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though fanciful enough in many wearied exertions in the investiga. cases, he gave strong proof of that tion of moral and religious troth, keen penetration for which he was and who, by a patronage which afterwards so eminent.

does honour to the Duke of

Grafton's administration, was pre. The most cordial friendship had moted to the see of Carlisle, in Ja. subsisted between Mr. Paley and nuary 1769. After his eleration, Mr. Law from the period of however, he continued to reside their first acquaintance, whilst un chiefly at Cambridge, as master o der-graduates in 1762 ; and they Peterhouse, but making an anneal - now passed much of their leisure in visit to his diocese, and episcopal each other's company, making ex. seat at Rose Castle, where Jr. Pa. cursions, during the long vacation, ley usually accompanied him as he into different parts of the kingdom, chaplain. and travelling usually in a single. Mr. Edward Law, his lord-hip's horse chaise. They are said to third son, at this time a student of have opce passed the evening at a Peterhouse, is said to have been in country ina, with an ingenious and no small degree indebted to his in. witty stranger, whom they after tercourse with Mr. Paley, in the wards discovered to be the cele. cultivation of those talents, which brated John Wilkes. Mr. Paley, have since raised him to one of the who always told a good story with first judicial situations. Their fu. point and humour, even at his own ture celebrity, indeed, was once expense, used often amusingly to predicted by a very intelligent detail the various adventures which gentleman, who met with them, they met with, or the little disas. whilst they were together on a ters which occasionally befel them visit in Buckinghamshire, at the in their progress ; so that these house of a common friend. tours not only excited a present N o studious man perhaps ever interest, but became a permanent entered more into the pleasures of source of social entertainment. society than Mr. Paley, or pre. Whilst he treated others at times sented so rare an assemblage of with playfulness, he invariably attractive qualities. His naisele, looked up to Mr. Law; and, re. his good humour, his fund of specting the affairs of the univer- knowledge, and great powers of sity, as well as of their own col. conversation, made him at once the legc, they usually went hand in life of the combination-room at his hand. Their portraits wcre taken own college, and the delight of all by Vandermyn, a Cambridge artist, who elsewhere associated with him about 1769, both very striking in his unbending hours. Be was and characteristic likenesses ; Mr. at all times easy of access, and Paley in a full clerical dress, Mr. ready to enjoy the company of the Law in a master-of-arts gown. rational and intelligent, as a relief

This intimacy naturally intro. from his professional engagements duced Mr. Paley to his friend's fa and his private studies. Amongst ther, Dr. Edmund Law, a divine his friends no man was more highly no less distinguished by great intel. esteemed; for, great as were his lectual attainments, thao by un. talents and attainments, creu these


were far exceeded by his many rejoined the other. « No," said traits of frankness and good na he, " but I walk almost every ture.

day to see it, and that answers just Engaged one day to dine with a as well." party at a coffee house in London, Mr. Paley having prosecuted be came in late, and found the one of the college servants for conversation turning upon the ru. theft, when the day of trial apmour of an apprehended rupture proached, fee'd a counsel to assist with the Court of Versailles. He the culprit in his defence. On the heard the opinions of several gen. singularity of this conduct being tlemen for and against the proba- remarked to him, he replied, that bility of such a thing, and then " he thought it his duty to so. said, “ I am not inclined to credit ciety and to the college to insti. the reports of shallow speculative tute the prosecution ; but let the politicians :. I have gone to the fellow have fair play on his trial," fountain-head of intelligence." The added he ; " and if through any attention of the whole company of the loop.boles of the law he was now completely rivetted. "I then escape conviction, I have am just come,” continued he, done my duty, and shall be con. « from Soho-square, where I tent." The man, through some walked into the court-yard of his defect, either of the indictment or excellency 'the French ambassa. the evidence, was actually acdor's house. I saw a most noble quitted. sirloin of beef roasting at the In a debate one evening on the kitchen-fire for his excellency's justice and expediency of making dinner. This is as it should be, some alteration in the ecclesiasti. said I: there will be no war now cal constitution of this country, for between France and England.” the relief of tender consciences,

Mr. Paley kept a horse, which, Dr. Gordon, Fellow of Emmanuel though it drew the gig in his College, afterwardsarchdeacon and summer excursions, in winter, precentor of Lincoln, ao avowed having no employment for it, he tory in religion and politics, when quartered at a neighbouring vils vehemently opposing the arguments lage, to which he frequently ex. of Mr. Jebb, a strenuous supporter tended his morning walks; and of all such improvements, exclaim. thence took occasion to observe, ed, with his usual heat, “ You that though his horse afforded him mean, Sir, to impose upon us a nevy good exercise in summer, it gave church government."-" You are him still better for the remainder. mistaken, Sir,” said Mr. Paley ; of the year. 66 Paley,” says a 66 Jebb only wants to ride his friend, who wished to rally him on own horse, not to force you to get this subject, “ for what can you up behind him.” keep a horse, which is always two Mr. Paley having frequently deor three miles off at grass, or in a clared that he would quit college, straw-yard at Ditton ?” “ Why," whenever he could do so with the replied he, “ for what do others prospect of a clear annual income keep horses : for exercise to be of two hundred pounds, announced sure."-" But you never ride," his early intention of retiring,

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for some time distinzi himself Oa the bit of such i
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constitutional reform. By bis Socient'shews 50
early career, however, auspicious the unmanly adulation par
as it was. Mr. Paley was so far time, b. sereral mes
from being dazzled, that in a large university, to the aspiring,
party, in the north of Yorkshire, whom bot a few monta
in 1783, he exposed the young pa. thes bad rejected as ARTE.
triot's pretensions to public conti. their votes. The son of
dence with such force of ridicule, it is true, when he first
as to displease some of his most their sutirages, bad DO
zealous admirers, and particularly commendations than the sea
one gentleman, who afterwards recter of his father, bis Om
discovered, with regret, that on his mising talents, and tre ren
promises and pledges, as a man tional principles of his cars.
and a minister, he had placed far when he returned to them, a
too firm a reliance.

short interval, he was the
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culation that Mr. Paley, bcing On his former appearance, s
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y when Mr. Pitt, after his eleva. ferent stamp from those 60 uoa to the premiership, in 1784, came his most devoted edes mnade his first appearance at St. afterwards: they were mer o Bhary's, chose this singular but ap. first talents and integrity, OT SUI

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atriotism, but who tained, Mr. Paley would again eir confidence from have sold it to him for three hun. - when he openly aban. dred pounds, but he refused to

they deemed the great give more than two hundred and For country. The con. fifty. Whilst this treaty was - najority, however, on pending, a bookseller from Car. B ons, is not without a 'lisle, happening to call on an emi. (Pte a much more recent Dent publisher in Paternoster-row,

S... treatment experienced was commissioned by him to offer * 12 al members of the same Mr. Paley one thousand pounds **L. by an ingenious youth, for the copy-right of his work.

l y invested with office, The bookseller, on his return to

he had no longer auy Carlisle, duly executed the comJ"*2=the loaves and fishes to mission, which was communicated

without delay to the Bishop of hilst others were thus Clonfert; who, being at that time for preferment, Mr. Pa. in London, had undertaken the

ngaged in the composition management of the affair. "Ne. · 237 min - portant work, the general ver did I suffer so much anxious

- of which had be deli. fear,” said Mr. Paley, in relating new his pupils at Christ's Col. the circumstance, 66 as on this oc. - The Bishop of Clonfert, to casion, lest my friend should have

be merit of his friend's lec- concluded the bargain with Mr. vas well known, and who Faulder, before my letter could honghi that those on mo. reach him.” Luckily he had not,

particular, might be ex. but ou receiving the letter, went ** } into a most useful treatise immediately into Bond-street and : 2014 :* ablie iustruction, had stre. made this new demand. Mr.

ly urged their publication in Faulder, though in po small de.

o pri ved form. Mr. Paley gree surprised and astonished at Sest suggested, as an objection, the advance, agreed for the sum

ittle attention usually paid to required before the bishop left the ** subjects, and the risk of pub. house. - Little did I think,” said sing a book which might not Mr. Paley, in allusion to this affair, ole: but when he found himself" that I should ever make a thou

possession of a competent in, sand pounds by any book of mine: Mane from his patron's kindness, a strong proof of unassuming me. 4.3 no longer hesitated to employ rit; but, after the offer above. ***') leisure in the execution of this mentioned, he was authorized to pareat design.

have asked a still larger sum. T: "When the manuscript was ready 12 or the press, it was offered to Mr. Soon after Dr. Paley's arrival at 13. aulder, of Bond-street, when Bishop-Wearmouth, some of the The lining at Rose ('astle, for one hun. principal land-holders in that pa.

dred guineas; but he declined the rish, wishing to remove all cause of

risk of publishing it on his own future dispute, offered to treat with "Caccount. After the success of the him, on the basis of an annual work was in some measure ascer. compensation, for the tithes. Af.



ter inspecting the accounts of his without the least marks of disez. predecessor, he demanded seven tisfaction or regret. hundred pounds a-year, as a fair equivalent, with which the other on the sudden eleration of Bo. party complying, he granted them naparte to the supreme direction of a lease for his life; and thus, by affairs in the French republic, Dr. sacrificing any eventual interest of Paley observed to a party of gen. his own in the agricultural im- tlemen, who dined with him at Bi. provement of the parish, avoided shop.Wearmouth, after the first one great source of disquietude intelligence of that extraordinary and vexation. As a writer, he had event- The French are rapidly already reprobated tithes, as approaching to absolute monarchy 6 noxious to cultivation and im. again :-the conventional govern. provement," and recommended meut was established on a very

their conversion into corn-rents, broad basis, which has been par. as a practical and beneficial alte. rowed on every subsequent altera. ration, in which the interest of all tion, and is progressively tending parties might be equitably ad. to a point," la allusion to the justed ; and he now acted in various actors, who had successively strict conformity to these princi filled the busy scene in that dise ples, “ leaving to the industry of tracted country, from the com. his parishioners its full operation mencement of the revolution, he and entire reward.” By this still more forcibly remarked agreement, the lessces were genc 16 In similar convulsions, none can rally enabled to return from six- ultimately succeed in bearing sway, pence to eighteen pence in the but men of great intrepidity, great pound, on the annual amount of ability, and great roguery. With. the great tithes, to those who were out great intrepidity, no man will punctual in their payments, whilst intentionally venture upon so hathey seldom attended much to the zardous a career; without great small. Dr. Paley, on the other ability, no man can get forward ; hand, found himself perfectly at and without great roguery, no ease by this arrangement, and, man can bring his designs to a suc. when he heard of a bad crop, used cessful close." to say " Aye, aye, now I am well off ; my tithes are safe, and Literature was an invariable I have nothing to do with them, or source of recreation to him; and to think about them."

he was in the babit of giving his He also granted long leases of opinion freely on the most eminent his glcbe lands, and particularly productions of the day. He had of a limestone quarry to the old long indulged himself in desoltory tenant, upon very moderate terms. reading, which, however dan. From the great rise in landed pro- gerous in the early stages of edo. perty, which took place imme.'cation, is well adapted to improve diately after, his tenants had very a mature and vigorous understand. advantageous bargains : a circum. jog, where each new acquisition stance to which he sometimes, in- finds a ready arrangement. "A deed, alluded in corversation, but reader," he observes, in his ad.

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