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rebe markets to sell them, for to their emancipation, and varions ey very soon discover that their other circumstances, form impedi.. bits of life render them altoge. ments to their liberation, I knew er unserviceable, or very inferior an instance where a merchant had - the black slaves, which they advanced the money for one of cocure from Timbuctoo. After these captives, who, had his ran. avelling three days to one mar. som not being paid, would have et, five to another, nay, some been obliged to return to the south, mes fourteen, they at length bee where he would have been sold or

me objects of commercial specy. compelled to embrace the Mahom. tion, and the itinerant Jew, medan religion ; for the British raders, who wander about from vice-consul had not the purchase. Vedinoon to sell their wares, find money, nor any orders to redeem

ens to barter for them tobacco, him, haring previously sent to the alt, å cbith garment, or any other consul.general an account of the hing, just as a combination of cir. purchase of the rest of the crew. umstances may offer, and then re. This man was delivered up by the urn to Wedinoon, with the pur. merchant who had redeemed him chase. If the Jew have a corres. to the British vice-consul, to whom pondent at Mogodor, he writes to he looked for payment: various aim, that a ship had been wrecked, applications were made to the con. mentioning the flag or nation she be. sul-general, but the money was not conged to, and requests him toioform paid two years afterwards, all ap. the agent, or consul, of the nation plications to gorcrnment having of which the captain is a subject; failed ; a representation of the case in the mean time flattering the poor was next made to a society in men, that they will shortly be libe. London, which bas been established Tated and sent to Mogodor, where ever since the year 1724, for the they will meet their countrymen. redemption of British slaves in Tur. A long and tedious servitude, hown key and Barbary, wbich, after deever, generally follows, for want of liberating on the matter, agreed to a regular fund at Mogodor, for the pay tho merchant the money, he redemption »f these people. The had advanced. The purchase. agent can do nothing but write to money in this case was, including the consul-general at Taogior; this the cost of clothes (for the inan, takes up nearly a montb, before an was naked when purchased) did not answer is received, and the mer. altogether amount to forty pounds; chants at Mogodor, being so little there was, however, .so much protected by their respective go. trouble attending the accomplish. vernments, and having various im. ment of the business, that no india, mediate uses for their inoney, are vidual merchant has since ventured very unwilling to advance for the to make an advance on a similar European interest of fire per cent: sccurity, for, not to mention the so that the time lost in writing to difficulty of recovering the princi. the government of the country to pal at the expiration of a long pewhom the unfortunate captives be. riod, the value of money is such at long, the necessity of procuring the Mogodor, that merchants are un.' diopey for their purchase previous. willing to advance it at a low inte. ,

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3 own country fashion, by tak, who had not heard them. In tra, g off his hat, which, however, is yersing the desert, they generally

sidered by Mooselmin, unac. contrive to terminate the day's istomed to Christian, much in journey at l'Asaw, a term which le same light that we should a man they appropriate to our four

king off his wig; for they go o'clock, P. M. so that between ncovered in the presence of the that period and the setting suo, the mperor, unless they have a red or tents are pitched, prayers said, and Loorish cap on, which is a sub. the (Lashaw) supper got ready; titute for a wig, their heads being after which they sit round in a cir. ba ved.”

cle, and talk till sleep overcomes

them, and dext morning, at break “ Those who have philosophy of day, they procecd again on enough to confine their wants their journey, solely to what nature requires,' “ The Arabic language, as · would view, the individual happi- spoken by the camel-drivers, is pe. ness of the people, who compose culiarly sweet and soft; the gut. the caravans, with approbation. tural and harsh letters are softened, Their food, dress, and accommo. and with all its energy and perspie dation, are simple and natural; cuity, when pronounced by them, proscribed from the use of wine is as soft, and more sonorous, than and intoxicating liquors, by their the Italian ; it approaches the ana religion, and exhorted by its prin- cient Koraonick Janguage, and has ciples to temperance, they are suffered but little alteration these commonly satisfied with a few twelve hundred years. The Arabs nourishing dates, and a draft of of Moraffra, and those of Woled water; and they will travel for Abbusebah, Irequently hold an exweeks, successively, without any tempore conversation in poetry, at other food; at other times, a little which, the women are adepts, and barley.mcal and cold water is the never fail to shew attention to cxtent of their provision, when those young Arabs, who excel in they undertake a journey of a this intellectual and refined amusefew weeks across the desert; living ment.”. S R. ,nd Astor si in this abstemious manner, they never complain, but solace them, “These slaves are treated very selves with the hope of reaching differently from the unhappy vic. their pative country, singing occa. tims, who used to be transported sionally during the journey, when. from the coast of Guinea, and our ever they approach any habitation, settlements on the Gambia, to the or whenever the camels appear fa. West India islands. After suffer. tigued; these songs are usually ing those privations, which all apho sung in trio, and in the chorus all traverse the African desert must nee the camel.driyers who have a mu. cessarily and equally submit to, siçal voice join; it is worthy ob- masters, as well as servants and şervation, how much these songs slaves, they are conveyed to Fas senovate the camels, and the sym. and Marocco, and after being ex. phony and time they keep, sur. hibited in the sock, or public mar. passcs what any would imagine, ket-place, they are sold to the high.

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ogst bidder, who carries them to his on the part of the owners and I

home, where, if found faithful, have known some slayes so attached - they are considered as members of to their masters from good treatthe family, and allowed an inter. ment, that when they hare been Course with the (llorraht) free. offered their liberty, they have acborn women of the household. tually refused it, preferring to conBeing in the daily habit of hearing tinue in servitude. It should not, the Arabic language spoken, they however, be supposed, that the soon acquire a partial knowledge Arabs and Moors are always is of it, and the Mohammedan reli- clined. thys to liberate these des giun, teaching the unity of God, graded people; on the contrary, they readily rejcct Paganism, and some of them, particularly the embrace Mohammedanism; their latter, are obdurate, and make an Mooselmia masters then in stil into infamous traffic of them, by pur. their vacant migds, ready to re. chasing, and afterwards iatermar. ceive the first impression, the fun. rying them, for the purposes at damental principles of the Moosel, propagation and of sale, when they min doctrine; the more intelligent are placed in the public market. learn to read and write, and after, place, and there turned about, and wards acquire a partial knowledge examined in order to ascertain of the Koran; and such as can their value."

read and understand one chapter, The above extract, relating to from that time procure their eman. the ruin of the French trade, and cipation from slavery, and the projects for the present, on the master exults in having converted coast of Barbary, gives rise to two an infidel, and in full faith, expects reflections :-(. It is consolatory fnvour from heaven for the action, to think that there are vast and and for having liberated a slave. rich portions of the globe to which When these people do not turn the tyranny exercised over the their minds to reading, and learn. continent of Europe cannot be ing the principles of Mohammeda. extended, while a great power, nism, they generally obtain their hostile to the tyrant, is mistress of frecdum after eight or ten years the seas -2. That the balance, servitude; for the more conscien. that is, the freedom or political in. tious Mooselinin consider them as dependency of continental Europe servants, and porchase them for being lost, Great Britain should about the same sum that they aim, by all means, at forming a new would pay in wages to a serraut political balance, on a great scale, during the above period, a. the ex. the balance of the world, by cul. piration of which term, by giving tivating a commercial alliance them their liberty, they, according with Asia, Africa, North America, to their religious opinions, acquire and, if possible, and what seems a blessing from God, for having mighty casy, South America.. Add done ap act, which a Mooselman we are taught, or rather reminded coosiders more meritorious in the by Mr. Jackson, how much our sight of Heaven, than the sacrifice commercial and political connec. of, a goat, or even of a cancl. tion with the. Barbary powers This liberation is entirely voluntary would be promoted by acquiring a

thorough

thorough knowledge of their re. Vinced, ai was also his father, who spective languages.JFor a coó. frequently, during big reighines. plete and most satisfactorý proof pressed his regret to Mr. A. Lat. and illustration of this position, we too, that no English consul codid mustrefer 'our readers 'to Mr. be found capable of holding direct Jackson's cleveoth chapter, from intercourse with him." "^" med which we are constrained," by 'our limits, to make no other than the

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. . 910 following extracts : ;

«la a conversation with the ***66 When we recollect that the minister at Marocco for Europeana enroys to Marocco for the last affairs, his excellency asked me it, centúry have been men almost in the event of bis master's writing wholly 'unacquainted with the to his wajesty, 'the latter would be manners, castoms, and religious able to get the letter interpreted; prejudices of the people, and ig. I answered in the affirmative ; and borant of their language, we shall a very polite and friendly fetter cease to be surprised that our con. Was afterwards written, which re. nection with that empire has been quested an answer; but it remain. 30-limited, and impeded by mutual ed here in the secretary of stå fe's misunderstanding of each other's office, without any attention berrig sentiments, originating, but too of. paid to its contents; a mark of dis. ten, in deficiency and inaccuracy respect which gave great offence of interpreters. '. What expecta. to the emperor.. .? tions can be indulged of terminat.. “It appears to me 'extraordia iog guccessfully negociations with nary, that a language which is a prioce, in conversing with whom spoken over a'much greater extent some ignorant and illiterate inter. of country than any other on earth preter, generally a Jew, and a de. language combining all the voted subject of the emperor, must powers and energy of the Greek be made the confidential servant of and Latin, should be so little un. the party treating? Besides, every derstood, that''an Arabic letter, one acquainted with the nature of written by the present Emperor the government, and politica' princiof Marocco to the King of Great ples of the court of Marocco, is well Britain, 'actually lay in the secreaware, that, even supposing it pos- tary of state's office some months sible to procure a Jew, capable of without being translated. The interpreting accurately the English circumstance coming to the koow. into Arabic,and vice versá, yet there Jedge of the chancellor of the ex are many expressions necessary for chequer (the right 'honourable an envoy to use to the emperor, Spencer Perceval) that gentleman which no Jew in the country dare expressed a wish to a friend of to utter on pain of losing his head; mine, to have a translation, and the general garrulity of these peo. the letter was transmitted to me for ple, moreover, is such, that they that purpose. Doctor Buffe, who are perhaps onworthy of being in. delivered it, assured me, it had? trusted with any secret wherein the been sent to one, if not both unik interest of nation is conceroed. rersities, and to the post office, but Or this the emperor bimself is con. that, either from a difference in the

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