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594 Bradninch.Mr. George Conon.

[xco. July 1653, after a long suit before at present to be met with in Devon“ The Commissioners for Compound- shire. The manor of Sainthill (aning with the Delinquents," by paying tiently Swenthull), from which the a heavy composition: but all the estates family derive their name, is in the in fee, in Devonshire, Dorsetshire, and I parish of Kentisbeare. Richard SaintYorkshire, were confiscated. We were hill (father of the first Peter) resided favoured with a perusal of all the there in the reign of Henry VII.; and pleadings, &c. before “The Honorable the first Peter, in Harleian MSS. No. the Commissioners for Compounding 1457, is termed “St. Hill of Sainthill with Delinquents"--and the receipts, and Bradoynche." Sir Walter Swentone of which I copy. They are print- hull, who represented Devon in the ed, with blanks for the name and Parliaments of Edward II. and III. money (what is written is printed in resided at Honiton; and his brother ReItalicks.)

ginald at Wadheys, which was con“ Received by us, Richard Waring and veyed to him in the time of Edward I. Michael Herring, Treasurers of the moneys by Henry De Boteler (Harleian MSS. to be paid into Goldsmiths' Hall, of Samuel

2410). St. Hill of Bradninch, in the county of Sept. 30. I left Bradninch for ColDevon, Gent. the summe of Three Hundred lunipton,

R.S. Seventy fower Pounds, seventeen Shillings, Six pence, in p'te of Seven hundred forty nine

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 10. £.374 175. 6d. VOUR ingenious Correspondent A, Imposed on him by the Parliament of Ecos. Yo land, as a fine for his Delinquency to the Padstow and its worthies, has spoken

in his very interesting memoir of Common-wealth. We say Received this of the Rev. Samuel WALKER of Truro, 24th day of September, 1651, in parte

Ri Waringe.

and of Thomas RAWLINGS, esq. in I have taken notice of this acquittance

terms so just and appropriate, that all September ye 24, 1651.

who are any way acquainted with the Ri Sheruyn, audite. characters of these yenerable men, Take Mr. John Lawrence of Colesbury, would wish for further information; Parish Justiciary, wth Mr. St Hill for secu- but the sincere Christian would more

especially be gratified by such biogra

phical notices of those who had Security is taken by me, 29° Sept. 1651. taken sweet counsel together, and

I. Bayley.walked in the house of God as friends." 1 The Hall of Bradninch House is for a third person, however, I looked large, and bung with a series of por- to the Padstow memoir; as he was an traits of all the heads of the family, intimate friend of Walker and Rawfrom 1546 to the present time. There lings, and equally distinguished for his is also a valuable painting of the visit religiousness. I mean Mr. GEORGE of the Queen of Sheba to Solomon, Conon; who, after having been many apparently by Rubens. At the Visita- years Master of Truro Grammar School, tion for Devon, A.D. 1620, besides retired to Padstow, where he died. the Cavalier, there were *three other In Polwhele's “Cornwall," vol. V. brothers at Bradninch. Their cousin, Mr. Conon is thus noticed : " Both the Rev. Wm. Sainthill, Vicar of Hen- my father and myself were instructed nock, had nine sons; and there were in the principles of religion and the also the Sainthills of *Rockbeare, elements of the Greek and Latin +Mamhead, and + Asburton. These tongues, under George Conon, a families, we might expect by this, Scotchman ;-a.sound grammarian, a would have colonized the intervening Christian firm in belief, and punctual country; but strange to say, one branch in practice. He was once an usher at only of the Hennock family, which Westminster. At Truro he was a sesettled at Topsham, has survived. All cond Busby; he flogged like Busby the others have become extinct in the and like Busby he taught. We feared male line; and the representative of him, but we foved him. And when, the Topsham family, Captain Saint- from the infirmities of old age, he was hill, R. N. having removed to Cork in forced to relinquish his charge and reIreland, it is not supposed the name is tired to Padstow, we all regretted his

departure with tears! Nor were they, Harleian MSS. 1080.

though the tears of childhood, forgot † Registry of Wills, Exeter.

as soon as shed.” (P.64.) Z. Lysons's Devon.

ANCIENT

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Mr. URBAN, Camberwell, Dec. 13. the Manor *." Report ascribes to this

N the Supplementary Volume to the title of “ his ladye.” Over the mention is made of “an ancient seat of some animal carved in wood, doubtof the Bowyer family," situate at Cam- Jessly the Bowyer crest, which Mr. berwell, on the road leading to Lor Bray describes as "a wolf or tiger sedon. It certainly seems worthy of jant on a ducal coronet.” The room some notice, if only from the tradition which forms the North wing is ornathat it was built by Sir Christopher mented with “carven imageries, of Wren, and used by him as a tempo- fruits and Aowers," in relief. Over rary residence, when engaged in the the chimney-piece, which, with the erection of St. Paul's Cathedral. It whole wainscoting, is of cedar, is a strikes me, however, that it has claims small but exquisite piece of painting, to higher, antiquity; for a large cedar in which Saturn devouring his children tree which stands before it is tradi- is shewn in the centre, surrounded by tionally styled “Queen Elizabeth's ruins. tree.” It is one of those “modest The apartment into which this cemansions," which in the words of dar room opens is lofty and spacious ; Lord Bacon, seem rather to have been the carved work bold, prominent, and built to live in, than to look on. Its exceedingly well executed. The South exterior has a sombre and uninviting and East sides are ornamented with appearance, but some of its apartments large paintings, in each of which the are tastefully embellished. The hall is principal figure seems, from the crow well worthy of observation. Opposite which accompanies him, and the glory the entrance from the front garden, surrounding his head, to be intended and surrounding a doorway, now dis- for Apollo. The above Vignette shows used, is some curious carved work of the exterior of this side of the building, foliage, fruits, and Powers, disfigured and is chosen principally for the air of by a tawdry colouring. Against its antiquity conferred by its “imbowed North wall is a female portrait, a com

windows." panion to that in an upper apartment, The rooms corresponding to those which tradition styles the Lord of just described on the other side the

* This refers to the period when this house was tenanted by the Bowyers, who held estates, manors, and parcels of manors here and hereabouts. Šee Bray, vol. III. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCV. PART II.

house, B

586
Account of the Bowyer Family.

Acr. house, are Literary Institution; the smaller one Brabon, keeper of the mowed hawke for a library of reference, containing to King Edward Ill. They are quara several hundred volumes on theology, tered by Bowyer in consequence of history, philosophy, and belles lettres; John, the son of Thomas Bowyer of and the other for a reading room, which Shepton Beauchamp, having married is supplied with several daily papers, into the fainily of Brabant of Bruton. and all the periodicals of note. This The third quarter is charged with a Institution does not seem to be so ge- chevron between three acorns. Over nerally known as its merits ooght to the husband are the arms of Bowyer, Tender it, the books are well selected impaling six coats; viz, Ist and 6th, and numerous; and the lectures, which on a fess between

ween three annulets, two are suspended during the summer sea- covered cups, between them a mallet son, have hitherto afforded much to for distinction. This coat was coninterest and instruct.

firmed to Henry Draper of Colebrook The following account of the family in the county of Middlesex, gent. 14 of Bowyer I have selected from various Oct. 1571. 2d. Two chevronells, on sources, and as the name is so inti- each three martlets, between three esmately connected with the history of callop shells (Draper). 3d. Ermine, this building, and of Camberwell in in chief three lions rampant, "the general, it may not be irrelevant here coat armour Sic Hewitt Aucher of to state particulars.

Bishopsbourne in the county of Kent, Their pedigree is traced up through knight and bart. ; it was borne by RoWilliam Bowyer, his great grandson bert Aucher, M. A. priest, of Queens Richard, his grandson, and Ralph his College, third son of Sir Anthony; son, to John Bowyer of Chichester. to whom I have seen a letter under the Thomas the son of William, and John hand of Queen Elizabeth, in which his grandson, are buried in the church she styles him her “good freende, ' asof Shepton Beauchamp, Somerset, soring him that she will so remember where the family had been long set- his « towardness" in a certain busitled. John, a son of the last-named, ness, " that whensoever occasion may måtried Ann Jenes, and afterwards serve," says she, “I woll requite it Elizabeth Draper. The husband's --How, the families became, related common-place book gives a singular will be seen hereafter. The fourth and concise account of this transac- court is Ermine, a fess checky. The tion," as may be seen by an extract fifth, a pale counterchanged, three given in Lysons's Environs, vol. I. acorns. Over the wise is the impale

This John and his wife are buried mentalone. The inscription reads thus: in the charicel of Camberwell Church,

“ Here lyeth the body of John Bouyer, where there is a brass exhibiting a esquier, and Elizabeth his wife, one of the man and woman kneeling at a table, daughters of Robert Draper. They had behind him eight sons, and behind issue 8 sops and 3 daughters, and John died her three daughters." The figures are the x day of October, 1570. Elizabeth afwell exécuted, and from the circum- ter maryed William Forster, esquier, and stance of Aucher's arms appearing on had issue one sonne and one daughter, and the escutcheon, could not have been dyed the xxij of April 1605." set up till near the middle of the se- She seems to have outlived her last venteenth century, as previous to that husband; for å house adjoining the time the families were not connecied. Free School is said, in 1615, to have Above the effigies are three escut. been " late in the tenure of Elizabeth cheons. In the centre, Quarterly; 1st Forster, widow." and 4th, a bend vaire cotised, or as

Sir Edmond Bowyer, who figures Gwillim has it, "a bend verrey be conspicuously in the annals of this pa. tween two cotiseg.” “This coat,” rish, to which he was a considerable says he, "pértaineth to Sir Edmond benefactor, was born at Camberwell Bawyer of Camberwell, in the county 12th May, 1552. He served Sheriff

of of Surrey, knight." 2d, on a fess hu- Surrey and Sussex (the two counties mette, three leopards' heads, as given having then but one Sherif'), in 1600; by Gwilliin in his “Heraldry." This he was knighted by King James the coat was confirmed by Sir William First, at the Charter Hourse, on that Segar, Garter, May 2, 1629, to Henry See Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, Brabourne, alias Brabon, of London, vol. I. p. 3.

Mo

Dess.

PART 11.)
On the Surname of Whatton.

587 Monarch's first artival in London, 'ing in your Magazine, perpetuis fuand in

turis temporibus, the result of my reof the witnesses to the deed of crea- searches and inquiries relating to the tioni of Dulwich College. His last surname of John de Watton, the huswill bears date 11 July, 1628, and in band of Ella Bisset, and their eldest it he desires to be buried in the church son, dictus Bisset, described in Part i. there, requesting his executors to erect p. 38, to obviate any misinterpretation a "tomb of alabaster or white marble the variation of it might in future enand 'jet, as they think fit," over his re- gender, from the circumstance of that mains : he also begs that he may not appellation (which has also been writbe « bowelled,” and that his funeral ten Wathon) having been expressed at may take place in the day-time. His least half a dozen different ways. nephew of the same naines, in 1648, The families of Watton, Heriz, presented a petition to the Commons Mandeville, Newmarche, and Bisset, on part of the population of Surrey, were all seated in the county of Notpraying for the restoration of their tingham, a few miles asunder, as in king, and a return of peace and quiet. Thoroton may be seen, and hence

He was one of the Court of they became connected by marriage. Record, constituted on occasion of a These branches of the Bisseis and Watfire, which on the 26th of May, 1676, tons in a series of years removed, the burnt the Townhall and other places former into Wiltshire, the latter into in Southwark. His monument, ou Hertfordshire, and, according to Sir the South side of the chancel of Cam. Henry Chauncy, p. 23, John de Watberwell Church, has this inscription : ton was High Sheriff 25, 26 Hen. III. “Ja hopes of a glorious resurrection to

Richard de Rypariis married Mar. eternall life by the merits of Jesus Christ, garet, the eldest daughter of Bisset, here lyes buried ye body of dame Hester John de Wation “Ellam secundo naBowyer, late wife of Sir Edmoud Bowyer of tam," and Hugh de Plessetis, Isabel this parish, knt, and daughter of Sie An- the third daughter; see the pedigree thony Aucher, knight.

of Basset (whose Jaughter Bisset mar. t'There was a happy sympathy betwixt ried), Shaw's Staff. 11. 12; ClutterYe vertues of ye soule and yé suty of ye buck's Herts, I. xxix.; Salmon's Herts, hody of this excellent deceased person: she 362, App.; and the Topographer, II. lived a holy life, and dyed the death of the 318. righteous, December ye 10, 1665.

The family of Watton derived the A good lyfe hath but a few days, three besants in their escutcheon, But a good name endureth for ever.

which they bear at this day, by mar***Sir Edmond also (as he desired) lyes riage with Ella Bisset, being the se. here by his loving and beloved wife. Likenes cond course of besants in Bissel's arms, begat loue, and love happiness, true here, Azure, ten besants, 4, 3, 2, 1; the rest complete in heaven, where they reape the of their armorial bearing from their an. fruit of their faythe and good works. He

cestors, especially Guillaume, surnamed dyed ye 27 of January, 1681, in ye 67 year De Watone, a cadet of the bouse of

Tyrel*, Seigneurs de Poix, in Picardy, Tam pios cineres nemo Telurbet."

and of Flemish extraction by the moThis Edmond had a son Anthony, ther's side; which is confirmed by the who married Katherine St. John, and similitude of their arms, described in died in 1709. In his epitaph against the Dict. Geneal. Herald. de France. the South wall of the chancel, Cam. Resuming the explanation of the berwell Church, he is styled a gen. point in view, it appears by a deed, tleman generally esteemed in his life- Carta Johannis de Rypariis de Tertime, and universally well read, esperis in Kedeministre," that John de cially in the laws aod Constitution of Wutton was a witness. Mon. Angl. II. his country, which gave him an equal 409. In the Harl. MS. No. 2038, aversion to tyranny and anarchy: he p. 150, the name is written Sir Jo. did justice, showed mercy, and was a

Wooton.

In the Black Book, at the friend to the poor." His wife died in Heralds' College, it is written Wotton, 1717.

D. A. BRITON. and so is the son's surname. This an

of his age.

1

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 14. * In Cartulario antiq. Eccles. de Wetuna. MUST again trespass upon your Ex autog. pen. Jobis de Knyveton. Chron. patience for the purpose of record. de la Trin. du Mont l'Rou. Reg. de Blia, 8.6.

cient

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688
William justly styled Conqueror.

:- (N6T. cient memoir exhibits the Bissets as respect to the judgment of your imparBarons of Kidderminster, and remarks tial and intelligent readers, decidedly that the son was living 31 Ed. I. The to establish my antecedent communiformer were not Barons of that deno- cations on the subject of this descent. mination, but of Combe-Bisset in It should be observed, however, that Wiltshire ; and the latter was dead 28 in allusion to the elder branch of the Ed. I. occording to the inquisition. family of De Dunstanville, detailed

There is a memorandum, "Q'odam in page 417, their arms are variously memorial," relating to Wich-Malbanc, expressed, but the greater probability is where the name is Wotton. In Fines, that they were-- Argent, a fret Gules, 17, 18 Ric. II. by Walter Romesey, on a canton of the second a lion of in Madox's Bar. Angl. the father and England, and that the bordure ingrail. son are called Wotton; Ella Bisset is ed Sable was assumed for distinction also described as the third daughter. sake by January, 'a collateral descenda By the inquisition on the death of her ant of John de Dunstanville, a younger mother, Harl. MSS. 2038, p. 149, son of Walter, the second Baron of 1967, p. 121, and Dug. Bar. I. 632, Castlecombe. The same arms appear she was the second daughter. It is to have been quartered by Thomas the evident, however, that the surname fourth Earl of Soothampton (the rewas neither Wooton or Wotton, for presentative of that younger branch), no person of either denomination ap- who died about the year 1967, with. pears on record contemporary with out issue male. The family of HelliJohn de Watton first mentioned, who gani of Devon, who carried, Or, three could by any possibility have been the Torteaux, à chief Azare, derived their husband of Ella Bisset.

lineage from the heiress of William de The assimilation of these surnames Dunstanville, the descendant of ano was not unusual, for the village of ther junior branch ;'and .......... Watton in Hertfordshire had four di- Basset, who married the heiress of visions, according to Domesday Book. Helligan, at one time quartered the In the fourth, the name is written dif- same bearings. ferently from the rest, viz. Wodtone, In conclusion, permit me to add that which being fanous for its timber, was in Harl. MS. 5801, p. 59, are noticed called Wood Town. Salmon's Herts, the marriages of the two sisters of Sir p. 216. But the etymology of words John Wharton of Leicester-Towd, af is, “ Levis et fallax et plerumque ri- terwards of East Sheen in Sutrey, who dicula, for, sæpenumero ubi proprie- is mentioned in Part i. p. 305. The tas verborum attenditur, sensus veritatis eldest sister, Catharine, married Tho amittitur.”

mas Hackett, Bishop of Dotrn and In a licence to enfeoff lands at Kid. Connor; the youngest, Sence, Sir Thoderminster, 27 Ed. I. the son is called mas Ogle, Governor of Chelsea HosWotion, and in the Inquisition on his pital. HENRY W. WHATTOS. death, 28 Ed. I. it is the same; hut the definition of the son makes no- Mr. URBAN,

Norfolk, Dec. 14. thing against the father, and the di

TILL quary knows the frequency of change iwo seemingly decisive arguments to

on of surname in olden time. There is an inquisition of 16 Ed. I. prove that William the Bastard has to

right to the title of Conqueror, Engwhich mentions only two daughters of land not having been conquered by Basset, though the fact of there being him (see Gent. Mag. Aug. 1825). The three is indisputable ; for Alice, one of first is grounded on William having the daughters, married Bisset, 5 Hen. granted the demands of the Primate III. (Ormerod, III. 213), a glaring for the preservation of their liber. blunder in a record of that description, ties." And the second, on the arms to which much confidence is usually of part of Kent being a rampant white 'assigned.

horse, with the motto “ Invicta" Upon the whole, the contiguity of residence, the identity of the family connection, the circumstance of Wat- the Christian æra by the Romads under Ju

Kent was conquered 53 years before ton, Wooton, and Wotton, being here lias Cæsar, and put upder the direction of one and the same person, videlicet, the the Governor of Britannia Prima. It was identical John de Wation first named, again conquered by the Saxons, and Hengist appear to me, Mr. Urban, with all due became its King. Beldred, the seventeeath

versity is in material, for every Anti- Will you permit a remark or two

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