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Je n'ai pas l'honneur de connaître le prince Hypsilanti, et nous manquons tous de données nécessaires pour porter un jugenient motivé sur ses talents militaires, sur sa conduite, et sur l'ensemble de son entreprise. J'ai été un des premiers à blâmer cette levée de boucliers, parce que j'appréhendais une grande partie des désastres qui ont pesé sur ma malheureuse nation; mais le férocité mahometane ayant rendu la guerre nationale, en voulant exterminer tous les Grecs, j'ai dû prendre la défense de ma nation, non que j'eusse la folle prétention de convaincre des hommes passionés, ou d'espérer convertir la politique européenne en notre faveur, mais de montrer au moins aux véritables amis de la justice et de l'humanité

que l'insurrection des Grecs est pure dans ses sources et conforme aux véritables intérêts de l'Europe.

J'espère que mes compatriotes, par leur bravoure, leur unanimité et leur intelligence, parviendront à consolider l'indépendance de la nation grecque, ou, si la politique coupable de quelques cabinets entravait leur élan, au moins ils vendront cher leur destruction; et la Turquie, privée des millions de chrétiens qui faisaient toute sa force, sera exposée à être plus facilement envahie par cette même puissance, dont on craint la grande prépondérance. Au lieu d'un commerce, déja bien dininué, le machiavélisme européen n'acquerra que la honte éternelle d'avoir souffert et provoqué la destruction d'une pation antique, qui n'a fait de mal à personne, et qui, au contraire, a été la cause de tout ce qui fait le bonheur et l'orgueil de l'Europe.

Quant au prince Hypsilanti, quel que soit le jugement que la postérité portera sur lui, et quelle que soit la destinée que l’Autriche lui réserve, on ne peut pas méconnaître en lui un homme généreux, qui a sacrifié tout ce que les hommes ont de plus cher pour délivrer sa nation ; et les Grecs, vainqueurs ou vaincus, doivent au moins lui savoir gré de son dévouement.

En finissant cet écrit, je dois rendre des actions de grace, au nom de mes compatriotes, à ceux qui, parmi les Européens, ont osé élever leurs voix en faveur des Grecs.

D'autres, non contents d'élever leurs voix, ont fait un appel à la bravoure de leurs compatriotes en faveur d'une nation opprimée. Peut-être la politique des grandes puissances empêchera ces véritables chrétiens de voler au secours de leurs frères de l'Orient; mais leur ferme volonté nous est connue, et nous leur tiendrons compte même de leur bienveillance.

J'ai des preuves qu'il y a de ces amis des Grecs parmi toutes les nations ; mais c'est en Allemagne sur-tout où cette générosité s'est plus inanifestée.

Le nom de M. le professeur Krug, déja connu en Grèce par la traduction de sa philosophie, comme celui de M. Thiersch, et de

tant d'autres Allemands recommandables par leurs talents, retentiront jusqu'à la postérité. la plus reculée des Grecs.

C'est en Allemagne, et dans des circonstances plus favorables, que nous pourrons divulguer les noms des philellenes français. Qu'ils se contentent, pour le moment, de ces remerciements publics ; et si la divine providence bénit nos efforts, c'est dans la Grèce que nous devons reconnaître notre gratitude envers ces dignes amis du christianisme et de la civilisation.

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CHARACTER

OF

L O R D B Y R O N.

BY SIR WALTER SCOTT, BART.

LONDON:

1824.

CHARACTER OF LORD BYRON,

&c. &c.

The following warm-hearted tribute to the memory of Lord Byron, by an individual who ranked next to him as a poet, is a proof how much liberality is allied to true genius :

« Amidst the general calmness of the political atmosphere, we have been stunned, from another quarter, by one of those death-notes which are pealed at intervals, as from an archangel's trumpet, to awaken the soul of a whole people at once. Lord Byron, who has so long and so amply filled the highest place in the public eye, has shared the lot of humanity. His lordship died at Missolonghi on the 19th of April. That mighty genius, which walked amongst men as something superior to ordinary mortality, and whose powers were beheld with wonder, and something approaching to terror, as if we knew not whether they were of good or of evil, is laid as soundly to rest as the poor peasant whose ideas never went beyond his daily task. The yoice of just blame and of malignant censure are at once silenced; and we feel almost as if the great luminary of heaven had suddenly disappeared from the sky, at the moment when every telescope was levelled for the examination of the

spots which dimmed its brightness. It is not now the question | what were Byron's faults, what his mistakes; but how is the blank which he has left in British literature to be filled

up

? Not, we fear, in one generation, which, among many highly gifted persons, has produced none who approach Byron in ORIGINALITY, the first attribute of genius. Only thirty-seven years old :-so much already done for immortality-so much

time remaining, as it seems to us short-sighted mortals, to maintain and to extend his fame, and to atone for errors in conduct and levities in composition: who will not grieve that such a race has been shortened, though not always keeping the straight path; such a light extinguished, though sometimes flaming to dazzle and to bewilder? One word on this ungrateful subject ere we quit it for ever.

The errors of Lord Byron arose neither from depravity of heart,- for nature had not committed the anomaly of uniting to such extraordinary talents an imperfect moral sense,-nor from feelings dead to the admiration of virtue. No man had ever a kinder heart for sympathy, or a more open hand for the relief of distress; and no mind was ever more formed for the enthusiastic admiration of noble actions, providing he was convinced that the actors had proceeded on disinterested principles. Lord Byron was totally free from the curse and degradation of literature,-its jealousies we mean, and its envy. But his wonderful genius was of a nature which disdained restraint, even when restraint was most wholesome. When at school, the tasks in which he excelled were those only which he undertook voluntarily; and his situation as a young man of rank, with strong passions, and in the uncontrolled enjoyment of a considerable fortune, added to that impatience of strictures or coercion which was natural to him. As an author, he refused to plead at the bar of criticism; as a man, he would not submit to be morally amenable to the tribunal of public opinion. Remonstrances from a friend, of whose intentions and kindness he was secure, had often great weight with him; but there were few who could venture on a task so difficult. Reproof he endured with impatience, and reproach hardened him in his error,--so that he often resembled the gallant war-steed, who rushes forward on the steel that wounds him. In the most painful crisis of his private life, he evinced this irritability and impatience of censure in such a degree, as almost to resemble the noble victim of the bull-fight, which is more maddened by the squibs, darts, and petty annoyances of the unworthy crowds beyond the lists than by the lance of his nobler, and so to speak, his more legitimate antagonist. In a word, much of that in which he erred was in bravado and scorn of his censors, and was done with the motive of Dryden's despot, 'to show his arbitrary power.' It is needless to say that his was a false and prejudiced view of such a contest; and if the noble bard gained a sort of triumph, by compelling the world to read poetry, though mixed with baser matter, because it was his, he gave, in return, an

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