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for his Money, when his Commodity is sold, and scarce dare ask, and not dare

arrest a Courrier for what he oweth, for Fear of his Master. And the . Countryman's Hedges will be broken down, his Corn trampled on, and spoiled,

or eaten by the Game, and, to complain of which, will be accounted a Crime litele less than Treason, · These and such are the Things you must expect, said he, if you set up one

Single Person, and who would be so mad, God having so lignally witnessed a.

gainst the King and House of Lords? The much Blood that hath been shed, . and the valt Treasure that hath been expended, and the Controversy decided on

our Puris, witnesses aloud against it. Further, said he, I am confident, chat, whoever they be, that shall go about to settle a Court in this Nation, God will destroy and bring to nought, and Confusion will be to them and their Posterity; and, said he, if ever I should go about any such Thing, I desire God would never bless me, nor mine,

He farther declared, that God had borne Wieness against the Parliament, for that they were intending to make Peace with the late King, and to settle him ; telling fome Members of the then Parliament and Army, when they spoke of Seteling the Government in one Gingle Person, that God would destroy them : some for going about to settle Iniquity by a Law and others for not Piotesting against them, and for not Declaring their Protest to the good People of Eng. land. And thus now, gentle Reader, thou hast the Substance of some of the

Reasons urged by the late lord Protector against Monarchy, though suddenly · he leaped into the same himself. But now it may be said, these Reasons are not sufficient to prove the same. Whether they are or not, I shall not now dispute; but, that it may appear to be probable, I present these ensuing Quem


Upon the Whole. I query, whether any Man upon rational Grounds can i expect, that the present Protector, or single Person pretending to Government, · Thall be more honest, righteous, and just, than his deceased Father was?

But more particularly upon the Arguments, 1. T Would query, first, Whether the late Protector did not work over his

Council to fome Things illegal ?

2. Whether Kings formerly, and the Prote&tor lately, did not wax , wanton, and, providing for some few of their Creatures, neglect the Commonalty?

3. Whether our late Experience of a single Person cannot testify,that, though for a small Time he seemed to favour honest Men and Things, yet, when he thought himself seated, Whether, I say, he did not then night both them and it, and become a Favourer of the Contrary? And whether our late Court did not shew more Growth and Increase of Rogues, Bawds, and Whores, than all the Time of our Goiernment by a Commonwealth?

4. Whether a Confederacy has not been made abroad, with our secret Enemies at Home, that so a single Person might the better suppress those that see the Wickedness of his Designs?

5. Whether

5. Whether the fingle Person now pretending to Government, though the Son of a subtle Man, be a wise Man, fic to dispose of Commonwealth Treasure ?

6. Whether the good People of this Nation be' not very sensible of the Expensiveness extraordinary of a single Person, more than of a Commonwealth? And whether they do not find a Want of that vast Treasure expended upon Baubles, Toys, and Geugaws? Such as we of late have had too much Cause to speak of. And whether the Cause of the People's Poverty has not been by Means of purchasing I.ands to the Family of the late Protector, as well as High-Spaniola Business ?

7. Whether the late Person fet up did not judge himself above Law? And whether he did not tyrannise over Men's Persons, restraining both them and their Liberty ? And whether the Mercy he has pretended to, in the Execution thereof, has not been very Cruelty ?

8. Whether the late single Person, to uphold his and his Courtiers Volup: tuousness, has not been ready to uphold what Monopolies he found on Foot, and likewife to devise new Ways to the fame Purpose? And whether the Cie tizen has not had Experience of Court-payment, and the Countryman; though fad, of the Spoiling of his Fences, and Destroying of his Crop, by them that belong to the Court? And that they please to call their Game. And, if there be the Beginnings, What will the End be? And therefore, for a Closure, I must fay, What shall we say, or do, more than the King Protector has faid and done?

Now to conclude: I humbly present to Consideration; Whether, upon a die ligent, ferious Weighing of the present Action, and past Management of State-affairs, of some, being Lawyers, &c. raised from a low Estate to fit in Council, and become great Favourites at Court, it may not be found, and clearly seen, that they have a Design to bring in Charles Stuart? For, if they first bring in a single Person, and grant that, the next Dispute will be, Whether the one Family, or the other, has most Right? And who has most Interest, Charles, or Richard, I think, asketh no long Time to answer. Farther, I would add, Whether it be not more likely to attain to the Practice of that golden Rule, do as you would be done to, under the Government of a Commonwealth, in which Law-makers are liable to be judged by the Law made, rather than under a Monarchical Government, where or in which One, if fettled, is above Law, and accountable to none? Who, though never so wicked and unjust, cannot be removed, but by an extraordinary Providence, as was the Case of the late King and Protector.

Now, whereas it is endeavoured, by some Court Parasites, to insinuate into the People, That that, which the Commonwealth Party aims at, is an Involving of the Nations in Blood and Confusion, I would meekly tender, Whether their Deportment and Behaviour, under che almost insupportable Burden of the Tyranny of late Times, in which their Rights and Liberties have lain bleeding, hath given any just Cause of such Suspicion? Or rather, Whether their Pacie' ence has not manifested, their Hope hath been and still is in God, from whom, by the Means of a lawful free Parliament, they only expect Deliverance? Which is a Vindication sufficient, not only from what is now suggested against them,

busi but also from that old Brand, that the late Protector, in a Letter to the late King, while at Hampton-Court, gave them, viz. Levellers; and that their Work would be to kill the King, and levy all Men's Eltates, by which Means he effected his End, vix an Incensing of the People and the other part of the Army against them: Which when he had done, be easily carried on his wicked Designs, which since have came to publick View ; for a Deliverance from whịch are the Prayers of all true Englishmen.

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A LETTER written by the Emperor to the late King

James, setting forth the true Occasion of his Fall, and

the Treachery and Cruelty of the French, This Letter, written by the Emperor of Germany to King James the Second, after bis Abdication, setting forth the Causes of his Majesty's Desertion by his Sub, jeets, is a proper Caveat to such Princes, always to preserve their Subjects in their juft Rights, both in Church and Slate, as tbe best Means to deserve their Affection, and to secure the Throne to themselves, and their Pofteritý, LEOPOLD, &C. IT E have received your Majesty's Letters, dated from St. Germains,

V the Sixth of February last, by the Earl of Carlingford, your Envoy

☺ in our Court : By them we have understood the Condition your • Majesty is reduced to ; and that you, being deserted after the landįng of the • Prince of Orange, by your Army, and even by your domestic Servants, and by ç those you most confided in, and almost by all your Subjects, you have been « forced, by a sudden Flight, to provide for your own Safety, and to seek

Shelter and Protection in France : Lastly, that you desire Asistance from us, ! for the recovering your Kingdoms. We do assure your Majesty, that, as soon as • We heard of this severe Turn of Affairs, We were moved at it, not only : with the common Sense of Humanity, but with much deeper Impressions, • suitable to the sincere Affection which We have always borne to you. And We

were heartily sorry, that, at last, that was come to pass, which (though we ç hoped for better Things) yet our own sad I houghts had suggested to us o would ensue. If your Majesty had rather given Credit to the friendly Re. monstrances that were made You, by Our late Envoy, the Count de Kaunitz,

in Our Name, than the deceitful Insinuations of the French, whose chief Aim ? was, by fomenting continual Divisions between You and Your People, to gain ! thereby an Opportunity to insult the more securely over the rest of Christen. dom: And if your Majesty had put a Stop, by Your Force and Authority, to

their many Infractions of the Peace, of which, by the Treaty of Nimegen, you 6 are made the Guarantee, and to that End enter'd into Consultations with Us, and such others, as have the like just Sentiments in this Matter: We are verily persuaded, that, by this Means, you lould have, in a great Measure, quieted

the the Minds of Your People, which were so much already exasperated through

their Aversion to our Religion,* and the publick Peace had been preserved, as s well in Your Kingdoms, as here, in the Roman Empire. But now we refer it çeven to Your Majerty, to judge what Condition We can be in to afford you 'any Amítance, We being not only engaged in a War with the Turks, but • finding Ourselves at the same Time unjurkly and barbarously attack'd by the * French, contrary ro, and against the Faith of Treaties, they then reckoning

themselves Recure of England.t And this ought not to be conceal'd; that o the greatert lajuries, which have been done to our Religion, I have Aow'd

from no other than the French themselves ; who not only esteem it lawful for o them, to mizke perfidious Leagues with ll the sworn Enemies of the Holy • Cross, tit tending to the Destruction both of Us, and 'the whole Christian 14 World, in order to the checking our Endeavours, which were undertaken for 'the Glory of God, and to stop those Successes, which it hath pleased Almighty * God to give us hitherto ; but further, have heap'd one Treachery on another, is even within the Empire itself. $ The Cities of the Empire, which were fur "render'd upon Articles, fign'd by the Dauphin himself, have been exhausted by

exceffive Impositions; and after their being exhausted, have been plunder'd', i and after plundering, have been burnt and erazed. The Palaces of Prince's, ? which in all Times, and even the most destructive Wars, have been preserved, * are now burnt down to the Ground.' The Churches are rob'd, and fuch, as * submitted themselves to them, are, in a molt barbarous Manner, carry'd away (as Slaves. In short, it is become a Diversion to them, to commit all Manner • of Insolences and Cruelties in many Places, but chiefly in Catholick Countries,

exceeding the Cruelties of the Turks themselves: Which, having imposed an - absolute Necessity upon us to secure Ourselves, and the Holy Roman Empire, • by the best Means we can think on, and that no less against them, than against

the Turks; We promise Ourselves, from Your Justice, ready Assent to this,

chat it ought not to be imputed to Us, if We endeavour to procure, by a juft * War, that Security to Ourselves, which we could not hitherto obtain by fo many Treaties; and that, in order to the obtaining thereof, We take Measures for our mutual Defence and Preservation, with all those who are equally concern'd in the same Design with Us. It remains, that We beg of God, that • He would direct 'all Things to His Glory, and that he would grant Your Ma. * jesty true and solid Comforts under this your great Calamity. We embrace You

with the tender Affections of a Brother,

At Vienna, the gtb of April, 1689.

•. * Which made use of so many unjust and cruel Means to gain its Establishment.

Under a Prince; that, to accomplish the Slavery of his Subjects, was making himself Tributary and Valjal of France. . $ Popery. The Turks: ++ Viz. All Christians, i $ How juftly does this represent the present and late Actions of the French in Germany."

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The Causes and Manner of the deposing of a Popill King

in Sweden truly described. Printed 1688. Utavus Ericson King of Sweden, having settled the Reformed Religion I in Sweden, and reigned thirty-eight Years, left his Kingdom to his

Son Erick, who, for his Cruelty and ill Government, was deposed, and his whole Line exhereditated, to make Way for John Duke of Finland, his younger Brother.

Jobon had a Son, called Sigismond, who being secretly bred up in the Romila Religion by his Mother, who was of the Sagellonian Royal Family of Poland, was in his Father's Time elected King of Poland.

The said King Jobn had also a younger Brother, called Charles Duke of $udermania, Nericia, &c. and a younger Son of his own Name, called, Duke of Ofrogothia.

King John died in the Year 1592, in the Absence of King Sigismond, his el. dest Son; during which, Charles, Duke of Sudermania, his, Uncle, at the Delire of the States, took upon him the Government: But sent to invite his Nephew „Sigismond, to come and take Poffesfion of his Native Kingdom, as soon as might be: Promiling in the mean Time, to keep all quiet, and intimating, that he hoped his Majesty, when in Poffeffion, would maintain all in the true Religion and divine Worship, and preserve the Laws of Sweden. ,

At the End of the Year he arrived in Sweden, having in his Company Fraga cesco Malespina the Pope's Legate, who hindered him long from consenting to any Security, either for Religion or Property; but finding the Coronation would be obstructed without that, he gave Way, as having yet, as the Histo-rian fays, one Starting-hole remaining, which was, that Faith was not to be kept towards Hereticks. In the mean Time, he himself would have crowned the King in the Cathedral at Upsal, but was opposed by the Archbishop of Upfal, whose Right it was, even if that Kingdom had been Popish.

The Coronation being over, which had been delayed above a Year, durin which Time, several secret Attempts had been made upon Charles, Duke of Sudermania, to make him away, King Sigismond, contrary to his Coronation Oath, erected a Popish Church in the Capital City, and made a great Man of his Religion, Governor of the Castle of Stockholm, in which the Records of the Chancery, and the Arms and Ammunition of the Kingdom were kept, and in the Port were the best Part of the Royal Navy, under Command of the Castle,

A certain Jesuit, called Adam Steinball; obtained the Arcentian Temple, and the Queen's Illand, with the Vastbeman Monastery, which was presently filled with Romifs Priests.

Sigismond also, by his Followers and Attendants, continually affronted the Etablished Religion, and was sending into Poland for a Body of Forces, able


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