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This Man, who in his other Writings continually demands the Execution of the Penal Laws, as in Queen Elizabeth's Time, and in the mean time admo-, nishes, our Superior Paftors to do their Duty in Thundering out their Anathema's, to damn their Souls (which he still affirms they can, and ought to do) since their Goods and Persons are protected by the Law, will think it hard to be thought to betray any Want of Christian Moderation.
I hope yet, that we all mean the same Thing, though we express ourselves differently about it ; that we still with the same Thing, though we shew the contrary Passions of Joy and Sorrow upon the fame Occasion. I hope we are all going the same Way, though some of us look backward ; that, though we seem to have different Designs in working up the Plot, yet in the End they will all tend to bring about one Glorious Action, and that there is no other but a * laudable Contention among us, who shall exceed the other in contributing to • advance the Queen's present Happiness, and secure the Protestant Succession.' Yet I would desire one side to satisty the other of their Sincerity, by desitting to give out that they are encouraged by the Queen (to do I don't know what ;) forbearing to libel the other Side, under the Umbrage of (so unacceptably) addressing her Majeky, and by those Addresses co insinuate that the Queen wants Encouragement from them; by ceasing again to traduce her Majesty, as if she had a secret Will, different from her Declarations; and at last by granting her Majesty her most ardent Wilh, in uniting the Minds of her People.
There are some, no doubt, who would repeal the Toleration, and diffolve the Union; who endeavour to defeat the Hanover Succession, and to unsettle the Revolution. They know well enough what Obedience is paid, even by this aban-' don'd People, to the Word of God, and what Influence the Clergy have, even when they pervert it. This very Method was taken formerly by the Great Earl of Warwick; he employ'd a very Significant Tool, that Ecclefiaftical Incendiary, and predicant Herald, Doctor Goddard, who proclaim'd (at St. Paul's too) the Divine Right of Henry the Sixth, set forth the Injuries done hin, condemn’d the Relistance made against him, arraign’d the Parliamentary Title, and Recog. nition of the undoubted Right of the House of York; from hence the People concluded Edward the Fourth to be an Usurper ; immediately the London Mob took Arms, and deposed the lawful Prince : and at that Time it was the Priest, and not the Earl, who was the King-maker.
To prevent any such execrable Attempt, let some great Genius project a Monumental Ast ; let the Preamble rehearse, how London and the whole Kingdom have escaped a second Fire, by professed and disguised Papists; let the Church, it posible, be settled in a more Flourishing and Safe Condition ; let the Profession be still more encouraged, and the Professors be made more worthy ; let the Obedience of the Inferior Clergy be bound to the Superior ; let the Supremacy be secured to the Crown, and the Dependency to the Siale ; and let fomne effectual Remedy be provided against Applicationers and Occasional Abjurors; let the Crown be adorn'd with all its sparkling Prerogatives ; let it caft such a Lula tre as may make it look amiable, but not terrible : For the obtaining the Queen's Wiß, for the uniting the Minds of her Subjeets, and for the fulfilling her Promise, let the Toleration be establish’d. VOL. III.
Let the A&t of Union and the Hanover Succession be made itreversible; let the Revolution be declared honourable ; let the necessary Means, the Resistance then made, and in such deplorable Cases hereafter to be made, be allowed lawful and justifiable.
Let the Memory of our Deliverers, King William and Queen Mary, be infhrined in Glory: Then, let the Felicities of Queen ÅNN E be recorded, to amaze Porterity; and let her Virtues be repeated, for their Example: Let her Zeal for the Church, her Benefactions to its Ministers, her wife Choice of its Guardians, her Love for her People, and their Duty to her, be perpetuated. At laft, let a most ardent Prayer be framed (équal if possible to our Wishes) for the longest Continuance of her precious Life, and for the invaluable Blessing of an Heir of her Body; and to ratify this Décrée, it shall Thunder and Lighten from on bigh, and the Voice of God, as it were, shall be heard in the universal Joy and Acclamations of the People. Amen, and Amen.
Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X.
STATE TRACTS, Vol. 1, p. 539, 540.
Amendment of our Government, and for the better comprising the Disa cord arisen berwixe Us and our Barons : We, willing that the same be firmly. • held and establish'd for ever, do make and grant to our Barons the Security ' underwritten; to wit, That the Baron's fhall chuse Five and Twenty Barons
of the Realny, whom they lift, who shall to their utmost Power keep and hold, and cause to be kept, the Peace and Liberties which we have granted and comfirmed by this our present Charter 3* infoniuch, that if We, or our Justice, or our Bailiff, or any of our Minifters, act contrary to the fame in any thing,
against any Persons, or offend against any Article of this Peace and Security, • and such our Miscarriage be shewn to four Biron's of the said Five.
and Twenty, those four Barons shall come to Us, or to our Justice, if we be ' out of the Realm, and shew Us Our Miscarriages, and require Us to amend the ' fame without Delay; and if we do not amend it, or if, we being out of the
Realm, our Justice do not amend it within forty Days after the fame is thewn co Us,or to our juitice if we be out of the Realm, Then the said four Barons Mall
report the same to the Residue of the said Five and Twenty Barons, and then those * Five and Twenty Barons, with the Commonally of all England, may disress Us by • all the Ways they can ; to wit by siezing on our Castles, Lands and Polesions, and " by what other Means they can, till it be amended, cs they shall adjudge ; saving our
own Person, the Perfon of our Queen, and ibe Persons of our Children; and when • it is amended, they shall te subject to Us as before; and whoever of the Realnis ' will, may swear, that for the Performance of these Things he will obey the Com. 'mands of the said Five înd Twenty Barons, and that together with them lie ' will distress Us to his Power : And we give publick and free Leave to fwear ' to all that will swear, and will never hinder any one: And for all Persons of
the Realm, that of their own Accord will swear to the said Five and Twenty, · Barons to distress Us, We will issue our Precept, commanding them to swear as aforesaid."
RE. * The Great Charter of King John.
REFLECTIONS on a late Pamphlet, entitled, Priestcraft
Antiquam exquirite Matrem. MY HE Author of a late Pamphlet, entitled, Priestcraft in Perfektion, has
taken a great deal of Pains to prove that the Clause of the Church's Power was not contained in the imprinted Book of Articles that was established by Law; which in my Opinion was not absolutely necessary to his Purpose : For upon a ftrict Survey of the Words of the Act of Parliament, and calling to Mind some Passages I had met with in Books, I find that none of the Articles contained in that imprinted Book were confirm’d by Law, except those Articles which only concern the Confession of the true Christian Faith, and the Doc.trine of the Sacraments; and that the Articles contained in the said imprinted Book which relate to Discipline and to such Doctrines as concern not the Essence of the Christian Faith, and the Doetrine of the Sacraments, were not passed by the Parliament. And therefore that Author might have infer'd, that the Clause of the Church's Power could not be confirm’d by Law, though iç was contain'd in the imprinted Book ratify'd by Parliament, because that Clause relateş only to Discipline. I wonder that a Gentleman fo willing to destroy the Credit of Church- Authority should over-look this Consideration, when it tended not only to serve his purpose of proving, That the Clause of the Churcb's Power was not established by Law, but to take off from the legal Authority of so many other Articles of the Church, which are now universally thought to be established by Law. But few Mens Acuteness is equal to their Zeal; and therefore our Author has, throughout his Book, fupposed, " That all the Articles contained ' in the imprinted Book,referred to by the Act of Parliament, are establish'd by • Law. But to carry on the Matter further than he has done, I shall produce the very Words of the Law, and then confirm the Senfe I shall give of it by some undeniable Authorities. The Articles confirmed by Law* are, 'All the * Articles of Religion, which ONLY concern the Confession of the true Chris.
tian Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments, comprised in a Book imprinted, * intitled, Articles whereupon it was agreed by the Archbishops, and Bishops, and
the whole Clergy, in the Convocation bolden at London, in the Year of our Lord God, 1562, &c. Which Words plainly confirm only those Articles comprised in the imprinted Book, which can be reduced to these two Heads, viz. & Articles " that concern only the Confession of the true Christian Faith, and the Doctrine ! of the Sacraments ;' and exclude all other Articles which fall not under these two Heads,
This seems to me to be the obvious Sense of the Words of the Law; and if the Reader will but confider, when he reflects on the Words, that in Queen Elizabeth's Time Matters of Discipline and Ceremony were esteemed of high Consequence, and disputed of with great Vehemence among the Protestants of England ; and I may add, with a Zeal equal to that which we fee at this Day in
relation 13 Eliz. 6, 12.
relation to Paffive-Obedience ; it is impossible to imagine, that the Parliament would not have mention’d Articles of Discipline (which ran so much in their Heads) as well as Articles that concerned only the Confession of the true • Christian Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments ; ' unless they had excluded all the Articles that related to Discipline. And the same may be said in regard to other Doctrines contained in the Thirty-Nine Articles, which fell not under the two Heads mentioned in the Act of Parliament,
I do notexpect that the Sense I havegiven of the Law (howjust soever it is) should of itself convince Men who are already strongly engaged in the common Opinion. But when they come to consider what I have further to say, and join what I have already said with it, I am not without Hopes of convincing all unprejudiced Men, that I have given the true Sense of the Law.
1. In the first Place, I shall produce the Authority of that great Lawyer, Mr. Selden.
He tells us, “There is a Secret concerning the Articles : *Of late Ministers have subscribed to all of them, but by Act of Parliament that confirmed
them, they ought only to subscribe to those Articles which contain Matter ' of Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments, as appears by the first Subscrip' tions. But Bishop Bancroft (in the Convocation held in King James's Days)
began it, that Ministers (hould subscribe to three Things to the King's Supremacy, to the Common-Prayer, and to the Thirty-nine Articles; many
of which do not contain Matter of Faith. Isit Matter of Faith how the Church • Should be governed ? Whether Infants should be baptized? Whether we have any Property in our Goods, &c.
These Words not only declare Mr. Selden's Opinion of the Meaning of the Law, but make him testify a Matter of fact that confirms his Opinion, and puts the Truth of his Opinion beyond all Doubt : For if the first Subscriptions were only to fuch Parts of the Thirty-nine Articles as contain only Matter of Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments, it must be because the Law was at first underltood to relate only to such of the Thirty-nine Articles as come under one of those Heads.
Whether the Fact be true or no that Mr. Selden relates, may I suppose at this Day be put out of all Question ; for I doubt not but there are places where the first Subscriptions of the Clergy to the Articles are kept. I am not skilful enough in ecclesiastical Matters to say where ; but wherever they are, I do, upon the Opinion I have of Mr. Selden's great Integrity, appeal to chose Subfcriptions for the Truth of what Mr. Selden affirms.
2. But besides the Authority of Mr. Selden, as a Lawyer, and a Witness of a Matter of fact, whereby it appears that the Parliament did confirm only some of the Thirty-nine Articles, I will present the Reader with a Passage that I find among the Journals of Parliament, published by Sir Simon D'Ewes, in a Speech of Peter Wentworth, Esq; one of the Burgesses for the Borough of Tregony, in Co: nwal, made in the Parliament of 1575, wherein, among Abundance of other Things worthy of Remark, it is affirm’d by him, p. 239, 'That he had heard • of old Parliament-Men, that the Banishment of the Pope and Popery, and the restoring of true Religion, had their Beginning from this House, and not from ' the Bishops; and he had heard that few Laws for Religion had their Founda. tion from them.-- I was, says be, amongst others, the last Parliament, sent to • the Bishop of Canterbury for the Articles of Religion that then pass'd this House, • He ask'd us, why we did put out of the Book the Articles for the Homilies,
* The Table under the Head Articles,
consecrating of Bishops, and such like? Surely, Sir, said I, because we were . fo occupied in other Matters, that we had no Time to examine them, how - they agreed with the Word of God. What, said he, surely you mistook the • Matter ; you will refer yourselves wholly to us therein ? No, by the Faith I • bear to God, said I, we will pass nothing before we understand what it is ; . for that were but to make you Popes: Make you Popes, who list, said I, for
we will make you none. And sure, Mr. Speaker, the Speech seem'd to me ' to be a Pope-like Speech; and I fear left our Bishops do attribute this of the Pope's Canons to themselves (Papa non potest errare :) for surely if they did not, they would reform Things amiss, and not spurn against God's People for writing as they do.'
1. These Words of Mr. Wentworth are a plain Evidence of the Matter of Fact, That the Parliament put out, or did not confirm several of the Thirty-nine • Articles. For this Speech was deliver'd in Parliament in 1575, about five Years after the Parliament established the Articles; and therefore it is not to be imagined that Mr. Wentworth should have affirmed, that any Articles were put out by the House, unless they really were put out; when there must of course have been so many Members of Parliament present, who were Members in 1571, (when the Articles were established) able to contradict him, had not what he faid been true.
Besides, Mr. Wentworth was stop'd in the Progress of this Speech for his great Boldness, and afterwards examined before a Committee of the House (to whom he gave it in Writing) on the Account of some Exceptions taken to fome Pasfages which he had delivered ; but no Notice was taken of this Particular, as appears from his Examination, printed immediately after his Speech, in the Journal of Sir Simon D'Ewes; and consequently it is reasonable to imagine, that the Committee was conscious that what he delivered in that Particular was true.
2. The Words of Mr. Wentworth are not only an Evidence of the Matter of Fact, that the House of Commons put out, or did not confirm several Articles contained in the Imprinted Book of Articles, but do fo fall in with the Expressions of the Aft of Parliament, as to leave no reasonable Doubt but that the Parliament passed not several Articles contain'd in the Imprinted Book.
For the Articles put out, according to Mr. Wentworth, were, the Are cicle for the Homilies, the Article for consecrating Bishops, and such like;' which is as much as to say, Articles relating to such Doctrines as were not Fundamentals, or of the Essence of Christian Faith, and Articles relating to Dir. cipline. To which Heads, if you add these two mentioned in the Act of Parliament, viz. ' Articles that only concern the Confession of the true Christian • Faith, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments,' you have all the Heads under which Matters of Divinity are usually rank'd. So that the Words of the Act of Parliament, and of Mr. Wentworth, are like Tallies to one another. Where