« ZurückWeiter »
Sovereigns, when the People's Good, which is, and ever was, the Soul, the Center, the End, and the Cause of all Government, came to be in the Dispute.
But to return to the Principles of the two Parties we are now discoursing of; the Whigs, as before, have always asferted this to be their Notion of Go vernment and Governors; and the Church of England, however some among them have topp'd an empty Notion upon them, have all along, and now at last once for all, own'd it by their Practice.
“ That Kings when they descend to Tyranny,
True-Born Eng. Man, P. 47.
The Act for the furtħer Limitation of the Crown past in the last Parliament, and the Right of the People therein declar'd and recognized, I would ask my Opponent whose Act and Deed it was? Will they fay it was a whiggish Act, made by a phanatical House of Commons ? I dare say there was nor ten Disenters in the House; let them descend with us into Particulars, let them draw out a black List of Members, who in that loyal, honest English: Parliament gave their Hands to the last Settlement and Declaration of Right, and let us tell Noses, and put a Brand upon the Phanaticks among them.
Will they tell us it was a Pbanatical Parliament that set the Crown upon the Queen's Head? I hope they will own her Majesty and their Lordships. the Bishops, are Part of the Church of England; for if the Head and the principal Members are not, we know not who are. * Will they tell us, that Sir E. S. Sir B. S. Sir 7. B. Mr. HSir C-FM-ve, and a Hundred more of that Side, were Whigs and Commonwealth-Men?
How comes it to pass in England that no Papist can inherit? Divine Rigbt ought to supercede all Precautions, and the young Prince of Savoy, not the House of Hanover, ought to reign with a Non obftante to all human Limitation, if all was from Heaven: Where are our Right-line Men now? Why, cruly the Reafon is plain, the Church of England, People of England, a Church of England, Parliament of England, have thought fit to declare, that for the Good of the People, to which all Right of Succession to Power must give Way, becaufe from them all Power itself does derive, and by the Voice of that People (in which Authority sufficient is legally grounded) it is una. nimously agreed, that we will not have a Papist to reign over us.
All this is too plain to admit of a Difpute ; and now to me it seems preposterous, why any Man should keep up the Distinction between Parties as to Loyalty, when indeed there is no Manner of Difference in the Case.
I have talk'd feveral Times of Bearing, Suffering, being perfecuted and oppress'd ; as the Diffenters in their Time have been more than enough; and again, in their Turn, the Church of England have been perfecuted too; for, as I noted before, they were once the Schifmaticks, the Whigs, and the Disenters. Now I think 'tis not very foreign to my Argument to examine
, all was from ought to reins, and the vapilt can inhering,
whether of the two behaved themselves under their Sufferings with the greatest Submission, who fhew'd most absolute Obedience to their Superiors, and who first or ofteneft rebell'd against their lawful Sovereign.
The Protestants under Henry VIII, were the first Diffenters; they were kept under, persecuted, and put to Death as Rebels and Schifmaticks. Now upon due Search it will be found, that under the Protection of two Protestant Queens, Wives of King Henry VIII. they had more than once form'd such Interest at Court, and in the Kingdom, as to begin to be formidable to the Popish Powers then reigning; and the Fall of the Lord Cromwell was thought a necessary Policy in King Henry, to prevent the Plots of the Phan natical Church of England Hereticks ; a long Account of which may be read in the Life of that Prince.
King Edward VI. a zealous and pious Prince, made no Scruple for the Propogation of the Church of of England , which he was the glorious Founder, to fet aside the lawful and undisputed Succession of his own Sifters, to establish the Crown in the Lady Jane Grey, who he knew would carry on the
Work of Reformance for the Zeal form of England bad. Enoland Protestants of
There's an Instance for the Zeal for Succesion in the right Line, in the first Protestant Head that ever the Church of England bad.
After this, the Gospellers, that is, the Church of England Protestants of Suffolk, having fome Senfe of Injury done to the Princess Mary, and willing to have the Succession go on in the right Line, provided they could both preserve their Religion and Loyalty too, capiculate with her, and promise to stand by her, provided the would promise to preferve, and make no Alteration in their established Church of England.
Here the Church of England Men own'd the Liberty of their Religion to be superior to their Loyalty to her ; and that they had a Right to submit, or not to submit, as their Liberty was, or was not secure ; and accordingly conditioned with her, before they would acknowledge her to be their Queen.
And we fee how Heaven punish'd them for venturing on the Word of a Prince when their Religion and Liberty were at Stake.
In this Queen's Time the Church having been again fuppress’d, and Popery erected, Sir Thomas Wyatt, an honest Church of England Protestant, with a very good Body of Men, took up Arms against their lawful Prince, for breaking her Word in Defence of their dear Religion, establish'd by blessed King Edward, which were the very Words of the Manifefto they published: The Londoners, with 800 Men, fent by the Queen against them, thought it no Treachery to desert their lawful Popish Queen, and go over to their Protestant Church of England Brethren.
We have nothing to do with the Juftification of this Fact; 'ris sufficient that so it was, and that these were Protestants of the Church of England, in the first and purest Part of their Principles, and let them juftify the Fact if they pleafe.
Queen Elizabeth succeeds, and the Church of England shone in its Meridian Glory, and then grew up some, who aiming, as I said before, at a
further Reformation ;. and the Church refusing to hearken to it, form'da new. Party of Diflenters, and these were callid Puritans, and since that Phanaticks.
Now I challenge the Defender of this Cause to tell me one disloyal Act, one Plot against the Government, one Disturbance of the Civil Peace, among these Dissenters, from the Beginning of this Queen, which was their own Beginning, to the Reign of King Charles I. which was a continued Terın of 80 Years, and yet, during this Time, they suffered all Manner of Indignities, Reproaches, Finings, Imprisonings, Banishment, Confiscations, and corporal Punishments. .
So that hitherto the Passive Obedience of the Difrenters hath far exceeded that of the Church of England. These had but five Years Oppression under Queen Mary, and in that five Years they once capitulated with their Sovereign to make her Queen upon Conditions, and once took Arms against her after she was Queen ; and by that I must always understand, that if they did not depose and destroy her, it was because they could not ; and if they had done it, no doubt they bad Cause sufficient 10 justify them before God and Man. The Puritans after this suffered all that their too cruel Breibren of the Church of England laid upon them during three tedious Reigns, before they so much as made the least Offer at doing themselves Justice; and for 80 Years together exercis'd that PassiveObedience which they never pretended to
Al last they took Arms; and when they did, they did it to Purpose, carried all before them, subdued Monarchy, cut of their King's Head, and all that.
After the Restoration Things began to return to their old Channel, and 30 Years more the Dissenters endur'd another Egyptian Servitude; were persecuted, plunder?d, indicted, imprison'd, plagu'd with Impositions, ftigma. tiz'd with a Thousand Reproaches ; their Meeting-houses demolish'd, their Estates confiscated, their Persons . excommunicated and anathematiz'd, sworn into Plots they never heard of, and into Crimes they mever committed, dragg'd to Goals, Gibbets, and Scaffolds, and the like. All this while Paize Obedience, if there were any fucb Thing, was found among them more than any. where else ; for here was no Rebellions, no Insurrection, nor breaking of the Peace by the Dissenters, notwithstanding all these Oppositions.
After this comes King James the Second to the Crown, and he turn'd the Scale, and, together with Invasion of Liberty, falls upon the Church, begins to rifle her of her Trophies, for no Esentials had been touch'd; and how long did She bear it? Not 80 Years, not 30 Years; no, not so many Months.
What did she do ? Truly nothing but what she ought to have done ; defend her Liberty and Religion by Force, against unjust Invasion and Tyranny ; nothing but what all the Nations in the World have done, and would do again if they could.
The only Error we charge upon the Church of England, was setting up Pretences of what they really would not Practice ; crying up themselves for Fools, when we knew they were wifer Men; calling themselves humble Slaves; but when the Trial came, proving Itubborn, refractory, LibertyMongers, even as bad as the worst Whig or Phanatick of them all.
For the future then, if a humble Moderator might be permitted to give Advice to the Gentlemen of the Church of England, it should be in these shortand friendly Terms.
Pray, Gentlemen, never be imposed upon, to pretend to more Loyalty, and more Navish Principles than you intend to Practice.
Never pretend to more Obedience than your Sovereing requires. Our late. King, who I am not alham'd to show as a Patern for future Ages, requir'd; and her present Majesty, without Affront to ber Majesty's Authority it may be said, requires no further Obedience from the People of England than the Laws of England requires.
To govern according to Law, is a full Satisfaction to the People, and to obey according to Law, is a full Satisfaction to the Sovereign. The Laws are the Test both of the Royal Authority, and of the Subject's Obedience ; and to pretend to more Obedience than the Law requires, is abusing your Přince, and abusing yourselves.
Never be asham'd to own with your Brethren the Whigs, that you are willing to submit to Authority, but that you expect to be govern d according to the Laws and Statutes of this Realm. i betra! ... · Let the Scotch Motto be set upon your Liberties, and accord ing to your constant Practice, as well as ours : Le all Men know you design to make it Good. Nemo me Impune Laceffit!
12 bili, i And as it really never was the Principle of the Church of England, nor were a bundretb Part of the Members of the Church tainted with it ; fo for the future 'tis hoped you will not suffer such to mingle themselves among you, or-to-act in the Name of the Church of Engtand, who pretend to a blind absolute Obedience to Princes.
And Lastly, Gentlemen, å little more Modefty to your humble Servants your Protestant Brethren, the Diffenters, or Whigs ; I mean as to Matter of Loyalty : For in Truth, Gentlemen;, we do not see any Reason you have to reproach us in that Matter, you being in every Particular, as faulty that Way as you Neighbours, ; ! sosionon sei? y .
Some Necessary Confiderations relating to all future - Eletions of Members to serve in Parliament, bumbly
offered to all EleEtors, whether they be true Sons of the Church of England, as by Law establis’d, or modeft Protestant Disenters; to which is added, A Lift and Account of one Hundred and fixty-seven worthy good Patriots, lately traduced in a scandalous Libel, commonly called the Black Lift. As also a List of two Hundred and twenty-three boneft Gentlemen, who liga naliz'd themselves in the Defence of the Rights of the Commons of England in the Point of Impeachments; with the Addition of a Preface in Answer to a Pama phlet called, A new Test of the Church of England's Loyalty, &c. By Dr. Drake. 1702.
F all Mankind were wife and boneft, an Admonition from the Press would be
impertinent : - But no Age bas yet deferv'd the Compliment of having them thought so; and this (according to the vulgar Notion of it) least of any. I have not, however, so ill an Opinion of it as some fplenetick Writers would give me: I think it neither so wise nor so bonest as it pould be, and yet, per. haps, I think as well of it as of any that have gone before.
But of all the extravagant Follies of this Age, which are not a few, it is, perbaps, ibe most unaccountable, that while we pretend to more Sagacity, and a parper Sight than our Ancestors, we are daily bubbled by Fools, and banter'd by Blockbeads. I am afraid every one of us too often experiences this in his private and separate Concerns ; but the Press almost overwhelms the collective Body of the People with Convittions every Day.
One most notorious Instance of this Kind we have in a Pamphlet, entitled, A new Test of the Church of England's Loyalty ; or, Whiggith Loyalty and Church Loyalty compar'd. The Writer of it, after baving called all the Church of England Men Rebels, Traitors, Regicides, and perjurid Men, protests be has not abufed them, and pretends not to bave affronted them neitber.