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fore I think I may conclude, “That several of the Thirty-nine Articles were noc
confirm'd by the Parliament." For since the Words of the Law have fo plain a Relation to the Distinction of Articles into different kinds, and since a Dif. tinction of Articles into different kinds is confirm’d by Matter of fact, and since that Distinction is a common Distinction in Divinity, I think the Words of the Afi of Parliament bught to be understood conformably to iç. For why should any one suppose the Parliament expressed themselves unaccurately, and that they meant all the Articles con prized in the Imprinted Book, when they speak of those only which concern the Confession of the true Christian Faith, and the * Doctrine of the Sacraments," comprised in that Imprinted Bosk; while taking the Words in the obvious Senfe, and in the Sense agreeable to Matter of Fact, and the Nature of Things, makes then use the most accurate Expression in the World?
How many of our Thirty-nine Articles are stryck out from being established by Law by the foregoing Comment on the Law, cannot be known with that Certainty as if we had the Imprinted Book of Articles recorded, as our other Laws are. Then perhaps we should have seen what Articles were confirm'd, and what were not confirm'd. But since we are deprived of that Light about Re. ligious Matters established by Law, that we have in Civil Matters established by Law, we bave no other way to find the Articles established by Law, but by running over the whole Thirty-nine Articles, and considering the Nature of them. This I do not propose at present to take upon me ; but only beg Leave to observe, That we may be sure we have no Homilies by Law established. For the Homilies are no otherwise supposed to be established by Law, than as they are a Part of the Thirty-nine Articles; the Thirty-fifth whereof affirms them to contain a godly and wholesome Do&trine,and necessary for these Times. And Mr, Wentworth directly says, tbe Article for the Homilies was put out by the House. Though had he not mentioned that Article, the Matter would have otherwise been very plain. For how can an Article, which affirms, That thirtythree Sermons or Homilies do contain a godly and wholesome Doetrine, and necesary for these Times, be one of ţhe Articles of Religion which only concern the Confession of the true Christian Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments? The Articles which only concern the Confession of the Chriftian Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments, are no more concerned whether there should be any Homilies, Cor whether these Sermons or Homilies contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these Times, than they are concerned in the numerous Sermons and Books, cited by Sacheverell's Council in Behalf of Passive Obedience.
What I have said is, I hope, fufficient to carry the Point further than the Author of Prieftcraft in Perfection has done, who has argued on the Supposition, that all the Thirty-nine Articles are established by Law; and to convince any Man that is more concerned for Truth than his own opinion, not only that the Clause of the Church's Power, in the Beginning of the Twentieth Article, is not confirm'd by Law, but that there are several of the Thirty-nine Articles not con* firm'd by Law.
; .. The
The Age of RIDD LE $: or, A true Lift of cer
tain extraordinary Positions, formerly called Contradictions, but now distinguished by no Name at all. Faithfully extracted from several Modern Doctrines and Pra&ices.
Qui color eft Albus, nunc eft contrarius Albo. 1. ALL Government is over-turn’d by Obedience, and established by be
/ ing refifted. Therefore
II. The most eminent Instance of Loyalty is to condemn Subjection; and he is the greatest Rebel that preaches against Rebellion.
III. Those are a Prince's best Subjects, and most faithful Ministers, who deny his Title to the Crown before his Face, and argue against that Right which they are bound by their Offices and their Oaths to defend.
IV. The worst Cause in the World ought to have the worst Managers; and thofe are fittest to cenfure other People's Speeches, that can't read their own.
V. A C- ch must necessarily be in a safe and flourishing Condition, when Bifsops explode its Doctrines, and Lawyers are forced to defend them.
VI. They that know nothing of the Laws of the Land, or act and plead in direct Oppolition to them, either are already
A n ies and SolrĜ is, or ought to be made L-d Ch- ces. . i
VII. Those are the most proper Persons to accuse others of high Crimes and Misdemeanors, who for their Speeches in that very Accusation ought themselves to be hang'd for high Treason.
VIII. Ignorance, Rudeness, Impudence, Dulness, Blunders and Nonsense, are undoubted Proofs of Wit, Learning and good Manners; and the gr offeft Slander, Lying and Injustice, the bitterest Railing, Rage and Malice, are the truest Signs of Christian Charity, Temper and Moderation,
IX. When a Man is condemn'd and punished as a Criminal, his Friends ought to testify their Concern by Bon-fires and Illuminations.
X. It is the Business of the Sons of Arch-bishops to impeach the Church ; of Bishops, to vote a Clergyman guilty of high Crimes and Misdemeanors, for preaching those Doctrines which Christ and his Apostles, and they themselves have preached; of Scorch Peers, to save a Church of England divine from Ruin ; of Presbyterians to pull down Meeting. Houses; of Governors, to discourage the Principles of Obedience, and of the Mob, to rebell in Defence of Loyalty.
The The True, Genuine, TORY - ADDRESS. To which is added, An EXPLANATION of some Hard Terms, now in Ufe; for the Information of all such as Read or Subscribe ADDRESSE S. 1710.
TN this critical Juncture of Affairs, permit us, the most dutiful, and most
peaceable, as well as most numerous, of your Majesty's Subjects, in the L most humble Manner to lay before you our good Dispositions, an i our bestAdvịces, as well with regard to your Sacred Person and Government, as to our happy Constitution, and the true Interest of this Church and Nation. .
It is with Grief that we have observed of late a mighty Zeal to appear for : the Revolution, which we were in good hopes had been by this Time forgotten. Nay, to such a pitch of open, barefaced Impudence are some Men arrived, that they have presumed, even under your Majesty's mild Reign, publickly to defend. those Principles and Practices, which saved your Sacred Life from Destruction, and the Nation from Ruin, and which are the whole Foundation of our present Elablishment ; and openly to confront those many excellent Treatises that have been published to the great Benefit of our whole Constitution, and present Etablishment) in Defence of Absolute Monarchy, and Unlimited Non-Resistance and Unalienable Right. We therefore cannot but elteem this the most proper Time,' to declare our Zeal to be awakened into the utmost Abhorrence of those Republi.' can, Antimonarchical Principles, which alone preserved your Royal Person, and secured to us the unspeakable Happiness of your Government ; and which alone can remove our Fcars of returning again to Popery and Slavery, in Time to come,
Your Majesty has several times expressed a more than ordinary pungent: Sense of that wonderful Out-cry which had been industriously raised, concerning the Danger of the Church of England, under your gracious Reign, We beg Leave, as we have hitheto done, to consult the Serenity of your Royal Mind, by continuing and increasing this moving Cry, till such Faithful Sons, and Bright Ornaments of the Church, as we can confide in, are put into the highest Offices, And in the mean time, whilst this Cry is working our Will through the Nation, if we be called to Account, as offending against the Voice of Queen, Lords, and Commons; we can profess that we found it all upon that Increase of Blajpbory and Profaneness, which threatens Ruin to the Presbyterian Kirk of Scot. land, and all the Diffenting Congregations here, equally with the Church of England. We humbly hope therefore, that so deep and universal a Concern as this, for our Breibren's Presbyterian Churches, as well as our own, can give no just offence to your Majesty, or any good Christian.
Our Es ablisoment, since the late Revolution, being founded upon the Justice of the Nation's having departed from the Right Line; and excinguished the Title of many who might hereafter claim by virtue of a Right merely Hereditary;
and fixed the Succession in the Protestant House of Hanover: in a deep sense of the Oaths we have taken, and in order to make our Zeal for that Illustrious House manifest beyond all Contradiction; we lay hold of the present Season, to declare our whole Regard to be for your Majesty's Title, as far as it is Hereditary; not knowing, nor being able to judge, how far it is fo: But not doubting that this will be an unanswerable Demonstration of our being the truest Friends to your Majesty, as it will ever remain a certain Proof to the whole world that we are entirely in the Interest of that Illustrious Family, which is, unhappily, void of all Pretence to an Hereditary Right.
Thus do we, according to your Royal Direction, contend with our Brethreil, who shall most effectually secure the Protestant Succession,
Your Majesty recommends with the utmost Earnestness an Union of Affection amongst your Subjects. And indeed the Circumstances of this Nation, the Importance of the War abroad, and the Danger we are in from a powerful Common Enemy, might seem an irresistible Motive to it. And so deeply are we touched with what seems most of all to affect the Serenity of your Royal Mind, that in or
neindin har en modellen Follow der to this, we are continually doing what we can to persuade all our Fellow-Subjefts into one well-compacted Body; that is, our own Party. But if they will not yield to the most persuasive Arguments of Raillery and Abuses, we most humbly desire to be excused from all Tendency to Moderation; a Word indeed, unhappi. ly, used by your Majesty from the Throne, but of pernicious Consequence to the Interest of our Church. And as we have begun with Tumults and Rebellions ; so we shall go on by discontented Addresses to contend, according to your Royal Defire, who shall most promote the Practice of Peace and Love. .
Your Majesty has declared from the Throne, that you will inviolably maintain the Toleration. We humbly wish that your Majesty had made use of a Word known to our Law. We cannot, in our Consciences, be for a Toleration. No: We your Faithful Subjects are for an Indulgence to Consciences truly scrupulous : At least, we do not presume, publickly, to di sapprove the Legal Impunity allowed to Consciences truly tender. By which we, who are Judges of other Mens Consciences, know what we mean, viz. To leave room for Indulgence to whom we please ; and to judge all Protestant Dissenters, according as we think fit, to be Persons who have no Consciences at all, and therefore to be without all Title to this Indulgence or Impunity.
We know that your Majesty hath with great Earneftness assured us of your affectionate Concern for the establised Church: And it is true that we have received some small Pledges of it, a little Revenue bestowed upon it, and an AEt passed in order to enrich it more. But we hope to live io fee other Proofs of it; and the Interest of all Europe sacrificed to it, if Need be. What will all these Profeffions avail us, if the highest posts and Trusts are filled with such Enemies to the Church, as, if we do not timely prevent it, will recure it too much against France and Rome? We therefore beg Leave plainly to declare to your Majesty, that we cannot think it safe, in our Sense of the Word, cill the following Points are gain’d,viz, till a General is dismiss'd, who is the idol of the Confederacy abroad, and whose uncommon and unseasonable Victories unluckily portend the Ruin of that Church which chey preserve; till a Treasurer is removed, whose Corduct - VOL. III,
lach hath extinguish'd the Credit of all France; till a Miniftry is displaced, under which every Thing most honourable and most agreeable to your Majesty, every Thing molt grievous and most disgustful to the Common Enemy, hath been unhappily effected ; and especially, till a House of Commons is dissolved, which hath betray'd too much Regard to the Liberties of their Country, and too much Zeal against Tyranny and Opprehon; a Behaviour which we ever esteem pernicious to our Ecclefiaftical interest. These are Sacrifices worthy of a facred Love to the Church ; anid these are the Marks of it, which we are now impaciently waiting for.
And we humbly hope that your Majesty will pay the more ready Regard to these our Insinuations and Importunities, even at the Hazard of the publick Peace at Home, and of the Confederacy abroad, because we have made luch Preparations for a new Election, as can hardly fail us, and at the farne Time have given the most ample Proofs of our great Interest, and of the Weakness of the opposite Party. For what may not your Majesty expect from us, who have been able to arm the People against those who stood up in Defence of their Rights and Privileges; to induce English Protestants to act in Conjunction with Papifts; and to reconcile Men to that unparallel'd Contradiction of rebelling out of Loyal. ty, and resisting out of Zeal for Non-Refifiance? And what can your Majesty expect from another Sort of Men, so heartless and weak, that all our repeated Provocacions have not been able to stir then up to any one Act of Tumult and Opposition ? And how can the Success of the Experiment be doubted? By our Riots and Mobs we have raised the Spirits of our Friends, and struck Terror into our Enemies. By our Addreses we have kept up that Ferment which our Riots raised. And now by our circular Letters we are disposing the several Counties of the Land to the happy Event.
And as we have thus, in every Respect, shewed our ready. Compliance with all your Majesty's pathetical Exhortations from the Throne : As we have cultivated Peace and Quiet by encouraging, or conniving at, the most outrageous Tumults; and mutual Love and Affection by the most endearing Provocations and Abuses : As we have manifested our unfeign's Resolution to maintain the Protestant S46celion, by our Zeal for that hereditary Right, which cannot belong to it ; and our Concern for the common Good, by doing every thing agreeable to the Wishes of the common Enemy : So your Majesty may certainly depend upon it, that we will ever give the like convincing Proots of our sincere Affection to your Person and Government. We will ever continue faithfully to support the Constitution and the Church, by reviling the Revolution, and railing at the Toleration. We will, to the last, defend your Majesty's Title to the Crown, as far only as it is hereditary; and we will effectually keep out the Pretender, and all the popijß Line, by constantly adhering to those Principles of unalienable Righl, and unlimited NonResistance, by which they were at first excluded : Principles which, as we have Thew'd in the Face of the whole World, sweeten the Tempers, and quiet the Passions of those who profess them; and are peculiarly adapted to reconcile che Affections of Men to our present Establishment,
By all therefore that is worthy of Consideration, we mɔst earnestly entreat your Majesty's Favour ; by all the numberless Obligations we have formerly laid