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rally feel pleasure in indulging a benign and conciliatory address towards the natives. I had but to sanction the propensity, by declaring, that Government comprehended its wisdom, not less than its humanity. The effect from these measures has been of late so visible throughout the country, that no man will be found to doubt it, or to hesitate in saying whence it arises. Reckoning thus, that it is the equity and amenity experienced from us, by the natives, which so sways their adherence, I cannot be wrong in representing the circumstance as creditable to British reputation. And the internal tranquillity, for the permanence of which such a style of intercourse is a satisfactory pledge, insures to our country so unreserved a command over the resources of India, as will justify the statement, that augmented advantage to Britain has resulted from the recent transactions. The simple principle on which I acted, continued in full efficacy when I quitted India ; and I cannot apprehend that, after such proofs of its beneficial consequences, it will ever be abandoned.

As to myself, I can readily imagine that I may not have adequately improved openings, which fortune presented; that I may not have achieved all the salutary purposes, which the devoted gallantry of the troops at my disposal could have enabled me to secure; that I may not have attained ends, profitable for the Honorable Company, with as little hazard or expenditure as would have attended their acquirement in hands more skilful. But it is not a claim of ability that I am maintaining ; my engagement was to defend and promote, to the best of my capacity, the concerns with which I was intrusted. I have sought to show, that, in a crisis of unparalleled complication, extent, and difficulty, the exertion in which the fulfilment of my obligation consisted, was not forborne. The issue will bear out my pretension. For the settlement of such a violently disturbed mass will never be referred to chance, but will be attributed to the efforts, which, however they might be deficient in judiciousness, must have been anxiously pondered, consistent, and indefatigable.

1

APPENDIX.

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(A.) Sketch of the extra expenses occasioned by hostile preparations, and the

prosecution of offensive operations, during the last four official years, i. e. from the year 1814-1815 to the year 1817-1818, appertaining exclusively to the Presidency of Bengal, viz.

For 1814-1815. War against Nepaul first Campaign, including the Offensive Position of Major

General Marshall's Division. The aggregate amount of war charges in the year 18141815, including Commissariat disbursements, and other incidental expenses, was .

S.R. 30,93,381 9 3 The above aggregate embraces also the disbursements, on account of the following corps, subsequently disbanded, viz.

Lieutenant-Colonel W.L. Gardiner's levies, consisting of Robillah's and Alli Gholes' levies, raised under the orders of the Hon. E. Gardiner.

Corps of Najabs and Mahwattis, raised by Mr. Hearsay.

Corps embodied under the orders of Major-General Sir David Ochterlony.- Part only of these were disbanded : the remainder were retained as the foundation of the 4th Hill corps.

Troops raised by Mirza Alli Beg. A corps of Najubs under Amur Khan. Irregular Horse and Burkundauzes raised by the Rajah Gunsum Sing.

Troops raised by Shaik Kullah Alli Khan.
Two russalahs of cavalry raised by the Resident at Lucknow.

For 1815-1816.

Second Campaign against Nepaul. Amount of war charges, including Commissariat extraordinaries, and other incidental charges

S.R. 20,63,580 10 11 The above aggregate embraces also the expense incurred on account of the following corps subsequenıly disbanded :

Irregular russalahs and Dakree goorlahs under Major-General Sir David Ochterlony.

A russalah of irregular cavalry under Bunker Alli Khan.

Horse raised by Dalial Alli and Kusureen Khan, Zemindars in the district of Shahabad.

Horse raised by Mr. Brooke, at Benares.
Horse raised by Mr. Moorcroft, at Poosah.

For 1816-1817.

Siege of Hattrass. Amount of War charges, including Commissariat extraordinaries, and other incidental expenses

S.R.3,18,915 12 10 For 1817-1818. Offensive Operations against the Pindarries and Mahratta Chieftains. Amount of War charges, incļuding Commissariat extraordinaries, and every incidental expense

S.R.34,34,874 09 (Signed) H. IMLACK,

Military Auditor-General. (A true copy)

HASTINGS,

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(B.) EXTRACT from the Report made by Major-General Sir David Ochterlony,

of the Tour which he had been directed to make through the Feudatory States in Meywar and Malwa.

“ I have only to add, that throughout my tour I have derived the most sincere gratification, from observing the prevalent tranquillity and increasing prosperity of the country. From the prince to the peasant, I have found every tongue eloquent in the expression of gratitude to the British Government for the blessings they enjoy. Discontent or oppression appears equally unknown, except at "Oojein, and a few other places in the immediate occupancy of Scindiah's relatives.

(A true copy) HASTINGS.

(C.)

Calcutta, 26th November, 1822. MY LORD: In reply to your Lordship's letter of the 23d instant, we have the honor to submit the following statements :

1st. The joint receipt of the three Presidencies for the official year 1813-1814, excluding items which did not arise out of Indian sources of revenue, amounting to Rupees 14,74,07,322.

2d. The receipt of 1821-22, restricted in the same manner, was Rupees 18,88,09,832.

3d. The registered debt, on the 30th April 1814, amounted to Rupees 21,31,92,502.

4th. The registered debt, on the 30th April 1821, amounted to Rupees 25,85,06,549.

5th. The average of annual supplies from India to England (beyond those from England to India) during the 20 years preceding 1813-14, amounted to Rupees 38,83,465.

6th. The average annual supply (similarly measured) from India to England, during the eight years, from the 30th of April 1814, to 30th | April 1822, amounted to Rupees 1,05,90,515.

7th. The cash balances of the three Presidencies, on the 30th April 1814, amounted to Rupees 4,80,67,149.

8th. The cash balances, on the 30th April 1821, was Rupees 9,78,62,227. Some of the charges of the past year not having been yet finally adjusted, the amount of Bengal surplus cannot be precisely stated; but the revenues having amounted to Rupees 11,39,37,580, if we assume the charges of the sum anticipated in the regular estimate, viz. Rupees 9,08,04,785, the probable surplus may be calculated at Rupees 2,31,32,795.

It is proper to explain, that in extending the account of the supplies to England to the end of 1821-22, we have been obliged, in the absence of the Bombay accounts, to take as an estimate, the amount furnished from that Presidency in the past year. The average, however, of the past eight years in the general account of the three Presidencies, can be little affected by any difference in the statements of estimated and actual disbursements at Bombay,

We have the honor, &c.
(Signed) HOLT MACKENZIE,

Secretary to Gov. Rev. Dept.

J. W. SHERER,

Accountant-General. (A true copy)

HASTINGS.

FOR THE

I MP R O V E M E N T

AND

EMBELLISHMENT

OF THE

METROPOLIS.

BY SIR WILLIAM HILLARY, BART.

AUTHOR OF

“ An Appeal to the British Nation on the humanity and policy of forming a National

Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck.”

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AMONGST the various happy consequences resulting from the general prosperity which has succeeded to those temporary difficulties, attendant on the transition from long and arduous warfare to a state of peace, not any thing can be more gratifying to all true friends of their country, than to contemplate the zeal with which every plan that can add to the welfare, the splendor, and the honor of the nation, is received and adopted.

In these measures, the numerous and extensive improvements of the great Metropolis of these kingdoms stand amongst the most conspicuous, and are of the utmost importance to the health, the prosperity and the accommodation of its inhabitants individually, whilst every thing connected with the national taste, the rank and station of the country, the magnitude of its public edifices, the extent and the regularity of its communications both by land and by water, and all those advantages which can be secured to a wealthy, a polished, and a great commercial empire, peculiarly require the vigilant attention and the fostering care of an enlightened administration.

All public works should be regarded, as they combine in their respective natures the grand requisites of health, utility, national splendor and durability,

They may be divided into two classes those which unite public benefit with local or commercial advantages, and promising to produce pecuniary returns to a considerable amount, become immediate objects of a laudable and spirited speculation. In general, these are best accomplished under the direction of the several enterprising associations for which this country is conspicuous.

It is however obvious, that there ought to be some salutary restraint to prevent the love of gain alone, or the want of taste in the projectors, from executing even the most useful measures in such

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