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feem'd to be impolitick fo foon after the Union, for it called to Remembrance what is recorded in our History of your Edward I, who, in order to establish his Sovereignty over us, when Jabr Baliol, who got our Crown by his Alliftance, own'd himself to be his Vallal, he destroyed many of our cheif Fami. lies, which quite ruined his Design, and engaged England in a long and ruinous War. In short, our People in general thought the carrying up of those Lords and Gentlemen to London, looked too much like making them Trophies of a Conquest and Subjection'; and I am very ape to believe, if any honest Men with you went into those Measures, it was becaufe they thought there was no Justice to be expected from our Ministry againft a Facobite Plot, considering their Management of that formerly called the Scots Plot, and their conItant Opposition to the Protestant Succession ; and upon this Account, the fend. : ing for thofe of our Nobility and Gentry up, whom our late Ministry are sup. pored to have informed yours were moft like to be guilty of Treasonable Prac. tices, deserves to be thought'as great an Instance of Prudence and Integrity, as it would have been the contrary, if our late Ministry had been intrusted with taking their Examinations.. . .
But after all, to us it seems unaccountable, that not one Englishman was ta. ken up for this Plot and Invasion, except what were taken at Sea. Certainly no Man can think that all the Difloyalty of the Island lies by North Tweed, or that the Pretonder would have accepted to come over without greater Affu. rance of Support than he could expect from the Jacobites with us. One would have thought that our late Scots Ministry had not so much Success with their former Plot, as to make them fond of taking up People again for another, without good Evidence against them, or very strong Reasons to suspect them. It is well for you, that your Ministry had so tender a Regard to the Liberties of the Subject, as to put none of your People to Disgrace and Expence; upon that Account, since they had no Evidence against them: Nor is the Clemency less remarkable that is used with you towards those that were taken in the Salis. bury Man of War, especially since one of the chief of them was under a former Condemnation. I am satisfied that nothing could have induced our late Miniftry to treat them so civilly, had they belonged to their Province, except they could have purchased their Favour by giving or procuring them Proxies to vote down the Squadrone : But it is your peculiar Happiness that your Mi. nistry lands in need of no such Measures, and that they abhor falling in with any thing that may so much 'endanger your Constitution, as the over-turning of the Freedom of Elections must necessarily do.
I doubt not but you take notice of the Libeller's Clamour against the Squadrone, as having from Time to Time joined with Jacobites. Now admitting it to be true, it is the most disingenuous Thing in the World for our late Cours riers to have allowed their Tool to mention this, since they have been so frea. quently guilty of it themselves, and that so lately too, as' to folicit such who were taken up as Favourers of the Invasion co give them their Proxies. j.
Certainly they cannot charge the Squadrone to have made the D, of 2 's Brother, the late E.of March,who lived and died a Jacobite, Governor of Edin. burgb-Cafle ; and to have turn'd out the E. of L n, who was always taken to Gg 2
be a staunch Revolutioner, to make way for him. It was not the Squadrone who brought the late Lord Ballendin into Council, though so rank a Jacobite, that he shot a. poor Centinel for saying he belonged to King William, and told him that it was King James's Pass: It was not they who likewise brought in the E. of D-re, and the E. of
B s, who was a known and active Jacobite. It was not they who counter-signed the Indemnity formerly mentioned, which brought over so many people from St. Germains : It was not under their Administration that Popery and Jacobitism increased so much as to stand in need of Proclamations since, to put a: Curb to them ; but Malice knows no Bounds, and is incapable of Shame : Otherwise our late Courtiers would never have suffered their Libeller to charge their own Crimes upon the Squadrone, and particularly to tell us that they offered to come in with the Jacobites against the Succession, when it is known to the whole Country, and appears by the Records of Parliament, that they did all they could to get it established, and that it was the D. of 2 's Party who joined with the Jacobites to oppose it.
We may say the like as to the Proxies, since the Libeller owns His Party had obtained some from those that were taken up on Account of the Invasion. And I would feign know whether it be most criminal to take the Alistance of such Men, when it can be had, in order to rescue our Country from an oppressive Ministry, or to endeavour to obtain it by Threats and Promises, in order to continue us under arbitrary Power, and to give any Court an Opportunity to have all our Sixty-one Members return'd as they please.
I come next to our late Elections, concerning which the Libeller charges the Squadrone with so many unfair Practices; but how justly, will appear when our controverted Elections come to be. debated' in Parliament, : In the mean Time you may be satisfied, that none of the Squadrone could pretend to the Honour of being then her Majesty's Servants; and therefore could not threaten any Body for opposing them as such wich the Loss of Place, Commiffion, or Pension: Nor had they the Honour to be trusted with the Secret, or Power to give in Lists of such as were thought proper to be taken up on Account of the Invasion or Plot ; and therefore could not put Marks of Disgrace upon any of the D. of 2 's Friends, or send thein Prisoners to another Country, that they might not be near enough to influence Elections ; nor could they take them up at home, and threaten to send them after the rest if they would not give their Proxies or Interest to them. It was (not in the Power of the Squadrone to give a Commission to any General Officer of the Army to send for such People, and put them in Prison as disaffected Persons, that were like to stand Candidates against any of their Friends ; nor had the Squadrone any blank Commissions to fill up with fuch as would sell their Votes to be made Sheriff's, Justices of the Peace, or other Officers. I never heard that 'the Squadrone was charged with splitting Freeholds, and making fraudulent Sales of them, with Clauses of Revocation, and that too after the Test of the Writs, in order to purchase Votes : Nor do I know that they teized and affronted Gentlemen Voters, that were known to be firm to the Revolution, by tendering the Oaths to them, in order to make their Loyalty suspected, when they came to
vote against any of their Friends. It was some other People than the Squadrone who brought Bailiffs, contrary to Law, into the Meetings of the Electors, to take up such as voted against their Friends, on Pretence of Debt. It was not the Squadrone who had blank Warrants to fill up with the Names of such as op. posed the Election of their Friends, fent them to Edinburgh from far distanc Places, kept them under Confinement for some Weeks, and at last discharged them, without asking them one Question. It was not the Squadrone who brought People to vote at Elections, chat could not tell where their Freeholds lay. It was not they who had arm'd men lodged near Places of Election to over-awe the Electors, nor who took upon them, at their Meetings for electing, to determine such Cases as are determinable only in Parliament. It was not the Squadrone who brought in a Sort of. Peers of a double Capacity, who shall both have a Right to fit in Person, and to chuse others to sit in the same House with themselves; a sort of Peerage unknown to our Conftitution, and which in Time may prove dangerous to it, since any Court that is so minded may give fo many Englismen Scotcb Titles of Peerage, as will put it entirely in the Power of the Court, and of the South Part of Britain, to chure all the Scots 16. This, by the way, puts me in Mind of another Thing that may prove fatal to our Constitution, if it be not guarded against ; and that is, left any Court should take an Opportunity to bring such a Number of the present Scois Peers into the House by English Titles, as may break the Proportion settled by the Articles betwixt the Number of Parliament Peers in both Parts of the Inand; against which I do not find any Provision made by the Treaty with respect to either of the united Kingdoms. For the Name of Great-Britain is not like to have Charm enough to make Men forget the particular Interest of that part of the Island where their Property lies. I shall add, that it was not the Squadronc who countenanced the voting of any Peer in chusing others, who by his Post must be a Judge of Points of Law relating to ections, which looks too liko making a Man both Judge and Party,
In short, Sir, you may easily perceive by thefe Hints what Hardshipg we lie under, as to the Matter of our Elections, with respect to the Lords, and how dangerous it is to let any Court or Faction have an opportunity of recurning our 16, according to their own Humour.'
I come now to the Elections of our Commons, as to which there are Abun. dance of Complaints; and no Doubt you will hear enough of it e're long at the Bar of the House, to convince you that Care must be taken to prevent Bribery, Threats and Promises, and to secure the Elections of our Commoners against the Influence of our Lords and Courtiers. You may perceive by the Union Act, that our Boroughs are divided into fifteen Classes or Districts, nine of which have five Electors each, and the other fix but four; and in Case of an Equality of Votes, the President of the Meeting is allow'd (wo; now it is plain, that when the Number of Electors are fo few, it gives an easy Opportunity for Bri. bery, besides the Handle it affords the President of each Meeting to return himself or his Friend, which I humbly conceive is against the Equity of the Law, that does not allow a Sheriff to be a Member, because of the Opportunity hc has of playing Tricks in the Return."
As to the chusing of our Barons or Knights of Shires, it is not indeed To liable to Bribery; yet, considering that the Electors' are few in Comparison of what they are with you, Corruprions of that Nature may be much more easily practised here than in England : All which together will convince you of the Necelity of making some good and effectual Laws, to secure the Freedom of our Elections against such Practices as have been too frequent among our late Courtiers ; otherwise, instead of haying either qur Liberty or yours secured by the Union, both of them may be endangered,' and our sixty-one Lords and Commons niay be form'd into a Battalion, at, any Time, to attack Magna Charta, and join with Courriers to make any future Prince as absolute as the French King. You see what Efforts the D. of 2- and his friends have made to
get the whole into their Power, and by their endeavouring 'to possess the ** Queen with an Opinion that our ancient Constitution was an Encroachment on the Prerogative (as appears by the D. of Q 's Letter to the Queen, of August the rith, 1703, printed in the Proceedings of the House of Lords about the Scots Plot) you may be satisfied they had no Design to support the common Liberty of the Illand, by having that Power in their Hands. ***
By this Time I doubt not but you are very well satisfied that we had Reason to wish for a Deliverance from the Hands of such Men; and that if we still be continued under the Infuence of their Ministry, or that of Men of the same Stamp, we lose the chief Thing we aim'd at by coming into the Union; and instead of having more Liberty, are made greater Slaves, in which Case your Privileges can not be long lived. They have pcel'd and poll'd us till we have nothing left to be a Bait for their Avarice; so that now they must think of preying upon you, if you do not take care to prevent iç.' The Truth of this would appear very plain, if the Parliament of Great Britain should think fit to appoint a Committee, to inquire how the Equivalenç has been managed and shared; this is so late an Instance, and falls so naturally under the Inquiry of the United Parliament, that one would think there needs no inore but to name it; and perhaps this might open such a Scene of Tyranny and Oppression, and of Tricks put both upon Court and Country, as few Ages have heard of the like : Resumptions of Grants is a Thing very agreeable to our Constitution, as will appear to any Man that casts an Eje upon our Statuce Book ; and if an Inquiry were appointed how the Lands and Rents of the Crown of Scotland have been disposed of, since that Party had the Administration in their Hands, and such Grants revoked as have been made to Persons of no Merit, or for ño váluable Confideration, it might case the Country of some of their Taxes, and afford the Crown a considerable Support out of what is properly its own, but now squandered away by: lavish Grants unfairly obtained: And as they made bold with her Majesty's Revenues, they made as ill Use of her Honours, Con. 'ferred Patents of Peerage, and of being Knight Baronets, on Persons who had neither Merit nor Estate to support their Character. Thus have Suffrages been bought and sold in our Parliament while we had one, and you' may be sure they will put the same Practices in use with you, if they be not prevented. I. hope the United Parliament will consider there is no arbitrary Design which Men preferred to Honour and Riches by such undue Methods are not capable of, and
sme ne ide . . !! is that
that the vast Expence which such an indigent Nobility and Gentry, and Officers of the Army, that may be returned to serve in Parliament, must be put to, by coming from hence annually to London, lays them open to Temptations to sell their Votes to any Court or Faction, that is able or willing to be at the Charge of the Purchase ; and how fatal that may be to the Britis Liberties, you may eally judge. In short, if the Trade of our Country be not encouraged, and such Deligns against it as above-mentioned prevented, it may reduce us to the like desperate Attempt of making an entire Surrender of our Liberties to the Crown, as was done formerly by the Danes and Swedes, in hopes that the Court may creat us better than our late Ministry have done. 'I shall conclude with this one Reflection, That if the Administration be not put into such Hands as promoted the Union, not out of any selfish Design, buc purely to secure the common Liberty of the Inand, and into the Hands of those who have now join'd them in that noble Design, you and we may both have Cause to repent that ever it was made. At the same time I am heartily glad to hear of a Change of that Sort already begun with you, and hope it will be universal through Great Britain and Ireland, and that we shall not have the hard Face to be continued under any thing, which looks like a separate Admin : nistration, that inay give any Man the fame or a greater Influence over us than what our laçe Ministry had, though under different Names; for that is as much inconsistent with the Union, and will as effectually, disappoint the Expectati. ons we had conceived from it, as to put the common Administration of the United Inand into the Hands of such as either with you or us have discovered their Averfion'to a real Union, and taken all possible Methods to make it inef. fectual, since they perceive by abolishing the Council of Scotland, and taking the: Power of the Scots Returns out of their Hands, that they cannot now make use of it to carry on their arbitrary Designs, and to support an lacerest in the Court different from, or rather opposite to that of the Country, as they did of the sepa rate Parliament of Scotland so long as they had it in their Management: .
I did not think it necessary to insist upon the Vindication of any of the para ticular Persons whom the Author of the Account of the Elections in Scotland. has aspersed in his Libel: For his Malice and Fallhood are so obvious, ands the Persons he reflects upon are so well known to he belt Men of the land, that instead of impairing the Credit of any.Man he attacks, he has lefsend his own, if ever he had any; exposed himself to be laughʼd ac by every body here, and has discovered so much of his own Weakness, and that of his Party, as would sooner raise a Man's Picy than his Resentment.
I shall trouble you no further, than to assure you that I have been fa far from. taking his Nandering Method, that I have advanced nothing against his Party, but what either appears upon our Records, or is so well known, that it can't be depy'd. !ci! i u m : 1; T. L
,, Nor have I said all that I could, which perhaps his Patrons may know, if they will venture to employ him, or any other, to contradict what I have wsoic hered parrow s wimwi nisin new ideas ... ... rei viie. .iiii.. ..:) !.... 95! v iridiam, : : ..hii " , .
1611 wd isun November 152
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