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389 wbich latter J. D. deems quite suffi- servation of their liberties harc inva. cient proof of part of Kent remaining riably been granted to every nation or unconquered and upon these two colony; and the surrender made withhe has founded the following syllon out the victorious army visiting every gism :- " For England to be subdued, province; therefore any not so visited the whole must be conquered : part of can no more be said to have been conEngland was unsubdued; therefore quered, thau Kent was by William. England was not conquered.”.
But, Mr. Urban,.. notwithstanding The gallant but unfortunate King all this, I contend that England was to of England, it will be remembered, all intents and purposes conquered by fought the whole day of the memora- William and his Norman adventarers, ble battle of Hastings at the head of of which his having totally defeated his. Kentish men; he was killed, and the English army, and taken possession they were defeated with the whole of of the kingdom, is a full and sufficient the English forces; and William had proof*. That France was conquered passed the Thames at Wallingford, in 1814, and again at Waterloo ; and when Stigand in the name of the that whatever nation, Aeet, or colony, Clergy made submissions to him, and has surrendered to a victorious arıny or when he arrived within sight of Lon- navy, every province, town, ship, or don, all the chief nobility came into village, belonging to such nation, Acet, his camp, and declared an intention of or colony, has been conquered ; conseyielding to his authority. With these quently the title of Conqueror to the facts before us, and admitting J. D.'s commander of the victorious forces is conclusions, b will venture to chal- just and proper.
Selim. lenge the most, ingenious of your readers to point out any conquest of Mr. URBAN, weiber, nation or colony made during I List of the heirs and representatives
AM not aware the last or any other war, excepting where no quarter has been given, and to the Priacess Mary Tudor (that is, no terms agreed to with the vanquish who by the laws and customs of Enged. In proof of the impossibility of land have a right to quarter the arıns their doing so, I beg leave to submit as representatives) contains any omisthe following apparently decisive syllo- sions. I am sure it makes no false gisms, commencing with France in pretensioks. 4814. For France to be subdued, the I. By her eldest daughter Frances, whole must be conquered : part of wife of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk. France (Prorence for instance) was 1. Anne-Eliza, Duchess of Backunsubdued, therefore France was not ingham, dau, and sole heir of James conquered. For the French and Spa- Brydges, last Duke of Chardos, as nish' feet of Cape Trafalgar to hare beír of Wm. Seymour, Duke of Sobeen conquered, every ship must have merset, great grandson of Edward Seystruck her colours: every ship did not mour, Earl of Hertford, by Catherine strike her colours ; therefore the coin. Grey. bined Aeets were not conquered off 2. The Duke of Northumberland, Cape Trafalgar. For the French army as heir of Francis Lord Seymour of to have been conquered at Waterloo, Troubridge, brother of Duke William. every man must have been killed or 3. Lord Prudhoe.
taken : the whole of the men were 4. Lord Beverley. - not killed or taken; therefore the
II. By her youngest daughter EleaFrench army was not conquered at nor, wife of Henry Clifford, Earl of Waterloo. Again,-In every instance, Cumberland, whose heir Margaret mar. except as before excepted, “ the pre- ried Henry Stanley, Earl of Derby.
in descent from Hengist, and the last King This cannot be better illustrated than of Kent, was conquered by Egbert the Great, by the speech of Earl Warrenne, who, when when Kent with the other petty States were questioned in a subsequent reign concerning united into one Monarchy, and became sub- his right to the lands which he possessed, ject to the Saxon and Danish Kings of Eng- drew his sword. “ This,” said he, “is my land till the Norman invasion. Thus we title ; William the Bastard did not conquer see the County whose motto is “ Invicta,” England himself; the Barons, and my anwas. Tepealedly sul dued before the Norman cestors among the rest, were joint advenconquest.
turers in the enterprize."
[xci. First, By Ferdinando, E. of Dorby, 8. Duke of Gorilon.es J 1 which divided into THREB, Lady Anue, 7. Earl of Aberdeau? DAN?) Lady Frances, and Lady Elizabeth, 8. Issue of the Marquia of Anglemanried to Grey Lord Chandos, the sea by his first wife. Earl of Bridgwater, and the Earl of 9. Issue of Lady Anne Lambton. Huntingdon.
10. Issue of the first wife of the late 1st. From Lady Chandos." Marquis of Stafford. 1. Lady Willoughby of Eresby.
11, Issue of Eliz. sister of the late 8. Marchioness Cholmondeley.
Samuel Egerton, who died 1780. 3. Marquis of Exeter.
12. Issue of Charlotte Hammond and 4. Marchioness of Bute.
Jemima Brydges. 5. Earl of Guilford and Norths.' 13. The issue of John Marquis of 6. Earl Brownlow.
Athol by Lady Ameliana Sophia Stan2d. From Eliz.Countess of Bridgwater.
S. EGERTON BRYDGES. 7. Earl of Jersey. 8. Marquis of Stafford.
Dec, 21. 9. Earl of Bridgwater.
THE Norrisian Lectures in the 10. Mrs. Ariana Egerton.
University of Cambridge are 11. Col. Master.
deemed of such importance in support 12. Wm. Master.
of Christianity, and the Professor's 13. Mons. Saladin de Crans.
Chair has been so ably filled, ever 14. Issue of Col. Ch. Egerton.
since its foundation, that when I was 15. Col. (Hayter) Egerton. 16. Viscountess Bulkeley.
lately at Cambridge I was very natu
rally led to make enquiry into the fa17. Wilbraham Egerton of Tatton.
mily and character of the Founder of 18. Mr. Talton, of Withenshaw. 19. Wm. Osmund Hammond, esq.
such a useful and pious Professorship.
I was not a little surprised, nay even 20. Sir Egerton Brydges, bart. 3d. From Lady Huntingdon,
disappointed, at not being able to learn 21. Marquis of Hastings.
any thing concerning the Founder, ex22, Lady George Wm. Russell,
cept that he was a gentleman of conSecond, By W. Stanley, E. of Derby. male representative of the ancient fan
siderable fortune in Norfolk, the last 23. Duke of Athol.
mily of Norris, and that he died in 94. Earl of Dunmore,
1777, leaving only one child, a daugh The following is a List of the prin- ter, since married to the eldest sou of cipal of the descendants who are not Lord Wodehouse. representatives, as far as at present It would, doubiless, give much sa. occurs to me: for such a List cannot tisfaction, as well to the Members of in its nature le perfect :
the University, as to myself and all I. By Lady Frances Grey, well-disposed Christians, if through i, Duke of Buccleugh.
the channel of your widely-circulating 2. Lord Montagu.
Magazine, something more could be 3. Earl of Cardigan.
known of the family, conduct, and 4. Marquis of Aylesbury,
disposition of a man to whose piety 5. Duke of Rutland.
the University in general, and such 6. Earl of Dartmouth.
students as are destined for the Church 7. Earl of Egremont,
in particular, are so greatly indebted. 8. Earl of Carnarvou.
Some of your numerous Corresponda 9. Earl of Romney.
ents may also be able to say whether 10. Duke of Buckingham,
there exists any portrait of 'Mr. Nor11. Mr. Tho. Grenville,
ris, and in whose keeping it may be, 12. Lord Grenville.
as the University of Cambridge would 13. Sir Watkin Wynne.
probably be desirous of placing a copy 14. Lord Braybroke,
of it among the portraits of the Beue15. Countess of Fortescue.
factors to the University in wbich II. By Lady Margaret Clifford. case, engravings of it would be highly 1. Lord Willoughby de Broke. acceptable to the well-thinking part of 2. Miss Laurence of Stuuley. the community, and more especially to 3. Earl of Cork.
those Clergymen who attended the 4. Earl of Shannon.
Lectures, and have profited by doing 5. Earl of Carrick.
PART, 11.) Works of the Rev. hard Dr. Balguy discriminated. 591 Mr. URBAN, Kellinglón, Aug. 22.
These, I believe, are all the publish
' A ,
CCURACY in reasoning, accu. ed productions of Dr. Thomas Balguy. pess--in short, accuracyin every ihing, soning, and the most acure discrimina has been invariably esteemed as of the
tion; and they are not unfrequemly most material importance ; and the ne
also distinguished by poetie Hights, cessity of it appears in pone inore, pero with the most pure prose compositions.
such, however, as are not inconsistent haps, than in ihe article of Biography. I look ápon it, Mr. Urban, as the im
The Rev.John Balguy, as I observed perious duty of all your Correspondents much distinguished, in his
time as an
, to correct their mutual mistakes and omissions, and candidly, at the same able Controversionalist. He took a time, to acknowledge their own.
very active part in the Bangorian ConMr. John and Dr. Thomas Balguy, in that Controversy, as all your readIn my communication respecting troversy, and warmly espoused the part
of Bp. Hoadly. The disputed point, the father and son (vol. xciv. ii. 597.), I find there is a small immaterial mis
must necessarily know, turned take, notwithstanding the article is chiefly upon Religious Sincerity. The correct upon the whole. Dr. Thomas religious and moral principles of which Balguy was most undoubtedly the au- party, in this memorable disagreement, thor of "Divine Benevolence asserted;
were most consonant to the
docand vindicated from the objections of trines and rules of conduct prescribed ancient and modern Sceptics;" not the in the Gospel dispensation, 'I pretend Rev. John Balgày, his father, Vicat of not to say. I confess I feel rather asNorth-Allerton, and Prebendary of Sa- tonished to find Dr. Sherlock amongst rum." I fancied I saw in his early La- the number of the opposers tin production, which you have done
and Balguy: me the honour to present to your read
The published works of the Rev. J. ers, the nascent sperms of that genias Balguy, the father, are, first, " A Col. which was so happily afterwards ex
·lection of Practical Discourses," 10 panded in his future works on the which are added, six others before Divine Benevolence. The published published. A second volume is added works of Dr. T. Balguy, though few by his son Dr. T. Balguy as a postin nomber, are by no means wanting humous work of his father, containeither in accuracy of reasoning, or the ing twenty Sermons, dedicated to Benimportance of the subjects upon which jarin Lord Bp. of Winchester by Dr. that accuracy of reasoning is employed. T. Balgay, at that time Fellow of St. Hesent into the world nine Discourses, John's College, Cambridge. Mr. J. mostly preached upon important occa. Balguy, also, during his life, publish
.' ed a Collection of Tracts, Moral and sions, and all admirably calculated to answer the ends for which they were Theological, placed in the following intended. As Archdeacon of Winches chronological order; First,
« A Letter, he delivered seven Charges to the
ter to a Deist." Second, “The FounClergy of his Diocese. First, "On the dation of Moral Goodness," Part I. Conduct and Character of a Minister Third, “The Foundation of Moral of the Gospel,” delivered at his Pri Goodness, Part It. Fourth, “Dimarg Visitation in the year 1760. Sea vine Rectitude.". Fifth, “A Second cond, " On the Nature and End of the Letter to a Deist.” Sixth, “The Law Christian Revelation," in the year 1763. of Truth." This Deist, it is believed, Third, "On Religious Liberty," 1766. was Mr. Collins. He also published Fourth, “On the distinct Provinces of several smaller Tracts, under the sigReason and Faith,” 1769. Fifth, "On nature of Silvius, as “ An ExaminaSubscription to Articles of Religion,"
tion of certain Doctrines lately taught 1772. Sixth, “On the true value of and defended by the Rev. Mr. Stebe Faith and Morals," 1778. Seventh, bing" " A Letter to the Rev. Dr. “On the Sacraments,” 1781.-In the Sherlock." "An Essay on Redempsame volume is added, "Concio habitation,” being the second part of Divine in Templo Beatæ Mariæ,'in anno
Rectitude, the first pari having been · 1758.” Matt. vii. 16.
published amongst his tracts.
Thus far I am certain I am correct, «Από των καρπων αυτων επιγνωσισθε having all the publications laying beαυτές." fore me.
592 Dr. Balguy.- Rev. W. Wright.West Indian Slavery.". (xcv.
As I hope these particulars will suf- ing, and of Smollett, are such as may ficiently satisfy any doubts raised by generally, be entrusted to the reading your Correspondent “ I. E." at page of juvenile minds. Though these may 28; I must now haster to acknow- be safe, I would by no means recomledge my own incorrectness. A Bi- mend an indiscriminate perusal of shopric was certainly offered to Dr. works of this description. T. Balguy, and which he as certainly Mr. J. Balguy lost two of the most refused. The circumstances of that res precious years of his life in reading fusal were, however, not as I stated works of fancy. His friend Mr. Wright them. I find, upon more minute en- followed the same course, perhaps, to quiry, that he communicated his re- a greater extent. The minds of these fusal to the Rev. Mr. Wright, the late two eminent personages suffered not worthy Rector of Birkin, his intimate from such vague and desultory reading friend. He wrote immediately to him, in their younger days, yet it is by no and most probably informed him that means a system which ought to be rethe offered Ecclesiastical dignity was commended to persons, though perdeclined, perhaps, upon the same haps of equally brilliant paris, yet not terms that '“ I. E." believed it was. endowed by nature with the sanie soIt was also the Bishopric of Glouces- lid powers and stability of reason. ter which he declined, not that of St. Yours, &c.
OMICRON Asaph, as I before erroneously stated.
Mr. Wright, Rector of Birkin, was not only a distinguished literary cha
On West INDIAN SLAVERY. racter himself, but he was also the in
ANY of the friends to the Abotimate and confidential friend of most
lition of the Slave Trade and of the well-known scholars who adorn. Slave-holding, after waiting in vain ed the middle and close of the last cen- for the “gradual" measures suggested tury,-of Hurd, of Gray, of Mason, of by the late Mr. Dundas, about 30 years Whitehead, of Warburton. The Se- since, when the House of Commons ries of Letters, which your Correspond- entertained the subject under the most ent“ L.E.” mentioned, as having seen able discussious by the most enlightwith Dr. Drake, as from Warburton ened Orators and Statesmen in the to Balguy, I have every reason to Legislature of this Kingdom, are now believe were communicated to him relaxing from their expectation, and through the medium of the Rev. G. are very near yielding up their cause to Alderson, the present worthy Rector the relentless arms of delay on one of Birkin, who was well-acquainted side, and vigilant opposition, with the with all the above-named celebrated bias of profit, on the other ! characters, having frequently met The disgusting details of personal them at the house of his late bene- cruelty and oppression which have not factor.
been denied or controverted, but on About the beginning of the last the contrary, rather justified, in the century there was scarce a novel to be face of all principles of fair dealing and found in the Kingdom. Romances, the just claims of mankind on one indeed, at that time abounded. The another, have been heard, and have pictures wbich these drew were not been the means as yet of liule more exact resemblances, but still they were than raising the indignation of the flattering.
Abolitionists, without a Legislative By exhibiting patterns of perfection, interference sufficient to reach and they stimulated the young mind to ameliorate the wretched condition of aini at it. It has orien been remark- the natives of Africa, their middle ed, that books are more read in youth, passage, or their worse and hopeless than in more advanced periods of life. oppression in the Colonies of Great What is read in youth is, generally, Britain ! most impressed upon the mind. The Notwithstanding the Laws which books, which then ought to be put in- vested great power' in our gallant to the bands of young persons are such Navy for the suppression of Slare as are entertaining, or they will not be Dealing and Carriage, and notwithattended 10; they should be such as standing the regulations for the Landare not ton deep and profound, or they ing and Slave Market, and the plauwill not be understood. The works sibility of some of the Colonial Laws of Cervantes, of Richardson, of Field-, which seem to be wholly insufficient
PART 11.) Gradual Emancipation of Slaves recommended. 593 for the objects, of justice towards the if the whites should ever dread a black black population, and potwithstanding insurrection, prudence and caution, the liberal compensations paid by the and the stronger grounds of public poGovernment of this Nation, and the licy, would afford them ample'strength, limits of both time and latitude on the without having recoutse 'to summary Coast of Africa, it is still found that justice. But while the enormous prothis nefarious traffic was never more fits which are supposed to arise to the extensively carried on, nor the oppres- Planter upon sale of sugar, covering sion and cruelties of treatment more all his great expenditure, at once afabhorrently practised than at present! ford a ground for delaying every graEither the profit' must be very enor- dual means of Emancipation"; let him mous, or the laws very deficient in consider whether if the trade were their penalties, that after so long and wholly prevented, the support of the laborious an attention to this subject, Slaves on each estate by weekly wages every effort should have been subvert. would amount to less of more than the ed, and every argument overwhelmed present cost of procuring them whe--and that we are now informed by ther this would not better attach them Sir James Mackintosh, “the reform to each other and to their owners; and proposed has been adopted in Trini- as their return to their native shores is dad, but he only doubts that it will
be hopeless, whether they would not be adopted in the other colonies." —See better satisfied to remain with their his
speech at the great meeting stated progeny under å milder state of law ? in New Times of Dec. 22. He adds, But as to what Mr. J. J. Gurney “Let every man give the fair answer said about purchasing sugar here, it is to himself, and he must end by de- well recollected that his doctrine was ciding for the gradual abolition." embraced 30 years since, and so con
After some animadversions on the tinued to influence many families, who Report of Mr. Dwarris, Mr. Denman in their housekeeping never used any agreed that “the Emancipation ought West India sugar, lest they should to be gradual, but not slow, and that thereby assist in continuing this slathe wrongs of Africa ought to be re- very; until at last, after some years dressed without delay ;' and Mr. J. trial, their zeal relaxed, because StaJ. Gurney protested that “whosoever very was still carried on without any bought a pound of sugar, was support- prospect of its abolition. It is also ing the system of Slavery.".
well-known that if there were no buyIt is indeed a melancholy truth, ers and consumers of this commodity, that if all the measures and reasonings there would then cease to be cultiwhich 30 years have produced are at vators of it, at least by such means. this time found ineffeciual to the great They waited for the time when Slaves purpose of a cautious Emancipation, should be emancipated, and hired as such as Mr. Dundas, or at least such weekly labourers at competent wages; as many of his sincere hearers, antici- but this day did not approach "with pated would in that space of time have healing in his wings,” its partisans been brought to a close, it is high time died off, and the cause returned to its to add measures of a severer colour, viz. former state ; but it left the same that the trade should be declared pi- facts behind it wholly unreformed, racy; the black population admitted and with which we have still to comto give evidence in every Colonial bat: a few zealous friends may satisfy Court, whether baptised or not, for their consciences in this point, but the baptism of a witness seems to be that will not effect any public good; wholly foreign to the case; and a this must be done by great numbers ; rigid exaction of the English Law, and if these were to be extended, the which renders both master and servant effect of their privation of this most paequally responsible to each other. latable comfort, might grow to a serious
I am quite ready to confess that I cause of duty in the planter to conwrite with English ideas, and hope form himself to measures which would that I shall never be able to write place his servants on a fairer footing of otherwise; and I am ready to consider labour, remuneration and obedience, whether, but at the same time to admit and would ultimately abolish the Afrithat, the liberality of the English law can trade; for I conceive the black should be secured to the whites; but population would be prolific enough, Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCV. Part II.