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ponctuation of the characters; or meni, besides those on the fores in the language itself, no one could tion, might be attracted to: be found -capable of rendering it college of Malta, so anel sites into English. . This statement, for such a rendezvous, and the however unaccountable it may ap. quisition of the living laagupe pear to many, was afterwards far. facilitated by social converse amb ther confirmed, by passports and ingenious youths of differunt au other papers in African Arabic bc. tions. If this project of a cate ing sent to me for translations, the at Malta should come esder is .want of which had detained vessels eye, and meet with the approbato * in our ports, and caused merchants of Mr. Jackson, it would be me in London to suffer froid a loss of if he would take it up. Thera markets." . "

no one we koow of, better qui ; * An academy of commerce was fied to point out its adranta justituted by the emperor Joseph and the arrangements proper da II, at Vienna ; at wbich academy carrying it into execution. the pupils were instructed in a va. riety of foreigo languages, and in the art of drawing. Such an aca. State of the Foreign Afairs demy might be founded by the Great Britain for the Yee British government, without im. 1809. By Gould French posing any burthed on the public, Leckie, Esq. . . at Malta. The whole property in . this island, formerly belonging to THE grand political measures

the Koights of St. John, bas de. opposing a kind of maritime es. · volved to the crown of Great Bri. pire to the overgrown, and su tain. This property might be growing empire, of France, on . converted into a fund for the sup. continent of Europe, touched 03 port of proper masters, who could in our last article, is so ingeniously be procured from the islands and and ably recommended to the coasts of the Mediterranean, and a British government in the writing certain number of scholars. ' lo of Mr. Leckie, that we do bet be ths seminary young men might be sitate to give this small pamphlet a trained up to act in the capacities place among the books we haves. of consuls, commercialinterpreters, lected as favourable specitpens of and agents, and as travellers under 1809. It exhibits a happy and the patronage of literary and libe. Fare union of patriotists, learning, ral individuals or societies, for the genius, comprehensire views, and exploration of unknown regions, solid sense. The spirit and sen. and the improvement of both natu. dency of the pamphlet is briefly ral and civil history. From the stated in the conclusion: i' . islands and the countries on the . From all that we hare hitherto Mediterranean, as well as from experienced of the views of Bom. Great Britain and Ireland, young parte, from his undertaking and

* See also our account of bis “ Historical Survey of tlie Foreign Affairs of Great Britain, with a View to explain the Causes of the Disasters of the lete and present Wars," in our ACCOUNT OS Books, Vol. L. P. 267.

accomplishing

ccomplishing owhat he promises; defend themselves from the raque rom his negociations in Turkey knowledgment of their errors by end Persia, and the threat he has invincible obstinacy? Are they do. expressed of invading our Indian termined to continue the war, provinces, are: we authorized to while they reject the only obvious bold him so cheap as to feel no so. meansı by which it can be waged licitude on the subject? We must with success? Would it not be by this time be satisfied thai the more consistent to recommend submneapsi.we hare hitherto emplo, ed Inission, than to deprive us both of to oppose his ambition, are insuffi. the advantages resulting from war, cient and ougatory; and our mie and the tranquillity of peace RoBut nisters' cangot. fiatter themselves they are entangled in difficulties that by perseverance in their old from which they cannot extricate maxims they cao work effects con. themselves. They see that peace trary to those which they hare and submission are synonymous over and over again experienced, terms. The bad success they hate and that they can stili claim the experienced makes them consider confidence of the nation which war as a dismal alternative. They they have so often disappointed, Ware not candour enough to sc.

“ It is evident that the taking knowledge their errors, and act part with the old established go on a better system, and they have vernments, or the new ones that just engvgh ambition to yisho to act on their principles, has only keep their places. They ard" senshewn our ministers that they de. sible of the disgrace which awaits ceive themselves, while they have their dballdigested, counsels, and overlooked, in every part of the the fear of shame has not sufficient world, those materials which Bo. influence over them, to induce them naparte has used, and of which either to iact: 00 more rational they would not even deign to ac. principles, or to retire from situaknowledge the existence. Will tious to which they are unequalo: they, after what every one knows 146 Twor Jines of conducte are of Turkey and Persia, disregard open before usteither we may these facts, and take those broken submit to Bonaparte, and become and heterogeneous masses for ho.' a part of his immense empire, give mogeneous and integral states ? up our laws and institutions, our Will they continue to act on this personal freedom, the security of principle, and send troops and property, the dominion of the seas, subsidies to those countries, with the commerce of the world, and out being conscious that they send what is more than all, the high cha. them to the assistance of nobody, racter, we have hitherto borne as and to attain no object but dis, a great people, or we must contend grace? Are they so hardened in with him in earnest, and oppose iggörance of facts, and stu pidity to the greatness of his projects, by ereats, as to be totally unable to the magnitude of our own. To comprehend the clements of Bo. continue blockading ports, taking naparte's progress? Are they de possession of here and there a termined to shut their eyes against rock and a harbour, defending that which crery one sees, and to Spanish juntas and Sicilian tribunals,

and and pursuing other partial objects have no alternative but to increase which do not for a moment arrest our own empire, or become a part the progress of the enemy, nor of that of France.” increase our own strength, is wast. If we could yield to our indis: jpg our time and resources in a fc. tion, we would present to our read verish attempt to put off the dayers the whole of this little treative of our destruction a little longer, without dread of being called to Unless we become ambitious like account by Mr. Leckie, what our enemy, unless we follow the views appear to be merely patria maxims we have so much enlarged tic, for invading his literary pela upon, we must finally submit. We perty.

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CONTENTS.

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CHAP. I.

General Instructions to Sir John Moore, before he set out on his March to Spain. Plan of Leading a British Army into the Heart of Spain

By whom formed.The British Ministry deplorably ignorant both of the French Force in Spain, and the real State of that Country. The French concentrated behind the Ebro.The whole of their Force in Cantonments and Garrisons.-Exaggerated Accounts of the Enthusiasm of the Spaniards.-Fond Credulity of the British Ministry on that Subject, and, in Consequence of this, the most romantic projects. The flattering Expectations of Co-operation held out to Sir John Moore utterly disappointed. - Central Junta of Spain. - Their Character, incredible Weakness and FollyTraitors among them.-False Intelligence of the Approach of the French in great force to Salamanca.-Measures announced by Sir John Moore under the Impression of this to the Junta of that place.--Amazing Apathy and Indifference to Public Affairs and the Fate of the Country Tardy and deficient Supplies to our Army.- The Situation of Sir David Baird, who had landed in Gal. licia, materially affected by the Defeat of the Spanish army of the North. -Design of Sir John Moore to take a Line of Positions on the DueroFrustrated by the total Defeat of General Castanos-By this the British General determined to retreat on Lisbon-This Plan of Retreating abandoned, and why-False and treacherous Intelligence transmitted by the Civil and Military Junta of Madrid to the Commander of the British Army-Warmly seconded and supported by Dispatches from Mr. Frère-Strange Infatuation, as well as Arrogance and Presumption, of that Minister-Means by which the false Intelligence was happily counteracted. The Force brought against Spain by Buonaparte after the Conference of Erfurth. --The bold Measures adopted by the British Commander for the Extrication of his Army, draw the whole of the French Forces from their March
to Southern to the Northern Provinces.- The British Arm
commences its Retreat-Closely pursued by 70,000 French Gerri
Orders by Sir John Moore, reflecting on the Conduct of both Ofer.
and Soldiers.--Diffcrities overcome, and dreadful hardships,
tions, and Losses sustained during the retreat to Corunnowled
at last effected-Battle of Corunna.-Death and Character of &
John Moore.-Embarkation of the British Troops for England ....!

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Motion in the House of Lords for the Thanks of the Hortse to Lieds
- nant-General Sir A. Wellesley. Why was not the Commander-in-chie
- Sir H. Burrard comprehended in this Motion ! -Different Opinions on
sv this Question.--The Motion for Thanks to Sir A. Wellesley agreed to,

- The same subject brought into the House of Commons And the same
Question respecting Sir #. Burrard agitated. The Motion for Thants
to Sir 4. Wellesley opposed by Lord Folkstone. Testimonies in fare:
of Sir A. Wellesley-Of Major-general Ferguson And Brigadier-
general Anstruther- The Motion for Thanks to Sir A. Weilesley
aureed 10. Thanks also voted to the other Officers.-A Resolution of
the House in Approbation of the Conduct of the Non-commissioned

Officers and Privates.-Motion in the House of Commons for the
AP Thanks of the House for the Defeat before Corunna-Question prest to

Ministers, why so heary a Loss as that of Sir J. Moere, gc. had been
To sustuined, without the Attainment of any one Object ? .svarto... 46

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