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mising that my cousio, whose name hands frequently threw back the is affixed along with mine, was hair, and rubbed its throat, as if one of the four witnesses who be. to remove any soiling it might have held with me this uncommon spec. received from it. The throat was tacle,

slender, smooth, and white; we did While she and I were walking not think to observe whether it had by the sea-shore, on the 12th of elbows, but, from the manner in January, about noon, our atten. which it used its arms, I must contion was attracted by seeing three clude that it had. The arms were people who were on a rock at very long and slender, as were the some distance, shewiog signs of hands and fingers, the latter were terror and astonishment at some. not webbed. The arms, one of thing they saw in the water; on them at least, was frequently ex. approaching them, we distinguished tended over its head, as if to that the object of their wonder was frighten a bird that hovered over a face resembling the human coun. it, and seemed to distress it much: tenance, which appeared floating when that had no effect, it someon the waves! at that time nothing times turned quite round several but the face was visible; it may times successively. At a little dis. not be improper to observe, before tance we observed a seal. It some. I proceed farther, that the face, times laid its right hand under its throat, and arms, are all I can at cheek, and in this position floated tempt to describe, all our endea for some time. We saw nothing vours to discover the appearance like hair or scales on any part of and position of the body being un. it, indeed the smoothness of the availing. The sea at that time ran skin particularly caught our atten. very high, and as the waves ad. tion. The time it was difcernible vanced, the mermaid gently sunk to us was abont an hour. The sun under them, and afterwards re- was shining clearly at the time, it appeared.

was distant from us a few yards The face seemed plump and only. These are the few observa. round, the eyes and nose were tions made by us during the ap. small, the former were of a light pearance of this strange pheno. grey colour, and the mouth was menon. large, and from the shape of the If they afford you any satisfac. jaw-bone, which seemed straight, tion, I shall be particularly happy; the face looked short; as to the I have stated nothing but what I inside of the mouth I can say no. clearly recollect! as my cousin and thing, not having attended to it, I had frequently, previous to this though sometimes open. The head period, combated an assertion, was exceedingly round, the hair which is very common among the thick and long, of a green oily cast, lower class here, that mermaids and appeared troublesome to it, had been frequently seen on this the waves generally throwing it coast, our evidence cannot be down over the face, it seemed to thought biassed by any former feel the annoyance, and, as the prejudice in favour of the exist. waves retreated, with both itsence of this wonderful creature.

3 G2

. To

To contribute in any degree to or dried roots. The quantka your pleasure or amusement, will which the Ottomaci consumer add to the happiness of, Madam, this unctuous earth, and the ari.

Your greatly obliged, dity with which they devour E. (Signed) Eliz. MACKAY, seems to prove that it does some. C. MACKENZIE. thing more than merely distendog

and abating the keen action of the stomach, and that the power

digestion may, in some measure. Eaters of Earth. [From Hum. transform the more subtle particles

bold's Physical View of the into animal substance. Equutorial Regions.]

ON the banks of the Meta and Situation and Climate of the City the Oronooko live the Ottomaci, of Marocco. [From Mr. Jack. a hideous race, inclining to corpu. son's Account of the Empires lency, with the gross and strongly Marocco.] marked features of the Tartars. For the greater part of the vear THE City of Marocco is situated they live on fish, which they kill, in a fruitful plain, abounding in at the surface of the water, in grain, and all the other necessaries rivers, with arrows. But, during of life, and depastured by sheep the rainy season, when the rivers, and cattle, and horses of a superior overflowing their banks, inundate breed, called (sift Ain Toga) the the plains, those savages subsist on breed of Ain Toga. Ata distance, a fat or unctuous earth, which is the city has a beautiful and to a species of clay mixed with oxid mantic appearance, the adjacent of iron. They collect it with great country being interspersed with care, trying, as they gather it, groves of the lofty palm, and the what is most palatable. They towering snow-topped mountains form it into balls of four or five of Atlas, in the back-ground, inches in diameter, aod then dress seem to cool the parched and weary it by slowly boiling or baking it.

traveller reposing in the plains; lo their huts you every where see for although none great quantities of this sort of pro.

0 “ Can hold a fire in his hand, visions. These balls, when they are going to be used, are steeped

“ By thinking on the frosty Caucasus,

SHAKSPEARE. in water, and every individual eats about a pound a day. The only yet, in the suitry season, the tra. thing they add to this strange kind of veller, by viewing these mous. food, is sometimes, by way of sca. tains, cxperiences a sensation diti. soning, some small fishes, lizards, cult to be described. + The lily of


* Compare Professor Davie's discovery that iron enters largely into the basis of the blood.

+ In the books of the great Lord Bacon, de Augmentis Scientiarum, a variety of subjects are enumerated, the consideration of which might throw soine light

the valley, the fleur-do-lis, lupins, rally calm; the neighbouring moun. roses, jonquils, mignionet, jas. tains of Atlas defend the plain io mines, violets, the orange and ci. which it stands from the scorching tron flowers," and many others, Shume, or hot wiod which blows grow here spontaneously; and in from Tafilelt and Sahara, by ar. the months of March and April, resting its progress, and the snow the air in the morning is strongly with which they are always co. perfumed with their grateful and vered, imparts a coolness to the delicions odours. The fruits are, surrounding atmosphere; in sum. oranges of the finest favour, figs mer, however, the heat is intense, of various kinds, water and musk though the nights, during that po. melons, apricots, peaches, and va. riod, are cool : in winter the cold is rious kinds of grapes, pears, dates, very sensibly felt; but the climate plums, and pomgranates.

is extremely healthy. The inhabi.

tants, particularly the Jews, are, The air about Marocco is gene. however, affected with opthalmia.

on the connection between mind and matter, among which subjects, in all nine, the second is the History of the Power and Infuence of Imagination, the sensation felt on viewing the show-topped mountains of Atlas is curious, and in physiology very important. It is for this reason that we have selected this article. The sensation was no doubt allied, and in some degree participated in, the very nature of that excited by a cooling breeze. Imaginations, or ideas, are re-sensations. Imagination, powerfully excited, runs, in some mcasure, back into sensation.

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Sketch of a Plan for improving the sentiments of the body of the

the Royal Institution, and erect. proprietors, that it will be desert. ing it on a permanent Founda. ing of any sacrifice which it may tion.

be necessary to make of personal

interest and advantage, to erect on THE basis of this plan is to be this basis, a public, national, and

1 found in the following sen. permaneut establishment, devoted tence, copied from the last report and dedicated to the cultivation of the managers to the visiters, 20th of science, and to the promotion March, 1809.

of every improvement in agricul. “ If it should be thought advis. ture, manufactures, and the usefal able to endeavour to attract the in. arts of life, that may be condo. terest of scientific men in this coun. cive to the happiness and prospe. try, and to induce them to form rity of the British Empire." an active union for the support of The property of the Royal Io. the Royal Institution, something stitution has been gradually im. must be done to give it more the proved since its foundation, and a form of a public establishment, number of sources of scientific and than of private and hereditary literary interest have been daily property. It can hardly be ex- adding to it. It has been furnished pected that a generai interest should with a mineral collection and an ever be excited for the improve extensive library, which were not ment of the inheritance of a few in contemplation when the esta. individuals. The managers, how. blishment was formed. The scien. ever, have no doubt, but that the tific lectures have not only exhi. friends of science will be ready to bited views of the actual state of come forward, and give the Insti. science, but have likewise assisted tution a powerful and adequate in its progression; and investiga. support, whenever it shall obtain tions connected with improvements such a shape and character, as is in chemical philosophy and the che. calculated to interest the country mical arts, have been constantly at large; and while they express carried on in the laboratory. their own sentiments and wishes, The origin of the pecnoiary dif. they have no doubt of anticipatiogficulties of the Royal Institution

m ust be sought for principally in in consequence, in the course of the nature of the primitive consti. years, as the constitution now extution of the body. The income ists, the establishment may here. of the Royal Institution is derived after belong to men who can neither now wholly from the contributions understand its objects, estimate its of life and annual subscribers; these uses, or properly apply its means. are the supporters of it, and yet Science can be exalted and pro.

they have no share in the govern. moted only by patronage and by ment, and no concern with the sacrifices; it will not bear to be property. Life subscribers can trafficked with. It cannot be ex. not be expecied to pay consider. pected that liberal persons will af. able sums for the benefit of an ford support to a philosophical establishment in which they have establishment, the basis of which no direction; and annual sub. may be commercial advantage; or scribers will consider only the quan, that the disinterested person will tity of amusement or information, contribute to a fund, which inte. or other advantages, which they rested persons may have the power may receive within the year, and of speculating upon as a matter of their number will be continually business. fluctuating. The power of sale Whoever will cast his eye over the hereditary nature of the pro- the list of proprietors of the Royal prietor's shares destroy all sources Institution, will iostantly perceive of income from this part of the that those who co-operated in its body, by inviting and encouraging formation, were influenced not by speculation in the sale of shares; the narrow view of personal ad. and supposing a constant transfer vantages, but by the desire of pro. of shares, and a real or imaginary moting the interests of science and increase of the value of the pro. of their country.- A plan, there. perty, persons who have been pro. fore, having for its object the ex. prietors, may, for many years, tending the uses and exalting the have benefitted by all the advan. views of the establishment, and tages and privileges of the Royal rendering it permanent on a liberal Institution, and instead of having and firm basis, can hardly fail to afforded it support, may actually be considered with indulgence ; have profitted in a pccuniary way but in the promotion of this object by the concern. The persons in the interest of no class of the pro. whom the governinent of the Royal prietors ought to be neglected, and Institation is vested, ought, it is in the new arrangements, no prin. obvious, to be either encouragers ciples ought to be adopted that of useful public objects, lovers or cannot be considered as equitable patrons of science and the useful and just by all parties concerned. arts, or scientific men; but pro. The first proposition is, that a perty, which can be tran-ferred-by correct valuation shall be made of sale, is likely to go to the highest the property of the Institution so bidder; and a taste for encou. as to ascertain the amount of cach raging science and useful public individual's interest. : objects may not be hereditary, and The secoud, that an Act of Par.


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