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pon Thus does it has ever beene being a Pro
of what they before inculcated: And notwithstanding all their specious Pretences are no other than as the Vipers in our Conftitution ; for which Reason no Eye can be too watchful, or Law too strict, that shall be made against them, since it is much safer Dealing with an open Enemy than a Hypocrite. Those few among them, whose Consciences are truly scrupulous, ought in all Reason to enjoy the Benefit of her Majesty's most gracious Indulgence, but for the Body of them, the Church of England should guide themselves by this unerring Maxim, That in having once treacberously undermined and subverted the establisk'd Government of this Kingdom, the Blame justly lies against them; but if we permit them to play the same Game over again, the Sin is most certainly at our own Door : And if ic shall be thought proper in this Session to deprive them of what they always had Recourse co, some Years past, as an Asylum for whatever Villainies they have transacted (by reviving the Occasional Bill) no Arguments can be more fitly made Use of than the foregoing ones, brought by themselves against the Independents.
Thus does it plainly appear how prejudicial to the Nation, as well as fatal to themselves, it has ever been, when the Clergy have pretended to interfere in the Political Admini Aration, that being a Province into which they have not the least Business to inquire; and nothing would be more highly resented by them, than if the Parliament should undertake the Management and Regulation of their Ecclefiaftical Canons and Constitutions ; but at the same Time nothing is more reasonable than this would be, for if they will not keep within their own Sphere, but be continually dictating to that great Asembly what Laws they shall make and what not, by the same Rule they ought from thence to be limited what Doctrines are most proper for them to preach, : As all Mankind must agree that Archbilhop Laud was the greatest Divine in the Age he lived, at the same Time they must acknowledge him the worst Poliţician; which Error drew as many Inconveniencies upon the Church, as Abbot's not being sufficiently qualified for so great a Post as he fillid; more especially in succeeding a Person of Dr. Bancroft's Abilities, and whose Death the * Histo. rian declares could never be enough lamented. “He understood the Church
excellently, and had almost rescued it out of the Hands of the Calvinian Paroty, and very much subdued the unruly Spirit of Nonconformists, countenanced ? Men of the greatest Parts in Learning, and disposed the Clergy to a more solid • Course of Study, than they had been accustom'd to, and it he had lived, I would have quickly extinguish'd all that Fire in England which had been
kindled at Genevn; and that Infection would easily have been kept out, which 6 could not afterwards be so easily expell’d.'
Such are the Men who will be had in everlasting Remembrance, and whose Memories will ever smell sweet in the Nostrils of Posterity. And as an equal Parallel to Archbishop Bancroft, I think I may safely name chat perfect Model of Apoftolical Piety, the late learned, and never to be enough lamented Bishop Beveridge, who to those Souls committed to his Charge was continually, with the most Brotherly Affection, preaching, rebuking, and exhorting them to attain Y y 2
* Clarendon, vol. I. p. 88.
that Crowon of Glory laid up for the Righteous. Herein consists the true Office and Autbority of the Priesthood; and the following of his Example is what I most earnestly recommend to the whole Body of our Clergy, and that laying aside all other Disputes than what affect the fundamental Principles and Doctrines of the Christian Religion, they should, in their pastoral Care, be continually watching, over, and directing their Flocks to follow the Lamb whither foever be goeth. Then with him shall they enter into the Joy of their Lord, be made Partakers of immortal Glory, and shine as Stars in the Firmament!
These are the Patterns highly worthy of Imitation ! who invite us to practise the great Ducies of Brotherly Love and Charity, far superior to the Treatment we now give one another, by ftigmatizing ourselves with Appellations equally as false as odious; and as my Lord Clarendon has very juftly observed in Archbishop Laud's Character, that the Calvinian Faction in his Time made use of that sense. Jess Appellation, of traducing every well-meaning Person with the Name of Papift, who expressd a more than ordinary Zeal for the Church of England ; so equally heinous is it on our Side, to asperse thofe who are call'd Low-ChurchMen as being directly in the Presbyterian Interest, when nothing is more certain than that they have not only the least Tendency to, but on the contrary have the justest Abhorrence of any such Principles.
'Tis now Time to halten to a Conclusion, which I shall do after having made a short Application to Dr. Francis Atterbury, who, I understand, is chosen Pro. locutor of the Convocation. It that venerable Assembly meets, I hope they will answer the Ends of their Inftitution, and do something in reality for the Good of the Church, by not only discountenancing all irreligious Tenets, but punishing the Authors of them: Which will be much more commendable than their former Behaviour, in continually quarrelling one with another, the Lower House alferting their Power and Privilege against the Upper, and by continual Replies and Defences on both sides spun out a long useless Controversy, which, instead of being of the least Service to Religion, was wholly dedructive of it; of this the Dean of Carlisle knows himself to have been but too guilty. It would, Sir, be the greatest Piece of Service you could do, to persuade him to apply those extraordinary Talents, with which he is endow'd, to more folid Studies than he has hitherto been accustom’d; and to convince him, that turning Examiner, and writing Epigrams upon Flavia's Fan, do not at all suit with the Dignity of the Sacerdotal Funktion. As to the ungenteel Treatment Mr. Hoadley has lately met with from him, by Slapder and Calumny under an Anonymous Covert, I Mall not take the least Notice, Mr. Hoadley being best able to defend himself, which indeed he has so well done, that I dare believe there never will be any Reply : but if there should, Mr. Dean may depend upon having all his Siftings, Windings and Evasions, fully laid open and represented in their true Light.
To conclude, I will not enter into any Detail of the Doctrines of Passive Obedience and Non-Resistance. I am sorry to see our Disputes run so high upon those Points ; it is most evident, that the Affertors of an Unlimited Obedience are al. ways forced to give Ground; and that the Patrons of Resistance, by inculcating their Doctrine with so great a Vehemency, do a real Mischief to the Publick, by
creating Uneasinesses in the Minds of the People : For as a late * Author has judiciously remark’d, The Impression of Self-Preservation is so strong upon Hu• man Nature, as not only to fupercede all other Provision, but to render it in• significant: 'Tis no Case in the Conduct of Human Life, that can be improved • by any Reasoning, what a Man is to do when he is driven by a Sword to the 6 Walls
Upon the whole, since Dr. Sacbeverell and Mr. Hoadley are the Marks at which all our present Controversies are leveld, I must freely declare my Sentiments, that I think the one has rail'd fcurrilously, and the other writ judiciously in Defence of the Church of England.
I shall close all with the excellent Judgment of the + Archbishop of York in these Matters (being entirely of his Opinion) which plainly demonstrates that the Clergy ought not to concern themselves with political Affairs. As the • Laws of the Land are the Measures of our Active Obedience, so are also the
same Laws the Measures of our Submission; and as we are not bound to obey,
but where the Laws and Constitution require our Obedience, so neither are we « bound to submit, but as the Laws and Constitution do require our Submission. If
a Preacher in the Pulpit should prefume to give his Judgment about the Manage• ment of Publick Affairs, or to lay down Doctrines as from Chrif about the Forms
and Models of Kingdoms and Commonwealths, or to adjust the Limits of the
Prerogative of the Prince, or of the Liberties of the Subject in our present Go 6 vernment: I say, if a Divine should meddle with such Matters as these in his
Sermons, I do not know how he can be excused from the just Censure of med. • dling with Things that nothing concern him. This is indeed a practising in State . Matters; and is usurping an Office that belongs to another Profession, and to · Men of another Character ; and I should account it every whit as indecent in ' a Clergy-Man to take upon him to deal in thefe Points, as it would be for • him to determine Titles of Land in the Pulpit, which are in Difpute in Weft• minster-Halli'
Now, SIR, heartily wishing that what I have said may have the defired Effect for which it was sincerely intended, by contributing in some Measure towards the Healing our present Animosities, I subscribe myself,
Your most Obedient,
Humble Servant, &c.
* The Vindication and Advancement of our National Constitution, &c. p. 19. + Vide his 30th of Jan. Sermon before the Lords, Anno 1700. p. 20.
A VINDICATION of the Faults on both sides, from
the Reflections of the Medley, the Specimen-Maker, and a Pamphlet entitled Most Faults on one side. With a DISSERTATION on the Nature and Use of Money and Paper-Credit in Trade, and the true Value of JointStocks, maintaining the Affertions of the Author, in Relation to those Matters. By the Author of the Faults on both sides. 1710.
-Si quid novisti re&tius istis, Candidus imperti, fi non bis utere mecum.
T Cannot but acknowledge my great Satisfaction, to observe that my Endea.
vours in the abovemention's Elay have met with so general an Acceptance ;
and the more, since it may be discover'd from such a Disposition in the People to entertain a Discourse of that Nature, with a more general Liking than the partial Writings of either Side, that there is not indeed so great a Bigotry and Adherence to the Factions among us, but that the great Disturbances and Agitations which appear at this Time to be wrought up to a formidable Height through the Nation, will be appeased, and the Angry People on both sides will return to their Duty, and acquiesce in the Wisdom of their Superiors, when they shall see (what good Men confidently hope, whatever lets confiding Men may fear) that those great Men, to whom her Majesty has committed the Conduct of her Affairs, will apply their utmost Care and Diligence to promote the publick Good in every Part of their Administration, and to carry so even an Hand be, tween the opposite Parties, as not to gratify the Expectations of the Violent Men on one side, nor to abridge the other of any Rights, Privileges, or Favours which they now enjoy: Nor is it a less happy Presage, that so popular a Book has past hitherto without any Thing that bears the Appearance of a fair Answer to it, 'Tis true, indeed, that a Party-Paper call'd the Medley has been meddling with it, and another Gentleman has been pleased to employ himself to find Faults in the Fault Finder.
But the First is, indeed, more a Medler than a Maker; he is not a fair Antagonist, he trafficks all in Quotations without Argument or Conclusion ; one knows not what he would be at, the Spirit of his paper is all High W'big, and yet when I say what is commendable of the Whigs, and censure the Tories, he still cites both with an Air of Dislike; he is a Dab at the Undertanding of our Business and Credit, but I believe I shall few that he knows nothing of the Matter,
when I come to speak of those Things to more worthy Inquirers ; he is admi. rable at his short Turns of sheer Wit, and has all Manner of Misrepresentation at Command ; in short, 'tis worth no serious Man's while to trace him in his Mazes ; he abounds in Stories, and tells them pretty enough to tickle such as can't distinguish in his Allusions to Persons and Things, between a faint Resemblance in some Circumstances, and no Manner of Similitude in the original Mo. tives and Consequence of the Action; for the same Fact may be highly commendable in one, which is wicked in another, according to their different Design in the End; but general Characters may be made to fit any Body in some Particulars, and perhaps his Story of Galigai, in the worst Instances, may be more agreeably applied to another (Quondam) great Favourite-Lady than to the Person he means; all People won't hold Pace with him in all his strain'd Applications either of Malice or Flattery : But I am gone out of my Way to touch at these Things, and I must take Care of engaging myself too far with a Person of this Gentleman's great Accomplishments, for though he mistakes me for some great Man, yet the World may know him to be a Man of the Belles Lettres, a Wit, a Declaimer, a Mythologist, a Poet, and a learned Historian: I pretend to none of these excellent Talents, I see and acknowlege him to be above my Match, so I will leave him, and content myself to deal in plain Truths, and undeniable Facts, and treat of such Matters as may conduce to the Good of my Country, which yet may be remembred to Pofterity when the Vapours of hot Brains are dissolved into Air. However, at my parting with this Gentleman, I'll presume to entertain my Readers with one Story too, which (barring all Reflection) may perhaps seem as opposite as some of his. 'Tis not full an Hundred Years ago, when a certain grave Divine, who enjoy'd a Benefice in Hertfordmire, had bred up a Son to the Church; the young Man coming home from the University had a Mind to shew his Accomplishments in his Father's Pulpit, buc he was so full of his Scholastick Conceits, and scatter'd his fashy Wit at such a Rate, that the good old Man, being no longer able to bear him, call'd out aloud, come down Coxcomb, come down; and ascending the Pulpit himself, preached an edifying Sermon to his Parishioners, .
I shall also have something to say in Answer to the other Author, but I willbeg that Gentleman's Patience till I have first applied myself to give Satisfaction to some 'worthy Persons, Men of Trade and Business, who have in Conversation express'd their Dinike of my Notions concerning Money, Paper-Credit, and Stocks; and if those Gentlemen will bear with me to observe to them that busy Men are more apt to form their Judgment of such Matters from the immediate Use and Convenience which they find thereby, than give themselves Leisure to examine into the true Nature and Effect thereof, I hope I shall be able to convince them that they may be no less deceived in their differing Sentiments now, than most people were formerly in the Opinion that the Denomination of the Species of our Coin ought to have been raised above the old Foor. I shall endeavour therefore, in the following Differtation, to explain those Matters in such a Way as may rectify their Judgments, and reform the erroneous and superficial Ideas which People have long entertain'd thereof, Let it then be consider'd.