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PART 11.), Chronology of the Assyrian Empire.
599 Sardanapalus was the 41st Monarch, rodotus has erred, in placing Cyaxares and says, the Monarchy lasted 1460 before Astyages, and that Astgages was years, ending (according to the same son of Phraortes. Assuerus and Asauthor) A. M. 4675.
tyages are universally allowed to be Syncellus (p. 133) quotes Cephalion, the same King of Media. Nabuchoas saying that the descendants of Ninus donosor was a name common to the reigned above 1000 years; and that no Kings of Babylon. Although Heroone of them reigned less than 20; and dotus does not say that the King of adding that Ctesias relates the names Babylon assisted the Medes, yet it is of 23.
highly probable, as the King LabyneJustin says, the empire (lib. 1. c. 2) tus (Clio, 74) was the mediator belasted 1300 years.
tween Astyages (or_Cyaxares) and Secondly. Not even 41 Monarchs Alyattes the Lydian, B. C. 585. Thus (the greatest number any author men- we find that it is agreed on all hands, tions) could reign even 1000 years, the that the Babylonians and Medes were least number ascribed to them.
the destroyers of Nineveh ; but that it In my former communication, I is supposed to have been twice destroythink I satisfactorily proved it impos- ed, because chronologers ascribe each sible for any number of Kings to reign to a very different epoch. But we may more than 18 years, one with another. remark that Justin and Paterculus only Let us, however, admit for once that mention one destruction of the town; they might reign 20 years. Even in and that Herodotus and the Scripture this case the 41 Monarchs could only also only mention one; but as some fill up a period of about 820 years. will have it, a quite different event.
Thirdly. If these Monarchs were This destruction of Nineveh is vaso effeminate as described, how could riously dated. Sir Isaac Newton places they have retained so extensive an em- it B. C. 609; Mr. Gibbon, &c. 606; pire so long? If they were not effe. Larcher, 603; Arnald, 613, or the 29th minate and cowardly, it is plain the year of King Josiah. historians are fabulists, because they If Newton has rightly placed the all agree in saying they were. Sarda. Trojan war B.C. 904, Diodorus himnapalus is said to have far exceeded all self
affords us a clue to the discovery of his predecessors in luxury and effemi- the truth; as he says the destruction nacy; and yet he is said to have com. of Nineveh followed that of Troy 306 manded four armies in as many bat. years; consequently this would be dated iles, and afterwards to have destroyed about 600 B. C. Those who suppose himself and family on a funeral pile. that this town was twice destroyed, Herodotus mentions Sardanapalus as date it from Eusebius, B.C. 820, from very rich, and describes a successful Justin, B. C. 900. Blair, Gibbon, attempt to rob his treasury: but as he Paterculus, 740, Lavoisne, 747. either had written or was preparing to From Chronology, therefore, arises write a History of Assyria (see Clio. the only objection which can be made c. 106 and 184), he does not mention to the supposition, that the different the destruction of Nineveh. As this historians alike relate the same event. history has not been preserved, we un- Of one thing we are certain, that Ni. fortunately are left very much in the neveh was destroyed about 600 B. C. dark on this subject, and can draw no as the Scriptures prove. Of the other conclusion from our author's silence we can have no certainty, as the rehere.
laters of the same fact disagree with Fourthly. Ctesias and his followers one another, and place it in very difsay that it was Arbaces a Median, and ferent years. The artificial chronoloBelesis a Babylonian, who rebelled gers (as Newton calls them) do not against Sardanapalus, and destroyed here even agree; and upon their auNineveh the first time: and Herodo. thority only do we deny that there was tus says that Cyaxares, the Median but one Nineveh; and weary ourselves Monarch, conquered Assyria (Clio. c. in making useless conjectures, in order 106); and in the concluding verse of to explain a difficulty which we ourthe apocryphal book of Tobit, Nabu- selves have created, and which is com. chodonosor and Assuerus are said to pletely ideal. For the rest I refer my have destroyed it. Newton, c. 6, 310, reader to Sir Isaac Newton's work. (and others I believe) thinks that He
Monument at Waterloo.-Singular Epitaph. [xcv.
very scarce book in my possesthe Field of Waterloo, must be extremely interesting to the world in sion, entitled. : Variorum in Europa general, and to Englishmen in particu- duscriptis selectiora tantum inscrip
Itinerum Deliciæ; seu, ex variis Mafar, who bore so distinguished a part tionum maximè recentium Monuin a battle, which in its consequences
menta. put an end to a bloody and protracted Germanică,
Helvetia et Bohemia, Da
Quibus passim in Italia et war, which for more than a quarter of niã et Cimbria, Belgio et Gallia, Ana century had deluged the Continent with blood, and to a system of san
glia et Polonia, &c. Templa, Aræ, guinary and unprincipled ambition, by Palatia, Tribunalia, Poetæ, Arcus
Scholæ, Bibliothecæ, Musæa, Arces, which one individual had brought in. Triumphales, Obelisci, Pyramides
, calculable misery on the civilized part Nosodochia, Armamentaria' Propugof the human race, and had shed the blood of millions in the pursuit of his cula, Horologia, Pontes, Horti, Villa,
nacula, Portus Asyla, Ædes, Cæna. lawless and tyrannical system of ag. Agriaria, Thermæ, Fontes, Monetæ, grandizement. Without further preface, permit me
Statuæ, Tabulæ, Emblemata Cippi to extract from the perishable pages of Sepulchra, &c. conspicua sunt
missis in clariores urbes Epigrammatia daily newspaper the following deMonument at Water
bus, Julii Cæs. Scaligeri. "Omonia nu. scription of a loo,” from the pen of Mr. J. Deville, per collecta et hoc modo digesta à Naa visitant of the spot :
ihane Chrytæo. Editio Secunda. Apud
Christophorum Corvinum, 1599. « This Monument is an earthern mound The book is dedicated to Christian, or bill of immense size, being upwards of third King of Denmark, Norway, &c. 700 feet diameter at the base, and 2160 If you think it worthy a place in feet in circumference. It is 200 feet high, your valuable Miscellany, it will be and 100 feet in diameter at the top. There Hattering to an old Correspondent. is a double carriage road winding round it in a spiral form, and supplying an easy method of ascent for carriages to the very top;
The following Epitaph is from the and by this road the materials have been
Church of S. Spiritus in Sienna. and are conveyed to complete the work. In
“ Potatoris. the centre is a shaft of brick, which is car- Vina dabant vitam, mortem mihi vina dedere, ried up from the bottom, and is still going Sobriùs Aurora cernere non potui. on. It is to be 60 feet higher than the top Ossa merum sitiunt, Vino consperge Sepulof the Eastern mount, making the whole
crum, height 200 feet. It is intended for a pedes- Et calice epoto, care Viator, abi. tal to receive a lion, the crest of Belgium,
Valete, Potatores. which will be 21 feet long, and 12 feet high, 'Twas rosy wine, that juice divine, and which is ready to be put up when the
My life and joys extended; work is completed. The mound has been But Death, alas ! has drain’d my glass, 18 months in hand, and is to be finished within six more. For the first six months, The social bowl my jovial soal
And all my pleasures ended. 2000 men, 600 horses, and as many carts as could be kept at work, were employed
. A jolly fellow, his wine, till mellow,
Till morn pe'er thought of quitting, upon it, and the number has been only diminished as the termination of the work ap
To leave is not befitting. proached. It is of the conical form, with My thirsty bones are dry as stones, the top cut off, and out of it the shaft or And need much irrigation, pedestal for the lion rises. At present it I pray then o'er my grave you'll pour has a pleasing appearance, from the great A copious libation. number of horses, carts, and people, as- Dear Traveller, stay, ere hence away, cending and descending by the winding This boon on me bestowing, road."
Then take a cup and drink it up,
A cup with wine o'erflowing. Not doubting but that the insertion
Topers, farewell ! where'er of this extract will be means of further
dwell, inquiry and elucidation as the work And be your lays, of wine the praise
May wine be most abounding, proceeds, I remain,
In Pæans loud resounding."
[ 601 ]
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
07. A Manual of Classical Bibliography, ther edition would have equally served; comprising a copious Detail of the various and as no such edition is mentioned in Editions, Commentaries, and Works criti- this work, perhaps it is very rare and cal and illustrative, and Translations from valuable. We think it too of the first the English, French, Italian, Spanish, importance, that in books of this kind German, and occasionally olher Languages
we should have an account of the lost of the Greek and Latin Classics. By works of eminent classics. Mr. Moss, Joseph William Moss, B.A. of Magdalen under Livy, has given us some account Hall, Oxford. 8vo. 2 vols.
of the lost Decades. We shall add OUR natural reflection at sight of some curious anecdotes on Bibliograworks of this kind is, why bave we not
phy. a standard edition of each writer got
The Editio Princeps of Martial is up on the same principle as an autho- dated in 1471, and yet Bishop Jewel rized Version of the Bible, and illus
savs (Reply to Harding, p. 8, fol. 1609), trated in the same manner as the Del. "Martialis was lately found in France phin editions. We say the Delphin in the citie of Sevnovica, in an arch editions, not that we conceive them of stone under the ground, so corrupt the best, but think that the form of and defaced, that in many places it the notes conveys to us the most know- could not be read, and was never seen ledge of the meaning of the author, and in the world at any time before, so litthe manners of the times. It is evi- tle did the best scholars of that day dently useful under present circum- know about Bibliography.” Menage stances, that we should know the cha- tells us (Menagiana, i. 90), that Leoracter of the goods which we mean to nard Arctin found a Greek MS. of purchase, but it is certainly not very Procopius, and passed it for his own, pleasant to find various opinions in the but was detected by other copies beBibliographers, because it is utterly im- ing found; and that Machiavel did possible for those not engaged in the the like with the Apothegms of Pluvery identical line of research, to tell tarch in his Life of Castruccio, into which of these Bibliographers is right, whose mouth he put the best of the and to ascertain this point would re
good things that Plutarch said.-Our quire a great deal of time and labour. Thomson in his “Seasons” has paraFor instance, under Ammianus Mar- phrased whole lines of Lucretius, which cellinus, in the present work, I. 38, have passed unnoticed. Cicero de Rewe have Lugd. Bat. 12mo, 1632, publicâ is quoted by Augustine de CiBoxhornii.
vitate Dei, l. 9. L. 2, and Ludovicus Dr:Harwood calls this edition beau- Vives, in his notes on this chapter, p. tiful and very correct. The Bibliogra- 335, says of these six books De Rephical Dict. I. p. 37, says that it is publica, —" Audio apud quosdam tan“ very beautiful, and very incorrect.”
quam aurea mala asservari.” It is cerWe have some excellent editions of tain that this work is quoted by Bishop the Classicks, and we venture to say that Hooper in his “ Declaration of the the verbal corrections of numerous Third Commandinent," fol. 35, p.2, and editors are in several places perfectly was once, therefore, in England. Mr. childish. In Burman's edition of Pe- . Mosse takes no notice of Ennius; but tronius (who by the way is utterly Ludovicus Vives quotes fragments, omitted by Mr. Moss, because per- which he had a mind to collect into haps deemed by him a factitious Clas- one body. Justin is known to have sick, of later æra), numerous instances abridged Trogus, yet Ludovicus menoccur of this mischievous emendation. tions that there were persons who afWorks of the kind before us may warn firmed that they had seen Trogus's those who are in the possession of good work in Italy. (p. 348.) Jerom quotes editions not to part with them hastily. some lost books of Seneca, as thuse De We had an edition of Cicero's Ora- Superstitionibus et de Matrimonio (adtions by Freigius, 3 vols. 12mo, which versus Jovinaanum). Sallust's books of we gave away to a person whom ano-, the Historia de Bellis Civilibus are lost. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCV. Part II.
[xc. Part of Varro's works are lost. To practise in Doctors' Commons, but some of the editions of Tibullus are was rejected on account of having annexed Elegies, imputed to Corne- taken deacon's orders (see p. 47), the lius Gallus, which Grainger says are a appointment solicited being for that modern composition, the work of one reason contrary to the Canons, The Longinus Maximian, a physician applicants for civilian advocacy must (Notes on El. i. v. 3.) We do not have, it also seems, the approbation of find this noticed by Mr. Moss, i. 260. the Archbishop of Canterbury before -We here stop, because Mr. Roscoe, they receive their diploma (if it may in his Life of Lorenzo de Medici, be so called), and hence the concera abounds with bibliographical informa- of his Grace in the affair,-a concern tion, see i. pp. 30, 33, &c. &c. 3d ed. which we lament, because the ineligi410, 1797.-In p. 38 he informs us, bility of Clergymen for the office should that Nicciolo Niccoli, who died in have been expressed in the Act of Par1438, was the father of that species of liament ; but if it be the fact (and it criticism which corrects the defects is not denied) that the complainant, and arranges the texts of MSS. Dr. Highmore, had taken Deacon's
We think that a diligent search for orders (see p. 47), he must of course lost Classics ought to be made in pri- have sworn obedience to the Canons, vate foreign libraries, by means of cor- and whether his postulate, that advorespondence with the Literati abroad, cacy in the Commons ought not to be and that lists of the lost books would limited to laymen, be well founded or be useful adjuncts to the works on not, he cannot justly complain of the Bibliography. They are commonly operation of Canons, to which he has mentioned in the prefaces to the au- sworn allegiance, or load the Archthors.
bishop of Canterbury with censure, Mr. Moss is very ample in his quo- because his Grace did not choose to tations, and has certainly taken much infringe those Canons which it was pains with his subject. It is not from his duty to support. Had Dr. Highinjustice to Mr. Moss that we say no more thought proper to acquaint him
self with the customary proceedings in A gentleman who has lately pub- these matters before he took the de. lished a History of Chivalry, a Mr. gree of LL.D. nothing of this would Mills, has thought proper to attack have happened. Dr. Meyrick's admirable work on In the second Pamphlet Dr. HighArmour. Now we do not think a more calls himself a Commissioned Ad man's opinion worth a straw upon vocale, because, we presume, from pp. such a subject, in comparison with 67, 68, that a commission had been those of Dr. M. if he has never pos- made out, but was revoked or not exesessed, like Dr. M. a collection of cuted. The substance of this second armour. In the same manner, we pamphlet is “a heavy fire of grape, should think ourselves as unreasonable round, and canister," against the Bias Mr. Mills, if we gave opinions in shops and Clergy (who had no man. praise or reprobation of 'Bibliogra- ner of concern with the transaction), phers, without having seen the edi- and we are sorry to say, that, considertions upon which the remarks are ing the change of times, Dr. Highmade.
more's warfare is that of a pirate, and
the modes, those incompatible with 108. Arguments for LC.J. Mansfield's Doc. He has taken up all the austerities of
the usages of civilized Belligerents. trine of a legal Right to plead in Doctors ancient times, and applied them to Commons, which arguments the Court of King's Bench refused to hear. By Natha- the present. He has required that the niel Highmore, LL.D. 8vo. pp. 60.
Clergy and the Bishops should live in 109. The Popish Abuse called Lay Church rags and upon vegetables only, and deGovernment, laid open to his Grace the
vote the remainder of their incomes to Archb'ishop of Canterbury. By a Commis- the poor. Strange is it, that a man in sioned Advocate. 410. pp. 73.
the nineteenth century, an LL.D. and
of high education, can utter such nonIN the first Pamphlet we are in- sense! Providence has ordained, that formed that the author having taken whatever be the wealth of a nation, the degree of LL. D. at an English that wealth must be spent upon the University, applied for permission to population. Suppose A, a dissipated
003 man, spends 10,000l. per annum in Highmore, they are as such (to indulge his pleasures ; his money is dispersed silly vulgar jokes) in a bad spiritual among the horse dealers, coach makers,
way. wine merchants, &c. who purvey for In short, Dr. Highmore in the bitthose pleasures, and their journeymen terness of his disappointment rails at and families. Suppose B to spend the the innocent, the Bishops, Clergy, &c. same sum in charities'; the donees lay all en masse, because men in holy orit out also among the tradesmen, who ders cannot become Advocates in Doc-. supply their wants. We mean not to tors' Commons. He has exhausted, a say, that a bad disposition of money large portion of learning and ability does not encourage vice; we 'mean to insult and disparage those who never only to say that it is utterly impossible injured him, and, of course, made hosts for a man, in spending money, to pre- of enemies, for which there was no rent its coming to the poor. If he reason whatever, because nothing but takes opon himself the sole mainte- an Act of Parliament in his especial uance of them in idleness, he collects favour could have placed him in the about him a mere retinue utterly use- situation desired. Jess to the public, because they contri- We should not be surprised if a disbute nothing to it. God forbid ! that appointed lover were to publish that he we should oppose JUDICIOUS chari- lost his intended bride, because the Bities. By Hospitals, by Infirmaries, by shops and Clergy were not reformed Grammar Schools, by University foun- according to his ideas. dations, by EVERY MEANS THAT ASSISTS INDUSTRIOUS USEFUL MEN STRUGGLING WITH LARGE FAMILIES, Cha
110. Life of Archbishop Sharp. rity then acts like machinery in aid of
(Concluded from p. 450.) manufactures. But let us suppose that WE left Dr. Sharp at his preferfroin the King downwards every man
to the see of York. — We lived on 501. per annum, and gave the have now to consider his acts as an rest away weekly at his doors. An Archbishop, which his biographer diidle mob is collected round his house, vides into three heads, his ecclesiastical ready to become robbers if the boon is conduct, i. e. relating to his diocese; withheld, and the bees, labourers and his court, i.e. his proceedings at Court manufacturers, are starved! – Theclergy and in Parliament; and his domestic, are sportsmen, &c. &c. Men of libe- i. e. the economy of his private life. ral education have pleasurable inclina. Each of these (chronological arrangetions, and we wish that the Clergy ment being disregarded for the purpose would not sport, but are the numbers of bringing the respective materials in a game list of certificates those of all under one head) forms a distinct Part the clergymen in a diocese? not by a or large Chapter. We shall take, twentieth part. A rigid man orders a
Part II. Ecclesiastical Conduct. fowl to be killed for his dinner, ano- One rule at his very entrance upon his ther shoots it himself. A third man charge, was to bestow prebends only is a Justice of the Peace. He intro- upon Clergymen beneficed in his dioduces humanity and feeling in the ad- cese, or the Chaplains retained in his faministration of the laws, and he very mily; and the other rule was never to properly tempers, the power of the concern himself in the elections of Mem. laity who have property; power we bers of Parliament. The first rule he say, for there are hundreds of country chiefly exemplified by preferring those villages where there are only them- meritorious Clergymen who had small selves and their tenants, and where in livings in towns; and to the second consequence, if they were cruel, the he steadily adhered, from considering very lives of the poor might be put an that it would only entail upon him end to by starvation and oppression.- checks and difficulties in his episcopal Dr. Highmore would also not have capacity (p. 121); with the exception lay-proctors, “because when our Lord of the Borough of Rippon (where he selected his Apostles, not a lawyer was had a temporal jurisdiction), and in found amongst them!”(p.8;) but surely which he put his own son. It was that is the strongest reason why clergy- his opinion, that "it was almost immen should not be Proctors, or Chan- practicable for even a parochial Clergy(cellors, or Registrars, because they must man to engage openly in an election, then be lawyers, and, according to Dr. without impairing his credit and autho