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Empire, who were present at Stock. Laws, Decrees, and Regulations, holm, expressed to hi, Royal High- and particularly such of trem as exness the constitutional wish that he pired on the 21st instant, so far as smight take the reips of government no alteration is therein made by the into his hands; a wish to which his present Decree. Royal Highness, notwithstanding 2. From the first day of the suchis advanced age, thought himself ceeding month of April, the followin duts bound to accede, contiding ing fifty-two articles may be exportthat this step will be viewed in its ed to friendis or neutral countries proper light by every honest patrie in Dutch vessels, or those sailing otic Swede,
under the flag of neutral or allied powers, viz.
Books, beans, butter, brandy, From the Royal Courant, published bricks, white lead, cheese, camat Amsterdam on the 4th April. bricks, copper manufactured, clocks,
clover and garden seeds, eels, flowLouis Napoleon, by the Grace of er roots, fruits, geneva, guazes,glue, God, and the Constitution of the hoops, bides dried, iron manufacturKingdom, King of Holland, and ed, leather, linen, linseed, wadders, Constable of France, taking into mill-stones, oak bark, ground oats, consideration that the term prescrib- oils of seed, pottery, powder blue, ed by our Decree of the 27th No. peas, paper, perfumery, plants, vember, 1808, No. 5, expires on the pipes, playing cards, quills, ruslies, 31st instant. Taking further into silk manufactured, sacch. saturn, consideration that it is necessary, at starch, tiles, thread and thrcad-tape, the present period, to take further tobacco, tarras, turf,vinegar,watches, measures, either for the renewal of wine, wood manufactured. the aforesaid Decree, or the previ. 3. The importation of the following ous Decrees respecting the means thirty-two articles shall be permitof carrying into execution the pro- lęd, viz. bibition of all commerce with the Brandy, ashes (pot,) candles, copenemy, or of replacing them, in per, corn, fish-oil, isinglass, frarewhole or part, by other measures skin, hemp and hemp seed, bides calculated to place all mallers rell- (rough,) iron, leather (untmanufactive to navigation on a footing of ture), lead, linseed, mercury, wats, complete uniformity with the De. pitch, Russia skins, rape-seed, stockcree of France and of our Brother tish, soda, tar, tallow, tobacco, timthe Emperor; and notwithstanding ber, wax-wool, wool, bristles and the difficulties arizing from the ma- fruit. ritime war, and those wbichi com. 4. The commodities prepared merce suffers for its own interest, for exportation sball not be put ou being continually anxious to contri. board uutil previous votice bas been bute to that iniportant object, we given thereof to the Marine Direchave decreed and hereby decree: tor of the Ways and Means, with a
Art. 1. All commerce, corres- particular specification of such artipondence, and communication with cles, which cannot be exported but England, remains prohibited accord- from the ports of Amsterdam, Roting to the purport of our previous terdam, Dordrecht, Gröningen,
Embden, Harlingen, Veere, Zierik- mit a copy of the said declarations zee, Delfzil and Brouwershaven. to our Marine Director. '..
5. In order to the adnjission of The remaining eight articles re. any vessels into the harbours of this late merely to the details of the kingdom, they must enter in ballast manner in which the above articles or laden with the products of the are to be carried into execution, by north, specitied in the third Article, the Marine Director and the three with the exception alone of such Naval Commanders of the Coast vessels as are laden with salt, or Districts. The Decree is dated at those which in the years 1806 or Utrecht, on the 31st March.] 1807 obtained our licence to proceed to China for a cargo of tea, upon shewing our said authority. Proclamation of the Archduke
6. No other goods than those Charles, dated Vienna, April 6, . nientioned in the 4th Article shall "' 1809. be suffered to be imported under any pretence whatever; all prohi- . The protection of our country bited goods of whatever description calls us to new exploits. As long .. and in whatsoever quantity import- as it was ;'ossible to preserve peace ed, and also the vessels on board by means of sacrifices, and as long which they may be found, being as these sacrifices were consistent hereby declared liable to confisca- with the honour of the throne, with tion.
the security of the state, and with 7. In case of suspicions arising re- the welfare of the people, the heart specting the origin of the cargo of our bountiful sovereign suppressfrom informations received by the ed every painful feeling in silence; officers of the Marine Director, the but when all endeavours to preserve same shall be provisionally seques- happy independence from the insatrated until proof be given that it tiable ambition of a foreign conhas not come from England or her queror prove fruitless, when nations colonies.
• are falling around us, and when 8. Our Consuls, in giving certific lawful sovereigns are torn from the cates of origin for goods shipped at 'hearts of their subjects; when in fine their ports of residence for Dutch the danger of universal subjugation ports, shall not contine themselves threatens even the happy states of to certifying that the goods neither Austria, and their peaceable fortucome from England nor her colo- nate inhabitants; "then does our nies, nor belong to English com- country demand its deliverance from merce, but they shall further speci- us, and we stand forth in its defy the place from whence the goods fence. originally came, ibe documents pro- On you, my dear brother soldiers, duced to them in proof of the re- are fixed the eyes of the universe, spective declarations, and the names and of all those who still feel for vaof the vessels in which they were tional honours and national prospeconveyed from the place of origin rity. You shall not share the disto the port where the Consuls re- grace of becoming the tools of opside. They are required to transe pression. You shall not carry on
the endless wars of ambition under punishment shall also, wilh inflex distant climes. Your blood shall ble rigour, fall on every breach of never flow for foreign fleets and fo- duty: merit shalt meet with rereign covetousve: ; not on you ward, and offence with animadvershall the curse alight lo annibilate sion, without distinction of persunt, innocent nations? and over the bo- or rank; branded with disgrace dies of the slaughtered defenders of shall the worthless person be cast their country to pave the way for a out to whom life is dearer than his foreigner to the usurped throne. avd our honour. Adorned with A happier lot awaits you; the li- the marks of public esteemi, will I berty of Europe has taken refuge present to our sovereign, to the under our banners. Your victories world, those brave men who bare will loose its fellers, and your bro. deserved well of their country, and thers in Germany, yet in the ranks whose names I will ever carry in of the eneniy, long for their deli- my heart. verance. You are engaged in a Tbere remains one consideration just cause, otherwise I should not which I must put you in mind of: appear at your head. :
the soldier is only fornsidable to On the fields of Ulm and Ma- the enemy in arnis; civil virtues rengo, whereof the enemy so often must not be strangers to him: out remind us with ostentatious pride, of the 'field of battle, towards the on these fields will we renew the urrarmed citizens and peasants, he glorious deeds of Wurtsburgh and is moderate, compassionale, and Ostrach, of Liptingen (Stockach) humane: he knows the evils of war, and Zurich; of Verona, of the Treb- and strives to lighten them; I will bia and Novi. We will conquer a punish every wauton excess with so lasting peace for our country; but much greater severity, as it is not the great aim is not to be attained the intention of our monarch to without great virtues. Uncondi- oppress neighbouring countries, tional subordination, strict discie but to deliver them from their oppline, persevering courage, and un pressors, and to form with their shaken steadiness in danger, are princes a powerful bond in order the companions of true fortitude. to bring about a lasting peace, and Only a union of will, and a joint to maintain the general welfare and co-operation of the whole, lead to security. Soon will foreign troops, victory.
• in strict union with us, attack the My sovereign and brother has common enemy. Then, brave invested me with extensive powers companions in arms! honour and to reward and to punish). I will support them as your brothers; not be every where in the middle of vain glorious high words, but manly vou, and you shall receive the first deeds, do honour to the warrior: ihanks of your country from your by intrepidity before the enemy general on the field of battle. The you must shew yourselves to be the patriotism of many of the Austrian first soldiers. nobility has anticipated your wants; Thus then shall I one day lead this is a pledge in the fullest mean you back to your own country, folsure, of the public gratitude: but lowed by the respect of the enemy,
and by the gratitude of foreign excellency or the Cerstral Junta will nations, after baving secured by refuse to take this step, on which your arms an honourable peace, the salvation of Andalusia and the when the satisfaction of our mo- happiness of the whole kiugdom denarch, the approbation of the world, pends. The bu siness is most imthe rewards of valour, the blessings portant in its claaracter, and most of your fellow citizens, and the con urgent in the present circumstances, sciousness of deserved repose await and on that account it would be
iniproper the it it should be conCHARLES, ducted in wi iting, which is likely to Archduke, Generalissimo. occasion so many disputes, irregui
larities, and, doubls, and which may
be avoider I completely by persoval Letter to the Vice President of the
conference, On this ground I Supreme Central Junta, dated hope, fr om vour honour and paMerida, 12th April, 1809. triotism, and from that of the Junta,
that yo' a will vame such person or Excellent Signior,--The greater persons to enter on the conference number of the provinces of Spain with me, with whom I will agree as have sufficiently suffered fron the to the place of interview. God horrible effects of war and con- preser ve you, &c. quest, and the rest are threatened JOAQUIM MARIA SOTELO. with the same calamities. The melancholy events of the 27th and 28th of March, affecting the armies of generals Urbina apd Cuesta,
Ansı ver, addressed to Gen. Cuesta. have filled with consternation and Excellent Signor,--On the realarm those honourable Spaniards ceipt of the letter written by Don who cannot contemplate without Joay quim Maria Sotelo to the Vicethe most poignant grief the utter Pre sident, and the insidious propodesolation of our beloved country. sitio in on the part of the French These persons have implored the gov ernment therein contained, the King to alleviate the distresses of Suj breme Central Junta has not forsuch of the provinces as are occu- gotten the sacred character with pied by French troops, and to avoid wb ich it is invested, and the solemn them in those which are not yet in oa ths it has taken in concurrence their possession.
wi th the wishes of the whole SpaHis Majesty has attended to ni sh nation. If Sotelo be the their prayers, and in consequence bi barer of powers sufficiently extenhas ordered me to repair to this si se to treat for the restitution of city, to announce his compliance our beloved King, and for the evato your excellency, authorising me ci uation of our territory by the at the same time to consult the best French troops instantly, let hini means of fulfilling his wishes with piablish them in the usual forni such deputy or deputies as the Su-'at dopted by states, and they will be preme Central Junta shall think fit a anounced to our allies. The to appoint.
Junta cannot neglect the emplovI capuot suppose that either your fent of the powers conceded to it by the public will, but they have which would place the relations of no authority to listen to any treaty, Great Britain with the United or terminate any transaction, which States upon an equal footing, in all is not founded on the basis of eter- respects with the other belligerent pal justice. Any other principle of powers, I have accordingly received negotiation, without benefiting the his majesty's commands, in the empire, would only tend to degrade event of such laws taking place, to the Junta, which has entered into offer, on the part of his majesty, an the most awful engage nient to bury honourable reparation for the age itself beneath the ruins of the mo. gression committed by a British narchy, rather than lend itself to naval officer, in the attack on the any proposition which shall dimi- United States' frigate Chesapeake. nish the honour and independence Considering the act passed by of the Spanish people. His Ma- the Congress of the United States jesty desires that your excellency on the 1st of March (usually termwould state these sentiments to ed the Nou-lotercourse Act), as Sotelo, and by the royal order I having produced a state of equality communicate them to youi: excel in the relations of the two bellilency for your instruction and com- gerent powers, with respect to the pliance. God preserve you.
United States, I have to submit. (Signed) MARTIN DE GARAY, conformably to instructions, for the
consideration of the American go.
vernment, such terms of satisfacCorrespondence between Mr. Ers tion and reparation, as his Majesty kine and Mr. Smith...
is induced to believe will be accept
ed in the same spirit of conciliation .. No. I.
with which they are proposed.
In addition to the prompt disa.. MR. ERSKINE TO MR. SMITH.
vowal made by his Majesty, on Washington, April 17, 1:309. being apprized of the unauthorized Sir, I have the honour to in- act committed by his naval officer, form you, that I have received his whose recal, as a mark of the majesty's commands to represent King's displeasure, from an highly to the government of the Uuited important and honourable coniStates, that his majesty is anima led 'mand, immediately ensued, his Maby the most sincere desire for an jesty is willing to restore the men adjustment of the differences which . forcibly taken out of the Chesahave uplappily so long prevailed peake, and if acceptable to the Amebetween the two countries, the re- rican government, to make a suitcapitulation of wbich might have a able provision for the unfortunate tendency to impede, if not prevent sufferers ou that occasion, an amicable understanding. . I have the bonour to be, with
It having been represented to sentiments of the highest respect his majesty's government, that the and consideration, sir, your most Congress of the United States inobedient humble servant, their proceedings at the opening of
D. M. ERSKINE. the last sessioy, had evinced an in- The Hon. Robert Smith, Esq. tention of passing certain laws, Secretary of State, &c.