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hundred and twenty-six battalions. The earl of Temple said, that of infantry, whose numbers ex- when lord Castlereaghlaid his ceeded six hundred, and there cold fingers on Mr. Windham's were fifty-six that fell short plan, it was producing at the rate of that number. It was well of 24,000 men a year, instead of known, that battalions not a- the 13,000 produced by lord Casmounting to six hundred, were tlereagh's. The bill was then read considered as inefficient, and not a second time. . fit for service. If the measure On the 14th of February, the proposed obtained twenty-seven third reading of the bill was moved thousand, it would complete all by lord Castlereagh. Some new the battalions of our infantry up clauses were proposed by lord C. to nine hundred men, — Lord and agreed to. But upon the Castlereagh entered, now, into a question being put that the bill do comparative view of his own plan passfor recruiting our military force, Lord Milton rose to object to it and that of Mr. Windham: a to- altogether, as being a measure inpic become trite, though still wor- troduced in direct violation of thy of serious consideration, by the what he always understood to be prolonged and protracted debates the positive pledge of the noble on that subject in the two pre- lord on the introduction of his ceeding sessions of parliament.* former bill ; namely, that it was On the whole, Lord C. thonght it not to be adopted as a regular and evident, that men generally pre- permanent system, but only to be ferred the unlimited to limited resorted to on great and urgent service. He did not, however, by occasions. After so recently carany means wish to exclude men rying into effect a militia ballot from limited service. Lord Cas- throughout the country, he was tlereagh said, the fact was, that decidedly adverse to the resorting whatever was the system of re- again to another. He could not cruiting, the country regularly give his support to the noble lord produced about 1,200 men in a in coming forward year after year month. How the number came with a measure like this, totally to be so exact, he could not say. subversive of the original intent But even in the halcyon days of and constitution of the militia, high bounty, and no ballot, it was and converting it into a mere venot found that the number of hicle for recruiting the line. Sir recruits exceeded the regular by George Warrender, though wisha hundred, nor under any other ing an increase of the disposable system of recruiting did they fall force of the country, thought the short to that amount. He trusted means proposed by this bill cirthat the house would not be dis- cuitous, inefficacious, and hostile couraged by the present aspect of to their own operation. The bill affairs, but that they would see was passed, and ordered to the the necessity of increasing rapidly lords; where the order of the day our disposable force.

for reading it a second time was

Seo Vol. XLIX. Hist. Eur. Chap. 4. and Vol. IV. Chap. vi.

zoved, February the 20th, by the litia men, rendered defective by earl of Liverpool; who stated, the operation of the bill of last that the regular army, at this mo- session, for allowing the soldiers zent consisted of upwards of of the militia to volunteer into the 210,000 infantry, and 27,000 ca- line. The number already so valry. The infantry was disposed transferred was about 23,000, and in 126 first battalions averaging what he proposed, was, to raise in 902 men each, and 56 battalions their place a number of men equal of which the average was about to one half of the whole quota for 400 men each. The object of the country, namely, 24,000 men, the bill on the table was, to ren- within twelve months, from an earder these second battalions com ly day to be moved in the bill. plete. To carry this into effect, Eight months to be allowed for it was deemed expedient to allow raising the men by bounties of ? certain proportion of the militia ten guineas per man, to be paid to enlist in the regular army. by the public; but at the end of This measure was resorted to in that time, if the whole should not the last session, and had been be raised, then, a ballot to take found most effectual.

place in the usual way for raising The viscount Sidmouth could the remainder, with an allowance not approve of the practice of en- to each ballotted man of ten guiisting men for one species of ser- neas towards the bounty of a subvice, and afterwards sending them stitute, if he should not wish to into another. He regretted that serve in person. At the same ministers had not availed them- time, a privilege was to be allowed selves of the popular enthusiasm to his majesty, in case of any mein favour of Spain to procure re- nace of danger to the country, to eruits for the army. Had they direct that the ballot might prodone so, he was persuaded the ceed without delay.--After some present measure would have been conversation, leave was given to wholly unnecessary. However, bring in the bill ; which was read as he heard of no other expedient the first time, and a day appointed from any other quarter for keep- for the second reading. ing up the army to that efficient House of Commons, March the Establishment which was univer- 24th. Upon lord Castlereagh's sally admitted to be necessary, he moving the order of the day, for Would not, for that reason, and the second reading of this bill, the extraordinary emergency of lord A. Hamilton, after arguing the moment, oppose the bill. The against the measure on the same bill was then read a second time, ground with the preceding speakand afterwards finally passed. ers on the same side of the ques

House of Commons, March the tion, moved, as an amendment, 15th, Lord Castlereagh, pur- that the second reading of the bill suant to notice, moyed for leave should be postponed to that day

bring in a bill to completo, to six months. Mr. Giles observed, *s full number the militia of Great that the noble mover proposed to Britain. The object of the bill, raise men first by ballot, and then Na,, to replace the number of min by bounty. But how did that scheme arister? It appeared Windliam contended that it was from experience, that not one absurd to provide for supplying a man out of ten raised by the bal- deficiency to the extent stated in lot, served in person. The re- the bill, without the possibility of mainder then téré substitutes previously knowing whether or not raised by bounty. The bounty of the volunteering into the line each man raised for the line, ac- would be so complete as to occacording to the system he describ- sion that deficiency. Lord Cased was equal to 128. And was lereagh could see no difficulty in it not practicable, by wise regula- disposing of the supernumaries in tions, to procure men for that the militia, even if it should turn bounty bý ordinary recruiting out, which he did think it would, without resorting to the circuit. that the volunteering in the line ous, expensive, and oppressive would not bé só extensive as the . progress of ballot ? Notwithstand- present bill anticipated. They ing the many military plans the might be added to the existing noble lord brought forward, the companies, or formed into addiseveral parts never fitted well to- tional companies. The clause was gether. According to a clause in eventually agreed to. The next the local militia act, the members clause related to the ballot. It of that corps could enlist only as was opposed by Mr. Giles, as prósubstitutes for ballotted men. ductive of great mischiefs. Lord What was the cause of this pro- Castlereagh said, that he had vision? Why not allow the local been induced to extend the pemilitia to enlist into the militia at riod, before which, the ballot was once, and then the ballot would not to be resorted to, from six to most probably become unneces- twelve months. Mr. Windhan sary?-On a division of the house, ridiculed the expectation thåt the lord A. Hamilton's amendment recruiting should proceed successwas negatived. Phe bill was read fully with a small bounty, while a second time, and ordered to be the man willing to enlist, had in committed.

scheme clause ;

prospect the period when the House of Commons, April 18.- operation of the bill would ne. The order of the day for going cessarily cause a great augmenta. into a committee on the militia tion of bounty. The committee completion bill being read, lord divided. For the original motion A. · Hamilton repeated his great 52-against it 12. objection to the bill, namely, that Sir J. Montgomery proposed a pledge had been given to the that recruits from militia regiments country in a former bill, which might be raised in the counties pledge, the adoption of the pre- adjoining to those to which such sent bill would forfeit...Lord Cas- regiments belonged: which was tlereagh replied, that no such agreed to. On the clause for pledge had been ever given. The imposing a fine of £20 on the house having then resolved itself counties failing to furnish their into a committee on the bill, a quota of men, the committee dia long discussion ensued on the first vided.-For it 34-against it 9. clause. Mr. Giles and Mr. Mr. Biddulph proposed a new

simese; the object of which was, house. He could not allow that to prevent the peers of the realm the local militia was worth the from claiming exemption from the money it cost, or that it would l--For it 1-against it 37. be in any way better than the On the question for the third training bill. There were always reading of this bill in the house men enough in the country, and fcommons, May 2, Sir T. Turton it appeared to him, that if without sid, that he could not suffer it going to the expence of drilling nally to pass through the house, or training them, they were simply without giving it his reprehension. to be enrolled and incorporated He could not consent to keep up with the army; they would be of 1 much larger standing army more úse than when locked up in han the necessity of the times corps under militia officers. The required. There was no imme- Chancellor of the Exchequer said, Sate danger of invasion; and as the bill had already been so fully

coping with France by land, and frequently discussed, that even te should not attempt it. The the rich and fertile mind of Mr. mual expence of our military Windham had not been able, that force was now prodigious, amount- night, to advance any thing new on

to nearly 25 millions, while the subject. The house divided. he had in arms near 700,000 For the third reading of the bill benHe saw no reason for 57-against it 8. The bill was such a vast expenditure of money, then read a third time and passed.

for tearing so many men from House of Lords, May 9.-On their ordinary avocations. Mr. the order of the day being read Wilberforce thought those general for the second reading of the declarations against standing ar- militia completion bill, the earl of mies very dangerous in the present Liverpool rose to explain its natimes : experience had abundantly ture. On account of the late proved that it was only by regular volunteering of the militia into a amies well supplied, that regular more regular and disposable force, armies were to be effectually re- the regiments had been considerausted. As to the conduct of bly diminished in their numbers. ministers with respect to Spain In the regular course this deand Portugal. he thought they ficiency would have been supWere rather too forward than too plied by ballot in the different backward in the assistance they counties : but as that mode, in the kave. This was an error, how- present times, might be considered eter, on the right side, and as rather hard upon that class, on greeable to the general feeling of whom the ballot would immethe nation. Mr. Hawkins Browne diately fall, it had been thought was of the same opinion with Mr. advisable, by the present bill, to * Invasion was not impossible ; enable each regiment of militia ta Dor the deliverance of Europe, or supply its deficiencies by enliste my part of it absolutely hopeless. ment for a limited time. If after

T. Windham spoke in support of that period it should turn out that uose military opinions which he this mode had not been suecesshd so often expressed in that ful, it would be then necessary to recur to the old and regular me. the greatest difficulties, embarked thod of ballot. The earl Fitz- with honour and glory at Corunna, william approved the bill, so far was composed of men taken chiefly as it contained a provision for from the militia. The earl of completing the deficiencies of the Rosslyn conceived, that there was militia, by laying the expence of one objection to the present bill, it not on the counties, but the which had not been mentioned in public. But he regretted that the course of the debate. It prethe principle of the militia, in tended to raise the men for the modern times, had been so much completion of the militia, by taking departed from, and, that the the burthen off from the counties, militia regiments should have been and laying it upon the publie. made a recruiting, or perhaps, if This was a false pretence. It he might use the expression, a would do no such thing. It proarimping fund for the supply of vided, that men might be raised the regular army. It was not the by enlistment, at a bounty of bill before them alone, that he about 10 guineas, any time behad in his eye on making these fore June 1810. But if the quota observations. He saw the militia should not be provided before that more and more altered from those period, the old method of ballot principles on which that force was was to be resorted to, so that all first established.


Vol. LI.

deficiencies should be provided Lord Harrowbytook a view of the for before the October following. principle of the old militia acts, and it was well known, that there argued that there was no alteration was a fine of £20 on the man adopted in the present instance ballotted. If he should not choose which did not accord with the prin- to serve in person, he gives the ciple of past alterations. The mar- 10 guineas allowed to him by quis of Douglas said, the disposable government. And if it should force of the country, so much at- happen, that the substitute was tended to, might be employed inex- not procured before October, there peditions, to end like that termi- was an additional fine of €10 for nated by the Convention of Cintra, each man deficient, on the county: when the country might feel the so that the bounty, after June, great want of an effective internal would be from £30 to £70 a force for its own preservation. The man; whereas before June, it earl of Westmoreland said, that could be no more than ten or ‘if the old principle had been twelve guíneas. For, from the attended to, and the men had nature of human reasoning, every served only for three, four, or man would decline accepting the seven years, and at that period bounty for enlistment, knowing it returned from the service, the would be much better for his noble lords would have found interest to wait till that period themselves without those men, should elapse. The most favourwho had been so carefully taught able point of view, in which the their discipline. That army which present measure was contemplated had displayed its superiority on by the earl of Selkirk was, that it the Tagus, and afterwards amidst was not likely to effect its object.


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