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the Minifters had several Meetings to concert the Measures they' were to follow : to which the Marquis of Annandale, then Secretary of State, and Mr. Cockburn of Ormiston, then Lord Justice Clerk, who were zealous for the Succeffion, were not at first call'd; which being taken Notice of they were call’d at laft; and together with Sir James Stuart, her Majesty's Advocate, declared themselves for iche Succeffion, for the fame Reasons tipon which her Majesty had so earnedly recommended'ic the Year before ; bực the rest of the Ministers were against it, and gave this for their Reason, that they could not promise to get their friends, meaning the D, of Q 's Party, to come into it, for they would not make to fort a Turn, having joined in the Resolve last Year to prefer the Treaty to the Succeffion. But the other Gentlemen insisting on it, it was agreed that the Arguments should be drawn up on both sides, and given to the Commissioner có be sent to Court; but whether he did so, and what the Return was, his Grace is best able to inform you. ''

Soon after this, a Cabinet Council was called of six of the D. of 2 's Friends, and only che M. of

A a nd the Lord Chief JusticeClerk besides, because they were then Officers of State, and the only. Members of that Cabinet, who were for giving the Preference to the Succession. At this Meeting it was agreed to send twoDraughts of a Letter and Instructions conformable to the two several Opinions, that her Majesty might sign which she thought best. And when her Majesty's Letter return'd, it included both; buc gave the Preference to the Succeffion. Notwithstanding which it was afterwards thrown out by the Courtiers, as follows.

Soon after the Parliament was open'd, the Marquis of Annandale, then one of our Secretaries, gave in a Proposal for the Succession; and at the fame Time the Earl of Mar, the other Secretary, gave in a Resolve for postponing it, the Tendency of which was to consider ibe Aet passed in England, probibiting Scots Cattle, &c. but they delay'd their open Proceedings againft the Succeffion, till all their Force was assembled, till they had certain Advice that the D. of Q w as set out from London, and that all his Friends were come to Edinburgh. Then about the 17th of July they came to this Resolve, " That they would not name a Suc• ceffor, till they had a previous Treaty with England, with relation to Com. • merce and other Concerns;' which was follow'd by another Resolve, « That • before they proceeded to name the Successor, they would make such Limitaitions and Conditions of Government for the Rectification of their Conftitution, cas might secure the Liberty, Religion,and Independency of the Kingdom.' This was defeating the Succession with a Witness, yet none of the Courtiers spoke against this Resolve, except the Marquis of Annandale, and Mr. Cockburn, the Justice Clerk, wherein they were seconded by the Earl of Marchmont, who faid he look'd upon the firft Resolve as an Exclusion ; yer being put to the Vote; it was carried by about 37, of which 30 were the D. of Q 's Friends, but all this was so managed by Concert, that to cover the D. of it was done before he arrived at Edinburgb.

Thus you may see how the Succession was from Time to Time baffled by the D. of 2 and his Pariy, and that at all Times they concur'd in such other Things as were ill resented by yourNation; but upon whatViews, I must leave to

your

your own Judgment, after having given you this general Caution, that many honest Men, who were not intrusted with the Secrets of the Ministry, but acted as they thoughe best for the Good of their Country, did, join in the Resolves for securing our Freedom and Trade, before they came into the Succession, because they thought if the Succession was settled before those Terms were granted, we should still continue under the Infuence of such a Ministry as would be Tools to any Body that had a Mind to oppress us, in order to arrive at an absolute Power, , I now come to the Union, the Management of which was committed co the D. of 2- and his Friends;. but since it did necessarily engage us in che Protestant Succeffion, which I have sufficiently proved the D. of 2. and his friends did always oppose, since they had also made themselves unacceptable to the Nation: upan many Accounts, and fince they had no Reason to expect the Squadront, whom they had lo much abused, would join with them, and that it is evidene they could never have carried the Union without them, I leave it to your own Judgment, whether it was reasonable to think that a Matter of this Consequence - could succeed in such Hands. I need not tell you, that many People were Ene. mies to it, on the Account of the Managers, and perhaps if it were inquired into, the Tumults which were raised against ic would be found to be fomented by others, than those who did openly oppose it, but this is certain that the Squadrone's falling in with is,contrary to most People's Expectation, carried it through against all underhand Tricks, and publick Opposition, which lefi no Place of Recreat to the D. 2- and hisFriends, had they been ever so much inclined to it, without expohng themselves openly to the View of the World, as profeft Enemies both to the Succeffion and Union. And I cannot omit informing you of what I have from a very good Hand, that their Enmity to the Succeffion was fo great to the very last, that had the Union been voted out, and the Succeffion with Limitations carried, as a proper Expedient to lay the Discontents which at that Time Trofe, solhigh, and to prevent a Rupture betwixt the Nations, till the Union had been more fully consider'd,our Parliament would have been broke up, rather than the Succession agreed co.

I must leave it to your own Conjecture, whether some of those who defeated the Succellion were restrain'd from doing the like with the Union, by Motives of Feari or Profit, or whether there was a Mixture of both ; but it is certain the Squ drone, who have been so much reproached both before and fince, could have no probable Hopes of Reward; for they were not employ'd in the Treaty, nor trusted with the Management of it in che House, and that chey endanger'd both their Safety and their Reputacion 'with sheir Country, in whore Opinion they stood so fair, by acting as they did for the Union, is not to be deny'd; for as cheir Ene. mies were very induftrious to give a wrong Turn to what they did in the Matcer of the Succession, they had the same hard Fate in their Conduct about the Union; and Gince every Body mult allow them to be Men of more Penetration than noc to forsee this, I think I may be allow'd to have so much Charity for them as to fuppose they acted as they did, because they found by Experience there was no carrying the Succession with Limitations, to deliver their Country from an op. pressive Ministry, and the Danger of a Popish Successor, and therefore they resolved to unite with England, on the Terms proposed, as the only Way left us

to

to come under the same Protestant Succeffor, and to have a Share in the fame Trade and Liberty, for Want of which, by'the Union of the Crowns, we were reduced to a Condition of Beggary and Slavery, and that of the worst and most contemptible Sort, fince we were become Slaves to those who were always Tools to your Ministry, and by Consequence no more than the Servants of Servants, which was the Curse inflicted upon Cham by his Father Noab. , !!!

Such of our Nation as had an honest Design in the Union intended the joint Security, Wealth and Liberty of both Kingdoms upon an equal Footing; but whether some of those in both Parts of the Iand who pretended a Zeal to push and carry it on, and to a great Share of the Merit for acchieving it, had not something else in view, and particularly to keep us ftill under Slavery, with a Design to serve old arbitrary Principles and Views, may perhaps appear by what we are now to consider. ; ''Fiiiicioni'de

Nothing is a greater Proof of this than the great Effort made in Parliament to have the Privy Council ftill continued among us; which, if I be rightly informed, was as great as any chat ever was known to be made by a Court Party: and I can assure you that our late Courtiers endeavour'd' to render the Squadrone odious among us, because of their strenuous Appearance against the Council, which, with the unanswerable Arguments they urged in Parliament for abolishing it, is none of the least Causes of all that Malice and Falshood which has since been vented against them and their Friends, as you may perceive by thac Gilly Libel, intituled, A Brief Account of the Elections in the North of Britain, with fome Account of the Divisions there. To say nothing of the Unreasonableness to keep up such a Mark of Distinction with us, after the Sovereignty of the two Nations was consolidated, it is known to every Man that since the Union of the Crowns, our Privy-Council has been as arbitrary as the Turkish Divan, that they assumed a Parlianientary Power, and concur'd with all Courts in oppreffing us. Thus in King James and King Cbarles the First's Time, they fet up a high Commission, which, contrary to standing Law, made Innovations both in Church and State, and brought our Lives, Fortunes, and Liberties to a precariousDependance upon the Court. In Charles the Second's Time, they brought down Armies of Savage Highlanders upon the Country in Time of Peace, garrilon'dGentlemens Houtes without theirConsent, levy'dMoney for their Sublistance contrary to Law, dispensed with Acts of Parliament, countenanced military Officers to try and execute Men without Jury or Record, disarm'd the Subjects at Pleasure, and in King James the Seventh's Time, concur'd in those Proclamations which pretended to annull our Laws. In a Word, they were the Instruments of all those Grievances complain'd of in the Claim of Right, and even since the Revolution they were so acustom'd to arbitrary Practices, that they acted many illegalThings, which was not in the Power of honest Men among them to prevent as they themfelves have frequently complain'd. So that it is evident to a Demonstration, that our late Ministry, who you see plain, by the Libel abovementioned, expected to have had their Power continued uver us, were angry at the abolishing of the Council, becausc it deprived them of a proper Handle, by which they might still tyrannize over us and influence our Elections, the Return of which they had Cunningly got vested in themselves by the Union, had the Parliament of

Great.

samolain'd. So that it is evident to a ......

Great-Britain thought fit to continue the Council. I shall only add, that by : the Proceedings of that Party both before and since, it is easy to perceive, that

if they acted in such an arbitrary Manner when we had a Parliament here to ..call them to an Account, they would have chastised us with Scorpions instead!

of Rods, and have made use of their Power to make us all Janisaries and Spahis,'! to serve the Designs of any Arbitrary Prince against the whole Illand, now: that we have no Parliament here, especially if their Power of returning our Members had been continued, for to be sure they would have returned none but such as should either have palliated their illegal Practices, or concurred with: them. But blessed be God the Parliament of Great Britain has delivered us from this Yoke, though our own late Courtiers, and other People with you; would willingly have had it wreathed harder about our Necks than ever."

The Weakness of their Pretence, that they desired the Continuance of the Council for fecuring our Peace, is easily seen through ; fince every one knows : that it might be better secured by the fameMethods as yours in England, if honeft: Men were made Sheriffs, and put into the Commissions of the Lieutenancy and Peace; but their Sincerity in this Matter may pretty well be guessed at, since, . by her Majesty's late Proclamation, with respect to our Country, it is evident how bare-faced Popery and Jacobitism have appeared, and how much they in. , creased under their Administration. Perhaps you would think it an un. : charitable Suggestion, if any body should offer to say that some of our late Mis , nistry designed it should be so; but this you may depend on as Fact, that in many Places they have recommended Persons to be Justices of Peace, who are very unacceptable to the Country, and that there are not a few Jacobites and lewd Men among them; there is one Instance fo notorious, that all the honest Men :1 of the Kirgdom are alarmed at it, viz.Sir Robert Greerson of Lagg,who was a bar-, barous Persecutor in the late Reigns, and ordered two Women to be tied to ai Stake within the Sea-mark till they were drowned by the Tide, because they i would not hear the Episcopal Minifters: He was also one of those who murder. ;* ed People in the Fields without any Form of Law, was lately cited to Edinburgh : for Clipping and Coining upon which his Servants that were suspected Aed the Country, and is proved to be guilty of notorious Adultery, which is! Death? by our Law; yet this Man is lately made a Justice of Peace, which I can af- ?! sure you was not by the Recommendation of the Squadrone, for it was not t thought fit to oblige them fo much as to put their Friends into the Commission: By this you may judge what Regard some of our late Courtiers have to the Country; they knew this Man's Character well enough, and that making him , a Justice would occasion Complaints, and raise Jealousies, as it has actually done among all the Ministers and sober People of the Stuartry of Kircubright, for they can think no Good designed to them, when such Men are advanced to Au-. . thority, as have always been their professed Enemies. :.';"",k r isis

I come now to the late Invasion, and muft desire you to observe the following.! Circumstances that preceded it, which perhaps' may furnish you with some new Thoughts about the Conduct of our late Ministry. The first Thing I · would desire you to observe, is their Opposition to the Oath for Abjuring the Pretender, which carried a first Reading in our Parliament, and might easily VOL. III. Gg

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then have paffed into a Law, had they thought fic ielhould. - In the secondPlace,
be pleased to remember the Indemnity procured by those Gentlemen, upon which: -
so many people came over from St. Germains ; and pray don't forget the Scots
Plot that followed it, and who it was chat gave such Countenance and Protecz .
zion to Captain Frazer, and ochers, who had forfeited their Lives by our Laws,
to come and go from France at that Juncture of Time. I hope you will also
consider the Encourageinend given to our Nonjurant Clergy, to petition for a
Toleration, without being obliged go own her Majesty's Government. I. mult
desire you, in the third Place, to remember that crafty and unaccountable Op.
posicion made by them in our Parliament to the very last against the Protestant
Succession. Fourthly, Be pleased to consider whether the Endeavours, after the
Union was made, to continue a Ministry and Council over us, which were so
ungrateful to the Nation; was a proper Method to allay, our Discontents, and to
Jeffen the Number of the Pretender's Friends. In the Fifth Place, consider
how naked we were left as to Forces, and how ill our chief Garrisons were pro-
vided, when the Precender came upon our Coasts; and since it is very well
known that our Administration had frequently stunned us with a Noise of

Jacobite Plots; and Fears of such an Invasion, to create a Suspicion of such as
opposed their Measures, you may caGly judge whether they could be excuseable
in. not taking more Care: to have us provided against a real Invasion when ic
came. I Shall not say anything to leffen the E. of Leven's Conduct and Care
to oppose that Descent, but I think it may be justly said without Offence, that :
all his Lordship, was capabc to do against is, in such Circumstances would .
have Ignified little, had not Providence taken morę Care of us than our Ad-,
ministrators ;: fos I suppose you are not ignorant that had there not been a í
Spirit of Terrot and Infatuation among the French, or something else, whichira
is pot; yet known to us,/ they might casily have Janded before your Fleet are
rived to give themi Chaled and what Confusion, Bloodshed, and Danger, that?
might have occasioned to the whole Illand, if you consider the above mentioned,
Circumstances, is easier to be immagined than expressed, ;; * GLIJsmi

The next Thing.co, be considered,2 iş che Conduct of our late Ministry since :
the happy : Disappointment of the Invasion 3i you know very well that a cone.
siderable Number of our Nobility, and Gentry were taken, 4p on Șuspicion of
favouring it; and we have Reason to fuppose, that the List of them was given
in to your Council; by those Gentlemena ig that whatever Partiality or Party:'..
Quarrel there might besin is, or whatever Neglect there, was, in not taking up,
others, whom perhaps there was more Reason to suspect, it must be charged up'
on them, since it is natural to think that few of your Ministry, are sufficiently
acquainted with Persons and Characters here, but it was a general Qbfervation
with us, shat whoever advised to chose Proceedings, seem'd rather to design a Sluri
upon such as opposed our late Courtiers in their Measures, and to influence our.i.
Elections, than really to secure the Kingdom Thę taking up the late Ld. Belhaven,
Mr. Fletcber,and others, who had concurd in the Revolucion, and were always firm,
to it, was a plain Proof of thiş. I must here take, Notice of one Thing which...
saifed, a general Disgust in our Country, and that was she carrying up of all those,
Prisoners to London. Whatever might have been said tor is at another Time, is!

„} seemid

ey was more Reason to suspect. ir minn

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