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in modern times, perhaps, of a hu- were principally passed. Comman being living under such circum- paratively but a small portion found stances, is recorded in the roman their way to London, as here they tic adventures of St. Pierre Viaud; were liable to be detected almost and even here the incident throws immediately. It was found in many a degree of discredit on the authen- instances that the forgers had blunticity of the work, although it was dered in the signatures of clerks of attested by the annexed atfidavits the Bank of England who had long of persons who had seen it. Yet been dead, and some of the notes in that case the wornis had only. bore the christian names of those engendered in the lower extremities, who signed then). From these inwhile the head and the viscera, nes consistencies, and the general bad cessary to animal life, were. free. colour of the paper of which they But here the most essential organ were fabricated, they were not of the animal economy was dis- likely to pass undiscovered in Lonsolved, while yet the living being don, and were, therefore, chiefly walked and talked." .

circulated in parts remote from the metropolis. The agents of the

Bank, however, have been so vigiSEPTEMBER.. lant, that 13 prisoners were brought

to trial, and it is to be hoped that a 1. Forged Notes.-By the late death-blow has been given to tbis trials at Lancaster, it appears that iniquitous business; the principal a traffic in one, two, and tive pound · names of those concerned in this notes tras existed for some time to nefarious practice, as well as the a most alarming extent. The Bank coiners of counterfeit gold, having of England have long been aware been discovered and made known). of these forgeries, and they have The method adopted for taking taken means of detecting and into custody all the prisoners of the bringing to punishment many. of above description, tried at these the delinquents. It appeared that assizes, was well preconcerted :the traffic in forged notes was car- . Aware that great alarm would be ried on in Lancashire and the ad. excited by apprehending them sejoining counties on a larger scale parately, it was contrived that they tban was ever known before; and a should all be taken in one day, and witness stated, that he had been the 25th of July was fixed, on ac assured by one of the prisoners, count of its being near the time of that at Birmingham he could buy the conòmencement of the assizes. forged small notes by wholesale Nadin, the constable of Manenough to load a jackass. It ap- chester, gave into Court the folpeared these were relailed by poor lowing account relative to the ignorant, deluded wretches, few of taking a notorious vender of forged whom could write or read, al from notes, of the name of Bolton:-five to ten shillings in the pound. bout ove o'clock in the morning Birmingham was clearly traced to of the 25th of July last, wiib proper be the fountaju head from whence assistants, he went to the prisoner's these forgerics flowed, and Wales house. He knocked, but the door and Scotland the parts where they not being opened, be forced it, and

got

got in. The place was all darkness, prietors to prosecute the works, and but hearing a boise, and somebody there is every well-founded reason going up stairs, he at length found to expect that teir efforts will be out the staircase, pursued, and took crowned with success, and check a man prisover; he followed and the growing price of coal. The secured another, which proved to subscription has been considerably be Bolton, who, as well as the augmented in consequence of a new other, had nothing on but his shirt. share of 251. being declared to be A lighted candle having been by equal to an original one of 501.; this time procured, ou further search and there is no doubt that this cirthe prisoner's daughter was found. cumstance will be the means of Nadin then went into the back speedily filling the subscription. room, where he found hid in the The recent improvement of the closet Bolton's wife, who was quite port of Bristol, by the formation of undressed. Having thus seized on the most extensive docks in Europe, all the persons in the house, he the float being two miles and a half began his search for the forged in length and covering 82 acres, of potes. Among the coals, 92 botes ground, promises to be of very imof il. each; in a large mug with portant advantage to the commerwaler in it, many more of the same cial interest, and eventually of great description, a quantity torn to pieces; benefit to the land and house proand two 21. notes. In a pickling prietors in the vicinity of the Wells. jar, with liquor in it, he found 41 At all hours of the day ships and 21. notes, and 3 of 51. with a quan- vessels can now pass from the dam tity torn to pieces; and in another head to the quays of the city, and room, 20 more.

discharge their cargoes into wareThe cant terms for false notes houses while afloat, the mud (so are softs and screens-of counter-' offensive formerly in its appearance feit gold, yellows. It appeared, and smell, on which they used to the paper composing the notes was ground) being no longer visible. manufactured in Ireland; and the The swamps near the works are forgerits executed at Manchester also filled up in a judicious and and Birmingham... . , uniform manner; so that in a few

Various accounts, similar to the inonths that which resembled a above, were given by the officers barren waste, will be turned into. employed in taking into custody useful culture, and bear the appearthese unhappy, deluded people, ance of a rich lawn. Clifton alwho imagined they were free from ready is influenced by the compledanger, if the forged notes were 'tion of these magnificent docks; not actually found in their posses- most of the houses of the Upper sion; and that they could not be and Lower Crescent, which had reconvicted, unless by the evidence of mained in a state of dilapidation a third person seeing them take the several years, being now sold, and money for the disposal of them. in the actual operation of fitting up.

The flattering encouragement Indeed, from the picturesque vawhich the Batheaston coal and tural scenery of the delightful hill mining concern bas lately expe- of Clifton, combiued with the salurienced, will soon enable the pro- brious effects of its waters, and the

created

created plain of ground beneath, known, that it has hitherto been we conceive it bids fair to be the the custom there to begin to reckon most favoured spot in England. the hours from supset, and count

3. A cause of some interest forward through the whole twentycame on at the Suffolk assizes. It four. was brought by Mr. Smith, who is M. Degen, a watch-maker in a protestant dissenter, to recover Vienna, has invented a nachine back the sum of 3d. which he bad by which a person can rise into the been obliged to pay to Johnson, a air. He has since made several toll-keeper of the turnpike gate at public experiments, and rose to the Halesworth, for a taxed cart, in height of 54 feet, flying in various which he was going on Sunday to directions with the celerity of a divive worship at a meeting-house bird. A subscription has been at the above place.---The plaintiff opened at Vienna to enable him to claimed an exemption from toll un- prosecute his discoveries. The der the clause of the statute which machine is formed of two paragives exemptions to persons going chutes of taffeta, which may be to their proper parochial church, folded up or extended at pleasure, chapel, or other places of public and the person who moves them is worship. It was intended by both placed in the centre. parties, that a case should have At Somerset Assizes, a cause of been agreed on for the opinion of considerable interest to the proprie. the court of king's bench; but tors of lands adjoining rivers, and the judge was so decidedly of opi-, also to mid-owners, was tried before nion that the plaintiff was entitled Mr. Baron Graham.-Mr. Kingto the exemption, that he would lake, the owner of a floor of meaallow, only a verdict to be taken for dows, adjoining a stream of water, him, with liberty for the defendant, brought this action against Mr. Norif he thought proper, to move the man, the proprietor, of grist-mills court next term to have a nonsuit and silk machinery, worked by such entered.

• streams;—and the questions were, It was decided at the late Esses whether the mill-owner had a right assizes, that no person has a right to pond the water higher than its to glean in any field, unless by per- accustomed level, and whether it mission of the occupier.

was not his duty to draw his fenders · Italy.-By an order of a decree after heavy rains, to prevent the adof Joachim Napoleon king of the jacent lands from being flooded ? Two Sicilies, most of the religious Tie judge declared, that the ocorders and convents throughout cupiers of lands bave a right by the whole of his dominions are sup). common law to the natural flow of pressed.

water through the same, and that At Rome the consulta has or- any claim in opposition to such dered that from the 1st of October rights, must be proved to have been of the present year, the division of exercised without interruption for at time at Rome and throughout the least 20 years. He stated the law whole Roman territory, shall be on the other question to be, that if the same as in France and other a mill-owner, had been in the prac. European countries. It is well tice of drawing bis lenders to dis

charge

charge by the natural channel the than in the year preceding, at the superfluous water, it was evidence rate of 4 1-6th per cent. increase, of his baving been permitted by the and will therefore warrant an esti. proprietors of the adjoining lands mate to the amount of that year. to erect the drains, and pond the The remainder of that year, except water, upon 'stipulation so to do. in the article of duty on Dividends, In this case, it appeared that the is likewise computed on the amount fenders had been raised within 20 of the preceding year, from the years, and that the mill-owner had same sources, for want of returns. neglected to draw the sluices, until Office for Taxes, June 13, 1809. the plaintiff's lands were flooded. 4. Mount Vesuvius.-A letter The plaintiff therefore obtained a from Naples, of the 9th ult. states, verdict.

that on the 4th of September a new Property Tax.-- Return to an Or. crater opened to the South-east,

der of the Honourable House of from which there had been a continCommons, dated the 8th day of ued eruption of lava. The torrent June, 1809, for an Account or of lara, which took a direction toEstimate of the Nett Assessment wards the town of Della Torre, had of the Property Tax, for the years divided into two branches, - and ending 5th April, 1807, 1808, formed an island, at the extremity and 1809, respectively.

of which it again united, and proAnno ending 5th April, 1807, duced a lake of fire in the district of 11,299,9361.

A Trio del Cavallo. Io the night of Auno ending 5th April, 1808, the 5th there was an eruption of an 11,345,3501.

immense quantity of ashes and Anno ending 5th April, 1809, stones. 11,359,2291. .

7. The annual conference of the For the year ending 5th April, Methodists beld this year at Man1807, the above account is made chester terminated last week: -250 out from actual returns, except preachers attended.- Actual infrom the department of the War crease of members during the past office.

year, 14,200; -6200 in England • For the year ending 5th April, and Ireland, and 8000 in America..

1808, returns from 218 Surveyors, The number of preacbers received districts have been received; from at conference, after the four prowhich it appears that the assessments batiopary years, exclusive of those on trade and professions have de- in the districts was 20; and the creased: so that on the whole a di- number of new chapels opened since munition of duty may be computed, last conference is stated to be conto the extent of 72,0001, nearly in siderable. thie assessments by commissioners 17. Opening of Covent Garden for general purposes; but which is Theatre.--The New Theatre openoverbalanced by the deductious of ed on Monday night, with the Traduty in other departments.

gedy of Macbeth and the Quaker. For the year eirding 5th April, It was crouded the instant the doors 1809, returns from 25 Surveyors' were open, and though on the steps districts have been received; the of the portico the mob were exclaimresult from whicb is more favourable ing against the advance of prices,

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yet wheu they got into the theatre, and it was evident, from the ap. they were at tirst silenced by the pearance of pit and boxes, that the beauty of the spectacle they beheld. majority in favour of the managers, After waiting quiet for some time, was at least Twenty to one! Prethe band struck up “God save the sently Mr. Kemble appeared to King." and then the call for the speak the opening address, habited song was so general, that no per- in the costume of the part he was former in the orchestra could be about to play, Macbeth. The up. heard but the double-drum player roar was now greater than ever : The singers then made their ap- Mr. Kemble waited in hopes of sipearance, and could as little be lence for some time. At last he heard as the instrumental perform- motioned his lips through the fola ers. However, during all this up- lowing address :---rear, applause was predominant,

In early Greece, and in a barbarous age,
A wretched tumbrel was the Actor's Stage:
• The muse, with cheek reclined in pepsive shame,

Blush'd for her wanderers from the path to Farne.

Æschylus sprang; and storm'd, as he arose,
His country's passions, like his country's foes.
Rough from the battle, train'd to vanquish men.
E'en as his sword he wielded, so his pen.
He sinote the heart, the trembling sense oppress'd,
And gave no quarter to the human breast.

Yet, stage improvement mark'd the Soldier's sway,
And ting'd with taste the captives to his lay.
Then, first (the cart of Thespis overthrown)
Form'd by rude planks, a Theatre was known
Cop'd by th' Heavens, it o'erspread the lawn,
And light on scenic dress appeared to dawn.

But, all divine, when Sophocles appeared,
"Twas then the Drama's majesty was rear'd.
Builders and decorators came, their boast
Was who could grace the lofty Poet most.
The lofty Poet lack'd not braios to know ..
That Dramatists require the Drama's show.
Nature's perfection springs from various parts;
And « Nature's Mirror” needs the Sister Arts.

Hence grew the splendour of the scene--and hence
The handmaids that embellish eloquence :
Dance, music, painting, pageantry, parade, --
All that gave zest, or yield illusion aid. :

Rome

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