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Curious Monument at Camberwell, Surrey. (Dec. On the subject, however, of Kent in he desires to be buried at Folkham bearing the arms of a rampant white in Norfolk "in my Church, where a horse, with the motto “ Invicta" at- monument is there made already.".... tached, which your Correspondent does

“And the next sabbath day," says he, not appear to have directly noticed, I “I would have Mr. Parson to make confess myself hardly satished. Whe. some good sermon to the auditory wbo ther the whole county bears the arms, came to Church." or only East Kent, I am at a loss to de Amongst other benefactions to the termine; but waving this question, cer- Parish of Camberwell, he left the sum tain it is, that the motto “Invicta” of 21. 13s. 4d. annually to be laid out must be attributed for some motive or in bread for the poor on Sundays * other: and for what, but the reasons He is nominated in the Letters Pa. before assigned ? I presume none, tent, as a Governor of “the Free And here I cannot but remark, though School of Edward Wilson, clerk, in it may be somewhat irrelevant, upon Camberwell,” (which adjoins the the peculiar good fortune of the Sax. Churchyard, )in connexion with "Thoons, in particular, of all invaders of mas Grimes of the Parish of Cam this Island; to which cause we must berwell in the county of Surrey, Kot.” attribute, the greater body of the peo- and many others of note in the village. ple being composed of that race, as The Lady, commemorated by the they still continue to this period, and monument alluded to was one of the although their favourite form of go- daughters of Thomas Muschamp. vernment, known by the title of the The Muschamps, according to Mr. “ Heptarchy," was totally subverted Lysons, came over to England with and abolished by the Normans, still William the First. A powerful family the great interest of the nation was hy of this name seems to have settled no means united, till the period usu- north ward, shortly after the Norman ally known by the title of the “Saxon Invasion ; they bore Azure, three butline restored.” It is an indubitable terflies Argent," which arms are widely fact, that both the Norman and Saxon different from those of the Camberwell factions were entirely obliterated and branch. I am, however, inclined to effaced from the ininds of both par- think they have descended from one ties, by this wisest of provisions, viz. common stock, as the name appears to the marriage of Henry I. with Ma- be Norman, and does not occur till aftilda, daughter of Malcolm III. King ter the arrival of William the First of Scotland, and piece of Edgar Athel in Britain. Robert de Muskam was ing, the rightful heir to the throne. Seneschal to Gilbert de Gaunt, who

Ön the spot where Harold fell, it is had considerable possessions in vaa remarkable circumstance, that a tra- rious parts of England, temp. Wildition very generally prevailed, that an liam I. Robert, his grandson, seems altar was erected ; and upon investi- to have been a benefactor to Stanleigh gation, it was actually discovered to be Abbey (co. Derby), and though by inthe case; the situation of which, if I heritance from the father and grandremember right, is almost directly op- father (to whom it had been assigned posite the Dormitory, at Battel Abbey; by Gilbert de Gaunt), he held mafrom which a considerable degree of nerium de Ilkeston, cum pertinentiis credit, in such cases, must be conceded suis" in that county, either he or one to tradition, of course making, by de- of the same names must have been duction, reasonable allowance. living in Durham, where he is de Yours, &c. J. D. Oxon.

* I know not the terms of this bequest,

but if the bestowment of it were not conMr. URBAN, Camberwell, Oct. 8. ditional on their coming every Sabbath day repairs of

to the place where his wife lay," saying the

Lord's Prayer, and praying to God for the nity of transmitting you some account of a monument there, erected to the nation to the poor at Folkham, who would

as was the case in a similar testamentary domemory of Jane, the wife of Sir Tho- perform the same ceremonies over his famas Grimes, and afterwards of “Sir ther's grave, I must charge the worthy Thomas Hunt, of Lambeth Dene, knight with ingratitude, paralleled only by Knight,” as he describes himself in that of the man who cried turnips," but his “last will and testament,” where- cried not when his father died."



Curious Monument at Camberwell, Surrey.

519 scribed as occupying lands“ super field, who sold it to Sir Thos. Bond. S. Cuthbertum circa 1150. Hugh He married a sister of Sir Thos. Grimes, his brother had issue Isabella, whose and either by his means, or by pure daughter Agnes inarried Ralph, Lord chase, became possessed of the other of Gresley and Selleston."

half. Thomas Muschamps married Maud, William, the father of this Thomas or Matilda, daughter of William de Muschamp, held a moiety of BretyngVescy, and in 19 Hen. II. “ took part hurst manor (Peckham) ip 1539. From with young Henry against the King him it passed to his son, grandson, and his father." He left issue Robert, to great grandson in succession. Mary, whom Henry the First gave the ba- sister of the last-named, married Edrony of Wollover (Northumberland). ward Eversfield, who in 1672 sold it His son, of the same name, appears to Sir Thomas Bond. to have made some noise in the world; The North aile in Camberwell for Mat. Paris calls him “Vir magni Church was the burial-place of the nominis in partibus Angliæ Boreali- Muschamps, and is still claimed by bus;" and Camden, “the mightiest the Lords of the Peckham estate. An Baron in all these northern parts." inscription, soliciting your prayers for He died in 34 Hen. III. “circa feg- the good estate of William Muschamp tum Sanctæ Margaritæ.”

and Agnes his wife, once ornamented Robert de Muscampe and Isabella its East window : a similar one occude la Ford, one of his heirs, are men- pied one of its North windows, and tioned in 1255. She was his grand- there yet remain two or three mechild by Cecilie the wife of Odonell morials for members of the family de Ford, and married Adam de Wage. there.

Besides this daughter, Robert The monument which I have menhad other two, Isabella married to tioned was, unul recently, partly bidWilliam de Huntercombe, and Mar- den by the gallery; but in the late regarette the wife of Malisius Earl of pairs, a place above it has been apStratherne.

propriated to its reception. It is situ, Mr. Bray has traced their pedigree ate near the North-east corner of the to Thomas Muschampe, to whose me- Church, and consists of a niche conmory there was an inscription in the taining the effigies of Jane the daughChurch of Saint Mary Magdalene, ter of Thomas Muschamp, and wise of Milk-street;" and of whom, Weever Sir Thomas Hunt, kneeling at a fald in his “Funerall Monuments,” says, stool. The pilasters on either side are he “ was Sheriffe of this Citie (Lon. ornamented with carvings of fruit, don) in the year 1463."

flowers, and “ emblems of mortality," The Magna Brit. et Hib. says of gilt and coloured; the hands of the fithe Camberwell family, they gure and the base of the stool are gone, ranked among the Barons called to but, with the exception of a few other Parliament from the reign of King “impressions of Time," the monument Henry I. to that of King Henry 111." is in a perfect state. Although Mr. Lysons

Over it are the arms of Hunt. Per Branch of the Family, had been long pale Argent and Sable, a saltire counsettled at Peckham, I think that Tho- terchanged; on a canton of the second, mas Muschamp, whom we have no

a lion passant gardant of the first; and ticed as the father of the lady com- below, is a shield of lozenge form, promemorated by the monument, is the bably once ornamented with the arms first on record, who is described as be- of Muschamp. longiog, to that place, though his fa

The inscription is as follows: ther William was resident at Camlerwell.

“Lo! Muscha's stock a fruitful braunche A moiety of “ Camberwell" manor

did bri'ge was conveyed to Thomas Muschamp sir Thomas Hunt o may dayes pleasant

Adorned with vertves fit for lad's bright by Edward Scott in 1564. From him

springe it passed to his daughter, who, as we

Posest y' Frwe y' was his soules' delighthave already stated, married Sir Thos.

And daughters three Grimes. Ralph Muschamp held the

With welth and vertues me't for their degre' other moiety in 1588, and his grand- Whe' twis vu yeares vi months x ways son died seised of it in 1632, Mary were spent his daughter married Edward Evers- In wedlock's bond, and loyall love's delight



says that a


Feudal Times.-City Library.

[Dec. Novem'r twelfth day then she was content shall he amerce them for any crime t." This world to leave, and give to God his Had Nicholas been allowed to squeeze right

the sponge at his own discretion, not Hir 60 three years full, complete and ended, a drop would have been left for Peter Hir soule to God, to ear' hir corp..comended.- at the end of the 18 years. “Conti1604."

mentum," (see note) is douběless the Yours, &c. D. A. BRITON. same word as contenementum, and

although the latter is usually applied

to the property of a freeholder, yet the Mr. URBAN,

Scale-lane, Hull,
Dec. 17.

Wayniatura terrarum” shews that

these “ Homines” were Villeins.
AVING lately met with an an-
cient document, which, though

Yours, &c.

Gof a private nature, seems to throw some light on the state of society and Mr.URBAN,

Lothbury, Dec. 11. general history of the Feudal tiines, I

IT is now some months since (see trust a brief notice of its contents will

Gent. Mag. Nov. 1824, p. 391) be acceptable to your readers.

that I solicited your attention to a reThe instrument is dated in the year markable epoch in the History of this 1239, and purports to be a convention

great City; namely, the establishment made between Peter de Melsa and Ni- of a Library in its Guildhall. On encholas de Burton ; first, Peter demises quiry I find that my expectations have to farm seven oxgangs of land in the

not yet been realized, and that my town and territory of Hingerthorp (in wishes have only been met to a sinalt Yorkshire), with the services of the men extent in the number of its donors. I holding the same land, to Nicholas and

am happy, however, to find that the his heus, and to such persons as he Committee, appointed to carry into efshall think proper 'to assign then, ex- fect the unanimous vote of the Corpocept the Lord Archbishop and his ration, are indefatigably employed, and Bailiffs, and religious persons, for a have, as far as the means have been term of 18 years; for which Nicholas entrusted to them, laid the foundation pays 30% marks sterling, and agrees to

not only of a useful, but splendid Lipay a yearly rent of i2d. and also to brary. "I have already given you my perform so much service as pertains to own sentiments, and expressed niy seven oxgangs of land in the said hearty wishes for a full consummatown, where twenty ploughlands make tion of them; and I still entertain a one Knight's fee*. Coke, 2 Inst. 596, confident expectation that no one who infornis us that a Knight's fee always has an opportunity of adding 10 its contains twelve plowlands: but from stores, by any documents connected the above we find that in Hingerthorp with its History, will withhold the opat least, if not in other parts of the portunity of doing so, and thereby enkingdom, the quantity of land consti- rolling iheir own names as contrituting a Knight's fee varied as far as

butors to the greatest monument of twenty plowlands.

its fame, for such hereafter it will asOur "Conventio” next provides for suredly be. That the foundation of the manner in which Nicholas was to such a monument should have been so treat the villeins attached to the land long delayed, is, and always must be, a during the 18 years in which he was

matter of the deepest regret; but now to be their Lord. The words of the it is begun, let every one, who has the original may be translated thus :

opportunity, assist with a willing and “ And be it remembered that when an helping hand. I know not that the aforesaid Nicholas may wish to

any thing will contribute more to exlevy an aid on the villeins of the said tend the knowledge of such an onderPeier, he shall exact it with such mo- taking, than to record periodically the deration that they lose not the furni- donors and donations of the Metropoture (or countenance,' as the word litan Library.

J. B. was anciently rendered) of their houses or their implements of husbandry; nor † “ Et notand' q'd cum p'd'tus Nich's

auxiliu' de hom'ih' d'ti Pet' cap'e voluerit. * “ Faciendo forinsecu's'vitiu' q’ntum tali mod'amine capiat q'd non amittant conp'tinet ad septem bovatas t're in eadem vil- timentu' hospicior suor nec Wayniaturam lå uude viginti carrucate t’re faciunt feo- t'rar' suar'. n' p' aliquo delicto aliquod merdum uni' militis.”

ciameutu' alit' ab eis capiet."


[ 521 ]


91. The Progresses, Processions, and magni- able sources, and a selection of all that

ficent Festivities of King James the First, is apposite and to the purpose. his Royal Corsort, Family, and Court. From the letters of Mr. ChamberCollected from Original Manuscripts, lain especially, much entertainment scarce Pamphlets, Corporation Records, inay be expected. Of that gentleman's Parochial Registers, orc. comprising the bistory little is known; but he appears splendid Masques exhibited at Court, the Triumphal Pageants of the City of Lon. Government, and to have resided in

to have always held some office under don, numerous Original Letters, and annotated Lists of all the Knights of the Bath, the immediate vicinity of the Court, if Baronets, and Knights Bachelors, who re

not within the Palace of Whitehall. ceived those Honours during the Reign of His great friend and patron was Sir King James

. Illustrated with Notes, His- Ralph Winwood, Secretary of State; torical, Topographical, Biographical, and and his constant correspondent during Bibliographical. By John Nichols, F.S.A. a long series of years, beginning in the Lond. Edinb. and Perth. 4to. Nichols reigu of Elizabeth, continuing during and Son.

the whole reign of Jumes, and not ceasTHE Eight Parts of this enter- ing till far in that of Charles, was Sir hands of the Publick, conclude the dor at Venice and to the States, and afterFirst Volume, and contain 300 pages wards likewise Secretary of State, and of the Second; and we know not whe- Viscount Doncaster. The pen of the ther most to admire the persevering communicative Chamberlain is as reindustry of the Veteran Editor, or the markable for its intelligence and vivamultifarious interest of the articles he city as for its unwearied constancy. So bas collected. In particular we allude uninterrupted a series of communicato the large assemblage of early Tracts, tion between two individuals, in any which are reprinted from originals of rank in life, does not frequently take the greatest and most costly rarity, – place. In the absence of the yet uncuriosities “not to be separately ob- invented newspaper, an Ambassador tained but with great difficulty, and at in a foreign Court must have found an enormous expense." Amongst such a correspondent invaluable. them, we are told, will be included While Sir Ralph Winwood was rea more than thirty Masques, and as sident at the States, Mr. Chainberlain many of those curious productions as constantly addressed him, as he did called “ London Pageants,' as the Sir Dudley Carleton ; and those disEditor has been able to procure. Nor patches are undoubtedly the most enare the intervening matters mere dry iertaining papers printed in Winwood's history, or dull record; the Royal and Memorials. But this correspondence Noble correspondence, introduced in ceasing on Sir Ralph's return, Mr. strict chronological succession, affords Chamberlain became doubly attentive a living picture of the Court, its pur

to his other friend, who preserved his suits, and its amusements. There is communications with due care, and no deficiency of sensible remark, enli- the originals are deposited in the Lamvening wit, or sarcastic scandal. beth Library. “The indefatigable Dr.

In this point of view, the Progresses Birch,” as he has frequently been styled, of Janues the First may rank with transcribed theni with a view to publiLodge's Illustrations (froin which they cation; but this being, on his death, have largely borrowed), the Paston one of his unexecuted projects, his Papers, or the universally-admired Me. transcript in iwo quarto volumes remoirs of John Evelyn ; with this ma- mains still unpublished with his other terial distinction, that, whereas works collections in the British Museum. It of that description have been generally is from this original source that Mr. the production of some one family re- Nichols promises 10 derive some of his cord-room, we are here put in posses- inost curious and interesting materials, sion of a complete body of Court His- With respect to his mode of selec1ory,-an assemblage from all attain- tion, the domestic news, the solemniGent. Mio. December, 1825,


REVIEW.-Nichols's Progresses of James I.

[Dec. ties, the festivities, and the “secret "Accession " of the new Monarch.. history” of the Court and, of. No. More than one Proclamation used on ble families, caunot fail to prove more that occasion is introduced, and a colacceptable to the public taste than lection is formed of accounts of the state affairs or conjectures on foreign proclamation ceremony at different politics.

iowns, at London, York, Bristol, WinBut whilst endeavouring to point out chester, Leicester, Norwich, Shrewssome of the attractions which this bury, Hull, and other places, and to collection holds forth, whilst enlarg. the army at Flusbing. ing on the correct notions of antient In p. 33 we have an original Letter manners which it inspires, and the of the King's, from the Oath Book of light it throws on the customs of olden Berwick. Ti is in answer to a congratime, the personal history of the an- tulatory address of the Town, announccestors of many a uoble family, their ing their having proclaimed him King. elevation to rank, and the reasons for He assures the worthy Burgesses, in that elevation; the valuable notes with very broad Scotch, "alwaies to ffynd which it is illustrated must not be over- uis à grations and lovinge Prince, quha looked. These are the result of an Oc- salbe carefull to maynteyne yr wonted togenarian life of attentive research; liberties and privileges, and to see that without them the Work had lost more the same be no wayes brangillit, or than half its interest, and so copious otherwayes prejudgit." and various are they, that no person

James had been long in expectaney but the Editor, we may presume to

of the Crown, and when he sent Sir affirm, could have produced an equal Roger Aston, as his Messenger to Elistore of satisfactory information, zabeth, After these preliminary remarks, we

“ Sir Roger was always placed in the shall in turn examinc each curious and lobby, the hangings being turned so, that entertaining fasciculus. Prefixed to the he might see the Queen dancing to a little first Volume, the reprint of a scarce fiddle; which was to no other end thaa Poetical Pamphlet, bearing the quaint that he should tell his Master, by her title of Sorrowe's Joy, forms a con- youthful disposition, how likely be was to necting link between the Reigns of come to the Crown that he so much thirstElizabeth and James. It is a collec- ed after.” P. 34. tion of Cantabrigian effusions on the Elizabeth's dancing at sevenly has death of the former Monarch, and the been attributed to vanity; but she accession of the latter. We have here knew well, that there were swarms the weeping of England for her Virgin born in the noontide beam, who would Queen assimilated to an inundation of go to salute the rising sun; and there. the Nile, because in James's reign it fore every demonstration of health and was to end in fertility of blessings; the vigour on her part was politic. arts are all attired in black (p. 2); the But the most admirable specimen planets “and all things march in fu- of court-crast, was an ingenious lapneral equipage;" but the end of all this

tern, transmitted to James by Sir Jolio dolour is, iható. Eliza to Elysian fields Harington, and fabricated in order to is gone," and nevertheless,

!ypify . that the lamp of life grew dim “A wonder 'tis our sun is set, and yet there in the frame of Elizabeth;" that James is no night,

was to succeed; and that the donor Darke storms were feared around about, and preferred a prayer, begging that the yet all over bright,

royal donee would remember him, Blest God! when we for feare scarce look’t Sir John, “when he came to his to have seen Peace's moon shine,

kingdom.' Thou sent'st from North, past all our hopes, This curious lantern is described in King James his glorious sunshine !"

manner following, as “ A New Year's

Guift at Christmass conveyed by CapTo excel in pedantry was in this age taine William Hunter," 1002. esteemed the “ monumentum ære perennius." One Poem of this descrip- gold, silver, brass, and iron,

1. A dark lantern, made of fowre metal,

9. The top tion is sufficient; but in a Picture

of it was a crowne of pure gold, which also gallery like the present, displaying the

did serve to cover a perfuine-pan. 3. Thea mannerisms of an ara, a specimen is was within it a shield of siher embost, to desirable.

give a reflexion to the light; on one side · The Work properly begins with the of which (4) was the sunn, the moon, and

vii stairs i

P. 4.

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