provision for its own amendment, has a just claim to your confidence and your support. Respect for its authority, compliance with its laws, acquiescence in its measures, are duties enjoined by the fundamental maxims of true liberty. The basis of our political system is, the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of government. But the constitution which at any time exists, until changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. The very idea of the power and the right of the people to establish government, presupposes the duty of every individual to obey the established government.

“All obstructions to the execution of the laws, all combinations and associations under whatever plausible character, with the real design to direct, control, counteract or awe the regular deliberations and actions of the constituted authorities, are destructive of this fundamental principle, and of fatal tendency. They serve to organize faction; to give it an artificial and extraordinary force; to put in the place of the delegated will of the nation, the will of party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community; and according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public administration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of fac. tion, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans, digested by common councils, and modified by mutual interests.

"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of hu. man happiness —these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. The mere politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them. A volume could not trace all their connexion with private and public felicity. Let it be simply asked where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert the oaths which are the instruments of investigation in courts of justice ? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of pecul. iar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principles.

" It is substantially true that virtue or morality is a necessary spring of popular government. The rule, indeed, extends with more or less force to every species of free government. Who that is a sincere friend to it can look with indifference upon attempts to shake the foundation of the fabric? Promote, then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.

“ Observe good faith and justice towards all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all. Religion and morality enjoin this conduct; and can it be that good policy does not equally enjoin it? It will be worthy of a free, en


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