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her it expressed the general sen- able gentleman was rather of a timents of the nation. Certainly, prudent cast, and not in that ani. early in the war the Spanish troops. mated style, in which another were local and irregular : but this right honourable gentleman (Mr. force was soon found to be ineffec- Sheridan) had, in the last session, tire. Even in Andalusia, a regu- represented the aiding Spain as lar army had been established, and paramount to all other duties. The it was not till they were in posses. right honourable gentlemen who son of a regular army, that the spoke this night, seemed to think Spaniards were enabled to make it was, very improper and imprua effectual struggle, and to re- dent for a British army to enter duce the power of the enemy by Spain, without having some can.. the defeat of Dupont at the me- tionary towns and forts surrender. morable battle of Baylen, The ed to us, to secure our retreat in ourse of events decided the ques- case of calamity. Mr. C. for his. tion between a regular and an ir- part, knew of no town of that regular force. When Madrid was sort which could be surrendered, eracuated, and the provinces purg- except Cadiz; for as to Ferrol, it ed of the French, every province was not a town capable of answerfelt the necessity of advancing its ing the object proposed, nor of troops, and they had consequently protecting the embarkation of an been advanced and consolidated army. Now, as it was evident, in the centre of the kingdom that if we were to make any opeHis majesty's ministers had, there- rations at all, they must be in the fore, no option—the option had north of Spain, he could not conbeen made by Spain. They had ceive that a proposal would be well chosen the mode of regular war- received in that country, for surfare, and it would have ilk-befitted rendering a town quite without the character of Great Britain to the line of our military operations. have shrunk from the contest, and If we had made such a proposal to have said to the Spaniards : to that generous and high-spirited * We will give you money, we will nation, he could not suppose that give you stores, but we will not we could have thrown a greater hazard our blood in your defence.” apple of discord to disturb the The speech of the right honour- harmony of cordial co-operation.

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truth in stating, that it had no kind of anthority. It was drawn up, authenticated and circulated throughout all Spain, by the Junta of Seville, which, at first, aecording to ancient usage, took the lead in the great affairs of the nation, and to wbich, for some time, the other Juntas paid great respect and deference, acquiEscing in its measures, as if it had been indeed the Supreme Central Junta. General Castanos, the commander of the troops of Andalusia, chosen by and under the direction of the Junta of Seville, acted on the system recommended in the Precautions, before the establishment of the Central Junta. On the 21st of Xovember, 1808, when the advanced guard of the French appeared in sight, he retreated from Cintruenigo to Tudela, and wished to have continued his retreat; but was unfortiikately overruled by the representatives of the the Supreme Junta, and the Captain General of Arragon.

See the Paper entitled Precautious, duly authenticated, in our volume for 1808. State Pupers, p. $33.

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As to another disposition of the lancholy experience of the fate forces which had been mentioned, of General Blake's army, that that of sending Sir Arthur Welles- if a British army had landed at ley's force of 9000 men to the Py- St. Andero, and scrambled as far renees, to cut off the communica- as General Blake advanced, none tion between the 60,000 French of them would ever have come troops who were in Spain, and the back. He was convinced that rest of the 500,000 disposable there was not a single military man troops, of which the right honour - who would support the idea of a able gentleman stated the enemy's campaign in the Pyrennees, for a army to consist, the bare state- British army. The right honourment of such a plan must convince able gentleman had stated, that the house of its absurdity. With the expedition which had achieved regard to the idea which had been the deliverance of Portugal had thrown out, of the propriety of been sent to sea, to seek its fordirecting our forces to Spain in the tunes, without any particular difirst instance, instead of Portugal, rection from government. The he must say, there never was a fact, however, was directly the fallacy more absurd than the idea reverse, because, most unquesof occupying the passes of the tionably, the expedition under Sir Pyrennees, and cutting off entirely Arthur Wellesley did sail with a the communication between two most precise and determinate obarmies infinitely superior. This ject. It had been ordered to go fallacy seemed to arise from the immediately to the Tagus, without idea that an army, when once stopping at Corunna. This direclanded, could put itself on march tion was given in consequence of the next morning, to attack the precise information from Sir C. enemy. There were some persons Cotton, (which, however, afterwho appeared to think, that an wards turned out to be unfounded,) army once landed could act as that there were no more than speedily as a ship when it has left 5000 French troops in Lisbon and the port. The difference, how the other forts upon the Tagus, ever, was very great : the ship and that Sir Arthur Wellesley's had nothing to do but to go with expedition would be sufficient to the wind, and meet the enemy; dislodge them. "The expedition whereas an army when landed had then had been sent out with a premuch difficulty in collecting pro- cise object, and with precise invisions, and the means of trans- structions, but it would hardly be porting their necessary baggage. contended, that government should If the present administration were, have tied up the hands and the however, to have waited till every discretion of such a meritorious thing was ready for the reception officer as Sir Arthur Wellesley so of our armies, they must have completely as to say, that he must stood as still as the last vigorous on no occasion take advantage of administration, who actually did any favourable circumstances nothing while in office.He would which might occur in the varying venture to say, from the me. and fleeting fortune of the war,

without

without waiting until he had made valry? At the glorious battle of a direct communication to govern- Alexandria, Sir Ralph AbercromDent opon the subject, and had bie had but 50 dragoons, and received their answer. It appear- the French had 2,400 cavalry; ed to him, that floating armies, and at the battle of Maida, Sir under the command of trust-wor John Stuart had no cavalry at all. thy officers, might be of great In the expedition to Portugal, Service, even when acting accord- the government had made suffiing to the circumstances of the cient provision even of cavaltimes, without any particular di- ry. Our army would have been rections from government; and he superior to the enemy in this rewas confident, that in this manner spect, if the cavalry which was in the corps of General Spencer had Mondego Bay on the 20th (the been of considerable service in day before the battle) had landed. marching from Seville to Aya- The 18th dragoons were also very saonte, and stopping a portion of near. He would allow, however, Jumot's army that was coming to that if Sir Arthur Wellesley had the relief of Dupont.-As to the had the cavalry on that day, upon attacks which had been made upon which he routed the French, the him for not having sent sufficient result of that victory would have cavalry with the expedition, he been still more glorious. was ready to strengthen the right V arious strictures were made on honourable gentleman's argument, the Address, which, however, was and to admit, that it was only by not on the whole opposed, by Mr. accident that any cavalry at all Whitbread: a long reply was made kad been attached to it. It was by Mr. Canning: Mr. Tierney, not supposed that cavalry was a Mr. G. H. Rose, and Mr. A. Ba. proper description of force to send ring, entered at very considerable sith tkose floating expeditions, length into our commercial diswhich might be a long time at sea putes with America ; and Mr. Albefore they found a favourable op. derman Combe animadverted in seportunity for landing. Some of vere terms on the answer returned the cavalry, however, which were by his Majesty's ministers to the in Portugal, had happened to come adůress of the City of London on from the Mediterranean. He the Convention of Portugai: a toshould always protest against the pic which had been also touched Dotion, that we were never to en- on, though more briefly, by all gage an enemy, unless we were the speakers opposite to the treaequal or superior to him in caval. sury bench. The question was ry. He would ask the House, then put, and agreed to nen, con. would they wish to blot out from when a committee was appointed the page of our history, those to prepare and draw up the Id. brilliant victories which we had dress. gained when much inferior in ça

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CHAP. III.

Motion in the House of Lords for the Thanks of the House to Lieute

nant-general Sir A. WellesleyWhy was not the Commander-in-chief Sir H. Burrard comprehended in this Motion ?- Different Opinions on this Question. The Motion for Thanks to Sir A. Wellesley agreed to. - The same subject brought into the House of Commons And the same Question respecting Sir H. Burrard agitated. The Motion for Thanks to Sir. A. Wellesley opposed by Lord Folkstones Testimonies in favour of Sir A. Wellesley-Of Major-general Ferguson And Brigadiergeneral Anstruther. The Motion for Thanks to Sir A. Wellesley agreed to. Thanks also voted to the other Officers A Resolution of the House in Approbation of the Conduct of the Non-commissioned Officers and Privateso-Motion in the House of Commons for the Thanks of the House for the Defeat before CorunnaQuestion put to Ministers, why so heavy a Loss as that of Sir 1. Moore, &c. had been sustained, without the Attainment of any one Object ?

IN the House of Lords, January pose of having his name inserted. 123, the Earl of Liverpool, in The Earl of Buckinghamshire dispursuance of notice, rose to move claimed any intention to cast a re. the thanks of the house to Lieu. flection on Sir Harry Burrard: but tenant-general Sir. A. Wellesley, from what he liad heard and read, K. B. for the skill, valour, and it appeared that if the victory of the ability, displayed by him on the 21st had been followed up the re17th and 21st of August, and par- sult would have been much more ticularly on the latter day, in the brilliant than it was. He would battle of Vimeira. The Earl of ask, what were the sentiments of Moira could not consent that the Generals Spencer and Ferguson, name of Sir H. Burrard should be and others who were on the spot, left out of the vote of thanks. on that subject :- The only act of With regard to the point, whether Sir Harry Burrárd, with respect it was proper to advance the army to the battle, was stopping the after the battle, so far as he had pursuit. The Earl of Moira rebeen enabled, by the evidence ex- plied that General Ferguson had amined before the Court of Inqui- given it as his opinion, that if Sir ry, to form an opinion, he con- A. Wellesley had been permitted ceived the conduct ef Sir Harry, to advance, he would have cut off on that occasion, to have been jus a part of the enemy. General dicious. He would not, therefore, Spencer's opinion as to the propri.considering that Sir Harry Burrard ety of advancing, was given in a had all the responsibility of the com- very guarded manner; and he parmand upon him, consent that the ticularly stated, that he saw a body name of that officer should be omit- of the enemy, probably the whole tedin the vote of thanks, and should of their left wing, forming three move an amendment, for the pur- miles in front of his division. With

the

the hourly expectation of the arm glory of Sir H. Burrard to have duly

al of the re-inforcements under admired and done justice to the ser& John Moore, which would ren- vices of Sir A.Wellesley. In the conde the attainment of the object duct of Sir A.Wellesley his lordship

siew certain, Sir H. Burrard saw every thing that was dignified chose to stop, rather than to make and transcendent. The victory i Dovement which, under the ex- of Vimiera, Lord M. maintained, sing circumstances, was undoubt would not be found wanting in the dy hazardous. Sir H. Burrard scale, when compared with any, had the command of the army. the most brilliant achievement He was present for a great part in the whole range of military hisof the time in the hottest of the tory, ancient or modern.- Lord agagement, and had a duty to Erskine, having premised that he parform of which he could not di- was altogether unacquainted with at himself. The responsibility Sir H. Burrard or his family, mainrested with him, and he controlled tained that Sir H. B. having been Ljudiciously in Lord M.'s opinion) in the chief command on the 21st the opinion of Sir A.Wellesley res- of August, was entitled to the adpecting the advance to Torres Ve- miration of his country, and the tras. Sir H. Burrard must there. thanks of their lordships, for haviore be considered as acting the ing embraced those plans which whole of the day, and ought not he found his predecessor in purto be left out of the motion for suit of. What objection would thanks.

there be to passing a vote of thanks The earl of Grosvenor wished to H. Burrard? Would any noble this question had not been brought lord state, that the gallant general forvard till the papers respect himself had signified an indifferag the expedition had been laidence to their approbation? Money, on the table.—Lord Harrowby he believed, was an object of decontended that Sir H. Burrard sire with most men. He was free had with great magnanimity al- to confess that it was so to himwwed, in his own dispatches, the self. He was sure that soldiers actual command, during the bat- and sailors loved to acquire it. de, to remain with Sir Arthur He had himself spent the earlier Wellesley. To include Sir H. part of his days in the service. But Burrard in the vote of thanks, he knew a soldier's heart. He would be giving an opinion on knew that soldiers and sailors have subsequent circumstances, respect- also a most ardent desire of praise. ing which no information was be- Impressed with these sentiments, fore the house.-Viscount Sid- he felt himself bound to support mouth did not feel that a vote of the proposed amendment. thanks to Sir A. W. would attach The question being put on the the least discredit to the character amendment of Lord Moira, it was of Sir H. Burrard. He recom- negatived without a division, and mended to the noble baron to only one or two dissentient voices. withdraw his amendment.--So al. The original motion was then put, 80 did Lord Auckland.-Lord and unanimously agreed to. The Mulgrave said, that it was the same subject was, January the VOL. LI.

25th,

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