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after treated not only with the ate of the military art. In attending tention of a guardian, but with the that general to Sicily, he had an affectionate care of an indulgent opportunity of increasing his father. The genius of Mr. Stan. knowledge of the world, as well hope inclined him to a military as extending his military pursuits; life; and his wishes being made and on his return from that coun. known to the Duke of York, bis try, was promoted to the rank of royal highness presented him to an major, in the sixth garrison.batta. ensigncy, without purchase, in the lion then in Ireland. Major Stan. twenty-fifth regiment of infantry, hope's knowledge of his profession then stationed at Gibraltar. There was well known to his grace the he served for some time under the late Duke of Richmond, who im. command of the Duke of Kent, mediately placed him on his staff, and by his punctuality in the dis. but at the same time kindly dis. charge of professional duties, the pensed with his services at the castle, integrity of his principles, and the that, by the habit of discharging mildness of his disposition, which his regimental duties, he might tempered his extraordinary firm. further pursue that perfection ness and intrepidity, acquired the which he was ambitious to attain. esteem of his superiors, and the re. In the garrison-battalion, however, spect and friendship of his equals. he did not long remain, but exOn his return to England, he was changed into the fiftieth regiment, promoted to a company in the and obtained permission to accom. fifty-second, commanded by Gene. pany his gallant general to Sweden, ral Moore. A long course of re. where the inactivity of the army gimental duty, under such a lead. little corresponded with his anxi. er, inspirited by his own military ous wish of being engaged in ac. ardour, and improved by the tive service. He returned from strictest attention, and most perse, Sweden with General Moore, and vering industry, gave him a perfect landed with him in Portugal soon knowledge of the discipline and after the battle of Vimiera, where order of his own regiment. The he was ordered to join the first merits of Captain Stanhope were battalion of his regiment, Major not likely to be unnoticed, or un, Ilill having been disabled by a dervalued by Sir John Moore, wound. He accompanied the arfrom whom he received the most my in its laborious march from satisfactory mark of his approba. Lisbon, and the borders of Castion, in being appointed one of his tile, and during the toilsome and aids.de-camp. To that skilful of. melancholy period of its retreat to ficer he looked up, as to the per. Corunna. On ihe arrival of the fect model of military excellence. British troops at that place, the He studied his theory, entered into fiftieth was one of the regiments his plans, and by the free and destined to form the outposts, and friendly intercourse which the was stationed next to the fourth kindness of the general allowed regiment, on the right of the Bri. him, was enabled to familiarize tish position. . himself with the different branches Major Stanhope, though at that VOL. LI,

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moment suffering severely in his mingled with every cndearing sen. health from the fatigues and hard. timent of attachment, gratitude, ships he had undergone, firmly re- and duty. Nor was his regard jected the proposal of his retiring unreturned : and if his clearness of into sick quarters, though this was conception, his assiduity of re. strongly recommended by the me. search, and capability of labour, dical staff, and warmly advised by were highly valued by his great his general and friend. Against protector, not less forcibly did Lord W. Bentinck's brigade, as his singular purity and benignity being our weakest point, the prin- of mind, his perfect disinterested. cipal efforts of the enemy were pess, his fidelity, sincerity, elera. directed. The event is well tion of sentiment, and exalted known. The fiftieth, commanded honour, speak to his praise in that by Majors Napier and Stanhope, breast which was the chosen seat charged the French with the same of virtues like his own. Fev invincible bravery, which they so persons had an opportunity of es. conspicuously displayed in the timating the full value of his solid battle of Vimiera, drove them with and various worth. Major Stai. great slaughter from the village of hope was sensible that he did not Elvina, and forced them to retreat possess the advantages and accom. on their own position. General plishments of a scholar; and this Moore, in person, saw and ani. conviction, as it made a deep im. mated their valour and their suc. pression on his mind, kept him or. cess, and “ well done the fiftieth! ten silent, and always reserved is well done my majors !" was the mixed society, and his natural mo. Jast expression of encouragement desty, supported by a real magna. and approbation that he uttered on nimity of spirit, induced him to the field. At this period Major avoid the common opportunities of Stanhope fell by a musquet-shot; shioing, and to reserve the exer. Major Napier soon after was tion and display of his talents, till wounded and taken prisoner; and some worthy occasion should call the regiment having expended their him forth in the service of his ammunition, and being greatly din country. Such qualities were na. minished in numbers, reluctantly turally associated with that calm obeyed the order to retire.

spirit of heroic bravery, which is at His body was brought from the once the fundamental strength and field by his mournful companions in the chief ornament of a soldier's arms, and was interred thesameeven- character. With him courage was ing in the presence of his brother, not an effort, but an habit; not, as if not with the solemnities, at least in lower souls, the mere effect of with the unfeigned reality of woe. animal instinct, but the happy re.

During the life-time of Mr. Pitt, sult of natural spirit, tempered and Major Stanhope spent the inter- refined by deliberate reflection. It vals of repose from military duty was such as supports the Christian in the society of that illustrious in danger, calamity, and death; statesman, to whom he looked up, such as those who surrounded the almost as to a being of superior couch of Moore, admired in their order, with an affectionate respect, dying chicf.

From

From the time of his entering eye. At school he soon surpassed the army, his sister, Lady Hester his early class-fellows, by the ex. Stanhope, was his constant and ercise of greater abilities, united to dearest companion, and every mo. a more studious disposition, than inent he could spare from superior usually belongs to boys of that age; duties, he foudly dedicated to her and, by successive promotions from society, whose greatest happiness one class to another, at length ob. consisted in witnessing the hopes tained pre-eminence over all. The Mr. Pitt entertained of his profes. son of the second master, indeed, siopal success, the approbation was for awhile his competitor; which he bestowed on his conduct, during which, as the masters in the and the affection with which he re. upper and lower school, at stated garded him.

times, exchanged departments, he It would be a vain and painful found himself or his rivalinvariably office to indulge our imagination in raised to the head of the class, as contemplating the career of glory they went up with their lessons to which, if fate had spared him, he the father of the one or the other might have ran- but he doubtless respectively; a circumstance which would have fulblled the high ex- he often mentioned, as a striking pectations which might not unrea. instance of the absurd partiality of sonably be entertained of the parents for their children. He adopted son of such a statesman as did not, at this period, distinguish Mr. Pitt, and the elevé of such an himself by any sort of composi. officer as Sir John Moore.

tions, even as school-exercise, but Major Stanhope's regiment were was considered a very fair, though best able to form an estimate of by no means an accomplished, his merits, and they strongly tes. classical scholar. Ile was even tified their regard for his memory, then more attentive to things than and their sorrow for his loss, by to words, and ardent in the pursuit the marked, because unusual com. of knowledge of every kind. He pliment, of a general mourning for was curious in making inquiries him and his brave companion, Ma. about mechanism, whenever he had jor Napier, who is since happily an opportunity of conversing with restored to life and Jiberty, to dis. any workmen, or others capable pel the agonizing fears of an amia. of affording him satisfactory in. ble and affectionate family, and formation. . In his mind he was who can bear witness to the worth uncommonly active; in his body of his lamented friend in the fatal quite the reverse. He was a bad but victorious field.

horseman, and incapable of those " I decus i nostrum, melioribus utere

exertions which required adroit. satis."

ness in the use of his hands or feet.

He never engaged in the ordinary Extraets from Memoirs of evil sports of school-boys; but was liam Paley, D.D. By George

fond of angling, an amusement in Wilson Meadley.

which he did not then excel, though

his attachment to it seems to have Young Paley, as he grew up, continued through life. He was was educated under his father's much esteemed by his school-fele

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lows, as possessing many good mathematical instruction to Mr. qualities, and being at all times a William Howarth, a teacher of pleasant and lively companion. some eminence at Ditchford, Dear To the great amusement of the Topcliffe, about three miles from young circle, he would often suc. Ripon, under whose care he laid cessfully mimic the tricks of a an excellent foundation of koow. quack-doctor or mountebank, re- ledge in algebra and geometry. commending his nostrums to the During his residence at this place, crowd. Having one year attended the attention of the whole neigh. the assizes at Lancaster, he was so bourhood was taken up by the much taken with the proceedings discovery of a human skeleton at in the criminal court, that, on his Knaresborough, which accidentally return to school, he used to pre- led to unfold the circumstances of side there as a judge, and to have a murder, committed there four. the other boys brought up beforc teen years before. This stimulated him as prisoners for trial.

his curiosity to attend the county Soon after he had completed his assizes at York, where he was pre. fifteenth year, young Paley accom. sent in the court, August 30, 1759, panied his father to Cambridge, when Eugene Aram, a man of el. for the purpose of admission, and traordinary learning and acuteness, was admitted, Nov. 16th, 1758, a was tried for the murder of Da. sizar of Christ's College; a college niel Clark, and convicted on the otherwise highly respectable from circumstantial evidence of Richard the members who had done it Houseman, an accomplice, and of honour, but sufficiently immor. his own wife. The evidence talized by the illustrious name of brought forward on this occasion, Milton alone. He performed this and the ingenious desence of the journey on horseback, and used prisoner, seem to have made a for. often thus humourously todescribe cible impression on young Paley's the disasters which befel him on mind. When he returned to Gig. the road :-“ I was never a good gleswick, a few weeks after this, horseman, and when I followed before his departure for college, my father on a poney of my own, he entertained and astonished all on my first journey to Cambridge, around him, by his spirited ha. I fell off seven times : I was lighter rangues and judicious remarks on than I am now, and my falls were this important trial. Even then, not likely to be scrious, so that I young as he was, he paid particu. soon began to care very little about lar attention to cases of law, and, them. My father, though at first a in speaking of them, was singu. good deal alarmed at my awkward. larly flucnt and nervous in his lan. ness, afterwards became so accus. guage. He scems, indced to hare tomed to it, that, on hearing a attributed the conviction of the thump, he would only turn his prisoner, in a great measure, to the head half aside, and say, Get up, ingenuity of his defence ; for, maor and take care of thy money, lad." vears after, when he was converside

Soon after his return to Cravcn, with a few friends about the lices as the classics alone were taught at of some obscore apd underersing Giggleswick school, he went for persons having been inserted in the

Bro.

Biographia Britannica, and one nonsense, he might be often seen of the party exclaimed --" Eugene in one corner, as composed and Aram, for instance!"-" Nay," attentive to the subject in which replied he, « a man that has been he was engaged, as if he had been hanged has some pretension to no. quite alone. toriety; and especially a man who He was never remarkable for has got himself hanged by his own early rising, but was generally the cleverness, which Eugene Aram last at morning-prayers, " run. certainly did.”

ning,” to use the poet's phrase, In October, 1759, he became a 66 with hose ungartered, resident member of Christ's Col. lege; and on the first evening after « To reach the chapel ere the psalms his departure for Cambridge, his began." father observed to a pupil, who was then his only boarder, “ My And, of the leave of absence given son is now gone to college,--he'll twice a.week to the undergra. turn out a great man - very great duates, he uniformly took advan. indeed, I'm certain of it; for he tage on the first and second days, has by far the clearest head I ever when he lay in bed till a late hour met with in my life.” When he 'in the forenoon. commenced his residence in the On the death of King George II. university, he was little more than Mr. Paley wrote a few lines in sixteen ; an age which he fre. imitation of the poems attributed quently mentioned afterwards, as to Ossian, then much in vogue ; too early to encounter the dangers and, as this tribute was excluded of a college life. But he always from appearing amongst the poeti. had an old look, which, together cal effusions of the university, by with the superior strength and vi- reason of the style which he adopt. gour of his understanding, im. ed, he afterwards inserted it in some pressed his companions with the periodical miscellany, under the idea of a much maturer age. signature of Tommy Potts, which

was a cant name with him at the In his second year at college, time. when his character became more He discovered an early propen. generally known, and the number sity to study the human character, of his acquaintances increased, he as displayed among the lower ranks was often engaged in company of society, particularly in their during the latter part of the day. pastimes and sports. This led him But still reading was not neglected, to frequent the fair held annually and, amid scenes which would have at Stirbitch, a village about two dissipated any other man's atten. miles from Cambridge, where, mixtion, he displayed a most extraor. ing with the crowd, at puppet. dinary concentration of mind. shows or other exhibitions, he His room (for he seldom locked his watched the various changes of door, either by night or day) was countenance in the spectators, and the frequent rendezvous of the idle listened attentively to their reyoung men of his college; yet, marks. In forming from thence notwithstanding all their noise and an opinion of their charcaters,

though

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