« ZurückWeiter »
self whereet Baron con with Stone and which, togene Door in thun to appere
For the Proof and Confirmation of the several Parts and Points of this Deposition, Sibley, Davis, Ryland, Potter, and Pinner were deposed, and they viva voce affirmed so much thereof to be true, as was reported by the Examination of the Lieutenant, concerning the coming of the Lieutenant the Earl's Chamber, the breaking up of the Door, being bolted with a strong Bolt on the inner Side, the finding of the Earl dead upon his Bed, the Dągger lying on the Ground, the Powder and Pellets in a Box on the Bed under the Coverlet, with the rest of the Circumstances thereunto appertaining. They affirmed also, that there was but one Door in the Earl's Chanber, saving the Door of the Privy, which, together with the Chamber, was strongly walled about with Stone and Brick : And further, as I remember, the Lord Chief Baron confirmed the same, having viewed the Chamber himself where the Earl lodg'd, and was found dead.
Jaques Pantins, in his Examination of the twenty-first of June, confesseth, that James Price delivered the Dagger to the Earl his Master in this Examinate's Presence: Whereupon he presently suspected, that the Earl meant Mischief to himself, and therefore did his Endeavour to persuade the Earl to send away the Dagger, and told the Earl that he knew not how the Devil might tempt his Lordship, and that the Devil was great ; but could by no Means prevail with the Earl in that Behalf: And faith moreover, that the Earl required him to hide the Dagger, and he thereupon hanged the same on a Nail within the Chimney in the Earl's Bed-Chamber, where the Earl, thinking the same not to be sufficiently safe in that Place, it was by the Earl's Appointment taken from thence, and put into a Slit in the side of a Mattress that lay under the Earl's Bed, near to the Bed's Head; and that the same Sunday Morning that the Earl murdered himself at Night, he saw the Dagger lying under the Earl's Bed's Head. The Dagger was bought not many Days before of one Adrian Mulan, a Daggermaker, dwelling in East-Smithfield, as by the said Mulan was teftified viva voce upon his Oath, in the open Court, at the Time of the publick Declaration made of these Matters in the Star-Chamber.
All these Particularities considered, with the Depositions and Proofs of the Witness concerning the Earl's Deach, first, how he came by the Dagger : Secondly, how long he had kept the same, and in what secret Manner: Thirdly, the Earl's bolting of his Chanfber-Door on the Inside : Fourthly, the Blow of the Dagger. Fifthly, the breaking up of the Earl's Chamber-Door by the Lieutenant of the Tower : And Laftly, the finding of the Earl dead as aforefaid. Who is he so simple, that will think, or imagine, or so impudent and malicious, that will avouch and report, chat, the Earl of Northumberland should have been murdered of Purpose, by Practice or Devise of any Person, affecting his Destruction in that Manner? If Men consider the Inconvenience happened thereby, as well in Matter of State, as Commodity to the Queen's Majesty, loft by the Prevention of his Trial ; who can in Reason conjecture the Earl to have been murdered of Policy or set Purpose, as the evil-affected seem to conceive? If the Earl
had lived to have received the Censure of the Law for his Offences, all lewd and frivolous Objections had then been answered, and all his Goods, Chattles and Lands, by his Attainder, had come unto her Majesty, and the Honour and State of his House and Pofterity been utterly overthrown: The Consideration and Fear whereof appeareth without all Doubt to have been the principal, and only Cause that made him lay violent Hands upon himself. If Objections be made, that to murder him in that Sort might be a Satisfaction to his Enemies, who could be pacified by no Means but with his Blood, that seemeth to be as improbable; for that it is commonly discerned in the corrupt Nature of Man, that when we are poffefs'd with fo profound a Hatred, as to seek the Death of our Enemy, we imagine, and with his Destruction to be had with the greatest Shame and Infamy that can be devised.' Think you not then, that, if the Earl of Northumberland had any such Enemy, who knew the Danger wherein he stood, and that his Trial and Corviction by Law would draw upon him the Loss of his Life, Lands, and Goods, Fame, Honour, and the utter Subversion of his House, and would be so kind hearted unto him, as to help to take away his Life only, and save him all the rest ; I suppose there is no Man of Judgment will believe it.
But to return to the Manner of the Earl's Death: It was declared by the Lord Hunsdon, and the Lord Chief Baron, that the Dagger wherewith the Earl murdered himself was charged with three Bullets, and so of Neceffity with more than an ordinary Charge of Powder, to force that Weight of Bullets to work their Effect. The Earl lying upon his Back on the left Side of his Bed, took the Dagger charged in his Left-hand (by all Likelihood) Jaid the Mouth of the Dagger upon his left Pap (having first put aside his Waistcoat) and his Shirt being only between the Dagger and his Body, which was burn'd away the Breadth of a large Hand, discharged the fame, wherewith was made a large Wound in his said Pap, his Heart pierc'd and torn in divers Lobes or Pieces, three of his Ribs broken, the Chine-Bone of his Back cut almost in funder, and under the Point of the Shoulder-blade, on the right side within the Skin, the three Bullets were found by the Lord Hunsdon, which he caused the Surgeon in his Presence to cut out, lying all three close together, within the Breadth and Compass of an Inch, or thereabout: The Bullets were shewed by his Lordship at the Time of the Publication made in the Court of the Star-Chamber.'
And whereas it hath been nanderously given out to the Advantage of the Eari, as the Reporters suppose, that he was imprisoned, and kept in so It reight, narrow, and clole a Room, with such Penury of Air and Breath, that thereby he grew fickly, and weary of his Life ; and that to have been the Cause chiefly why he murdered himself, (if it were so that he died by the Violence of his own Hand, which they hardly believe :) To answer that peevish and senseless Slander, there was much spoken by the Lord Chief Baron, who had viewed, and caused very exactly to be measured the VOL. III. K k k
Chambers and Rooms within the Prison where the Earl lay, being part of her Majesty's own Lodging in the Tower : The particular Length and Breadth of the faid Chambers and Rooms, and the Quality of the Lights and Windows, expressed by the said Lord Chief Baron, I cannot repeat; but well I do remember, it was declared, that all the Day-time the Earl had the Liberty of five large Chambers, and too long Entries, within the utter Door of his Prison ; three of which Chambers, and one of the Entries, lay upon two fair Gardens within the Tower-Wall, and upon che Tower.Wharf, with a pleasant Prospect of the Thames, and to the Country, more than five Miles beyond. The Windows were of a large Proportion, yielding so much Air and Light as more cannot be desired in any House; Note therefore, how maliciously those chat favour Traitors and Treasons can deliver out these and the like slanderous Speeches, to the Dishonour of her Majesty, noring her Counsellers and Ministers with Inhumanity and uncharitable Severity, contrary to all Truth and Honesty.
When the Lord Chief Baron had finished this Discourse of the Manner of the Earl's Death, with the Circumstances, and had satisfied the Court and Auditory concerning the Quality of the Prison where the Earl remained, Sir Christopher Hatton, Knight, her Majesties Vice-Cham. berlain, who, as it seemed, had been specially employed by her Majesty, among others of her Privy Council, in the looking into and examining
of the Treasons aforesaid, as well in the Person of the Earl as of others, · and at the Time of the Earl's Commitment from his House in St. Martin's
to the Tower of London, fent unto him from her Majesty, to put the Earl in Mind of her Majesty's manifold Graces and Favours, in former Times conferr'd upon him, proceeding from the Spring of her Majesty's princely and bouncilul Nature, and not of his Deservings; and to advise him to deliver the Truth of the Matters so clearly appearing against him, either by his Letters privately to her Majesty, or by Speech te Master ViceChamberlain, who signified also unto him, that if he would determine to take that Course, he should not only not be committed to the Tower, but should find Grace and Favour at her Majesty's Hands, in the Mitigation of such Punishment as the Law might Jay upon him. And here Master Vice-Chamberlain repeated at length the Effect of her Majesty's Message at that Time sent to the Earl, beginning first with the Remembrance of his Practice undertaken for the conveying away of the Scottish Queen about the Time of the last Rebellion (as hath been declared in the Beginning of this Tract) and that he confesting the Offence being capital, her Majesty nevertheless was pleased to alter the Course of his Trial by the Justice of her Laws, and suffered the same to receive a night and easy Punishment by Way of Mulete, or Fine of five-thousand Marks, whereof before this his Imprisonment (as it is credibly reported) there was not one Penny paid, or his Land touched with any Extent for the Payment thereof; which Offence was by her Majesty not only most graciously forgiven, but also most christianly
heBut the Remnd Benefits rece Majesty's Diboht of his
forgotten ; receiving him not long after to the Place of Honour that his Ancestors had enjoyed, for many Years before him, and gave him such Entrance into her princely Favour and good Opinion, that no Man of his Quality received greater Countenance and Comfort at her Majesty's Hands then he ; insomuch that in all Exercises of Recreation used by her Majesty, the Earl was always called to be one, and whenfoever her Majesty Thewed herself Abroad in Publick, she gave to him the Honour of the best and highest Services about her Person, more often than to all the Noblemen of her Court.
But the Remembrance of these most gracious and more then extraordinary Favours and Benefits received, nor the Hope given unto him by Ma'fter Vice-Chamberlain, of her Majesty's Disposition of Mercy towards him, nor the Consideration of the Depth and Weight of his Treasons against her Majesty, her Estate, her Crown and Dignity, with the Danger thereby like to fall upon him by the Course of her Highness's Laws, to the utter Ruin and Subversion of him and his House (standing now at her Majesty's Mercy) could once move his Heart to that natural and dutiful. Care of her Majesty's Safety that he ought to have borne towards her, and the most worthily had me. rited at his Hands, or any Remorse or Compassion of himself and his Porterity ; but resting upon Terms of his Innocency, having, as you may perceive, conveyed away all those that he thought could or would any Way accuse him, he made Choice rather to go to the Tower, abide the Hazard of her Majesty's high Indignation, and the Extremity of the Law for his Offences: A notable Augure of his Fall, and that God, by his just Judgment, had, for his Sins and Ingratitude, taken from him his Spirit of Grace, and delivered him over to the Enemy of his Soul, who brought him to that most dreadful and horrible End, whereunto he is come ; from the which, God of his Mercy defend all Christian People, and preserve the Queen's Majesty from the Treasons of her Subjects, that The may live in all Happiness, to see the Ruin of her Enemies Abroad and at Home; and that she, and we, her true and loving Subjects, may be always thankful to God for all his Blessings bestowed upon us by her, the only Maintainer of his Holy Gospel among us.
A Letter written to the Lower House of Parliament.
By Sir John Suckling.
To my noblé Friends in the Lower House of Parliament. If my Country had held me worthy to have served in this Parliament,
I I had now been a Member of your Lower House, as formerly I have been in sundry other Parliaments: But how unkindly soever the dealeth with me, I will ever shew my Thankfulness to her, and deliver, by Way of Observation, what I have heretofore learned in that grave and wife Afsembly, for Admonishment to the elder, and a Path-way for the younger to walk in.
Parliaments, in my Time, have been wont to take up some Space at the first Meeting to settle the House, and to determine of unlawful Elections, and in this Point, they never had greater Cause to be circumspect than at this Time ; for, by an Abuse lately crept in, there is introduced a Custom, which, if it be not foreseen and prevented, will be a great Derogation to the Honour, and weakening to the Power of the House, where the Law giveth a Freedom to Corporations to elect Burgesses, and forbiddeth any indirect Course to be taken in their Election; many of the Corporations are become so base-minded and timorous, that they will not hazard the Indignation of a Lord Lieutenant's Letter, who under-hand sticks not to threaten them with the Charge of a Musket, or a Horse in a Muster, if that he hath not the Election of the Burgesses, and not they themselves.
And commonly chose that the Lords recommend, are such as desire it for Protection, or are so ignorant of the Place they serve for, as there being Occasion to speak of the Corporation for which they are chosen, they have asked their Neighbours sitting by, whether it were a Sea or a Land Town.
If you seek not to prevent this kind of Choice, these Mischiefs will fol. low.
The Freedom of the Subject will be lessened.
Men outlawed, and Law-breakers, will be the Law-makers. The Voices of the House shall be at the Dispose of the Lords of the Upper House, and the Assembly of the Commons will be made needless; Gentlemen of far remote Countries may spare their Labour to come up; for their No's shall be contradicted with two Yea's, and that by such Men, if they be examined, as are not liable to Taxes or Subsidies, Loans, or other Payments; they shall enjoy their Ends, to wit, Liberty and Freedom, during
arge one Burgecords relace they,