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604
REVIEW:-Life of Abp. Sharp.

[xcy. rity as a pastor. (p. 130.). However, against notorious offenders, he disliked he took upon hin privately to reprove all “ Societies for the Reformation of and to write letters of monition to Mauners,” a thing much in vogue Members of Parliament within his about the year 1697. diocese. P. 133.

His Grace's opinions on this subThe next steps he took were to get ject, besides his conviction that such up a Complete Knowledge of the societies might be made instruments Church and its Revenues, and of the of private malice and officious molestaClergy and their Behaviour. For the tion, were these:

he

partly wrote and partly acquired a notitia of the diocese, in 4

“The principal end for which these sovols. folio; for the second, he made cieties were formed in London, was to promemorandums in short-hand. His

mote piety and all Christian virtues and

graces among their own meinbets; and the opinions of Clergymen were always meddling with others who were not of the guided by their good preaching, un

society, was not brought on till of late, and blameable lives, and parochial labours. still it is but a secondary end. Whereas the (p. 140.) What he particularly dis- whole business and design of founding this liked in preaching was "railing at the society at Nottingham, is to reform others, Dissenters, as he worded it. The pros- who are not of the society, by getting the titution of the pulpit to such unworthy laws to be put in execution against then. ends, was a thing which he could not But as for the reforming themselves, or the endure, nor the men that were guilty improving one another in holy Christian of it." P. 144.

living, there is little provision made. I He preached often to set an exam

must confess I think it is of a great deal ple of that practice to the Clergy, and

more consequence both to a man's self and

to the public, that he use all means possible he was constant in his attendance at

to be devout, humble, charitable, and in a church, to induce the laity to do the word) in all things to live like a Christian

himself, than to be zealous in informing “He always had a great opinion of the against others, who do not live like Chriseffects of good sermons, viz. those wherein

tians. The first is of certain benefit, both the fundamental doctrines of religion were

to a man's self and others, but the other laid down distinctly, and clearly disentangled may be often both indiscreet and vexatious.” of the controversies about them, and where

P. 175. in the practical duties of Christianity were of the bickerings, persecutions, and pressed warmly and affectionately." P. 145. mischief, which such foolish societies

"The subjects of sermons he wished to would create it is unnecessary to speak, be the most weighty points, such as struck because it puts all men in the power at the very root of evil principles and vicious

of their neighbours; but as concealdispositions ; such as a man's conscience

ment of treason is a civil crime, we be once touched with, it is in a manner impossible for him (if he were given to think do not see that the modern Constituand consider) not to be both a moral man

tional Society (for instance), conducted and a good Christian.” P. 153.

by a man whom we have known from

boyhood to be à correct character and As' to those who did their duty by man of talents (Sir John Sewell), or proxy, through non-residence, he used the Society for Suppression of Vice, by to say it would be well for them if any means merit the opprobrium lavishthey were not rewarded in the other ed upon them. Treason, obscenity, world in the same way. P. 154. and infidelity, ought in every reason

Some interferences of this good able man's judgment to be suppressed, Archbishop would not be tolerated in and not have a loop-hole to escape, the present day. One instance is quar- through the honourable delicacy of inrels between a Clergyman and his wife, dividuals, to turn informers, or through but, we must add, he was reputed to the expense of prosecution. With only be unfaithful to his conjugal vow.- the specific objects in view which have Another was prohibition of the Sacra- been mentioned, we see no ground for ment, even to a Lord Mayor of York, outcry; for not one single principle of and noblemen and baronets—to one of liberty or justifiable freedom of discusthe lauter for keeping a woman. The sion is brought into question. delinquent disregarding two letters, We had before occasion to notice the Archbishop handed him over tó the slander of laying to the doors of the Spiritual Court. P. 169.

the Clergy all the vices of the age; as Now though lie proceeded thus if little dogs whiclı can only bark and

not

PART 11.]
Review.Life of Abp. Sharp.

605 not bite, were half so effectual to guard ing and prudence. (p. 191.) But as a house as mastiffs, who can do both. his Grace thus acted according to meAo active police will in a few weeks rit, he found, with regard to applicado what no enthusiasts can hope for in tions of interest, that there were" diffia whole life; because in dealing with culties if he concealed his reasons, and persons "whose consciences are seared greater difficulties if he gave them.with hot irons," adversity or bodily P. 192. suffering is the only efficient means of It is to be observed, that all these reform. All the Clergy can do to things were done under the full operainculcate good principles

. If vice tion of the Ecclesiastical Courts, and abounds, it is the fault of the Magis- that a Clergyman had then nothing to tracy; and the Archbishop thinks that do but to consign offenders over to the Clergy ought not to interfere, for those Courts. the following reasons :

This power was to end; and the “I do not take it to be proper for me, as · Clergy still to be expected to make a Clergyman, to take upon me either to every body moral. They, however, erect, or to authorize any society for this who think as statesmen, historians, purpose; nor do I think it proper to my and (in our judgment) critics, ought function, if such societies be set up to do to think, i. e. abstractedly and philoany episcopal act about them, any more than sophically, may be of opinion that inI think it proper to give orders to my Clergy stitutions professing to regulate affairs about business that belongs to Justices of de anima, by the ecclesiastical proPeace.-The truth is, it seems to me that

cesses, savour of barbarism. they would receive better directions for the carrying on their work, from the Charges

As to toleration, it is an indispensathat they may hear from the Justices of ble measure of sound policy, and Peace at the Sessions, than they can from merely allows persons to follow their the Sermons of the Clergy.” P. 176. own opinions, instead of adopting those The Archbishop thought that any subject much better. Moreover, we

of others, who may understand the coalition of the Clergy with the Dis- think that Toleration is an indispenssenters, upon religious principles, was

able adjunct to Protestantism, because contrary to the constitution of the

the laiter was entirely derived from Church, and to the engagements which

exercise of the freedom of opinion, the Clergy are under to preserve it.

which, therefore, it cannot consistently This idea appears to us highly to refuse to others. The Toleration Act vindicate those Clergymen who prefer passed at last; and then the unjustlythe “Society promoting Christian Knowledge, and the “ Propagation of persecuted Dissenters, like school-boys the Gospel in Foreign Parts,” what- church-duties, and would almost have

at breaking up, made gambols of ever may be the opinions of many wor

exhumated the dead, that they might thy Church-ministers, who are irregu- perform a burial service iwice over. lar from good intention and no other. They celebrated marriage, a civil conThe Archbishop, nevertheless, draws

cern (where properly is at stake), with. a proper line, with regard to Church

out licence or banns (see p. 362), and men and Dissenters, viz. that they are

their christenings, churchings, and buonly to differ in religious principles.

rials, were utterly intangible by law, as ) an not against the coalition of Church- is plainly confessed by Lord Chief Jusmen with Dissenters in any matter where tice Holt (p. 362), and therefore the they can go together in promoting the com- Clergy were left without power. mon cause of Religion or good manners. So far from that, I heartily wish them well.

< Some of the first difficulties he met And it would be the most pleasing thing in with in his diocese, were from Dissenters the world to me, if we could all be united in taking advantage of the Act of Toleration to one body. And in the mean time, while we break loose, and assume greater liberties continue separate, I would have all possible than were designed them by the Act. (p.358.) tenderness and kindness shewed to all good Some people thought to shelter themselves men amongst them.” P. 177.

under it (the Act), from ecclesiastical cenFor the service of village churches, in any place. Such there were in his own

sures, for not attending the worship of God his Grace thought persons of regular diocese, and though the Act does not in life, right honest, and well-tempered, reality destroy or enervate the Bishop's to be the fittest ministers ; in large and power over such delinquents, yet it makes populous towns, those of greater learn- the exercise of it more difficult, and more

liable

606

REVIEW.-Letter to the Abp. of Canterbury. [xcv. Jiable to be evaded than it was before." Hanover succession, and covertly faP. 368.

vour the Pretender, as has been reAdd to this, that the Temporal peatedly asseverated, was utterly false Courts, by, writs of supersedeas (p. and unfounded. (See p. 324.)' But 216), set aside the writ de excommuni- there is a singular circomstance attachcató capiendo, and “the easiness of ed to this point of history, the appellaobtaining these writs of supersedeas tion of the Pretender as Prince of was so well known by the practising Wales, in conversation with her Maattornies in the country, thai they did jesty, without blame. We have also generally encourage all sorts of people read that the Queen was worried to to stand out in defiance of the Church death by the factions among her Micensure." P. 216.

nisters. It appears from this book, Now when we consider that objec- that her Majesty's life was passed in tion's were made to the marriage of the most painful drudgery of canvassa persons who had not been baptized ing for votes, &c. She was put into (see p. 205), we must adınit that it the situation of a hawker or pedlar could be no means of promoting vir- for custom, or rather of a rider for the tue; and, in qur judgment, it was a

firm of her Ministers. How the Queen part of ecclesiastical discipline grow-wheedled the Archbishop is amusing; ing out of popery.

and it ended very naturally in a hope Another case ensued of excommu- expressed by her Majesty, that he nication, &c. against a person for mar- would always do what she desired." rying the sister of his deceased wife, P. 322. and refusing to separate from her. We assure our readers that there is Here his Grace recommended a Cler- a fund of information, ecclesiastical, gyman to talk to them upon the sub- political, and curious, in these importject, and insist upon a total separation. ant volumes, – that they exhibit an (pp. 209, 210.). Now incest must, we

Archbishop like many preceding and think, in the view of reason, be limits existing prelates, who wore his rochet ed to connexions by blood; and is first and lawn-sleeves upon the inward as cousins can marry, where there is well as outward man. blood, why should mere propinquity be made an obstacle? Indeed' we

Letter to his Grace, the Archliskop doubt not but certain of the prohi

of Canterbury, on the subject of New bitory degrees were put into the table

Churches, &c. 8vo. Pp. 68. in papal times, for the purpose of get

THE question here agitated, is, ting more money by the sale of dis- whether in the New Churches, Ecclepensations. In vol. II, pp. 127–134, şiastical offices of a certain kind can be the subject of these prohibitory degrees legally celebrated; and whether in paris amply discussed, and it is in p. 129 ticular, marriage, which carries with it confessed, that impediments not exist- such an important train of interests ing in the Levitical Law, have been and consequences, can, in virtue of the put into the scale, “because all the Acts of Parliament newly made with prohibitions being made purely upon relation to these Churches, be legally account of nearness of kindred, those solemnized ; for, says the author, Mr. persons who are in the same nearness Harvey, of kindred must be supposed to be alike “ It would give me great pleasure to be prohibited.” (p. 130.) Thus relation- convinced that there is no chance, that our ship by consanguinity and affinity is children or grand-children may find themmade one and the same thing; which selves disinherited, and branded with the doctrine we affirm to be opposite both stamp of illegitimacy." P. 67. to nature and reason; for, in fact, a And it is preposterous, that on acwife's sister is no relation at all, but count of the extent of the parish of in custom and prescription, to the hus- Lambeth, band. The enlargement of the code

" A poor woman, just out of her lyingwas of papal manufacture, and we re- in room-residing at Norwood—where gret that the Reforination had not re- New Church is erected should be obliged vised this code as well as others. to walk five or six miles, to be churched,

We shall now take our leave, with and to have her child baptized, whatever simply remarking one important histo- may be the state of her health." ' P. 65. rical fact; viz. that any desire on the We are certain, that no interests, part of Queen Anne to impede the no circumstances, render it a wish of

ару

111.

PART 11.]
RBVIEW.-Scientia Biblica.

607 any Clergyman whatever (Bishop or given, as aforesaid, there shall be placed in Curate) to withhold Ecclesiastical of some conspicuous part of the interior of fices to any person legally entitled such Chapel a notice in the words followa thereto, bot that if there are difficulties ing: Banns may be published and Marriages in Acts of Parliament, it must be owing solemnized in this Chapel.. to omission or neglect of plain speak

This entirely removes the objection ing. A jargon, certainly, law language of Mr. Harvey, because every inan has become, and though its high and who has a marriage celebrated in a beautiful reason is apparent, upon ar- Chapel not so authorized, does it at his gument before the Courts, yet ihe ori- peril; but satisfied, as we are, that our ginal Acts themselves show, that there political sentiments cannot be misinmay be stammering and stuttering in terpreted, we feel, with him, that to writing as well as in speaking.

render Acts of Parliament intelligible We have heard, that when Mr. is a humble necessity, amounting only Pitt's Income Tax was first levied, the to this, that the writing on a direction Town of Berwick - upon-Tweed was post be legible. omitted in the Act; and that a cun- One more remark-De Gustibus non ning Lawyer, knowing or affirming est disputandum; and we do not like that it was neither in England or in Churches being built in any other than Scotland, obtained by virtue of the the Gothick style of architecture ; nor omission, a whole year's exemption such words as Banns may be, &c. infrom the operation of the said' tax. scribed in any Church or Chapel whatWe remember, in our younger days, ever. It looks to us like "'Licensed that the “ town of Berwick - upon-to deal in Coffee, Snuff," &c. Tweed” used to figure away in proclamations, and its titular pretensions 112. Scientia Biblica : containing the New have not, as we know, been extin- Testament, in the original Tongue, with guished by attainder.

the English Vulgate, and a copious and Odd things, therefore, obtain in tem- original Collection of parallel Passages, poral as well as Ecclesiastical docu- printed in Words at Length. In 3 vols. ments; but non omnia possumus omnes;

8vo. Booth. and we wish that the generalship of

WHEN

persons are proceeding on Lawyers was brought into action, as a journey, it becomes a serious impewell as their jargon; for so we call diment to their progress if they have to that which must be put into the form of diverge every now and then, to make Blackstone's Commentaries, or Reeves's calls and visits ; and the Student in History, before any person can ander- Divinity is in a similar situation, if he stand a word of it. Some generalship has to look out all the parallel passages. might have been used in the late Mar- These, however, it is most important riage Acts. If, as in Registers of Bap- to know, because it is an essential rule tisms, the publications of banns had in theology, that if one text be exbeen in this form, “I publish the plained at the expence of another, banns of marriage between A. son of which contradicts it, such explanation B. and C. Roe, of D. (if any particular is unsound; and moreover, these colresidence) in the parish of .... Batche- lections of the parallels bring all the lor, and E. daughter of F. and G. Doe, heads of doctrine upon particular of H. in the parish of 1. Spinster,” &c. points, into a focus. “But there are then those, who were capitally prose- things which recommend themselves, cuting poor celibacy, might have been and this is one of them. It is thereimpeded in their efforts to procure sen

fore unnecessary to enlarge upon obtence of death by a charitable applica- vious conveniences. It is sufficieni to tion to parents for suspension of the make such things known; and to state proceedings, because his pretended with regard to this book, in what manmurder by breaking hearts, may be

ner the author has executed his task. only justiñable homicide with regard We have great satisfaction in saying, to fortune-hunters,

that the present work contains

many We find in the last Marriage Act, thousand parallel and illustrative pas4 Geo. IV. cap. 70, the following sages, more than any other compila

tion in existence. :“SIV. Provided always, and be it enact

The Editor shall now speak for himed, That in every Chapel in respect of which self. mich authority (of marrying, &c.] shall be “ The Editor solicits attention, particu•

larly

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608

Review.-Or Degrees at Cambridge, &c. [xcv. larly to the arrangement of the parallels ; 113. A Letter to the Publick Orator of Camwhich, from the additional labour and bridge University, on the Ordination of anxiety naturally arising in effecting it, will Non-Graduates, under the Ten Year Din. not, it is hoped, be considered as the least nily Statute; including Olservations on a valuable part of the work. By a strict at- Pamphlet by Dr. Michell, entitled, " A tention to the literal meaning of the Sacred Letler addressed to Lord Liverpool or the text, and by carefully ascertaining the dif- Catholick Question, Clerical Residence, and ferent clauses of a verse, their disposition the State of Ordination.8vo. Pp. 51. and connexion, and giving the parallels in 114. A Letter to the Right Rev. John, Lord their natural order, not only will the more

Bishop of Bristol, respecting an additional immediate object of the work--the illustra

Examination, or the total Avolition, of tration of the Scriptures--be most effec

Ten Year Men, in the University of Camtually secured, but material assistance will

bridge; to which are added, Observations be afforded to young Ministers in the divi

on Mr. Samuel Perry's Letter to the Pubsion and amplification of a text. The pa

lic Orator, and a Refutation of the Accusa. rallels belonging to each member of a verse, tions contained therein against the Lord are printed in distinct paragraphs.” In St. Luke's Gospel, the arrauge

Bishop of London. By Philotheologus.

Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 66. ment of the parallels is such as to form a complete and distinct harmony of the Evan

IN consequence of the lamentable gelists. Immediately after the text, the ignorance of the Clergy at the accession corresponding passages in the other gospels of Queen Elizabeth, a statute was are given, and are printed between brackets ; made, by which persons of twentyso that they may be read, either as a har- four years old and upwards were almony of the Evangelical histories alone, or lowed to enter themselves at the Uni. in connexion with the other parallels." versity of Cambridge, and, after ten

“ In order to preserve the punctuation years, omitting the degrees in Arts, 10 and italick reading of the • Authorized iake those in Divinity. In conseTranslation, considerable care and applica- quence of this privilege, non-graduate tion was required; but these will be amply Clergymen may become Batchelors recompeused by the great service which it is and Doctors of Divinity, by only a anticipated must result from them, i. e. in residence of three half terms, and the enabling ministers to quote in the composition of their sermon, the passages given, performance of certain exercises, which without the trouble of turning to them in

are merely formal. Under this statue, their bible ; and in pointing out to the un- therefore, a Mr. Samuel Perry, School. learned reader those passages which are not master, of Shenfield in Essex* (who found in the original, but are supplied in entered himself in the year 1814 of St. the translation."

John's College, Cambridge, in order “ In citing the various passages of the to graduate in the regular way, but resacred volume, considerable care has been linquished so proceeding, on account taken not to do them violence by too great of ihe greater convenience of the ten a separation from their context. This has undoubtedly swelled the size of the work, shop of London for ordination. This

year statute), applied 10 the Lord Bibut it has ensured to the reader the genuine the Bishop refused on account of the meaning of the inspired writings. It is a fact universally acknowledged, that, by ab- non-graduation of Mr. Perry. The scinding many passages from their respective latter makes his appeal to the publick,

in contexts, the Scriptures may be adduced to complaint of the presumed hardship; support the most preposterous and revolt- but his opponent replies, that part of ing opinions ; aud it is to be deplored that the exercises of a ten-year-man being too many sincere and conscientious Chris- a sermon in the University Church, tians give in to a practice pregnant with so the statute was of course strictly livited

to persons already in Holy Orders. He «'With the view of, rendering the work then expatiates upon the further misas valuable as possible to the biblical student, chief of this statute; and we most corthe Greek text, printed from Mills' edition dially agree with him. of the • Textus Receptus,' is given with the authorized Euglish translation, accompanied vious to conferring Holy Orders, is

The condition of graduation, preimportant to the nera English reader in imposedl, in order to preserve learning studying the sacred text.” Pref. xxi.

in the Church, and present a seasonThe Author announces an intention number of candidates for the ministry.

able limit to the otherwise indefinite of undertaking the Old Testament upon the same plan, as soon as he has ob- * In justice to Mr. P. it is fit to observe, tained five hundred subscriptions. We that he is a classical scholar. heartily wish him success.

It

many evils."

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