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Episcopacy in West Indies.--London Wall. [gcr. by instituting marriages, to secure a military work on the South bank of long line of offspring, with regulations the river, and drew up their ships on for their final freedom. And I con- the West of the bridge, so as to cut off ceive there to be little doubt, with all access to the City.. Edmund dethis object in view, that it remains fended it for a while in person, and only for Mr. Gurney to make known when his presence was required elsethe numbers now ready to forbear sli- where, the brave citizens made it imgar, and many would unite in this penetrable. Sax. Chron. 148, &c. St. gentle method of bringing the oppres- Olave, the Sea-King of Norway, as, sion of distressed Africans to a close ! sisted in this contest, and his principal

I cannot finish this letter without ad- achievement was to destroy the forti. verting to the recent establishment of fied bridge from Sudric or Southwark, Episcopacy in our Western Colonies. which Snorre calls a great emporium Both of the Bishops are well known to the city, and which the Danes deand esteemed for their piety and con- fended. scientious rectitude, and for that vi- This internal conflict then spread gour of inind that will never suffer its course through Essex, &c. and althem to remain surrounded by an im- ter the defeat of Edmund at the battle mense negro population without use- of Ashdown or Assendun in Essex, the ing every effort within the scope of combat was by the proposal of the gal. their infuence to ameliorate their lant Edmund reduced to a personal wretched condition on their first ar- fight between himself and Canute, rival, at the moment of sale, and af- who accepted the challenge, but both terwards in the field of labour, their agreed to a pacification, by which Ca. severe discipline, and their ignorance nute was to reign in the North, and of Christianity! Their Lordships will, Edmund in the South. The rival it is presumed, lend their ears acces- Princes exchanged arıns and garments; sible to those whose sighs for protec- the money for the fleet was agreed uption cannot but be heard ! Neither on, and the armies separated.--- Flor. their Lordships' residence nor their Wig. 389; Sax. Chron. 150; Turner, visitation through the country will be I. 427. too remote from the hovels of these After this we hear, as might be ex. suffering strangers to allow them to pected, no more of the Wall above be either unseen or unheard, nor will mentioned; but if it was so strong as they be backward in using every means to be impregnable, some part of its of conciliating the owners by forbear- ruins or base might have remained in ance and persuasion, and the obedience the wreck of subsequent improvements. of the Clergy likewise will be wisely It would be interesting to Antiquarian called upon to enforce the consolitory research to retrace its course, and to orders of their Diocesan! The eyes bring forth to light any relics or taof all England are now fixed upon blets of its foundations and bastions, these pious ministers of her faith and with inscriptions to commemorate Christian love ; nothing doubting that names and events. they will be able to effect what the The brave Edmund was suffered to prayers of thousands and the laws of enjoy his honours only one year after the Legislature have hitherto sought this treaty. He was' basely assassifor in vain !

A. H. nated by Edric, at the corrupt instiga

tion of Canute, A.D. 1016, who thereLONDON WALL.

by obtained his regal honours, at the

age of 20 years! IN A.D. 1016, during the struggles The traitor Edric was afterwards nute, the Danes, in order to establish

a personal dispute on the subject, and themselves in London, which they had was by command and in the presence long besieged in vain, found the City of Canute struck down by Eric the to be defended on the South by a ruler of Norway, and his body thrown Wall which extended along the ric from a window into the Thames bever. “Similiterque ab Austro Lon-fore any tumult could be raised among donia murata et' turrita fuit."-Ste- his partizans. - Malnısbury, 73; 1 phanides, p. 3, Lond. 1723. The ships Turner, 434. of Canute from Greenwich proceeded It does not appear in what part of 10 London. The Danes built a strong the river this King's palace then stood.

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PART 11.] Compendium of County History. --Worcestershire. 095 Are there now any remains of it? or Hart-street dedicated to that Royal is the exact place ascertained ? and are saint of Norway? Any references on there any traces of the South wall these heads will oblige your constant along the river? Was the church in friend,

A. H.



(Continued from p. 416.)

- British Tempe * ! There along the dale
With woods o'erhung, and stragg'd with mossy rocks, -
There on each hand the gushing waters play,
And down the rough cascade white dashing fall,

Or gleam in lengthen'd vista through the trees.”—THOMSON.
ABBERLEY-Hill occupied by Henry IV, and Woodbury Camp occupied by

Owen Glendowr in the 15th century, after plundering Worcester. The

lodge was the residence of Wm. Walsh, “the Muse's judge and friend.” At Alvechurch the Bishops of Worcester anciently had a palace. Of this

church were Rectors, Richard Moore, the nonconformist, author of "A Pearl

in an Oyster-shell,” &c. and Dr. Hickes, author of the Thesaurus. Io Areley Church.yard is the curious tomb of Sir Henry Coningsby, under

the shade of four elms planted on the steep brow of the hill.—Here is a bota

nical phenomenon of a yew-tree growing in the body of an oak. At the hermitage, Astley, were preserved in Mr. Abingdon's time the coat

armour of the Beauchamps, Mortimers, and even of royally. At_Bewdley Free Grammar School were educated 'Bp: Willis and John

Tombes, a learned Baptist divine. Beoly Church contains numerous and elegant monuments to the Sheldon

family. Bits Morton was long the property of the Nanfans, one of whom is said to

have been instrumental in the first political rise of Wolsey. In BROMSGrove Church are several handsome monuments of the Talbots,

Earls of Shrewsbury.—Here are several very remarkable echoes. In Claines (on Bevere Island) resided the late Dr. Nash, historian of the

County. Clent has been noticed under “STAFFORDSHIRE” (see vol. xcii. ii. p. 218).

The hills were once actually all in Worcestershire, but now in a great mea

sure are considered to be in Staffordshire. At Crowle, near three centuries ago, was found a stone lined with lead, con.

taining the bones, as Dr. Thomas thought, of Sigismund the Dane. The drawing-room of Coome-Court is hung with the finest tapestry now in

England, of the Gobelin manufacture. At DAILSFORD resided the patriotic WARREN. DroitwICH. Through the Chapel on the bridge the carriage road passed. In

fact, the pulpit and reading-desk were on one side the road, while the congregation sai on the other. The salt-works are as old as the year 816. Mr. Šteynor, who opposed the monopolizers of salt in the 17th century, being at last ruined by law-suits, was obliged (though the champion of public rights) to depend upon parochial allowance, and his daughter in 1777 was a pauper

of Claines parish! Of Dudley 'Free Grammar School was master Richard Baxter, the eminent

Nonconformist. At Evesham the learned Mrs. Elstob kept a small day-school, her weekly sti

pend with each scholar being at first only a grout !—The tower of the Abbey is a fine specimen of Aorid Gothic architecture.

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596 Compendium of County History, Worcestershire, [xcy. In FLADBURY Church is a marble monument to Dr. Lloyd, Bp. of St. Asaph. Of Harley was rector Wm. Bowles the poet, who died 1705.- In the Church

is the mausoleum of the Littletons. The park is every way, beautiful, and the various temples, caves, and grots, so harmonize with the surrounding scenery, as justly claim for it the title of the “British Tempe.”—The ancient hall was the hiding place of Stephen Lyttleton and Winter, two of the gunpowder conspirators, where they were taken. In the library of the present edifice are busts of Shakspeare, Milton, Spenser, and Dryden, by Scheemaker, the bequest of Pope to Lord Littleton; and a portrait of Pope with his dog Bounce. In some apartments are numerous family and other portraits, by Vandyke, Lely, &c. The portrait of Queen Henrietta Maria is exquisitely lovely:-Here died, May 1774, aged 125, Mr. John Tice, whose only friend was Lord Lyttelton. The staircases of Hanbury Hall were painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller, who has introduced Sacheverell carried away by furies. The Church stands on such an eminence, that it is necessary to ascend 180 steps from the parsopage house. It contains several beautiful monuments of the Vernons, on one of which is the figure of Bowater Vernon, esq. the upper part of which is in the Ro

man costume, whilst the lower is in breeches and slippers ! of HARTLEBURY, the palace and usual residence of the Bishops of Worcester,

Richard Bentley, the well-known critic, was incumbent; and in the church

yard is the tomb of Bishop Hurd. Hastings was allowed the full exercise of religious worship under King John,

at a time when the Roman Pontiff had excommunicated all the rest of the

kingdom. HENDLIP HALL. There is scarcely an apartment that has not secret ways of

going in and out; some have back staircases concealed in the walls ; others have places of retreat in the walls ; others have places of retreat in their chimnies, and some with trap-doors. In some of these secret places (of which there were eleven) were discovered several of the gunpowder conspirators, among whom was Garnet.—Here was preserved a small enamelled casket given 10 Wolsey by the King of France; afterwards in possession of Anne Boleyn. It was the property of the Abingdons, of whom there are several portraits at the mansion. Of this family was Thomas Abingdon, who was concerned in the gunpowder plot, the first collector of Antiquities

for this County, At Kemser Simon de Montfort and his unfortunate prisoner Henry III. slept

a short time before the battle of Evesham. At KidderMINSTER resided Waller the poet. In the Church are many beau

tiful monuments and brasses. Of this place was vicar Richard Baxter the polemist and theologian.-In the churchyard is the mutilated monument of the learned father of the patriotic Lord Somers. The office of parish clerk of Kings-Norton was held in one family for 200

years. The ceiling of the chancel of Leigh Church represents the firmament with

the Moon and stars, with the mottom" the heavens declare," &c.; but by some strange mistake, the arms of Sir Walter Devereux (who repaired the ceiling) are placed in the centre of the firmament. The Church contains many curious monuments. The winter drawing room at MADRESFIELD contains a profusion of rich minia

tures; one of which, the size of a common miniature, contains seventy heads, all of which are portraits ! In the King's room, Charles II. slept the night before the battle of Worcester. The quilt and furniture, &c. of the bed in the State bed-room were worked by Queen Anne and the Duchess of Marl

borough. Great MALVERN Church re-edified by Sir Reginald Bray. Here are many

ancient monuments. At Sodington in MAMBLE was discovered, in 1807, the remains of a Roman

aqueduct; and also a brick-kiln of about 10,000 bricks, the greater part well

burnt. Mr. Milner's opinion thereon may be seen in vol. LXXVII. p. 1069. At Offenham resided King Offa. At OLD SWINFORD is interred the learned and amiable Rev. Dr. Ford.


PART 11.) Compendium of County History-Worcestershire. 597 OMBERSLEY Court contains many original portraits of the Sandys family, &c.

by the first artists.—The staircase, painted by Fuller, represents the six leading Whigs of Queen Anne's reign generally known as the Junta. In the bed-chamber a good portrait of George Sandes the poet and traveller, whose translation of the Metamorphoses first prompted Pope to his poetical efforts. In OVERBURY Church is an elegant epitaph from the pen of the celebrated

Burke, displaying the virtues of his friend Wm. Dowdeswell, esq. At Rock is a species of the sorbus or service, upwards of 250 years old, called

by the country people “Quicken pear." At Rushock Court was apprehended, in Aug. 1679, F. Johnson, alias Wall,

one of the last Romish priests executed in England on account of his religion. In SEVERN STOKE Church is interred the father of John Lord Somers. SPETCHLEY Manor House was the property of the celebrated Judges Littleton

and Berkeley, the latter of whom derived it from Selden, and is buried in the church. Here resided also the celebrated Mr. Falkner, who was converted by the Jesuits at Buenos Ayres, and died in 1781.- In the church is interred

Judge Berkeley, and several members of the family. In STRENGHAM Church are many curious and ancient memorials of the Russells. At STOULTON was buried in 1968 the Rev. Sam. Garbet, the learned Antiquary

and historian. In TARDEBIG Church was buried the founder of Worcester College, Oxford. At T'HORNGROVE resided Lucien Buonaparte. TICKENHILL is said to have been the scene of Prince Arthur's marriage festi

vities with Catharine of Arragon. His body was brought here on its way to

Worcester. UPTON SNODSBURY was the scene of the barbarous murder of Mrs. Palmer, by

her own son and his brother-in-law. Westwood Park was the property of the Pakyngtons; a member of which

family, the good Lady Palyngton who died in 1679, is supposed to have written the “Whole Duty of Man," in concert with Bp. Fell, who was sheltered here, together with Bp. Morley and Dr. Hammond, during the

civil wars. At White Lady Astor, Oliver Cromwell had his head-quarters the night be

fore the battle of Worcester. AL WORCESTER F. G. School the great Lord Somers and Sam. Butler, the au

thor of “Hudibras, were educated. At the White Ladies were preserved the bed which Queen Elizabeth slept in, the cup she drank out.of, &c. at her visit in 1585, but no longer visible.—The house of Grey Friars now the City Gaol.-In St. Helen's Church are eight bells, containing poetical inscriptions in honour of the glorious battles achieved by Queen Anne's heroes.-The spire of St. Andrew's Church is very beautiful. It was erected by Mr. N. Wilkinson, a common mason !—In the Cathedral were interred King John, Prince Arthur, son of Henry VII. ; Saints Oswald and Wulstan; Bps. Gauden (whose monument appears to countenance the suggestion of his being the author of Eixov Baosaıxn), Stillingfeet, Hough (with a most elegant and magnificent monument by Roubiliac); Judge Littleton; the gallant Duke of Hamilton, and James Jolinstone, jun. M.D. with a classical inscription by the late Dr. Parr. Prince Arthur's Chapel is an elegant and distinguished example of Pointed architecture. In the spandrils of the arches above the nave, is a curious and regular arrangement of ancient grotesque sculpture. In the refectory the King's School is kept.–Of Worcester were Bishops, Saints Egwin, Dunstan, Oswald, and Wulstan; Pope Clement VII.; the martyrs Latimer and Hooper, Archbishop. Whitgift; Gauden, Stillingfleet, Hough (a Bishop after the primitive model), and the amiable and learned Dr. Hurd. Çor Worcester were Deans, the learned Dr. Wilson, Abp. Juxon, Potter the Royalist, Hickes, whose Thesaurus is well known.-The house at the corner of the North end of New-street on its East side, was inhabited by Charles during the battle of Worcester, 1651.-At the Guildhall are portraits of Queen Anne, Lord Keeper Coventry. In the

Council Chamber a very excellent whole-length portrait of George III.--Of St. Oswald's Hospital Bp. Fell was Master, as also his father, who died upon hearing of the death of Charles I.--Here resided the incomparable mathematician Nic. Facio Duil

lier ;

598 Badge of the Percy Family.-Assyrian Chronology. [xcv.

lier ; Dr. James Mackenzie, author of the “History of Health."-At the Theatre Mrs. Siddons first displayed her abilities. At the Commandery, during the battle of Worcester, 'Duke Hamilton died.-On the East side of the Cathedral is the house where the patriot Lord Somers was born. S.T.

present period. The crescent encloses STB. 26.) remarks,

that the names


Dec. 1.

And again :
VOUR Correspondent, Mr. Gage,

“ Then journeying to the holy land,
has opportunely answered (at p.

There bravely fought and died; 297) my query respecting the Crests

But first the silver crescent won, and Badges of the Percy family; and

Some Paynim Soldan's pride." mentions the ancient Badge of the Crescent as used by the Earl of Nor

Yours, &c.

E. G. thumberland in the time of James the First. This has been used by the fa.


Dec. 13.

VIR ( a double manacle or fetlock, in a partycoloured ground, the form of which of the Assyrian Monarchs recorded by charge has always been misrepresented Ctesias and the ancient Greek and Laon plate, carriages, escutcheons, &c. tin authors who copy after him, have of this noble House. - Edmonson's no affinity with the names of those "Baronagium Genealogicum" has it mentioned by the inspired writers; the most perfect, but not exactly; in except that of Sardanapalus, whose consequence of which, allow me to name he had met with in Herodotus. send you a sketch, as laken from an- (Euterpe, c. 150.) He adds, that alcient tracery on different parts of Aln- though Herodotus (whose numbers wick Castle, co. Northumberland, with concerning these ancient times are all a brief mention of its antiquity. too long) makes the duration of the

Assyrian empire only 520 years, Clęsias makes it 1360. I shall not follow this able writer in the arguments which he deduces from Scripture to prove the recent origin of the Assyrian empire, when Sennacherib invaded Judæa; and that Pul was the first conqueror among these Monarchs (see p. 267, &c.); but shall proceed to expose the absurdities and inconsistencies which abound in the received history of Assyria.

First. The number of the Monarchs, and the duration of their reigns, are variously delivered by the different historians.

Diodorus Siculus (lib. ii. c. 21, 23, In Knaresborough Church, county 28) says, the descendants of Ninus of York, a female of the Percy family, reigned for 30 generations and 1360 recumbent on an altar-tomb (erected years ; as he professes to copy from in the reign of Elizabeth) rests her foot Ctesias. against a crescent.

Agathias (De Imper. et reb. gest. At Percy's, in the parish of Scot- Justiniani, lib. ii.) and Syncellos ton, co. York, the crescent appears on (Chronograph. p. 286, ed. Venet. p. the cieling of the hall in several places, 359, ed. Paris) ascribe the duration of of a very early date. A quotation from 1306 years to this Monarchy, but the an old ballad will further illustrate the right reading in both these autbors is subject :

probably 1360, as in Diodorus. « The Minstrels of that noble house

Paterculus (lib. 1, c. 6) says 1070 All clad in robes of blue,

(some copies 1230) years; and 33 MoWith silver cresents on their arms

narchs. Attend in order due."

Syncellus (p. 132, ed. Venet.) says


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