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upon Earth delign to make their bodd ibat has done the great have fettled the
never shewn the least Sign of Remorse; I may venture, without being a Con· jurer, to know so much of his Heart, as to believe he would repeat his Attempt,
if it were in his Power. I must needs quote some following Lines in the same Page, which are of an extraordinary Kind, and seem to describe the blessed 'Age we should live in, under the Return of the late Administration. It is very well (faith he) that People's Heads are to stand on their Shoulders as long as the Laws will let them ; if it depended upon any Thing besides, it may be your L- ps seven Heads might be as soon cut off, as that one Gentleman's, were you in Power. Then he concludes the Paragraph with this charitable Prayer, in the true Moderation-Style, and in Italick Letters, May the Head that has done the Kingdom the greatest Mischief, fall first, let it be whose it will. The plain Meaning of which is this : If the late
M Y were in Power, they would act just as the present
M y would, if there were no Law, which perhaps may be true: But I know not any M y upon Earth, that I durft confide in without Law; and if at their coming in again, they design to make their power the Law, they may as easily cut off feven Heads as ane. As for the Head that has done the greatest Mischief to the Kingdom, I cannot consent it should fall, till he and I have fectled the Meaning of the Word Mischief. Neither do I much approve this renewing an old Fashion of whipping off Heads by a Prayer ; it began from what some of us think an ill Precedent. Then that unlimnited Claufe, let it be whose it will, perplexes me not a little : I wish, in Compliance with an old Form, he had excepted my Lord Mayor : Otherwise, if it were to be determined by their Vote, whofe Head it was that had done the greatest Mischief ; which way can we tell how far their Predecessors Principles may have influenced them ? God preserve the Qu— and her
M rs from such undirtinguishing Disposers of Heads.
His Remarks upon what the Ordinary told Hoffman, are singular enough. The Ordinary's Words are, that so many Endeavours were used to corrupt Gregg's Conscience, &c. that he felt as much Uneasiness left Gregg jould be. tray bis Master, as if it had been his own Case. The Author of the Letter says to this, that for ought the Ordinary knew, be might confefs what was exatly true of bis Master ; and that therefore, an indifferent Perfon might as well be uneasy, for fear Gregg should discover something of bis Master, that would touch bis Life, and yet might have been true. But if these were really the Ordinary's Thoughts at that Time, they were honest and reasonable. He knew it was highly improbable that a Person of Mr.
H y's Character and Station should make use of such a Confederate in Treason : If he had sufpected his Loyalty, he could not have suspected his Understanding ; and knowing how much Mr. H y was feared and hated by the Men in Power, and observing that Resort to Gregg at unfeasonable Hours, and that strange Pro. mises were often made bim by Men of Note; all this put together, might naturally incline the Ordinary to think, the Design could be nothing else, but that Mr. Hmmy should be accused in spight of his Innocence.
This Charge of Subornation is, it seems, so extraordinary a Crime, that the Author challenges all the Books in the new L- d's Library (because he hears it is the largest) to furnish us with an Instance like it. What if this Charge should be true? Then I, in my Turn, would challenge all the Books in another L- d's Library, which is ten Times larger (though perhaps not so often disturbed) to furnish us with an Instance like this. If it be so monstrous a Thing to accuse others of Subornation, what Epithet is left to bestow upon those who are really guilty of the Crime itself? I think it beyond Controversy, that Subornation was practised in the Business of Gregg: This manifeftly appears from those few Facts I have mention'd: Let the Whigs agree among them where to fix it. Nay, 'cis plain, by the great Endeavours made to ftifle his last Speech, that they would have suborned the poor Man even after he was dead : And is this a Maiter now to be call'd in Question, much less to be denied ?
He compares the Examination of Guiscard with that of Gregg, talks of several great Persons who examin’d the former in Prison, and promised him the Queen's Pardon if he would make a full Discovery. Then the Author puts the Case, How wicked it would be to charge these bonourable Counsellors with suborning Guiscard by Promises of Life, &c. to accuse the Innocent, and betray bis Friends. Does it any where appear that those Noble Persons who examined Guiscard, put leading Questions to him, or pointed out where they would have him fix an Accusation? Did they name fome mortal Enemy of their own, and then drop Words of Pardon and Reward, if he would accuje bim? Did Guiscard leave any Paper behind him, to justify the Innocence of some great person whom he was tempted to accuse? Yet perhaps I could think of certain People, who were much more likely to act in Concert with Guifcard, than ever Mr. He was to be Confederate with Gregg. I can imagine several who willi'd the Pen-knife in Mr. Hm 's Heart, though Guiscard alone was desperate enough to attempt it. Who were those, that by their Discourses, as well as Countenances, discover'd their Joy when the Blow was struck? Who were those that went out, or stood silent, when the Address and Congratulation were voted? And who were those that refin'd lo far as to make Mr. H- Confederate with his own Alasin?
There is one Point which this Author affirms more than once or twice in a transient Way, as if he would have us suppose it a Thing granted ; but is of such a Weight, that it wants nothing but Truth to make che late Change of Miny a very useless and dangerous Proceeding : For so it must be allow'd, if, as he affirms, Affairs are still under the like Management, and must be fo, because there is no better ; that this Set of Men must take the same Courses in their Ministration with their Predecessors, or ton Times worse; that the new Servants go on in the old Methods, and give the same Counsel and Advice, on the like Occasions, with the old ones ; with more to the same Purpose. A Man may affirm, without being of the Cabinet, that every Syllable of this is absolutely false ; unless he means, that Money is still raised by Parliament, and borrow'd upon new Funds; that the D. of M. still commands
the Army; that we have a Treasurer, Keeper, President, and Secretaries, as we had before; and that because the Council meets much about the same Times and Places as formerly, therefore they give the same Advice, and pursue the same Measures. What does he think of finding Funds to pay the old unprovided for Debt of the Navy, and erecting a Company for the South-Sea Trade? What does he think of Mr. Hill's Expedition to preserve our Trade in the West-Indies? What of the Methods taken to make our Allies pay their Quota's to the War, which was a Thing so scandalously either neglected, connived at, or encouraged? What of the Care to retrench the exorbitant Expences of the Spanish War? What of those many Abuses and Corruptions at Home, which have been so narrowly enquired into, and in a good Part redress’d? Evils so deeply radicated, must require some Time to remedy them, and cannot be all set right in a few Months. Besides, there are some Circumstances known by the Names of Honour, Probity, good Sense, great Capacity for Business; as likewise, certain Principles of Religion and Loyalty, the Want or Possession of all which, will make a mighty Difference even in the Pursuit of the same Measures. There is also one Characteristick which will ever distinguish the late Mi- y from the present, That the former sacrificing all Regards to the Increase of their Wealth and Power, found those were no otherwise to be preserved, but by Continuance of the War; whereas the Interest, as well as Inclinations of the present, dispose them to make use of the first Opportunities for a safe and honourable Peace,
The Writer goes on upon another parallel Case, which is, the modern Way of reflecting upon a Prince and Mi--. He tells us, That the Qu— was brought to discard ber old Officers through the Multitude of Complaints, secret Teazings, and importunate Clamors of a Rout of People, led by their Priests, and spirited under-hand ly crafty Emissaries. Would not any one who reads this imagine, that the whole Rabble, with the Clergy at their Head, were whispering in the Qu-n's Ear, or came in Disguise to defire a Word with her Mary, like the Army of the two Kings of Brentford? The unbias'd Majority of the Nobility and Gentry of the Kingdom, are callid, by this Son of Obscurity, a Rout of People, and the Clergy their Leaders. We have often accus'd that Party for their evil Talent of Railing perpetually against the Clergy, which they discovered at first without any visible Reason or Provocation, as conscious of the Designs they had in View, and therefore wisely began by villifying those whom they intended to destroy. I have observ'd formerly, that the Party-Malice against the Clergy hath been so blind and furious, as to charge them with Crimes wholly inconsistent. I find they are still in the same Disposition, and that this Writer hath received Direction from bis Superiors, to pursue the old Style upon that Article. Accordingly, in the Paragraph I am now upon, he represents that Reverend Body as Leaders, Cullies, and Tools. First he says, That Root of Secret Teazers (meaning the Nobility and Gentry of the Kingdom) were led by the Priests. Then he assures us, that the Qu- will, in a Year or two, begin to consider,
old Officers tris of a Rout would not any
Who it was that cheated those poor Priests. And in case Her M- y should have a Mind to bring in the old Mi- y again, he comforts his Party, That the Priests are seldom-wanting to become the Tools of cunning Managers. I desire to know in what Sense he would have us to underitand, that these poor Priests have been cheated? Are they cheated by a Fund establish'd for Building 50 Churches ? Or by the Q 's Letter, empowering them to proceed on the Business proper for a Convocation? What one single Advantage could they possibly lose by this Change? They are still indeed abus'd every Day in Print, but ic is by those who are without the Power to hurt them; the Serpent has lost his Sting, is trodden under Foot, and its billing is contemned. But he confidently affirms, That when it shall be thought fit to restore the old Mi-y, the Priests will not be wanting to become the Tools of their cunning Managers. This I cannot by any Means allow, unless they have some hidden Reserve of Cunning, which hath never yet been produced. The cunningest Managers I ever knew among them, are of all others most detested by the Clergy: Neither do I remember they have been ever able to make any of them Tools, except by making them B-ps; even those few they were able to seduce, would not be their Tools at a lower Rate.
But because this Author, and others of his Standard, affect to make use of that Word Tool, when they have a Mind to be shrewd and fatyrical; I desire once for all to set them right. A Tool and an Instrument, in the metaphorical Sense, differs thus: The former is an Engine in the Hands of Knaves, the latter, in those of wise and honest Men. The greatest Mi s are Instruments in the Hands of Princes, and so are Princes themselves in the. Hands of God; and in this Sense the Clergy are ready to be Instruments of any Good to the Prince or People. But that the Clergy of England, since the Reformation, have at any Time been the Tools of a Party, is a Calumny which History and constant Experience will immediately confute. Schismatick and Fanatick Preachers have indeed been perpetually employ'd that Way with good Success ; by the Faction against K. Charles I. to murder their Prince, and ruin the Monarchy; by K. James II. to bring in Popery : And ever since the Revolution, to advance the unmeasurable Appetite of Power and Wealth, among a Set of profligate Upstarts. But in all these three Instances, the established Clergy (except a very few, like Tares among Wheat, and those generally sown by The Enemy) were so far from being Tools, that in the first, they were persecuted, imprisoned and deprived; and in the two others, they were great Instruments, under God, for preserving our Religion and Liberty.
In the fame Paragraph, which contains a Project for turning out the present Mi- y, and restoring the last, he owns, that the Q a is now served with more obsequious Words, more humble Adorations, and a more seeming ReSignation to her Will and Pleasure, then he was before. And indeed, it this. be not true, her M- has the worst Luck of any Prince in Christendom. The Reverse of these Phrases I take to be rude Expresons, infolent Beha. viour, and a real Opposition to her. M 's most just and reasonable Com
mands, mands, which are the mildest Terms that the Demeanor of some late Perrons towards their Prince can deserve, in return of the highest Favours that Sub
jects ever received, whereof a hundred Particulars might be produced. So .that, according to our Author's Way of Reasoning, I will put a parallel Case 'in my Turn. I have a Servant to whom I am exceeding kind, I reward him in finitely above his Merit: Besides which, he and his Family snap every Thing they can lay their Hands on; they will let none come near me, but themselves and Dependents ; they misrepresent my best Friends as my greatest Enemies; besides, they are so laucy and malepart, there is no speaking to them ; so far from any Respect, that they treat me as an Inferior. At last I pluck up Spirit, turn them all out of Doors, and take in new ones, who are content with what I allow them, tho' I have less to spare than formerly; give me their best Advice when I ask it, are constantly in the Way, do what I bid them, make a Bow when they come in and go out, and always give me a respectful Answer. I suppose the Writer of the Letit r would tell me that my present Domesticks were indeed a little more civil, but the former were better Servants.
There are two Things wherewith this Author is peculiarly angry. First, at the licentious Way of the Scum of Mankind treating the greatesi Peers in Ibe Nation. Secondly, that these Hedge-Writers (a Phrase I unwillingly lend him, because it cost me fome Pains to invent) feldom speak a Word against any of the late Mimy, but they presently fall to compliment my L-d Tr , and others in great Places. On the first, he brings but one Instance, but I could produce a good many Hundred; what does he think of the Observator, the Review, and the Medley? In his own impartial Judgment, may not they as fairly bid for being the Scum of Mankind, as the Examiner? And have they not treated at least as many, and almost as great Peers, in as infamous a Manner? I grant indeed, that through the great Defect of Truth, Genius, Learning, and common Sense among the Libellers of that Party, they being of no Entertainment to the World, after serving the present Turn, were immediately forgotten. But this we can remember in gross, that there was not a great Man in England, distinguish'd for his Love to the Monarchy or the Church, who, under the Appellations of Tory, Jacobite, High-flyer, and other Cant Words, was not represented as a publick Enemy, and loaden by Name with all Manner of Obloquy. Nay, have they not even disturbed the Ashes, and endeavoured to blast the Memories of the Dead, and chiefly of those who lost their Lives in the Service of the Monarchy and the Church? His other Quarrel is at our Flattering my L-d Tr—, and other Great Persons in Power. To which I shall only fay, for every Line written in Praise of the present Ministry, I will engage to furnish the Author with three Pages of the most fulsom Panegyricks on the least deserving Members of the last; which is somewhat more than by the Proportion of Time, while they were in Power, could fall to their Share. Indeed, I am apt to think that the Men of Wit at least, will be more sparing in their Incense of this kind for the future, and say no more of any Great Man now at the Helm, chan they