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539
REVIEW.-Hansard's Typographie.

(Dee. “ In prioting, the Chinese do not use a Strahan, A. and R. Spottiswoode, A. press, as we do in Europe ; the delicate na- J. Valpy, &c.-With great pleasure we ture of their paper would not admit of it; extract the following account of a liv. when new, however, the blocks are engraved, ing ornament of his profession, who in the paper is cut, and the ink is ready, one

the intimate knowledge of his aft, and man, says du Halde, with his brush can,

unbounded devotion to it, has never without fatigue, print ten thousand sheets in

been exceeded. a day*. Had this number been stated in figures, I should have given the printer « Mr. Luke Hansard $ was born at Norcredit for having introduced a cipher extra- wich in 1748, and served his apprenticeship ordinary, in honour of Chinese industry. to Mr. Stephen White, a man of much verThe account is absolutely incredible. satility of talent and ingenuity, not confined

“ The block to be printed must be placed entirely to his own profession. Upon the level, and firmly fixed. The man must have expiration of his term Mr. Hansard came to two brushes ; one of them of a stiffer kind, London, and obtained an engagement as a which he can hold in his hand, and use at compositor in the office of Mr. Hugbs, either end. He dips it into the inkt, and until the period when he became Mr. Hughs's rubs the block with it, taking care not to acting manager. After some years exertion, wet it too much, or to leave it too dry; if it as great perhaps as ever was witnessed, cerwere wetted too much, the characters would tainly never exceeded by any one, in making be slurred; if too little, they would not the interest of bis employer the first and print. When the block is once got into a sole object, he became in 1799 a partner in proper state, he can print three or four the concern; and by a subsequent arrangesheets following, without dipping his brush ment in 1800, he succeeded as the entire into the ink.

proprietor of a business to which he has, « The second brush is used to rub over with unremitted exertion, devoted almost 40 the paper, with a small degree of pressure, years of his life; and has rendered it the that it may take the impression : this it does first in the world for that promptitude and easily, for, not being sized with alum, it dispatch so essential to the interests of the receives the ink the instant it comes in con- Legislature and the Nation. tact with it. It is only necessary that the «The increasing business of the House brush should be passed over every part of of Commons, and the vast accumulation of the sheet with a greater or smaller degree of stock requisite for executing it, requiring pressure, and repeated in proportion as the more room, a large and commodious buildprinter finds there is more or less ink upon iog, suitable to the purpose, was erected in the block. This brush is soft, and of an Parker-street, Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn oblong form.”

Fields. The whole business is conducted This subject is illustrated by two

under the firm of Luke Hansard and Sons, of a Chinese work, which were

Mr. Hansard giving the old house (which pages brought to this country from China immensity of stock of materials, is as a

for cleanliness, convenience, and above all, about a century ago, by Capt. Gough, printing establishment unequalled)the greater father of the celebrated Antiquary. share of his personal attention. Long may

Sect. VI. contains a good account of he live endued with strength both of body the Stationers' Company, with repre- and mind, to enjoy the delight and he sentations of the antient and modern seeks no other pleasure) of his incessant appearance of their neat Hall, and the drive of business. To this he devotes 18 carved oak screen there.

out of the 24 hours of every day of his life. Sect. VII. embraces the history of He has a family of sons and grandsons (nor eminent printers: Faust, Jenson, Aldus, any lack of the other sex), who promise Baskerville, Bodoni, Bulmer, Bensley I. fair to rival in numbers engaged in the tyMcCreery (whose excellent poem, in

pographic art, the Elzevirs of the 17th centituled "The Press,” is here re-printed, probability of failure, a long succession of

tury; and to insure, beyond any ordinary with his permission), and Moxon: with the name of HANSARD in a profession, in biographical notices of the Bowyers, which Luke Hansard has, by his own talents Griffith Jones, John Nichols, John and industry, raised a fame beyond all bis Hughs, Luke Hansard, W. and A.

§ Mr. Hansard has transferred in his life• « Dix mille feuilles."

time to the Stationers' Company 1000l. 4 + A mixture of “ Indian ink," made of a per cents. the interest to be given to poor due consistence.

freemen of the Company; and 15001. 3 It would have gratified us, had the work per cents. to provide every apprentice with s included a portrait of the present highly prayer-beok (these usually amount to about respected Master of the Stationers' Com- 200 copies a year), and for two annuities to pany, the celebrated Bensley.

decayed printers' warehousemen.

compeers. hiin peoded

1895.)
REVIEW.-Hansard's Typographia.

589 compeers. His eldest son (the author of times was rewarded with the perfect restora the present work] migrated to Peterborough- tion of his sight; and his friends again excourt in 1805, and upon the expiration of perience the delight of hearing him truly his lease in 1823, moved to a more central say, ' Ah! I'm happy to see you, by part of the City, and more convenient to But, although ever ready with anecdote and ibose connexions he had been most soxious wbim, to enliven ; still more to his honour to form, in order to avoid any possible col- as a man, may it be added, that he can at lision with the interest of his father --od his once turn the cheerful smile into serious younger brothers. Having purchased the solicitations for the assistance of a decayed freehold of a house in Paternoster-row, he old friend, his orphau, or his widow. fitted it up for business according to his “ In 1807 he relioquished business in idea and experience of what a printing-office favour of his son, the fourth William Caslon, ought to be, as far as the scite of ground who had previously been in pårtnership with allowed, and named it The Paternoster Row his father, and to him we owe the greatest Press."

improvement in the art of type-founding Section VIII. is devoted to the his- that has taken place in modern times; tory of Type Founding; and contains a namely, the pierced matrices for large types, good abstract of Mr. Rowe Mores' Sanspareil. In 1819, Mr. W. Caslon, jun.

which he without impropriety denominated curious" Dissertation on Type Foun- disposed of his foundry to Messrs. Blake, ders." All the old masters in the art Garnett, and Co. of Sheffield, whither the are noticed, but we prefer bringing whole stock has been removed. Mr. Caslon forward the biographical sketches of relinquished his profession to enter into a living members of the profession. gas-light concern on the North side of the me

“ The third William Caslon (grandson of tropolis, and transferred to the Sheffield founthe first William) sold bis share of the pa- ders such a specimen of type and flowers as ternal foundry to his mother and sister-in- will ever cause us printers to regret the loss law, and removed to Finsbury-square, and of such a competitor for fame in this diffiafterwards to Dorset-street; and his house cult business. The premises in which this in Finsbury was converted by the celebrated 'foundry was conducted, have since been bookseller Mr. Lackington into the Temple converted into a printing-office [that of of the Muses. In the hands of Mr. Wm. Messrs. S. and R. Bentley)." Caslon, Mr. Jackson's foundry was greatly We cannot compliment Mr. Hanenlarged and improved, particularly by his sard on his portrait of our lively friend elegant collection of cast ornaments, Mr. W. Caslon. species of typographical decoration which

« Mr. VINCENT FIGGINS was apprentice he has the merit of introducing into this

to Mr. Jackson *. He was bound in 1782, country. He is the first letter-founder, of

and served him as apprentice and journeymodern times at least, who was honoured with the royal appointment. His specimen

man till his death in 1799, having, for the of 1785 was very superior to any thing that three preceding years had the entire manage

Of this candidate for had been before exhibited by the English ment of the concern. founders, and became the pattern for that public favour as a letter-founder, Mr. Nichols mode of display of their type which has says, “With an ample portion of his kind since been adopted by most of the profession. derable share of his talents and industry, and

's reputation, he inherits a consiIf his friends had not yet the pleasure of has distinguished himself by the many beauoccasionally receiving his lively salutations -of enjoying the gay, the gentlemanlike tiful specimens he has produced ; and parti converse ; the whim, the anecdute, and the cularly of Oriental types. On the death of

Mr. Jackson, he failed in succeeding to his agreeable bagatalle of Wm. Caslon, aforesaid; I might be induced to amplify on these foundry and materials, by not bidding more points; but the biography of contemporaries worth; or than he should be enabled to

than he conscientiously thought they were is rather delicate ground to touch opon ; and I therefore pass by with a hearty wish pay. But his character had long been ob

served by Mr. John Nichols, who, for many that his choice spirit may long continue buoyant to impart its enlivening sallies. years, was the intimate friend of Mr. Jack

Under his auspices Mr. Figgins was The mention, however, of one thing, must not be omitted. Some years ago he-y

encouraged to rear a foundry for his own

A large order (two founts, great deprived of sight by the formation of a cataract in each eye : still his musical ear

primer and pica, of each 2000 lb. even before furnished the faculty of distinguishing per the young adventurer the best heart to pro

he had produced a single specimen) gave sons whom he knew by their voices; and his eheerful spirits enabled him to sustain

ceed; neither did his liberal patron suffer the calamity with a becoming temper of

See a Memoir of Mr. Jackson, in our mind. At length, his courage in under- vol. LXI. p. 92 ; and a Portrait of him in going the operation of couching three several vol. lxvi. p. 728.

son.

. was

name.

540 Review.- Tour of a Foreigner in England and Scotland. (Dec. him to want the sinews of trade as long as The first volume of the work is such assistance was required *.”

chiefly dedicated to London and its The “ Second Part” gives a de- envirors, and it contains a critical re. scription of the practice of the Art of view

of the Public Buildings, the Arts, Printing, divided under the heads of the Drama, and the Learned Profes“ Case, - The Press,"

," “ Fine Print- sions. ing," Inking Apparatus," “Im- “ The bustle which prevails in the City proved Manual Presses,” Printing Ma- exceeds description. The foot pavements, chines, Printing Ink, the respective which are narrower here than at the West offices of Overseer, Reader, Warehouse end of the town, are insufficient to accomDepartment, Stereotype Printing, Li- modate the crowd of passengers who are thography, Decorative Printing, &c. continually moving to and fro. One is On all of these subjects very important ment for o moment, and walk in the horse

often compelled to abandon the foot paveinformation is brought to light by Ms. road, * thing which never happens, the Hansard, important to all concerned English politely say, but to dogs and in Typography, but more especially to Frenchmen. Cheapside and Fleet-street the Tyro; and we shall conclude with are described by Sir W. Scott in his novel our heariy recommendation that the of the Fortunes of Nigel,' but the Citizens young aspirant to eminence in the art of the time of Good King James would be should devote“ his days and his nights mightily astonished at the present splendor to the study of " HANSARD.

and magnificence of the shops of those streets. Cheapside and Fleet-street are like

our Rue St. Denis and Rue Vivenne com98. Historical and Literary Tour of a Fo- bined. reigner in England and Scotland. 2 vols.

“ We shall find bandsomer streets in the Saunders and Otley.

West end of the town; but before we proTHIS work is written in imitation

cced to join the fashionable bazaars, or in of M. de Stael's “ Germany,” and London Bridge and look down the river,

Bond-street, let us station ourselves on consequently differs much from the where a forest of masts extends for the general cliaracter of those numerous

space of four miles. Here I confess that Tours in England annually published London is the first of capitals, and the Seine on the Continent. Foreign travellers is but a streamlet in comparison with the who, up to this time, hare published Thames. We must next pay a visit to their remarks upon this Country, have Blackfriars' Bridge, which has not received devoted theinselves principally to the its new name of Pitt's Bridge, which some consideration of its constitution, laws, persons proposed giving it in honour of the industry and commerce; but the illustrious rival of Fox. From Blackfriars'

present writer justly considered that Eng- Bridge we have a view of St. Paul's, the lish Literaiure deserved to be made Tower, the Monument, Somerset House,

Westminster Abbey, and more than thirty more generally known. He has therefore devoted a large portion of his the handsomest in London before the con

Churches. Westminster Bridge, which was pages to the literature of the present struction of Waterloo Bridge, was the work day, and he has accompanied his re- of a Frenchman. But Waterloo Bridge is inarks upon

various writers with brief not only the finest in London, it may be observations, displaying considerable called the most magnificent in the world. knowledge and candour.

At the sight of its elliptical arches, sus

8vo.

“ It is a singular coincidence that the three eminent printers, successive proprietors of the same concern, should be the patrons of three foundries which have so eminently flourished; namely, the first Mr. Bowyer was the patron of the first Mr. Caslon; the second Mr. Bowyer, of Mr. Jackson, who served his apprenticeship to Mr. Caslon ; and Mr. John Nichols, of Mr. Figgins, who, as just above stated, served his time to Mr. Jackson. The patronage also of the delegates of the Oxford University press, and the type on which Mr. Bensley printed those two splendid works, Bowyer's History of England, and Macklin's Bible, established Mr. Figgins in all the reputation he could desire ; and he has never since ceased in his efforts to make his foundry one of the most complete in England. No foundry existing is better stocked with matrices for those extraneous sorts which are cut more with a view to accommodation than profit : such as, astronomical, geometrical, algebraical, physical, genealogical, and arithmetical sorts; and I feel it particularly incumbent on me to add, that, as his specimen bears equal rank with any for the number and beauty of its founts, so he has strayed less into the folly of fat-faced, preposterous disproportions, than either Thorne, Fry, or Caslon. I consider his five-line pica german-text, a typographic curiosity."

1925.]
Review-Time's Telescope.

541 pended so lightly and elegantly from one has given us the details of several long side of the river to the other, one cannot interviews with Sir Walter Scott, his feel astonished at Canova having said that Lady, and Mr. Crabbe, which display he would willingly resign all his glory for much anecdote relative to the current the honour of having created that master. Literature of the day. piece of Rennie's genius. But we are now beyond the boundaries of the City, and have reached Charing Cross, in the centre 99. Time's Telescope for 1826. of which stands the equestrian statue of

WE are always happy at this seasoa Charles I. Further on, in a sort of courtyard behind Whitehall, the palace from

of the year to welcome another volume which the Monarch was conducted to the of this entertaining collection, in which scaffold, is the statue of the last King of the utile et dulce are ever sure to be the House of Stuart, James II. which was judiciously blended. This volume is erected to him the year before his abdication. ushered in by three introductory poems; The pedestal bears the inscription of his the Echo of Antiquity," by J. H. name and his title of King, which the new Wiffen ; “ The Past and the Future,” dynasty did not deface.”

by Delta of Blackwood's Magazine ; Io the tenth Chapter we find some

and “ the Influence of Nature and remarks upon the present state of Poetry on National Spirit,” by William sculpture in London, at the conclusion Howitt, author of the “ Forest Minof which the following passage occurs:

strel." “ The English Sculptors, it is true, have,

It is the custom of the Editor to like the French, generally disguised histori- give as an introduction, a dissertation cal personages by what I could call ana- at length on some interesting subject : chronisms in costume. Thus we see the that chosen for the present year, is a Charleses and the Jameses clothed in the very able essay on Man, by Thomas Roman Toga, and the periwigs are disre. Myers, LL.D.” garded, an omission very creditable to the Sectiou I. treats of the Physical artists. In our busts and statues of Lewis Powers of Man. The chief varieties XIV. the wig usually encircles the brow of are, 1. The Caucasian race, with white Grand Monarque.

skin; 2. The Mongolian, with olive “ There is, however, nothing offensive skin; 3. The Ethiopian, with black in the figure of Charles Fox, represented in skin; 4. The American, with red or a consular robe in Bloomsbury-square ; for there was a certain degree of Roman clo- copper coloured skin ; and 5. The quence in the parliamentary speeches of that Malay, with brown or tawny skin. leader of the Opposition. 'He is repre- The Caucasian must be considered as sented seated, with his right arm extended the centre division, the Mongoliau and and supporting Magna Charta. His name the Ethiopian as the two extremes, furms the only inscription on the pedestal. while the American and the Malay The countenance is said to be a striking constitute the middle terms. This dis resemblance of the distinguished statesman. versity, the author thinks, is not suffiThe attitude is dignified, and the statue, cient to warrant the unscriptural idea upon the whole, reflects great credit on the that mankind has sprung from differtalent of Westmacott. In Russell-square, ent sources, as man is endowed with a in a situation facing the monument of Fox, greater degree of pliancy of body than there is another statue, which also calls to mind one of those illustrious statesmen of the lower species of animals, by which ancient Rome, whose time was divided be all countries, and in all varieties of

he can exist with comparative ease in tween the labours of the senate and the care of their Sabine farms. This statue repre- temperature. The difference between sents the late Duke of Bedford, with one these apparently various races may hand resting on a plough, and in the other therefore be sufficiently accounted for holding some ears of corn. There are four by the continued operation of phyemblematic figures of the Seasons, at the sical, political, and moral causes. The pedestal of the monument, which is adorned whole article is extremely interesting, with various rural attributes in bas-relief."

and we heartily join with Dr. Myers The earlier portion of the second in the feelings expressed in the followvolume is devoted to the poets, and in ing extract: this department the author has evinced

“On reviewing the whole mechanism of considerable knowledge of our litera- the hunian frame, we cannot fail of being ture.

struck with the peculiar adaptation of its The latter portion comprises the different parts. Manifestly complex and writer's lour to Scotland, in which he elaborate in its organization, it combines so

much

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dook.

Dec. Inder. By Wm. Robinson, D. of the Middle Temple, a. 8vo.

C. Hunter. ZOBINSON'S name is known est publications connected with

phical literature; and he has - mis contributed more towards ihe

of the county of Middleses at any cotemporary writer. His series of TOTTENHAM, STOKE

SGTON, ENFIELD, &c. have equered bis name familiar to every

ruary; and the present highly

sul work is likely to extend his 7 sunation amongst the profession

which he forms so respectable a sember. Indeed its utility will not e confined to the Magistracy or legal wrotession alone : the publick at large particularly those connected with rade and parochial duties) may derive the most necessary and important information respecting the present state of the Criminal Law. The most recent authorities are carefully adduced; and the whole is arranged in the most judicious and systematic manner. Its conciseness is ihe only thing to be regretted ; but perhaps the addition of summonses, orders, &c. would have so extended the work, and increased the price, as to have limited its circulation. On this subject we extract the following paragraph, explanatory of the Author's future intentions.

« To have added forms of SUNMONSES, WARRANTS, CONVICTIONS, ORDERS, ADJEDICATIONS, &c. would have increased the bulk of the book so much, that it would have defeated the author's intention of com

pressing the matter so as to bring the book rayer,

into a convenient size for the pocker ; bas as it has been considered by some that . set of practical forms would be a useful ap pendage to the Pocket Book, the Author has it in contemplation, at some day not far distant, to add a series of the most useful

and approved forms, as a supplement to this
ve died little volume."
a worthies 101. The Visitation of the Sick. Is three

Parts. By the Rev. Henry Wintle, A.M.
Rector of Somerton, Oxfordshire. Imo.

who, up: their rer

devoted :
consider
industry
sent wr
lish L
more
fore do
pages
day, a
marks
obser
knoui

dhe days of

armoir of Alt ve styled e se's Teleale ductory

pp. 104.

of the flouri second Mr. Jacka type land. and! int sorts geor culis null! : terou scru.

THE Visitation of the Sick is for er are in the from an easy duty to a conscientious De was a sozen ex. Clergyman. If he leans too much to

severity, he defeats the object, or limits its application to the virtuous alone,

and, if he be too easy, tre opens a door to of a Justice procrastination of reform.' We would

therefore call the Visitation of the Sick, the sanction and aid of the Church

afforded

Rank; or Epi

s pistetically che e opious

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