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528

Review.-Sharp's Coventry Pageants, &c. [Dec. damask Aowers ; also & Jackets partly thorough examination; from Herod, Red and Black.

the turbulent tyrant, whose ragiogs are 2 Mitres (for Caiphas and Annas). immortalized by Shakspeare, through A Rochet for one of the Bishops. the various gradations of Celestials and God's Coat of White Leather (6 Skins). Mortals ; some of whom are forgotten A Staff for the demon.

in the oblivion of time. Nor is his 2 Spears. Gloves (12 pair at once).

Satanic Majesty deprived of his due, in Herod's Crest (Helmet?] of Iron.

Mr.Sharp'simpartial course of proceedScarlet Hoods and a Tabard.

ings; for, having been “a very favourHats and Caps—Straw Hats.

ite and prominent character" of old, Cheverel (chevelure, Peruke) for God.

himself and his dominions are promi3 Cheverels and a Beard.

nently displayed in this volume, rather 2 Chev'els gilt for Jesus and Peter.

more so, we venture to think and say, Faulchion for Herod (gilt).

than the subject required; for how the Scarlet Gown.

representaion of 'Israel Van MechMaces.

lin's curious and rare copy of the print Girdle for God.

of the Temptation of St. Anthony, by A newe sudere (the veronica) to God vijd.

Martin Schoen,” (take a little breath, A seldall (settle or seat) for God xijd.

good reader !)came there, is not very Sceptres for Herod and his son.

obvious. Poll axe for Pilate's son,

Let us, however, forgive a Blue Buckram 5 yds. and 64 yds. Sattin writer who takes over pains to render purchased in 1501; the latter appears to

his work valuable, and whose excess, have been used for Herod's Gowa, and if we may be excused the phrase, is most probably the Buckram also. Vel- never excessive. Cressets and Cressetvet Hose were sold in 1590 at the break- Bearers, receive new light from Mr. ing up of the Pageant.

Sharp's pen, and a Plate (the best of

all describers) brings them actually be “ Music.

fore us. The Pageant of the Company Trumpet (only occurs 1584).

of Shearmen and Taylors is printed Bagpipe (only occurs 1584).

entire, and we observe with pleasure Minstrells is a common entry, and the Wayts a notice that the whole Ludus Coare paid for 'piping'.”

ventriæ will be put to press, if only The description of the Pageant Ve- sixty subscribers send their names i hicle, p. 17-20, is too minute for ex- the publishers before Christmas +. tracting, though highly curious and Four Plates of original Music accomsatisfactory; nor are ihe labours of our pauy the Pageant, which will be a Author on the moving of the Pageants treai to, the Musical Antiquary, and a from station to station, the rehearsals, Glossary and Illustrations are added. properties, &c. less worthy of commen- The preceding portions occupy 194 dation. The pains bestowed in bring- pages; the remainder of the volume is ing such a mass of detached items tu- devoted to the Hox Tuesday Play, an gether, and reducing them into order, appendix to the Corpus Christi Plays, can only be appreciated by those who Pageants on particular occasions, Prohave attempted similar investigatious. cessions on Corpus Christi Day, MidThe platform of an ancient Mystery or summer and St. Peter's Eve; and conMorality, at p. 23, from thé Macro cludes (excepting a few additional IlMSS. iiMr. Hudson's Gurney's pos. lustrations of former Articles) with a session, is an important illustration of very curious and satisfactory Essay on the subject, and the delicately-engraved Minstrels and Waits. Pegma ad D. Jacobi (exhibited at Thanking our industrious Author Antwerp in 1594 ; for Mr. S. follows for his singularly interesting Book, his subject wherever be can trace its which contains more information and footsteps) is graceful and elegant in the entertainment than we have lately re

ceived from any publication that has Each character of the Dramatis Per- fallen under our notice, we bid him sonæ receives in turn, an acute and for the present adieu.

extreme.

+ The numbe: proposed to be printed is 25 copies, Imperial, and 100 Royal, the size Octavo. Can either Editor or Printer look for remuneration, or will such a limited inpression satisfy the lovers of old English literature ?

94. The

1925.) Review.-Sir R. C. Hoare's Modern Wiltshire. 529 44. The History of Modern Wiltshire - Richard has given a plate of it at large

Hundred of Branch and Dole. By the (Pl. xi.), and we shall first convey an Rev. John Offer, and Sir Richard Colt idea of it to our readers from the enHoare, Lart.

graving. There is a plateau of high (Continued from p. 427.) ground, nearly in the form of a human THE labours of all the writers upon foot and leg, as high as the ancle. All British Antiquities and Roman Roads along the line, where the rim of the bear no comparison whatever to those shoe now comes, are tumuli in line, of Sir Richard Colt Hoare. The Ho- but not regularly so. Beneath this, nourable Baronet has discovered to us on or about the part under the instep, (we speak without a bull) a new country is a small square earth-work, and bein one that was known before, that is low it a narrow oblong one, divided to say, we were possessed of the watch, into checquers. On the slope below but knew nothing of its utility, parts, is a circular work, which at the bote or construction, or how it was wound tom is very slight, but is divided by a up. Thecontents of the "Ancient Wilt- straight line and more solid form of shire" are a selection of excellent expe- rampart in the upper part, into the riments, as valuable to Historians (if shape of a horse-shve, or theatre. This they know how to make use of them) pari in the interior is checquered, like as State Papers; for a most instructive a draught-board. This is accompanied Volume might be formed upon these with barrows, irregularly dotted on the documents alone, of the state of the surface, and valla like the divisions of arts, and manners, and customs of the fields. Some of these valla have tu. Britons and Roman Britons. In the muli at the end of them, and were “Modern Wiltshire," (as Sir Richard, apparently made for mere communiand we Antiquaries respect him for socation. doing, is pleased to denominate the The account given by Sir Richard last eight hundred years,) the materials of this curiosity is as follows: could only be of a certain character.

“Since the publication of my History of They were ores of a mine, the nature

• Ancient Wiltshire,' another British village of which ores was previously under- has been discovered by the Rev. Mr. Seastood; but the mine had not been open- gram, of Steeple Langford, which is so sined, nor the ores decomposed, refined, gular in its appearance, that I have had it or analysed.

surveyed and engraved (see Pl. X1.) It is The Voluine opens with an admir- situated East of Yarnbury Camp, on the able Map of the Hundred, in which South-east declivity of a little valley, and we meet with the following curiosi- so concealed that I do not wonder at its ties; Roman roads running between having escaped the scrutinizing eye of Mr. and by ancient British earth-works, Cunnington. and a' British town, with its strong

“On examining the annexed plan, we cular earth-work of double ramparts) but the most curious circumstance attending hold or fort Yarnbury Castle, (a cir shall observe earthworks of singular and di

versified forms, as well as many tumuli ; the height of the vallum in some

them is, that though most nicely formed, places being fifty-two feet, or seven

not one of them contained a single interieen yards, connected with an irregular ment. It is to be observed also, that they outwork. We beg here to suggest, are ranged in a more regular line than usual, upon the authority of ancient writers, as they encircle the earthen works on the that outworks annexed to old camps, North-west side almost entirely. denote additional securities, thrown пр

“ I am at a loss, even to conjecture for where the ground was most assailable; what reason, or for what purpose, so many and, according to the Map, this ap- regular and well-formed barrows should have pears to have been the case here. Sir been constructed. Richard thinks that such works have

“ At a short distance from this village been occupied and altered at various tlement, in which our spade brought to light

to the East, is another decided British setperiods. This British Fortress is per- the usual indicia of ancient residence, in exforated through the centre by a road, cavations, pottery, coins,” &c. &c. P. 171. which communicates with a most remarkable British Village, that exceeds, Our opinion is, that the tumuli, in our judgment, even the rich speci- without interment, were bases of the mens in the "Ancient Wiltshire." Sir circular British wicker-houses, men. Gent. Mag. December, 1825.

tioned

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530

Review.-Str C. R. Hoare's Modern Wiltshire. [Dec. 'ioned by the Roman Historians; that a Pulpit. “ b Font. c Belfry. d Porch. the small compartments within the 76 ft. long. 17 ft. 6. in. wide. oblong and horse-shoe earth-works were catile stalls (the Britons being great graziers), and that the other valin, divisions of fields, denoted particular estates, not parts of fortifications ; Yarnbury Camp being the fortress usually annexed to British towns. An old road, called the Ridge - way, (a term for ancient British track ways) led to it, and adjacent to that is Overstreet, which adjunct always implies ancientry At Grovely Works, which Sir Rich

a ard thinks bear a great resemblance to the oppida described by Cæsar, occurs “one of those small pentagonal enclosures which are peculiar to British towns." P. 172.

Sir Richard gives us ichnographical plans of all the Churches, and these plans suggest to us the following ideas.

d We have observed several long and narrow Churches without ailes, a fashion which we conceive to have obtained soon after the Conquest, and be. fore the thirteenth century. The Church of Wily, in page 6, is of this description, as are various others. Domes. day, however, mentions no priest, in the accounts of any parish in this Hundred. There was, therefore, no Church at that period. Now in the subsequent plans of the Churches, nearly all of thein appear to have been originally of this oblong form, which was subsequently altered in manner following. . As population increased, the nave, where the people sat, required enlargement. That part They then bulge out in various forms, of the Church therefore was demolished by cutting through the middle and on one side or both, as circumstances widening it; but in numerous instances reqnired, and the chancel and West the chancel retains its original form; end were left standing. On the site and will be found often to correspond of the old walls a side colonnade was with the belfry in dimensions. Somneerected to preserve an open commi. times only a chapel is thrown out on nication with the one or two project- one side (Little Langford, p. 19); at ing ailes newly annexed to the old other times two transept-like projecbuilding: In confirmation of this, we tions are adjoined to one side, and teg to lay before our Readers the only one on another. At RollesChurch of Wily, in ground plan, from tone (p. 33), the chancel remains, p. 6; and show what we mean, by an and the whole body of the Church is actual delineation of the original form, a little widened, without any projecobserving that the porch and steeple tion, broken by arches. At Shreviot are excrescences, for nothing is bet- (p. 34), the chancel and belfry are of the ter known, than that many towers same dimensions, and the body bulges and steeples retain their primitive out thus, there being arcades between forms, and that the porch or porticus the belfry and chancel. was no original portion of the Church, it being, in the early periods, a parte Piscina. Chancel 20 ft. 6 iu. long; Nave

a PulpitV Font. c Porch. d Belfry. of the Church itself at the West end. and Ailes 29 ft. 3 in. long; 35 ft, 10 in. wide.

At

1825.)

Review.-Sir R. C. Hoare's Modern Wiltshire. 531

At Tilshead (p. 43), we have the old Church, chancel, and belfry united, and a whole wider West end, tacked on below them thus,

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a Pulpit. b Font.

c Porch. d Belfry. Chancel, 32 ft. long, 18 ft. 9 in. wide. Belfry 18 ft. long, 15 ft. wide. Nave and Ailes 40 ft. long, 28 ft. 3 in, wide.

Here we shall stop, because we think that the remarkable irregularity of plan, in only twenty Churches, or, thereabouts, here exhibited, could have originated in nothing but additions and alterations. These long narrow Churches are conspicuous in Herefordshire. Marcle is a fine specimen, and there are several others; and so far as our cursory observation goes, the length and narrówness of the chancel distinguish Churches which have been enlarged from those in which the Church and chancel are of contemporary erection. We do not give these matters a; data, only as presumptions,

but

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532

Review - Sir R. C. Hoare's Modern Wiltshire. [Dec. but certainly we have seen evidences for he had not shaved himself the whole in Domesday Book of the existence of time, and no one remembered his person, Churches at that æra, of which not a until he produced the ring they had brokentrace reinains, except in these long Then he was introduced to his lady, and at narrow chancels, and often belfries of the next birth she had seven children ; and corresponding dimensions. Ross, in it is said was buried in the Church, and a Herefordshire, is a specimen. It is representation of them laid in brass, which

.P. . proved by Domesday to have had a Church coeval with the Conquest.

That this was a pious fraud, inA long deep narrow chancel opens tended to show the sinfulness of disinto a broad nave, like a street into trusting Providence, there can be lita square, and at the further end is a tle doubt; and the old German story narrow belfry, corresponding with the of the 365 children at a birth, was a chancel in breadth. We shall, as we good exemplar for so inferior a aumobserved before, deduce no rules from ber as seven. However, some of these these observations, but only observe, vulgar stories have a much depeer orithat long narrow Churches, without gin. It was said that two hogsheads any arcade, appear to us more ancient full of money were concealed in a subthan broad ones, but yet we could terraneous vault at Penyard Castle in name instances where ihe nave has Herefordshire. A farmer took twentybeen widened and arched, even in the four steers to draw down the iron door Anglo-Saxon, or early Norman æra ; of the vault. When the door was openbut we know no insiance where a ed, a crow or jackdaw was seen perchchancel, which is a continuation of a ed upon one of the casks. As the door broad nave, is not contemporary. It was opening, the Farmer exclaimed, is, in short, our rule to look at the “I believe I shall have it." Therechancel and the belfry, where the upon the door immediately closed, and styles of Architecture in Churches are a 'voice within exclaimed, not homogeneous, for the most ancient “If it had not been for your quickea tree parts ; but this cannot be infallible, goad and yonr yew tree pio, because builders in repairs are govern- You and your cattle had all been drawn in." ed by the rule of preserving sound This story, as far as we know, has parts, or ornamental ones; and this is

never been printed ; but we mention possibly the reason why we see old it because it has features of resemSaxon or Norman doorways still ex- blance to some curious nonsense coqisting in Churches of evidently far later cerning a cave and cock, related in date. However, narrowness is a cer- Dugdale's Warwickshire;" p. 619, tain mark of Antiquity.

Ed. 1st; and because the prophylactick Our Readers know that there are properties of the Quicken tree (Mountales, in vulgar phrase, called cock and iain ash) shows an incorporation with bull stories. In the Church of Great Druidical superstition *; for we believe Wishford,

that these ancient personages were ac“There is a very old monument in me

customed to delude the people with mory of one Bonuam, Lord of the Manor, wonders. in solid stone, at full-length, drest in pil- Here we must leave this valuable grim's habit, with a leathern belt round and important collection of records, his waist, and pouch or scrip by his side; with sincere respect for the Author. and as report says, was the father of the seven children born at one birth, and all brought to Church in a sieve to be baptized.

95. Monastic Remains of the Religious The occasion of this wonderful event was

Houses at Withain, Bruton, and Stavorsaid to be, that their family coming on very

dale, co. Somerset. Collected ly Sir Rifast, they were mistrustful that they should

chard Colt Hoare, Bart. anno 1824. 4to. not be able to maintain them, and so agreed to part for seven years, and if neither party THIS elegant Publication, of which was seen or heard of, to be at liberty to only 50 copies are printed, and none marry again. He went abroad, and she was for sale, is dedicated by the worthy in England ; the time was nearly expired, Baronet to John Caley, 'esq. a gentleand the lady on the point of marriage. The news was made known to him (report says)

man well known to be at all times by a witch, who conveyed him bome in- * See an account of this tree, as con. stantly, and found his lady to be married nected with Druidism, in “Sylvan Sketches," the next day. He was denied admittance, P. 250, and other works,

ready

pp. 151.

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