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stead thereof be commenced and held the second Monday in November, annually. That the circuit courts of the United States for the district Circuit courts of North Carolina shall he held at Raleigh on the Monday preceding in N. Carolina. the first Monday in December, and after the year eighteen hundred and forty-five on the second Monday in March. That the spring term of

S. Carolina. said court shall be held in and for the district of South Carolina at Charleston, on the Wednesday preceding the fourth Monday in March, after the ensuing term shall have been held at the time now appointed by law. That the spring term of said court shall be held in [and] for the Georgia. district of Georgia at Savannah, on the second Monday in April after the ensuing term shall have been held at the time now appointed by law. That the circuit court of the United States for the southern dis- Southern dis. trict of Alabama, shall commence its spring term at Mobile, on the trict of Ala.

bama. second Monday of April in each and every year after the ensuing spring term of said court shall have been held at the time now appointed by

Louisiana. law. And the circuit court for the district of Louisiana shall commence its spring term at New Orleans on the fourth Monday of April in each and every year, after the ensuing spring term of said court shall have been held at the time now appointed by law. And all actions, suits,

Process re

. appeals, recognizances, processes, writs and proceedings whatever, pend- turnable, how. ing, or which may be pending in said courts, or returnable thereto, shall have day therein, and be heard, tried, proceeded with, and decided, in like manner as if the time of holding said courts or sessions had not been hereby altered.

APPROVED, March 1, 1845.

STATUTE II. Chap. XLI.–An Act renewing certain naval pensions for the term of five years. March 3, 1845.

Be it enucted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the pensions Pensions here.

tofore granted for the period of five years, which have been heretofore granted out of

to widows conthe naval pension fund, to the widows of officers, seamen, and marines, tinued. who have been killed or died by reason of a wound received in the line of their duty, or who have died by reason of disease contracted, or of a casualty, by drowning or otherwise, or of injury received while in the line of their duty, and which pensions have ceased in consequence of the expiration of the period for which they were originally granted, or for which they were subsequently renewed, shall be continued for another period of five years, to such of the said widows as have remained uninarried; to commence from the day on which such pensions, respectively, terminated; and to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated : Provided, That every pension hereby re- Proviso. newed shall cease on the death or intermarriage of the widow to whom the same is hereby granted. APPROVED, March 3, 1845.

STATUTE II. Chap. XLII.-- An Act to grant certain lands to the State of Indiana, the better to March 3, 1845.

enable the said State to extend and complete the Wabash and Erie canal from Terre Haute to the Ohio river.

Act of Feb, 27,

1841, ch. 12. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be, and

Lands granted

on the canal. hereby is, granted to the State of Indiana, for the purpose of aiding said State in extending and completing the Wabash and Erie canal from Terre Haute, in the county of Vigo, in said State, to the Ohio river, at Evansville, in said State, as the course thereof has been established and surveyed by the authority of said State, one moiety of the public lands, (remaining unsold, and not otherwise disposed of, encumbered or appropriated,) in a strip five miles in width on each side of said canal ; to

act.

be selected by an agent or agents to be appointed by the Governor of

said State, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury of Lands re- the United States; reserving to the United States each alternate section, served. (or other proper subdivision of said land,) from one end of said canal to

the other; and before the selection, to be made as aforesaid by such

agent or agents, shall be deemed to have been made and perfected, a Chart of the chart or charts, showing the courses and distances and points of termicanal to be re. nation of said canal, shall be reported, or caused to be reported by the ported to Gen'l Land Office.

Governor of Indiana, or by some person or persons by him appointed to

the Commissioner of the General Land Office. Lands granted Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose hereinbein Vincennes

fore mentioned, there be, and hereby is, granted to the said State, in district.

addition to the grant hereinbefore provided for, one moiety of all the other lands in the Vincennes land district, in said State, and which remain, as aforesaid, unsold, and not otherwise disposed of, encumbered

or appropriated, to be selected under the authority and by the direction Their selec- of the Governor of said State: Provided, That, in the selection of the tion.

lands by this section provided for, no lands shall be comprehended which, in and by the first section of this act, are (in alternate sections

or other proper subdivisions) directed to be reserved as aforesaid; and Lands selected the lands so selected shall be reported, or caused to be reported, by the to be reported to the register.

Governor of said State, to the register of the land office at Vincennes,

before such selection shall be deemed to be made and completed. Disposal of the Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all the lands, by the first lands granted

and second sections of this act granted as aforesaid, shall, after the by 1st and 2d sections of this selections thereof shall have been made and completed as aforesaid, be

subject to be disposed of by the General Assembly of said State, for the purpose aforesaid, and no other; and the President shall direct the fur

ther sales of the public lands, in the Vincennes land district aforesaid, Sale of lands

to be suspended until the Governor of said State shall have caused the in Vincennes district suspend. selections aforesaid to be made and perfected as aforesaid, and shall have ed.

notified the Secretary of the Treasury thereof: Provided, That such suspension shall not continue longer than twelve months from and after

the passing of this act. U.S. to have Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said canal when comuse of the canal pleted, shall be and forever remain a public highway for the use of the free.

Government of the United States, free from any toll or other charge whatever, for any property of the United States, or persons in their ser

vice, passing through or along the same; and shall be completed within Canal to be completed in 15

fifteen years from and after the passing of this act, or the State shall be years, or land

holden to pay to the United States the amount of the price or prices for to revert to the which any and all of said land which may have been disposed of by said United States.

State may have sold; and such of said lands as may not have been thus disposed of shall, from and after said fifteen years, if said canal should

not then have been completed, revert to and again become the property Price of the of the United States: Provided always, That it shall not be competent lands limited.

for the said General Assembly to dispose of said lands, or any of them, at a price lower than, for the time being, shall be the minimum price of other public lands.

APPROVED, March 3, 1845. STATUTE II. March 3, 1845. Chap. XLIII.-An Act to reduce the rates of postage, to limit the use and correct

the abuse of the franking privilege, and for the prevention of frauds on the retePost, p. 800. nues of the Post Office Department. After 1st July next, members Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United of Congress States of America in Congress assembled, That, from and after the first may, during re.

day of July next, members of Congress and delegates from Territories, cess, receive letters free. may receive letters, not exceeding two ounces in weight, free of post

ters.

are.

age, during the recess of Congress, anything to the contrary in this act notwithstanding; and the same franking privilege which is granted by Franking prio this act to the members of the two Houses of Congress, is hereby ex

vilege granted

to Vice Pres't. tended to the Vice President of the United States; and in lieu of the rates of postage now established by law, there shall be charged the following rates, viz: For every single letter, in manuscript, or paper of Postage onany kind by or upon which information shall be asked for or communi- Letters. cated in writing, or by marks and signs, conveyed in the mail, for any distance under three hundred miles, five cents; and for any distance over three hundred miles, ten cents: and for a double letter there shall be charged double these rates; and for a treble letter, treble these rates; and for a quadruple letter, quadruple these rates; and every letter or

Parcels. parcel not exceeding half an ounce in weight shall be deemed a single letter, and every additional weight of half an ounce, or additional weight of less than half an ounce, shall be charged with an additional single postage. And all drop letters, or letters placed in any post office, not Drop letters. for transmission by mail, but for delivery only, shall be charged with postage at the rate of two cents each. And all letters which shall here

Advertised let. after be advertised as remaining over in any post office shall, when delivered out, be charged with the costs of advertising the same in addition to the regular postage, both to be accounted for as other postages now

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all newspapers of no greater Postage on size or superficies than nineteen hundred square inches may be trans- newspapers. mitted through the mail by the editors or publishers thereof, to all subscribers or other persons within thirty miles of the city, town, or other place in which the paper is or may be printed, free of any charge for postage whatever; and all newspapers of and under the size aforesaid, woich shall be conveyed in the mail any distance beyond thirty miles from the place at which the same may be printed, shall be subject to the rates of postage chargeable upon the same under the thirtieth section of the act of Congress approved the third of March, one thousand Act of March eight hundred and twenty-five, entitled “An act to reduce into one the 3, 1825, ch. 64. several acts for establishing and regulating the Post Office Department;" and upon all newspapers of greater size or superficial extent than nineteen hundred square inches, there shall be charged and collected the same rates of postage as are prescribed by this act to be charged on magazines and pamphlets.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all printed or lithographed Postage oncirculars and handbills or advertisements, printed or lithographed on

Printed circu.

lars, handbills, quarto post or single cap paper, or paper not larger than single cap, &c. folded, directed, and unsealed, shall be charged with postage at the rate of two cents for each sheet, and no more, whatever be the distance the same may be sent; and all pamphlets, magazines, periodicals, and every Pamphlets, other kind and description of printed or other matter, (except newspa- magazines, &c. pers,) which shall be unconnected with any manuscript cominunication whatever, and which it is or may be lawful to transmit by the mail of the United States, shall be charged with postage at the rate of two and a half cents for each copy sent, of no greater weight than one ounce, and one cent additional shall be charged for each additional ounce of the weight of every such pamphlet, magazine, matter, or thing, which may be transmitted through the mail, whatever be the distance, the same may be transported; and any fractional excess of not less than one-half of an ounce, in the weight of any such inatter or thing, above one or inore ounces, shall be charged for as if said excess amounted to a full

Letter mail

may be separaSec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Postmaster General be ted from the and he is hereby, authorized, upon all mail routes over or upon which other mail, in he amount of matter usually transported, or which may be offered or for expedition.

ounce.

deposited in the post office or post offices for transportation, is or may
become so great as to threaten materially to retard the progress or en-
danger the security of the letter mail, or to cause any considerable aug.
mentation of the cost of transporting the whole mail at the present rate
of speed, to provide for the separate and more secure conveyance of the
letter mail, at a speed at least equal to that at which the mail is now
transported over such route, taking care to allow in no case of any
greater delay, in the transportation of the other matters and things to
be transported in the mail on any such route, than may appear to be
absolutely necessary, regard being had to the cost of expediting its
transportation, and the means at his disposal or under his control for

effecting the same.
27th sec, of act Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the twenty-seventh section
of 3d March

of the act of Congress entitled "An act to reduce into one the several
1825, ch. 64,
repealed. acts for establishing and regulating the Post Office Department,” ap-

proved and signed the third day of March, in the year one thousand
eight hundred and twenty-five, and all other acts, and parts of acts
granting and conferring upon any person whatsoever the right or pri-
vilege to receive and transmit through the mail, free of postage, letters,
packets, newspapers, periodicals, or other matters, be, and the same are

hereby, utterly abrogated, and repealed.
Officers of go- Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage
vernment hav.

of this act, all officers of the Government of the United States, hereto
ing the franking
privilege, to fore having the franking privilege, shall be authorized and required to
keep account of keep an account of all postage charged to and payable by them, re-
postage, &c.

spectively, upon letters, packages, or other matters received through the
mail, touching the duties or business of their respective offices; and
said accounts for postage, upon being duly verified by said officers, re-
spectively, shall be allowed and paid quarter yearly, out of the contin-

gent fund of the bureau or department to which the officers aforesaid
Assistant Post, may respectively belong or be attached. And the three Assistant Posi-
masters General
to have postage

masters General shall be entitled to have remitted by the postmaster in on business let Washington all postage charged upon letters, packages, or other matter, ters remitted, received by them, respectively, through the mail

, touching the business &c.

of the Post Office Department, or the particular branch of that business
committed to them, respectively; and each of the said Assistant Post-
masters General shall be, and hereby is, authorized to transmit through
the mail, free of postage, any letters, packages, or other matters re-
lating exclusively to his official duties, or to the business of the Post
Office Department; but he shall, in every such case, endorse on the
back of the letter or package so to be sent free of postage, over his own
signature, the words “official business.” And for any such endorse-

ment falsely made, the person so offending shall forfeit and pay three Deputy post- hundred dollars. And the several deputy postmasters throughout the paid postage on

United States shall be authorized to charge, and have allowed to them business letters, in the settlement of their accounts with the Post Office Department all &c.

postage which they may have paid or had charged to them, respectivels,
for letters, packages, or other matters, received by them on the business
of their respective offices or of the Post Office Department, upon a veri-
fication on oath of their accounts for the same, and the transmission of
the charged letters as vouchers; and the said several deputy postmas-
ters shall be, and hereby are, authorized to send through the mail, free
of postage, all letters, and packages, which it may be their duty, or they
may have occasion, to transmit to any person or place, and which shall
relate exclusively to the business of their respective offices, or to the
business of the Post Office Department; but in every such case, the
deputy postmaster sending any such letter or package shall endorse
thereon, over his own signature, the words “ Post Office business.” And
for any and every such endorsement falsely made, the person making

masters to be

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the same shall forfeit and pay three hundred dollars. And when the Commissions commissions of any postmaster amount to less than twenty-five dollars to postmasters. per annum, it shall be lawful for the Postmaster General to increase the rate of

commissions, provided that they do not exceed fifty per cent. on letter postage accruing at such office, and the Postmaster General is Accounts to hereby required to cause accounts to be kept of the postage that would be kept of postbe chargeable at the rates prescribed in this act upon all matter passing be chargeable free through the mail according to the provisions of this act; and the on all matter sums thus chargeable shall be paid to the Post Office Department from passing free.

Sums charged the contingent funds of the two Houses of Congress and of the other to be paid. Departments of the Government for which such mail service may have been performed, and where there is no such fund, that they be paid out of the Treasury of the United States.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the act of Congress en- Act of June 30, titled “ An act authorizing the Governors of the several States to trans- 1834, ch. 168,

continued in mit by mail certain books and documents," approved June the thirtieth,

force. one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four, shall remain and continue in full force, any thing herein before to the contrary notwithstanding ; and the Members of Congress, the Delegates from Territories, the Members of Secretary of the Senate, and the Clerk of the House of Representa- Congress, and tives, shall be, and they are hereby, authorized to transmit, free of ized to transmit postage, to any post office within the United States, or the Territories public docum's thereof, any documents which have been or may be printed by order of free of postage either House of Congress, any thing in this law to the contrary notwithstanding. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That each member of the Senate, Franking pri

vilege granted each member of the House of Representatives, and each Delegate from

to members of a Territory of the United States, the Secretary of the Senate, and the Congress, &c. Clerk of the House of Representatives, may, during each session of Congress, and for a period of thirty days before the commencement and

Limitation. thirty days after the end of each and every session of Congress, send and receive through the mail, free of postage, any letter, newspaper, or packet, not exceeding two ounces in weight; and all postage charged Postage charge upon any letters, packages, petitions, memorials, or other matters or weight to be things, received during any session of Congress, by any Senator, Mem- paid out of conber or Delegate of the House of Representatives, touching his official tingent fund. or legislative duties, by reason of any excess of weight, above two ounces, of the matter or thing so received, shall be paid out of the contingent fund of the House of which the person receiving the same may

Authorized to be a member. And they shall have the right to frank written letters frank their own from themselves during the whole year, as now authorized by law. letters.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for Private ex. any person or persons to establish any private express or expresses for presses for leto the conveyance, nor in any manner to cause to be conveyed, or provide for the conveyance or transportation by regular trips, or at stated periods or intervals, from one city, town, or other place, to any other city, town, or place in the United States, between and from and to which cities, towns, or other places the United States mail is regularly transported, under the authority of the Post Office Department, of any letters, packets, or packages of letters, or other matter properly transmittable in the United States mail, except newspapers, pamphlets, magazines and periodicals; and each and every person offending against this provision, Penalty for or aiding and assisting therein, or acting as such private express, shall, offending. for each time any letter or letters, packet or packages, or other matter properly transmittable by mail, except newspapers, pamphlets, magazines, periodicals, shall or may be, by him, her, or them, or through his, her, or their means or instrumentality, in whole or in part, conveyed or transported, contrary to the true intent, spirit, and meaning of this section, forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars.

on mail routos.

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