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-Balfour's Characters. -

[xcv. 120. Characters omitted in Crabbe's Parish 121. A Letter to the Right Hon. Sir Charles

Register, with other Tales. By Alexander Long, on the Improvements proposed and Balfour, Author of Contemplation,&c. now carrying on in the Western Part of 12mo. pp. 277.

London. 8vo. Pp. 37. METAPHYSICS are the bane of

THE great increase of the Metropopoetry; and it is astonishing that nu- lis and the Watering-places is to be merous as are the writers of it, none ascribed to the enormous enlargement of them seem to know the cause of of monied capital and income, indetheir failure. Poetry, however, is as pendent of territorial revenue. Hunintimately connected with imagination, dreds of fundholders, mortgagees, anas music' is with sound, and expresses nuitants, pensioners, merchants, &c. itself by figurative representation, like &c. and hosts of tradesmen, to supply the Orientals and nations in infancy, their wants, buy or occupy houses in where abstract ideas are not yet formed town, and from August to November, into science; and all this is reasonable, migrate to the watering - places, or for poetry is only the painting of mat- make tours. The country gentlemen, ters of beauty, sublimity, and emotion, with some exceptions, on the conas they exist in Nature ; in short, trary, have given up town - houses, poetry is the picturesque of language. and only reside in London for a very It must have effect, or it is good for few weeks at hotels, or in furnished nothing.. Half the poetry which is dwellings. The late long war, and written, is however nothing more than the national debt, in short, appear to naked dreary common.

us to have been the main agents of Mr. Balfour, though upon the whole thus extra-peopling the places in quesso gloomy as almost to invite misan- tion, because the said war and debt thropism, avoids metaphysical prosing, have created thirty millions more anand gives us only natural sentiment qual income, the greater part of which properly expressed by sensible images, is spent within the sound of Bow belts. and of course we sympathize with him. With new buildings improvement Speaking of the pregnant wife of a ought of course to be connected ; and, Sailor killed in battle, which unfor- as to the best plan of a crowded city, tunate female upon receiving the news we have a capital inodel in Bath. But of his death, died with the shock after in that place did not exist the grand bringing forth a posthumous son, Mr. impediments which prevail in Lon

don, viz. the previous destruction of “ By stranger's hands his mother's shroud existing property at enormous was drest;

[rest- pence.

« London,” as ourauthor says, And strangers bare her to her house of (p. 6), “is so destitute of fine buildings, Untimely nipt, in youth and beauty's bloom, ornamental gates, &c. that, froin its No tear of sorrow trickling on her tomb; wide, dusty, un-avenued approaches, No dimpling smile suffus'd the cheek of joy, it has more the air of a vast overgrown No bosom glow'd and bless'd the orphan town, than of a magnificent city." la

boy; No father's love for him this sprinkling short, it is plain, that we discover sought,


none of the fine buildings until we By strangers to this hallow'd' fountain advance into the heart of the town, No mother near, the sacred vows to share,

and there they are smothered. Her heart responding to the pastor's prayer,

London, in fact, has no outside The child more helpless than the creeping front; and, to show it off, the proper

places for its magnificent buildings Is left alone to meet life's blighting storm." would be the banks of the river on

P. 10. both sides, the habitations of indivia Favourable as is our opinion of Mr. duals, streets of houses, &c. being Balfour's style of writing poetry, we thrown back in the North-side of the really do not like the subjects. They Strand. The shores would then be are often disgusting in se-Chandler's lined with palaces, and have the same shops (p: 158) - Old Maids having aspect, as it has, where Somerset and bastards by beardless boys (p. 122), the Custom-houses now embellish it. &c. It is the rule of the Abbé du That this would be the grandest posBos, that nothing revolting should be a sible improvement, because it would part of poetry. A man cannot exhibit include the river and bridges in the á bloody head, just cut off, in a view, is, in our judgment, undeniable. Tragedy

Wherefore instead of moving decora

Balfour says,



PART, 11.]
Review.--Letter to Sir C. Long.

615 tiye buildings to the Mews (as our but it would be as easy to squeeze a author proposes, p. 26), we would shoal of herrings, a mile long and place them on a line with the Adel- broad, into the same length of the phi, fill the bank between Black Paddington Canal, as to make the friars and the Custom-house, with present width of these two streets sufHalls of the City Companies, con- ficient for the passengers. We therenect wharfs with the Thames by fore think (so intolerable are the nuiarched tunnels, and hide the yards sances) that abateinent of them, even behind the buildings on the bank; at the national expence, would be jusmake subterraneous railways to the tifiable. Custom-house ; make Thames-street a Bond-street for city beaux ; in short, 122. Faustus : his Life, Death, and dedo many other things, perfectly fea- scent into Heu. 12mo. pp. 251. Simpsible no doubt, for what is not so to

kin and Co. joint-stock companies? who, bow- THE tale of the supposed league of ever, we sadly fear, must go to the Faustus with the Devil has given rise Devil to deal with him for the means to many a romance, and has been seveof executing their projects; at all ral times dramatised, and received with events ultimately to stay with him, applause on our own boards; but in either in remuneration of his aid, or every case the original tale has been so in punishment for swindling.

perverted, as to be hardly recognized. A great part of London (say the This volume, as the title page imnewspapers) is however to be butch- ports, is “translated from the Gerered for a certainty, and to be cut out man," but who was the German auinto handsome joints, not steaks and thor we are not informed; though we chops, of which it has already too are told that a bad French translation many in the form of streets, courts, was published soon after the appearance and lanes. We beg the projectors not of the original German. The latter to forget removal of the markets to was adorned with excellent engravings, recesses behind thoroughfares. a specimen of which, illustrating the

An improvement of facility, recom- account of the Corporatiou feast, forms mended by our author, is judicious, the frontispiece of this English version, viz. conversion of the grass-plot round and is well executed. the canal in St. James's-park into an But we must proceed to the “Life.". elegant shrubbery or ornamented park. The ambitious Faustus imagining that P. 14.

the study of the sciences was the nearHe also reprobates four palaces with- est way to honour and reputation, disin the space of a mile, enough only for covered the art of printing. This disa single one, viz. Carlton and Buck- covery being received with lukewarmingham Houses, St. James's and York- ness, he was reduced almost to beggary place. In point of fact, Kensington and starvation. To avert the horrors of alone presented sufficient domain for such a situation, he travelled from Maythe palace of the Sovereign. There are ence to Frankfort to sell one of his Laspace, insulation, wood and water, tin Bibles to the magistracy. At this ready-made, and (we believe) the ca- time Mayence was greatly agitated in pability of a fine frontage, as a finish consequence of the dreains of Father of Hyde-park, without sufficient vici- Gerhart, a Dominican Monk, respectnity to be annoying.

ing the lovely nun Clara, niece of the Two great evils, the insufficiency of Archbishop. Meeting with disappointthe Strand and Thames - street for ment at Frankfort, Faustus determined thoroughfares, ought to be removed. upon entering into a league with SaOur author observes (p. 20), that owing tan, and, according to custom, drew 10 the bend of the river being convex the horrid circle. On this day his Maon the Middlesex side, and only con- jesty gave a grand route, the particucave on the other, a very convenient lars of which are finely detailed. The road to the City might be made on the Prince's table was supplied with the Surrey bank, and much nearer, because luxuries of the souls of two popes, a it would only be the chord of the arc, conqueror, a celebrated philosopher, and formed by the river. At present the a recently canonized saint ;” whilst the Strand and Thames-street are barely “mean and vulgar herd” were fain wide enough for the shadows of the to content themselves with the comobjects, which try to pass them, be- mon food, lately arrived from the , causo shadows may yield to pressure, French and German armies. After



[xcv. dinner, as usual, the Chairman makes a series of adventures, at different a speech, and informs his guests of places, of the most disgusting descripthe occasion of the festival. In this tion, the latter sometimes acting the Satanic speech, his infernal Majesty hero, murderer, and seducer. There prophesied that the invention of prinic is scarcely a crime in the whole calening would create sects, and by raising dar not mentioned in these volumes, the heat of the sectaries, tend to dis- either as committed by Faustus, or of patch a few more souls to the shades which he was an eye-witness. At below. From this specimen, we have France he was present at the assassino very high opinion of this royal pro- nation of the Duc de Berri, and the phet's talents, for though the inven- barbarous and cruel execution of the iion of printing has given rise to nu- rich Duc de Nemours. Of the latter merous sects, it has been a blessing event we hare the following pathetic rather than a curse.

Instead of feed- account. ing the cannibals of his Satanic Ma

“The tyrannic King had given orders jesty's “ wide domain,” it has pre- that the Duke's children should be placed vented man from falling into that de- under the scaffold, so that the blood of grading ignorance and bigotry which their father might drop through the boards was the source of all previous evils. upon their white robes. The cries which

Having sprung out of the circle, and the wretched parent uttered at the moment exclaimed "I am thy Lord," Faustus his darlings were torn froın bim, struck resolved to fill the cup of pleasure, and

terror to the hearts of all around. Triscommand the fulllment of his wishes. tan alove, who was the executioner, and The senate of Frankfort hearing of the the King's most intimate friend, looked on splendid visit of the Devil (who they with perfect coolness, and felt the sharpness thought "a secret envoy of his Impe. groans of the unhappy parent would en

Faustus imagined that the rial Majesty") to Faustus, came to the resolution of purchasing The Bi. He lifted up his tearful eyes towards the

cite heaven to arenge outraged humanity. ble of Faustus, previously refused, and bright blue sky, which seemed to smile invited them to a divner at the Mayor's upon the horrid scene. For a moment he house. It was now Faustus's turn to felt himself strongly tempted to command act the hero; and accordingly to make the Devil to rescue the Duke from the hands the City a present of ihe Bible on gall- of the executioner, but his troubled and ing conditions. See p. 57.

agitated mind was incapable of coming to At page 59 the Devil (Leviathan) any resolution. The Duke fell upon his owns that he had never seen the uglý knees, he heard the shrieks and lamentapeople of Frankfort equalled, except tions of his children, who were beneath the by " the inhabitants of an English scaffold; his own infamous death no longer town, when dressed in their Sunday's occupied his mind; be felt, for the last best; envy, malice, curiosity, and ava

time, and felt only, for these unfortunates; rice, said he, are here and there the big tears hung in his eyes_his lips trem

bled – the executioner gave the fatal blorsole springs of action, and both places and the boiling blood of the father trickled are governed by a pitiful mercantile down upon the trembling children. Bathspirit, which prevents then from being ed with paternal gore, they were then led grandly wicked or nobly virtuous.” upon the scaffold. They were shown the We suspect that these invidious re. livid headless trunk, were made to kiss it, marks upon the good people of Nor- and then reconducted to their prison, where wich, are the unnecessary interpola- they were chained up against the damp tions of the trauslator, as his preface is wall, so that whenever they took repose dated at Norwich ;-but we trust not.

the whole weight of their bodies rested on Having previous to the feast seduced the galling fetters. To increase their mithe Mayoress, upon promise of a title sery, their teeth were torn out from time

to time." to her husband ; a very ludicrous farce, acted by way of revenge, was planned

In the “cursed isle" of England by Leviathan at the instigation of they saw crimes committed with so Faustus. The frontispiece is an ex- much coldness and impunity, that cellent illustration of this “Corpora- they quitted it with hatred and distion Feast.” After this adventure they gust. The character of "these gloomy journey to Mayence, and the Devil islanders” is spiritedly drawn by the contrives that Faustus should seduce Devil in the blackest colours, but with the lovely Clara previously mentioned. very erroneous ideas of our greatness. The Devil then led Faustus through After seeing that almost all the


PART 1..]
REVIEW.-Davy on Divinity.

617 Courts of Europe resembled each other the manual labour of the Press, and at no in wickedness and crime, they journey time able to multiply copies sufficient for to Rome, where the scenes, acted un public service (taking off but one page at a der the protection of hin who claims time), he now declines all attempts in infallibility, are of the most depraved the reserved provision for his latter days),

way: and (sacrificing, in this expence, class.

The object of Leviathan here he now presents to the public (in every way was to exhibit the clergy to Faustus

unsupported, after every solicitation for asas the most depraved, the most ex

sistance), an improved copy of his last alted in rank being the most wicked. Volume; the whole extent of his former The Pope is made to cominit crimes labours being too extensive (in his inferior which, besides our' want of room, we state) to produce, upon his own strength will not outrage deceucy to mention. only.

After this they ayain visit Mayence, • The following subjects, being extenwhere Leviathan, after harrowing up sively applied, are, therefore, divided into the soul of Faustus by a recital of his Parts or Sections, that the attention of the crimes and their consequences, strew

Reader may not be wearied ;--and also, that

he may pause to consider one argument beed the bloody members of Faustus about the field with fury and disgust,

fore he proceeds to another,

“ The Work itself, and the success of it, and plunged with the soul into the is humbly submitted to the Great Disposer depths of hell, where his conduct is of all things." still more bold, and where he receives

We do not find that the rolumes the severest torture. We cannot but regret the publica- but the worthy and intelligent author

have as yet been ever offered for sale; tion of this work, as being likely to

has gratuitously distributed more than lead the minds of youth into the vortex of crime; for every vice is repre- lowing separate introduction :

100 copies of ihe work, with the folsented as easy and successfully accom

“ To the KING_To the Right Reverend plished. It carries its antidote, how

the Arch-Bishops and Bishops of ENGever, in the Devil's sermon at the end, and' in the Translator's preface; but Universities–To the Professors of Divinity

LAND-To the Vice-CHANCELLORS of our these things youth are inclined to con

in each, and other distinguished Personages sider as cant and hypocrisy.

in the Kingdom, this Copy is humbly inThe tale itself is vigorous in con- scribed." ception, rich in invention, and glow

There is given a List of “the dising in description; the characters are

tinguished persons to whom a Copy is well sustained in every page; and the

seni,” with the following Circular gradual advancement of Faustus to

Letter: the gloomy heights of despair well exbibiter. The work reflecis great credit

“ Be pleased to accept (as tendered with on the translator for the spirited man

due deference) the accompanying Volumes ;

containing the select proofs, from our best ner in which it is executed.

Divines, on the subjects therein specified :

The Contents will shew the nature of the 123. Davy on Divinity.

work, and the Index will render it of general (Continued from p. 443.)

and easy application.

“ Five Hundred, only, of the inclosed WE cannot more properly resume

are printed, to the extent of the Editor's Mr. Davy's Discourses on ihis most

ability ;-who, being now advanced beyond important subject, than by using his the soch year of his age, and not expecting own varrative:

(in his inferior state) to see the full dis« The Editor might advert here to his persion of it, un-supported, by the tedious former labours *, and to the means by which process of a formal sale, thus humbly prehe effected them ; particularly to the late septs it. Specimen of this Work, in One Volume, “ The seasonableness, the necessity, and printed by himself. But being now too far advantage of this work is truly manifest ; advanced in the Decline of Life to undertake for, though the Being of God is self-evi.

dent, and we have many well-founded tracts, Alluding to his " System of Divinity,” and excellent scattered proofs, with controprinted by liimself in 1795, &c.; 26 volumes, versial defence, on the subjects of Christ's 14 copies only,--(see p. 441.)- It is de- vivinity, the Holy Spirit, and the Sacred posited in the University Libraries at Ox• Trinity; yet, we have no collected, consoliford and Cambridge, --in the New Insti- dated body of arguments on these high tution, London,-in the Library of the points: and the Index (in order to the appliCathedral Church, Exeter, &c.

cation of them) must be truly profitable. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCV. Part II.


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Review.-Dissertation on Nature, &c. of Value. [xcv. “ No expence hath been spared, in its taining in civilized nations; and that production, to render it acceptable to the there are no stable principles, or can publick; and if its intrinsic merit should be be any, on the subject, further than considered worthy of encouragement, the these, that when the buyers exceed Editor must leave it to the publick, and to

the sellers, things rise in value; and the addressed in particular, to devise ways that when the latter exceed the forand means for its more extensive circulation; and himself would consider the remainder of mer, they become cheaper ; and that, his days happily employed in the improve

the phænomena, which political ecoment of it, should his life and faculties be

nomists convert into laws of science, prolonged for the purpose.

more than shifting circum“I am, Sir, your most obedient humble stances, growing out of the operation Servant,

W. DAVY. of demand and supply. Lustleigh, Moretonhampstead,

Prices of corn, which shall never near Exeter, Devon."

Aluctuate-equality of demand and sup“N. B. The Editor, desirous of dispersing ply, so that there shall be always a his work into the hands of the most judi- profit, and never a glut-self-acting recious, hath, in the foregoing List, directed gulations of the prices of labour and it according to the best advice of his friends. provisions, which shall not encroach And if any one, not included therein, should upon the profits of capital—the exbe desirous of a Copy for himself or friend, change always in favour of ourselves, it will be regularly sent, upon due intima- these are excellent well-intentioned tion."

theorems, but which are ever and anon A Preface of 13 pages forms a " Pre- tossed in a blanket with great scorn, lude or Introduction to the several by lawless circumstances, that no power Subjects;" which are comprised in four of Political Economy can reach. divisions, each called a Sermon," For our parts, we think that attenbut containing numerous “ Parts," or tion to the principle and operation of Subdivisions :

demand and supply might produce “ I. On the Being and Nature of God. great business good; but that Politi“ II. On the Divinity of Christ. cal Economy, as now professed, is em

“ III. On the Personality and Divinity of pirical, and will never effect any practhe Holy Ghost.

tical utility whatever ; for more ihan IV: On the Sacred Trinity."

two thirds of it consists of jargon, Here we take leave of this pious and which envelopes the subject in smoke industrious Octogenarian ; ' heartily

of scholastic quibbles (like the French hoping that the short remnant of his dissections of the parts of speech,

Chambaud and his adnouns) about days may be cheered by the applause and the bounty of the good and the things intuitively comprehended, such affluent.

as rent, profits, capital, &c.; which discussions for all practical purposes

are as useless, as experiments on the 124. A Critical Dissertation on the Nature, decomposition of water are to a inan

Measures, and Causes of Value ; chiefly who merely wants to know its quanin reference to the Writings of Mr. Ricardo tum of power in driving one, two, or and his Followers. By the Author of more water-wheels. Essays on the Formation and Publica- We know that we are treading upon tion of Opinions,” &c. &c. Post Bro. Pp. dangerous ground; and that we may

be attacked with a heavy fire of AlgeWE were conversing over wine braic and Mathematical A's, B's, and aster dinner twenty years ago, with a C's, with “ if one shoe costs in labour commercial man of note, and quoting one stocking, then two shoes will buy Adam Smith with warmth of feeling, two stockings," and so forth. But we when our Host observed (as we then are of the Bacon school of philosophizthought illiberally), that if we wanted ing; we know that the country went sound information on the subject, we on in a thriving way before Adam must go to the Royal Exchange. We Smith was born; that the course of are now, however, of opinion, that our business is not affected in any form by Host was in the main, right; and that, his work, and that, certain evident in point of fact, there is no such science points excepted, Political Economy is whatever, in things, as Political Eco- Aristotelian, unsupported by experinomy; that the whole reality is merely ment, and a mere philosophical roan affair of demand and supply, as ob- inance, because business neither is oor



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