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or townships within the said provinces respectively shall be chosen
XXI. Provided always, and be it further enacted by the
fitting or voting therein, who shall be a member of either of the
XXII. Provided also, and be it further enacted by the authority
the British parliament, or a subject of his Majesty, having become
XXIII. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, nor any per. That no person shall be capable of voting at any election of a for treason or member to serve in such assembly, in either of the said provinces, felony. or of being elected at any such election, who shall have been at
tainted for treason or felony in any court of law within any of his
XXIV. Provided also, and be it further enacted by the authority
at any such election, shall, if required by any of the candidates,
may require: Oath,
A, B. do declare and testify, in the presence of almighty God,
That I am, to the best of my knowledge and belief, of the full age
of twenty-one years, and that I have not voted before at this election. and to make And that every such person shall also, if so required as aforesaid, oath to the particulars
make oath, previous to his being admitted to vote, that he is, to herein specifi. the best of his knowledge and belief, duly possessed of such lands
administering the the council
and tenements, or of such a dwelling house and lot of ground, or
XXV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,
the tions, giving not less than eight days notice of such time, subject place of holdnevertheless to such provifions as may hereafter be made in these ing elections, respects by any act of the legislative council and assembly of the province, assented to by his Majesty, his heirs or successors.
XXVÍ. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful for his Majesty, his heirs or suc- and of holding ceffors, to authorise the governor or lieutenant governor of each the sessions of of the said provinces respectively, or the person administering the
and affembly, government therein, to fix the places and times of holding the &c. first and every other fellion of the legislative council and assembly of such province, giving due and sufficient notice thereof, and to prorogue the fame from time to time, and to diffolve the fame, by proclamation or otherwise, whenever he shall judge it necessary or expedient.
XXVII. Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority Council and aforesaid, That the said legislative council and assembly, in each assembly to be of the said provinces, shall be called together once at the least in every twelve calendar months, and that every assembly shall con- in 12 months,
gether, once tinue for four years from the day of the return of the writs for &c. chusing the same, and no longer, subject nevertheless to be sooner prorogued or dissolved by the governor or lieutenant governor of the province, or person administering his Majesty's government therein.
XXVIH. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, and all quefThat all questions which shall arise in the said legislative councils tions therein or assemblies respectively shall be decided by the majority of voices to be decided of such members as thall be present; and that in all cases where jority of votes.
by the mathe voices shall be equal, the speaker of such council or assembly, as the case shall be, shall have a casting voice.
XXIX. Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority No member aforesaid, That no member, either of the legislative council or to fit or vote
till he has assembly, in either of the said provinces, shall be permitted to fit
taken the folor to vote therein until he shall have taken and subfcribed the fol- lowing lowing oath, either before the governor or lieutenant governor of such province, or person administering the government therein, or before some person or persons authorised by the said governor or lieutenant governor, or other person as aforesaid, to administer such oath, and that the same shall be administered in the English or French language, as the case may require ;
A. B. do sincerely promise and swear, That I will be faithful, and
bear true allegiance to his majesty King George, as lawful sovereign of the kingdom of Great Britain, and of these provinces dependent on and belonging to the said kingdom; and that I will defend him to the utmost of my power against all traiterous conspiracies and attempts whatever which hall be made against his person, crown, and dignity; and that I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his Majesty, his heirs or fucceffors, all treasons and traiterous confpiracies and attempts which I shall know to be against him, or any of them: and all this I do swear without any equivocation, mental evafron, or secret reservation, and rencuncing all pardons and dispensations from any person or power whatever to the contrary.
So belp me GOD. XXX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Governor may
That whenever any bill which has been passed by the legislative give or with.' council, and by the house of assembly, in either of the said prohold his Ma vinces respectively, shall be presented, for his Majesty's assent, to to bills passed the governor or lieutenant governor of such province, or to the by the legi person administering his Majesty's government therein, such goNative council vernor or lieutenant governor, or person administering the goand assembly, vernment, shall, and he is hereby authorised and required to dethem for his clare, according to his discretion, but subject nevertheless to the Majesty's provisions contained in this act, and to such instructions as may pleasure. from time to time be given in that behalf by his Majesty, his
heirs or successors, that he assents to such bill in his Majesty's name, or that he withholds his Majesty's assent from such bill, or that he reserves such bill for the signification of his Majesty's pleasure thereon.
XXXI. Provided always, and be it further enacted by the Governor to authority aforesaid, That whenever any bill, which thall have transmit to been fo presented for his Majesty's assent to such governor, lieutethe secretary, nant governor, or perfon administering the government, shall, of state copies of such bills as
by such governor, lieutenant governor, or person administering have been the government, have been assented to in his Majesty's name, affented to, such governor, lieutenant governor, or person as aforesaid, shall, which his Ma. and he is hereby required, by the first convenient opportunity, to jefty in council may de
transmit to one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of state an clare his dif- authentick copy of such bill lo assented to; and that it shall and allowance of
may be lawful, at any time within two years after such bill fhall within two
have been so received by such secretary of state, for his Majesty, years from the receipt.
his heirs or fucceffors, by his or their order in council, to declare
That no such bill, which shall be so reserved for the fignification Bills reserved of his Majesty's pleasure thereon, shall have any force or authority jefty's pleature within either of the said provinces respectively, until the governor not to have any or lieutenant governor, or person administering the government, force till his Thall fignify, either by speech or message, to the legislative coun- Majesty's afcil and assembly of such province, or by proclamation, that such fent be combill has been laid before his
Majesty in council, and that his Ma- the council jesty has been pleased to affent to the fame; and that an entry and allembly, Thall be made, in the journals of the faid legislative council, of &c. every such speech, meffage, or proclamation; and a duplicate thereof, duly attested, shall be delivered to the proper officer, to be kept amongst the publick records of the province: and thạt no fuch bill, which shall be so reserved as aforesaid, shall have any force or authority within either of the said provinces respectively, unless his Majesty's affent thereto fhall have been so fignified as aforesaid, within the space of two years from the day on which such bill shall have been presented for his Majesty's affent to the governor, lieutenant governor, or person administering the government of such province.
XXXIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all laws, statutes, and ordinances, which shall be in force Laws in force on the day to be fixed in the manner herein-after directed for the at the comcommencement of this act, within the said provinces, or either of this act to
mencement of them, or in any part thereof respectively, shall remain and con- continue lo, tinue to be of the same force, authority, and effect, in each of the except repealsaid provinces respectively, as if this act had not been made, and ed or varied as if the said province of Quebec had not been divided; except in by it, &c. so far as the same are expressly repealed or varied by this act, or in so far as the same shall or may hereafter, by virtue of and under the authority of this act, be repealed or varied by his Majesty, his heirs or succeffors, by and with the advice and consent of the legislative councils and assemblies of the said provinces respectively, or in so far as the same may be repealed or varied by such temporary laws or ordinances as may be made in the manner herein. after specified.
XXXIV. And whereas by an ordinance passed in the province of Quebec, the governor and council of the said province were constituted a court of civil jurisdiction, for hearing and determining appeals in certain cases therein specified, be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the governor, or lieutenant governor, or person Establishment
of a court of administering the government of each of the said provinces re
civil jurisdic. fpectively, together with such executive council as shall be ap- tion in each pointed by his Majesty for the affairs of such province shall be a province. court of civil jurisdiction within each of the said provinces respectively, for hearing and determining appeals within the fame, in the like cafes, and in the like manner and form, and subject to such appeal therefrom, as such appeals might before the passing of this act have been heard and determined by the governor and council of the province of Quebec; but subject nevertheless to such further or other provisions as may be made in this behalf, by any act of the legislative council and affembly of either of
the said provinces respectively, assented to by his Majesty, his
heirs or fucceffors.
fourteenth year of the reign of his present Majesty, it was declared,
vince, as he or they should from time to time think necessary and expeinstructions of dient: and whereas by his Majesty's royal instructions, given under his Jan. 3, 1775, Majesty's royal sign manual on tbe third day of January, in the year to fir Guy of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, to Guy Carleton, &c. Carleton esquire, now lord Dorchester, at that time his Majesty's
captain general and governor in chief in and over his Majesly's pro-
pleased, among; 7 other things, to
fice sauld, during such vacancy, be reserved for and applied to the like instructions to uses:” and whereas his Majesty's pleasure has likewise been fignified ta for Frederick the same effiet in his Majesty's royal instructions, given in like manner Haldimand,
to fir Frederick Haldimand knight of the most honourable order of the and to lord Dorchester,
Bath, late his Majesty's captain general and governor in chief in and recited; over his Majesty's jaid province of Quebec; and also in his Majesty's
royal instructions, given in like manner to the said right honourable Guy
chief in and over his Majesty's said province of Quebec; be it eri-
faid provision fo made by his Majesty in consequence thereof, by fpecting the
his inftructions above recited, shall remain and continue to be of clergy of the full force and effect in each of the said two provinces of Upper church of
Canada and Lower Canada respectively, except in so far as the Rome to con- faid declaration or provifions respectively, or any part thereof, tinue in force.
shall be expressly varied or repealed by any act or acts which may