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well-formed leg is seldom seen in a day's journey of each other, among them; this may proceed should discover such a physiogno. from their constantly sitting cross- mical difference, as is apparent be. legged, with their legs under them, tween the females of Fas and like the tailors of Europe, or per- those of Mequinas, the former be. haps from their wearing no cover- ing geuerally of a sallow or pale ing to their legs, which are thus complexion. The women of Do. exposed to all weathers. Deform. quella are ordinary and diminutive, ed persons are rarely met with ; whilst the men are the reverse; be. the loose Arabian dress covers de. ing tall, and well-limbed, with re. formity, and their mode of bring- gular features. The men of Tem: ing up children, (every thing be- sena, and Shawia, are a strong, ing left to follow nature) genc. robust race, of a copper colour: rally prevents it. Corns and de. their women possess much beat. formed feet are unknown; the ty and have features highly espres. toes take their natural growth, sive; and the animation of the and are as useful to the mechanics countevances is increased by the as their fingers. Lame people are use of el kahol filclly, with which seldom seen; but the blind are they tinge their eye-lashes and eye. more numerous than in Europe. brows, as already described. In Both sexes have very fine teeth. these provinces they are partice. Their complexion, from frequentlarly fond of dyeing their banda intermarriage, or intercourse with and feet with a preparation of the the Soudanic race, is of all shades, herb henna, which gives them : from black to white. The women beautiful orange colour, and, in of Fas are as fair as the Europeans, hot weather, imparts a pleasing with the exception of their eyes coolness and softness to the hands. and hair, which are universally by preventing, in a considerable de dark. Those of Mequinas are in gree, the quickness of perspiration. general so bandsome, that it is a The people of this empire being rare thing to see a young woman born subjects of an arbitrary desin that city who is not pretty, pot, they may be said to have 50 With large, black, and expressive established laws: they know no sparkling eyes, they possess a other than the will of the prioce, healthy countenance, uniting the and if this should deviate, as it colours of the lily and the rose, sometimes does, from the moral that beautiful red and white so principles laid down in the Korze, much admired by foreigners in our it must be obeyed. Where the English ladies ; indeed their beau. emperor resides, he administers ty is proverbial, as the term Me. justice, in person, gererally tstice, quinasia is applied to any beauti. and sometimes four times a week, ful woman of elegant form, with in the (M’shoire) place of 20. sparkling eyes, and white teeth ; dience, whither all complaints are they also possess a modesty and carried : here access is easy: be suavity of manners rarely met with listens to every one, foreigners of elsewhere. It is extraordinary subjects, men or women, rich or that the inhabitants of two great poor; there is no distinction, every and populous cities, situated with one has a right to appear before

him, and boldly to explain the na. of crimes or misdemeanors, is made ture of his case; and although his a pretext for depriving them, in person is considered as sacred, and their turo, of their ill-gotten established custom obliges the sub- wealth, which his majesty never ject to prostrate himse.f, and to fails to inform them can be of no pay him rather adoration than reuse to them, beiog more than sufspect, yet every complainant may ficient to procure the necessaries tell his story without the least he- of life, and ought, therefore, to sitation or timidity; indeed, if belong to the (Biet el Mel el any one is abashed, or appears Mooselmin) Mohammedan treasu. diffident, his cause: is weakened in ry, into which it is accordingly proportion. Judgment is always delivered, never more to return prompt, decisive, plausible, and to its former possessor! generally correct.

The influence of this mode of In places remote from the em. government upon the people, is peror's court the (Kalif) vice-re. sueh as might naturally be expect. gent, or bashaw, has his M'shoire, ed; they are suspicious, deceitful, where he administers justice, some and cruel; they have no respect times according to the laws of the for their neighbours, but will Koran, and at others as his caprice plunder one another whenever it dictates, for the same imperious is in their power; they are stran. despotisın which the emperor too gers to every social tie and affecfrequently exercises over his ba. tion; for their hearts are scarcely shaws and alkaids, is exercised by susceptible of one tender inypresthem over those who fall under sion; the father fears the son, the their guvernment; and the same is son the father, and this lamenta. done again by their subalteros, ble mistrust and want of confidence when they have it in their power; diffuses itself throughout the whole thus tyranny proceeds progressively community. from the prince to the lowest of The pride and arrogance of the his officers; thesc petty tyrants Moors is unparalleled : for though are dispersed over the whole em. they live in the most deplorable pire, and often give sanction to state of ignorance, slavery, and their extortions by effecting them barbarism, yet they consider them. in the name of their master; the selses the first people in the world, accumulation of wealth is the grand and contemptuously term all others object of all their desires; when barbarians. Their sensuality knows they learn from their emissaries, or no bounds: by the laws of the spies, that an individual has ac. Koran, they are allowed four quired considerable property, they wives, and as many concubines as contrive to find out some cause of they are able to support, but such accusation against him, and by that is their wretched depravity, that means extort money from him. It they indulge in the most unnatural often happens, however, that those and abominable propensities; in who amass the greatest sums in short, every vice that is disgrace. this way enjoy them but a very ful and degrading to human nature, short time; some unexpected order is to be found amongst them. from the emperor, acousing them It must be confessed, however, Vow. LI.

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that some of the well-educated parsimony; a trifle, therefore, wil Moors are courteous and polite, do for him: almost out of nothing and are possessed of great suarity he will contrive to save; making of manners. They are affable and no mystery of it, but acknowledg. conmunicatise where they repose iog that he serves from home with confidence ; and if in conversation no other view tha:i to amass money the subject of discussion be serious, to enable him to return with afili. and the parties become warm in ence, to the heaven of Europe, hii dispute, they have generally the own dear Italy. prudence to turn the subject in a delicate manner; they are slow at taking offence, but, when irrita. Dwarfs and Fools, exhibited in ted, are noisy and implacable. the Houses of the Nobles of

There is one noble trait in the Moscow. [From the same.] character of this people which I cannot avoid mentioning, that is They are here the pages and the fortitude under misfortune ; this play things of the great; and, it the Moor possesses in an eminent almost all entertainments, stand degree; he never despairs ; no for hours by their lord's chair, bodily suffering, no calamity, how. holding his snuff-box, or a waiting ever great, will make him com. his commands. There is scarcely plain ; he is resigned in all things to a nobleman in this country who is the will of God, and waits in pa. not possessed of one or more of tient hopes for an amelioration of these frisks of nature ; but, in their his condition.

selection, I cannot say that the noblesse display their gallantry, as

they choose none but males. Character of several Nations,

These little beings are generally by Peter the Great, Czar of the gayest drest persons in the set. Muscore and Emperor of vice of their lord, and are attire Russia. [From Porter's Tras in a uniform or livery of very costly vels in Russia and Sweden. 7. materials. To the presence of their

owner, their usual station is at h: You may give to a Frenchman elbow, in the character of a page: liberal pay: he never amasses mo. and, during his absence, they are ney, and loves pleasure. The case then responsible for the cleanlines ncarly answers to the Gerinan; and combed locks of their compa. only he spends what he labours for nions of the canine specics. in, nrt on the gay va. Besides these Lilliputians, wany nities of the Frenchman. To an , of the pobility keep a fool or tx0. Englishman more must be given: like the motleys of our court, he wiil enjoy himself at any rate; the days of Elizabeth ; but like should he even call into his aid bis name alone; for their wit, if they own credit. A Dutchman rarely ever had any, is swallowed up by eats enough to pacify nalure : his indolence. Savoury sauce, allu sole objcct is economy; less, con. rich repasts, swell their bodies to sequently, will serve him. An Ita. the most disgusting size; and, llian is by nature inoculated with ing about in the coraers of some


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splendid saloon, they sleep pro. a piece of music with, I suppose, foundly, till awakened by the com- appropriate words (for it was in mand of their lord to amuse the Swedish), burst from the orchese company. Shaking their enormous tra. His majesty seemed very ate bulk, they rise from their trance; tentive to what was sung; while and, supporting their unwieldy the queen, with a less impressed trunks against the wall, drawl out countenance, sometimes listened, their heavy nonsense, with as much and at others looked round on the grace as the motions of a sloth in assembly with a delightful compla, the hands of a reptile fancier. cency. I confess that my obser. One glance was sufficient for me of vation was most particularly di. these imbrutedcreatures; and, with rected to Gustavus. He bears a something like pleasure, I turned striking resemblance to the best from them to the less humiliating portraits of Charles the Twelfth, view of human nature in the and seems not to neglect the addi.

tion of similar habiliments; for The race of these unfortunates really, at the first glance, you is very diminutive in Russia, and might almost imagine the picture very numerous. They are gene- of his renowned ancestor had walkrally well-shaped, and their hands ed from its canvas. He is thin, and feet particularly graceful. In though well made; about the mid. deed, in the proportion of their fi- dle stature, pale, and with eyes gures, we should no where disco. whose eagle beams strike with the ver them to be flaws in the econo. force of lightning ; look at them, my of nature, were it not for a pe. and while he is in thought they ap. culiarity of feature, and the size of pear remarkably calm and sweet; the head, which is commonly ex. but when he looks at you, and ceedingly enlarged. Take them speaks, the vivacity of his manyer, on the whole, they are such com. and the brilliancy of his counte. pact, and even pretty little beings. nance, are beyond description. that no idea can be formed of them His mouth is well shaped, with from the clumsy deformed dwarfs small mustachios on his uper lip ; which are exhibited at our fairs in and his hair, which is cropped, and England. I cannot say that we withoui powder, is combed up from need envy Russia this part of her his forehead. offspring. It is very curious to Her majesty is most interestingly observe how nearly they resemble beautiful; very much resembling each other: their features are all her sister, the Empress of Russia. 80 alike, that you might easily ima. She is fair, with expressive blue gine that one pair had spread their eyes. Her features are fine; but progeny over the whole country. the affability of her countenance,

her smile, and engaging air, inde..

pendently of other charms, would Description of the King (Gustavus be su

be sufficient to fascinate every IV.) and Queen of Sweden.

of Sweden heart, almost to forget she was a [From the same.]

queen, in her loveliness as a wo.

man. She was drest with exqui. As soon as the king was 'scated, site taste. Her hair, in light but

Luxuriaut luxuriant tresses over her brow Moors and Jews. [From Sem. and head, was looped up with a ple's Second Journey in double diaden of jewels. Hier Spain.] robe was splendidly embroidered ; and on her breast she wore the Could we have reconciled our. badges of the order of St. Cathe. selves to the delay, and to the io. rine. And certainly it must be sults to which we were exposed, il acknowledged, that the star, whe. we moved out alone, there was ther of distinction or of beauty, every thing in the country sur. never shone brighter than on the rounding Tetuan to make our time bosum of the fair Helen of the pass away agreeably. Sometimes North; for thus this beautiful we crossed the river, and rode queen is generally distinguished ; along the narrow paths which inthough, were I to give her a title, tersected the orange-gardens, it should rather be that of Andro. while the whole air was perfumed mache, whose beauties, lovely as with their blossoms. A small sum they were, were yet transcended procured us admission into any of by the more endearing graces of the them, and the liberty of loading chaste wife and tender mother. ourselves with the fruit. I fouod

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During the whole of the even- the trees planted in rows, with iug, after the musical salutation, small trenches, to conduct the wa. their majesties mingled with the ter to the roots, exactly as in the company, conversing with every plantations near Palma, at the person with the kindest conde. junction of the Genil and Guadal. scension. Every citizen was spoken quivir. Among these gardens, the to; and their eyes sparkled with most celebrated is that of Kytan, joy, while their tongues faltered in the centre of which are the ruins out a reply to the address of their of the palace of a basha, who for sovereign. Ilis conversation with mcrly contended for some time the subjects of his brother in arms, against the emperor of his day. our revered monarch, was of the IJe had pretensions to the crowa. most gratifying compiesion; no and was supported by the wild and coldness, no form; all was frank, hardy race which still people the great, and consistent with himself. neighbouring mountairs; but bc In short, it would have been im. was unsuccessful, and his ruined possible for any potearate to have palace alone remains a memorial ol shown more graceful, knight-like his fatc. At every step we meet courtesy to all present, or for a with innumerable proofs of lie sovereign to be received with deep- extreme ignorance of these peope er louage from a brave and loyal in the art of war, and consequently people. In many courts I have in almost every other art. This seen the body of loyalty ; here its palace, which stood a long slege. spirit was felt.

is commanded by heights within musket-shot. Yet the Moors bare a high idea of their own military character. Talking to our soldier one day, be expressed great hatred of the French. We asked, why

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