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for the present establishment of corps. There were officers now the local militia, was, in his mind, serving as captains,who had entered so radically wrong, that he had no the service in the American war: desire to witness its completion. An increase of field officers seemed The bill was then read a second necessary as an encouragement to time, and afterwards finally passed. that meritorious class of men.

House of Commons, March 14. Mr. R.Ward, having declared his -Mr. R. Ward moved for leave to high opinion of the marine corps bring in the marine mutiny bill. in general, said, with respect to Leave was given, and Mr. Ward the increase of the mere use of brought in the bill. On the motion the marine artillery, that this for its being read a first time, could not take place without rais

Sir Charles Pole said, he was ing the force altogether, and conglad to have the opportunity which verting the marines into a land this bill gave him to say a few army. As to the addition of field words on that valuable corps. It officers to the marine, it ought 'to was strange to say, that although be remembered, that marines on it now amounted to more than a board of ships were not commandfourth of the infantry of the line, ed by field officers; and as namely 32,000 men, its situation most of them were engaged and importance were scarcely in that species of service, it known in the house. He would was not necessary to have so first ask whether it was intended to many field officers. As to the continue the stoppage of one day's age of some of the captains, as it pay for Chelsea hospital? He be- was a service in which the ofhieved the royal marine artillery to ficers rose by seniority, that could be in a very neglected state. It depend only on the length of life had been thought necessary to of those who preceded them on establish a corps of this nature in the list. The bill was then read a 1804; and most important it might first time. It had been stated, be if properly attended to. He that in each division of the maconceived it ought to be augment- rines, the senior captains were aped, and that every squadron of his pointed pay captains, who actually majesty's ships, on foreign stations, keep the accounts of 2,000 men should be furnished with a com- without any increase of pay, or pany of these artillery men and any kind of remuneration. Mr. officers. The advantages of such Ward was sure that if, for any a measure to our colonial service extraordinary labour, any recommust be obvious, whether for de- pence could be made to them withlenstve or offensive operations. He out injury to the service, it would regretted to learn, that this corps of be instantly afforded. The bill marine artillery was not sufficiently was then read a first time. The nstructed in the use of the field ar- house having, on the 16th of tulery, and recommended that a March resolved itself into a comnumber of young men should be mitte on this bill. Mr. R. Ward admitted to Woolwich academy, rose to make some observations he next adverted to the slow proe on what had fallen from an hosters of promotion in the marine nourable baronet (sir C. Pole) on a former evening, respecting ed by those very officers to the the increase of emolument to pay- admiralty, when he himself was at captains of marines, and some that board, praying for this very new naval regulations. The ho allowance, which the honourable nourable baronet, perhaps, did not baronet now sought to obtain for know, that the persons selected them. The answer then given to for such situations, were generally their petition, was, that their birth inen who were unfit for other ser- was a pretty good one, and that it vice. Their duties were by no was very desirable that it should means burthensome. It was not continue to exist. But, if they required that a pay-captain of ma- did not like it, with full pay, and rines should serve afloat, or even an exemption from all other duty, aboard, except when courts mar- they might take their turns of sertial took place. With respect to vice. Ever since, they had been the deductions from the pay of pretty well satisfied to remain as marine officers, Mr. Ward shewed they were. With respect to the that they were, in every respect, compassionate list, for which there on the same footing with those was a bill now in progress, it was in the army. Sir C. Pole ex. only for such widows and orphans pressed his satisfaction on this last as were not entitled to any propoint by Mr. Ward's explana- vision otherwise ; nor was it ever tion. But he still held the same thought of before the establishopinion with regard to the situ- ment of the present admiralty ation of the pay-captains. They board. And it was his intention, had a regular ledger account with in the committee on that bill, to every man and boy in the marine place the widows of marine officers service, for which they had no re- on the same footing in this respect, muneration, although the captains with those of the officers of the of marine artillery, for only pay. navy and army. ing their own companies, had two Sir Charles Pole denied any reshillings per day, additional pay. collection of such an application Besides, those old officers, in any as that which had been alluded to other branch of the service, would by Mr. Wellesley Pole. At all have been entitled to majorities, events, he was perfectly certain and many of them would have that, during the whole time he was now been old field officers. at the admiralty, he never did give

Mr. Wellesley Pole said, it was an offensive answer to any applicathe intention of the present board tion, made either by an individual, of admiralty to afford to the ma- or by any description of persons. rine corps every practicable and The bill then went through the reasonable indulgence. With re- committee, and was afterwards, spect to the situation of the pay- through the usual stages, passed captains, he referred the honour- into a law. able baronet to a petition present

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CHAP VII. Inquiry by the House of Commons into the Conduct of the Commandera in-chief, His royal Highness the Duke of York.- The Inquiry into the Conduct of the Duke not confined to his official Acts. The Lord Chancellor and the Duke of Portland vindicated against false Insinuations by Mrs. Clarke.-Many corrupt Practices unveiled. Of the Reverend Mr. Basely, Chaplain to the Bishop of London_Of the Reverend Dr. O'Meara-and, in favour, though alledged to be without the Knowledge, of the Reverend Mr. G. H. Glasse, Rector of Hanwell. ChaTacter and behaviour of Mrs. Clarke on her examination before the House of Commons.--Deep Interest of the whole Nation in the Inquiry into the Conduct of the Duke of York.-Reflections.

A MIDST the great events that accusations of the duke, in as far as A had happened, not only on they had been made in newspapers the theatre of Europe, but Ame- and whispers, originated in a derica, and the weighty deliberations sire of change, rather than a pure to which these, as occasioning vast zeal for the public welfare. For military preparations, gave birth, grounds of accusation were nod in the councils of Great Britain, obtruded on public attention by an incident of a very extraordinary any flagrant delinquency on the nature occurred, which, for a time, part of his royal highness in the threw into the shade the last vic- discharge of his public duty. On tory, though preceded by disasters, the contrary, the happy effects of gained by the English army over the discipline he had introduced, the French, and the future pro- and the arrangements and organi. jects of Buonaparte. Insinuations Zation to which he had submitted against the conduct of his royal the army, were universally achighness the duke of York, had knowledged. Early in 1809, an for a considerable time back, ap- attack was made on the royal com. peared in divers publications of mander-in-chief, in a more hothe press. It was privately circu- nourable and fair way, because in lated too in whispers, that the a direct and public form. duke of York would not long be House of Commons, Jan. 27. commander-in-chief, and a defi- Colonel (of militia) Gwyllym nite period too was specified by Lloyd Wardle, after the strongest some of the whisperers, beyond declaration of the purity and pa. which they predicted that the duke triotism of his motives, stated that Would not be found in the occu- the conviction of his mind was, pation of that important post. and for some time had been, that When it was afterwards recollect. unless the system of corruption ed, with whom those who seemed that had so long prevailed in the to have most pleasure in circulat- military department should be ing such reports, were intimately done away, this country might fall acquainted, and with whom they an easy prey to the enemy. The ved in a degree of confidence, first point in the case he had to conjectures were made that the state, related to the half-pay fund,

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which which was an establishment under he was under the necessity, how: the direction of the present com- ever reluctantly, to mention her mander-in-chief. This fund arose name, as well as that of others, in out of the sale of commissions va- . order to make out a fair parlia, cant by death by the promotion of mentary basis for his motion, and officers not allowed to sell or by to satisfy the house, that he had dismissions from the service. The not brought it forward upon light power of the commander-in-chief grounds, over this fund was constituted and The first case to which Colonel intended for the reward of merit, Wardle called the attention of the either by the appointment of me- house was that of captain Tonyn, of ritorious officers to the comrais- the 48th regiment of foot, who had sions which so became vacant, or been promoted to a majority in the by selling them, and applying the 31st regiment: to which promotion produce of such sales to the re- he was indebted to the influence of demption of half-pay commissions, Mrs. Clarke. The terms of agreeor to the compassionate fund. ment were, that Mrs. Clarke should Here the power of the comman- be paid £500 upon captain Toder-in-chief over such produce nyn's being gazetted. Major Toceased. If the commissions he nyn was gazetted on the 2d of had described were otherwise dis- August, 1804, and the £500 was posed of, the authority yested in paid to Mrs. Clarke. Here it bethe commander-in-chief was abus- came necessary for colonel Wared, and the objects of the half-pay dle to observe to the house, that fund abandoned. Now, if he the regulated difference between a could shew that those commissions company and a majority; was were appropriated to very different £1,100, which should have been purposes, it would, of course, ap- appropriated to the purposes above pear, that such abuse and aban- mentioned. But how did the afdonment did take place that me- fair stand ? Mrs. Clarke gained rit was not rewarded that the half- £500, and the sum of £1,100 pay list was not reduced ---that the was lost to the half-pay fund. This compassionate fund was not assist- sum of £500 was paid by Mrs. ed. For the purpose of shewing Clarke to a Mr. Birkett, a silverthis, it was necessary to call the smith, in part payment for a serattention of the house to another vice of plate, for the establishment establishment of the commander- in Gloucester-place : the balance in-chief's, which was quite of a for which plate was 'afterwards different complexion from that paid by his royal highness the which he had just mentioned. This commander-in-chief. The posiestablishment, which consisted of tions that colonel Wardle held to a splendid house in Gloucester- be clearly deducible from this case place, a variety of carriages, and were, first, that Mrs. Clarke posà long retinue of servants, como sessed the power of military promenced in the year 1803, and at motion. Secondly, that she rethe head of it was placed a lady of ceived pecuniary consideration. the name of Clarke. As this lady And, thirdly, that the commanderformed a principal party in several in-chief was a partaker in the beneof the facts which he had to cite, fit arising from such pecuniary


consideration. The truth of this and when it was found not to be case would be established by wit. forthcoming, Mrs. Clarke was endesses, whose names he mentiored. raged, and threatened revenge.

The second case colonel Wardle She actually complained to the had to adduce, related to ex. commander-in-chief of Mr. Shaw's changes. On the 25th of July, breach of contract, and the con1805, an exchange was concluded sequence was, that the major was, between lieutenant-colonel Brooke soon after, put upon half-pay. of the 56th regiment of infantry, This case of major Shaw was the and lieutenant-colonel Knight, of only instance colonel Wardle could the 5th dragoon guards, through find of such an officer being rethe influence of Mrs. Clarke. duced to half-pay. The case of Mrs. Clarke wanted some money this officer then demonstrated, to defray the expences of an ex- first, that Mrs. Clarke's influence cursion in the country. She, extended to appointments on the therefore urged the commander- staff, as well as to promotions and in-chief to expedite the exchange exchanges in the army itself. Seas she was to receive £200 for it. condly, that the commander-inThis urgent request was made on chief punished an individual by a Thursday, and its influence was reducing him from full to half-pay. such, that the exchange was ac- for non-performance of a nefatually gazetted on the Saturday rious contract with his mistress. lolowing. Mrs. Clarke, in con- Thirdly, that the commander-insequence, received from the agent chief was a direct party to the n negociating the transaction, whole of this nefarious transaction. £200 for it. The witnesses to Witnesses named. this case he named. Another case Mr, Wardle now came to, what colonel Wardle had to adduce re. he called, the very novel case of ferred to major John Shaw, of co- colonel French and his levy. This lonel Champagne's Ceylon regi- officer was, through the influence ment. Major Shaw was appointed of Mrs. Clarke, appointed by the deputy-barrack-master of the Cape commander-in-chief to conduct a of Good Hope, upon the 3d of levy in the years 1804-5. The April, 1806. It was known that colonel was introduced to Mrs. this officer by no means enjoyed Clarke by captain Huxley Sandon, the favour of the duke of York: and the condition upon which he that, in fact, his royal highness obtained his appointment was, that entertained some prejudice against Mrs. Clarke should have one guidim. But these obstacles Mrs. nea out of the bounty of each

larke readily undertook, on con- man raised, together with the sale ditions, to overcome ; and it was or patronage of a certain number agreed to pay her £1000 for the of the commissions. The agreemajor's appointment. The an- ment being concluded, it was compointment was therefore made municated to, and approved of by and the major himself paid Mrs. the commander-in-chief. Colonel Clarke €300. Soon after £200 French was accordingly sent, by more was sent to Mrs. Clarke by Mrs. Clarke, to the Horse Guards, major Shaw's uncle. The remain- and, after many interviews, the ang £500, however, was not paid, levy was set on foot. As the levy


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