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- The same luxury appears in the a shade brighter in New than in carriages. There is a great num. Old Castile. It inelines to vellow ber of coaches, and many of them • or olive in the kingdom of Murcia, very elegant. The physicians but white skins are still very con. have a peculiar kind of carriage of mon in Spain, especially amongst a ridiculous appearance.

women and children. · Luxury, however, does not ex. The general appearance of the tend to the interior of the houses : Spaniards is usually very good : the furniture is simple; tapestry the shape delicate, the head beatand carpets are very rare. We tiful, the countenance intelligent: see none of those glasses or clocks, their eyes are quick and animated none of those diversified pieces of their features regular, their teeth furniture which embellish our event. apartments; no elegant chimneys, The Castilians appear delicate, girandoles, chandeliers, bronzes, but they are strong. The Galicians and chita ornaments; the walls are large, nervous, robust, and able are bare, or at most lightly paint, endure fatigue. The inhabitants ed with some festoons; the floors of Estramadura are strong, stout, are matted; the chairs are straw. and well made, but more swarth, bottomed ; and their large lustres,' than any other Spaniards. The which constitute the principal Andalusiaus are light, slender, and ordaments of their rooms, are of perfectly cll proportioned. The white glass.

Murcians are gloomy, indolent, The women are tolerably hand. and heary; their complexion is some; their persons, which are palc, and often almost lead.colour. above the middle sizc, are slim and ed. The Valencians are delicate, light: they have large fine eyes, slight, and effeminate; but in. and a whiter skin than is common. telligent and active in labour. ly met with in Spain.

The Catalans are perroos, strong, actisc, intelligent, indefatigable,

and above the middling stature. Character, Manners, Customs,

The Aragonese are tall and well and Habits of the Spaniards in made; as robust, but less active general. [From the same.]

than the Catalans. The Biscay.

ans are strung, vigorous, agile, and The Spaniards are usually re. gay; their complexion is fine, presented as lean, dry, meagre, their espression quick, animated, and of a yellow and swarthy com. laughing and open; the Roman plexion. They are not indeed of historians describe them as brare, the gross habit usually observed robust, endowed with constancy in the inhabitants of the north ; and a firmness not to be shaken; but their thinness is neither ex- fierce in their disposition, singular cessive nor disagreeable; it is suit. in their customs; always armed able to their stature. Their com. with daggers, and ready to give plexion is swarthy in some pro. themselves death rather than suffer vinces; those, for instance, of the themselves to be subjugated or south; it is so also, but in a less governed by force; roused to op. degree, in the Castiles, though position by obstacles, and patient

of labours and fatigue. In fact air, but the charm of which is in

he. Calabrians were the Spanish expressible. As soon as they get people who longest resisted the a little acquainted with you, and arms of the Roman republic. have overcome their first embar.

The Spanish women here deserve rassment, they express themselves a separate article ; compared with with ease; their discourse is full the men, they seem to form a dif., of choice expressions, at once delie ferent nation."

cate and noble; their conversation The females of Spain are natural. is lively, easy, and possessés a ly beautiful, and owe nothing to, natural gaiety peculiar to them. art. The greater part are brown; selves. They seldom read and the fow that are fair are chieily to write, but the little that they read. be found in Biscay. They are in they profit by, and the little that general well proportioned, with a they write is correct and concise. slender and delicate shape, smal! They are of a warm disposition ; feet, well-shaped legs, a face of a their passions are violent, and their fine oval, black or rich brown hair, imagination 'ardent, but they are a mouth neither large nor small, generous, kind, and true, and ca. but agreeable, red lips; white and pable of sincere attachment. : well-set teeth, which they do not with them, as with the women long preserve, however, owing to of other countries, love is the chief the little care they take of them. business of life; but with them They have large and open eyes, it is 'a deep feeling, a passion, usually black or dark hazel, delic and not, as in some other parts, cate and regular fcatures, a peco. an effect of self-love, of vanity, of liar suppleness, and a charming coquetry, or of the rivalries of so. natural grace in their motions, with ciety. When the Spanish women a pleasing, and expressive gestore. love, they love deeply and long ; Their countenances are open, and but they also require a constant full of truth and intelligence; assiduity, and a complete depende their look is gentle, animated, ex. ence, Natura:ly reserved and mo." pressive'; their smile agreeable; dest, they are then jealous and they are naturally pale, but this impetuous. They are capable of paleness seems to vanish under the making any sacrifices; but they brilliancy and expressive lustre of also exact them. On these occasi. their eyes. They are full of graces, ons they discover all the energy of which appear in their discourse, in their character; and the women their looks, their gestures, in all of no other pation can compare their motions, and every thing that with them in this point, The Cas. they do. They have usually a tilian women excel all the rest in kind of embarrassed and hcedles3 love. There are many shades of banner, which does not fail, how difference in the manner in which ever, to seduce, even more than this passion is displayed by the fea wit and talents. Their counte.' males of different provinces. Those Dance is modest, but expressive.. of Castile have most tenderness There is a certain simplicity in all and sensibility; the Biscagans are they do, which sometimes' gives inore ardent; the Valentians and. them a rustic, and sometimes a bold, Catalans more impetuous; the


Aragonese most exaeting and im. Many different people have crperious ; the Andalusian women cupied Spajo in succersion: the most adroit and seducing ; but the Carthaginians, the Romaas, the seberal disposition is nearly the Suevi, the Alani, the l'anda-s, the same in all.

:. Arabs, and the French; and with There is a freedom in the mao. all these the patires have beca Aers and conversation of the Spa. confounded. nish women, which causes them to Towards the end of the eighth be judged unfavourably of by and beginoing of the ninth cente. strangers; but on further acquain. ry, four principal nations inhabittance, a man perceives that they ed the country: the natires, tben appear to promise more than they known by the name of Romans ; grant, and tha they do not even the Goths, comprehending the repermit those freodoms which most mains of the Sucri, Alani, and Vatwomen of other countries think dals, a portion of whom were also there is no harm in allowing. A confounded with the natives and modern traveller, who is some. with the Moors, whilst a cortimes severe, often hasty in his siderable part had taken refuge in judgments, bas anticipated me in the Asturias and in Navarre; the this remark; but he deduces from Moors, with whom the natives of it an inference unfavourable to the Africa were mingled; and the Spanish women. 6 Feeling," says French, who occupied a great part he, "their own weakness, and of Catalonia, Navarre, and the kpowing how inflammable they are, Pyrenees. Each of these dation they are distrustful of themselves, brought with it its owa genius, and fear they should yield too easi. manners, laws, and customs. ly.” This is supposing them very a. When the Moors were driven bandoned, and very calculating, and out of Spain, several independant they are neither one nor the other. sovereignties were formed; each This reserve belongs to their no. of which had its own laws, cus tions and manners; it sometimes toms, constitution, and particular proceeds from the embarrassment form of government. Galicia, of which we have spoken, and of. Leon, the Castiles, Biscay, N2. tener from their ideas of love, varre, Aragon, and Catalonia, had which forbid them to grant their each its own sovereiga. Andalu. favours by halves, or to employ sia, Murcia, and Valencia, were that coquetry so common among peopled by a mixture of different the women of other countries. nations. Hence resulted a diter

If the Spanish ladies are agreca. sity in genius, temper, maoners, ble, if they are sometimes and customs ; and this diversity, formed, they owe it only to them. though modified by the preselves, and in no degree to their sent voiformity of government, by education, which is almost totally the more intimate communication neglected. If their native quali. ' between different provinces and ties were polished and unfolded by their inhabitants, and by the as. a careful iostruction, they would similation of general customs, lelt become but too seductivo. . to each country a peculiar tinge,

- of which vestiges, tore or less dis

- tinct

Einct, máy stilt be traced. The sentiment, which is certainly gn: national characters are not yet perior to the pride of birth. It is

jestroyed; they pass through the often stigmatized as pride, because uniforinity which government en. we are pleased so to call spirit in deavours to introduce, and which those classes in which we are acimitation and example cause to be customed to find a base humility. Fosensibly adopted.

. We cannot bear that a muleteer There are no two provinces of should aoswer us; that a peasant Fhich the mannersand character are should refuse to sell us what so exactly alike. Intrarelling through wish to buy, because he keeps it France, one is surprised to find for his family; we are astonished there the ruling character of some that, immovably attached to his parts of Spaio ; the Biscayan may own habits, he should be regard. be compared to the Basque; the less of our expostulations and our Catalan to the Provencal; the Vaanger;-that he should think hime lencian to the native of Lowerself as good as we, and show that Languedoc; the Galician to the he does so: but, if we see in this Auvergnese; the Andalusian to man, instead of any thing base, a the Gascon.

native greatness of mind :-instead Some customs, however, and some of intemperance, a sobriety of traits of character, run through all which we should be incapable; the provinces. The national pride is instead of that luxury and vanity every where the same. The Spani. which amongst us is not incompati. ard has the highest opinion of his ble with poverty, and indifference nation and himself, which he ener. to the indulgencies of life carried getically expresses by his gestures, to as high a pitch as the austerity words, and actions. This opinion of the ancient republics; if we is discovered in all ranks of life, observe in him, instead of bad and classes of society; in crimes faith, of the instinct of theft and and in Firtues; amongst the great avidity, disinterestedness, honour, and the small; under the rags of po. and fidelity; - instead of impu. verty as much as in the royal palace. dence, reserve and respect and Its result is a kind of haughtiness, instead of impiety, a fervent faith; repulsive sometimes to him who is we shall no longer be surprised to its object, but useful in giving to see men of the lowest class under. the mind a sentiment of nobleness stand the pleasures of solitude, and self-esteem, which fortifies it seek them at the price of the se. agaiust all meanness. This pride verest trials, and form to them. may be considered as one cause of selves & mode of life at once sim. the great number of persons who ple and sublime, made up of labour quit the world, and embrace the · and prayer, nature and heaven. ecclesiastical profession: the slight. The national pride of the Spa. est contempt, the least constraint, niards is commonly attributed to often produce, on these haughty their success in the fifteenth and dispositions, the effect of real mis. sixteenth centuries. “ The Spa. fortune

niard of the sixteenth century bas The Spaniards possess, almost disappeared," says M. Bourgoing, universally, a natural dignity af « but his mask remains; under VOL. LI.

which, most brilliant enterprizes. All behind them in improvement, their own historians deplore the The happiest ages of their moe effects of this apathy, this fatal reck. Darchy have not been exempted lessness, which has almost always from this evil, which seems to be kept them dependent on the indus. as much the product of the climate try of their neighbours, or at least as of the administration.


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