« ZurückWeiter »
1995.) History of the Church and Priory of Swine.
495 about Sweyn King of Denmark ? or ordinary Roman camps ;-there are no what could induce them to connect names fundamentally Latin, as far as him in any way with the plebeian de I can gather from his work, attached signation of their own place of abode, to any adjacent places, which is genesupposing him never to have been rally, I almost think universally, the there! They would have been much case elsewhere, and the reliques found more likely to change a noble into an have more claim to a British than a ignoble appellation, and to merge the Roman origin. So that
whatever prememorial of a Monarch in the term dilection the luxurious Romans might for a pig-stye.. I do not mean to say have for swine's fesh, I am still unthat this tradition affords of itself suffi- convinced that either there was ever cient ground for affirming that the Mo- any extraordinary quantity of that aninarch died and was buried there: thomal in your parish for them to eat, or it is rather remarkable that historians that, supposing there had been, they are far from being agreed, either as to were ever there, as residents, to eat the time, the place, or the mode of his them. But the remains in question decease. Mr. Thompson indeed in- do bear a strong resemblance to a forms us, that “the historians of the Saxon fortification. It may well be eleventh century mention the particu- supposed, therefore, that a fortress was lar circumstances of the death of here erected by that people for the deSweine, and assert that he was buried fence of the coast, on the site of a prea1 York :” and refers to Drake. This vious British one, and wrested from allades to the statement in some of our them, and applied to his own purold Chronicles of his being stabbed with poses, by Sweyn, after a victory so dea knife at Gainsbro' or Thetford. But cisive as to induce his followers to others assert, and are followed by Fox, confer his name on the scene of acthat he died mad; and the Danish tion. Several of the ancient names Chroniclers scrople not to affirm that preserved in the documents quoted in he returned to Denmark, and lived to Mr. Thompson's work, add greatly to a good old age. But even if we were the probability of this theory. Snoresobliged to give up King Sweyne, he is holme is unquestionably from Snorro, not the only Danish hero of the name which is decidedly, a Danish proper connected with this Island, and of name: Snorro's Holme. Swynesholme whom history retains a record. Ca- (which by the bye would be Swinenute, bis successor, had a son of the holme, if it were derived as Mr. name, and another who bore it was Thompson imagines, from a herd of contemporary with William the Con- swine), Collesholme, Seggesholme, and queror, and sent his sons to invade Brauncesholme, are also from proper England, who landed in the Humber, names, and most probably Danish. I penetrated far into the North, and win- should not seel justified in adding tered between the Ouse and Trent. I Tyryngholme, though Mr. Thompson must not omit to mention, that the mentions Tyryng as being a proper non-existence of any tradition ascrib- name. I rather suppose the appellaing the place to the purposes of a hog- tion to have been given after the apfold or market, and of any popular cus- propriation of the land to religious purtom denoting such an origin, are fa- poses, indicating that particular porvourable particulars on my side of the iion as being reserved for providing controversy.
vestments, &c. for the monastics; quasi, 4. The vestiges of ancient military the Altyring-Holme, especially as it works still discernible, and the Danish forms part of the Beningholme, which and other remarkable names indicative signifies the allotment devoted to pious of the residence here of a Royal per- uses, from the Saxon word Bene, prayer. sonage neither British nor Roman, Coleman, however, is a proper name confirm ine in my opinion. Mr. occurring in Domesday Book ; and at Thompson indeed," from compunc- Swine, it seems, there is, or was, a tion, I suppose, at having assigned to Coleman-dale. Wighe-field, Waghun, your parish so humble an origin, la- and the Waight, sound very like corbours strenuously, but, in my opinion, ruptions of the name of Wightred, unsuccessfully, to confer on it the dig- who was then Earl of Northumbernity of having contained a Roman sta- land, and likely enough to have comtion. The earth-works he describes do manded the Saxon garrison here in not exactly correspond with the more person. He is expressly said, in a
History of the Church and Priory of Swine. [Dec. passage from Fox already quoted, to the proposing to make some addition have been defeated and_obliged to to the name of the parish lately enswear fealty to Sweyne. Earl's Ditch trusted to my care, arises from a wish probably derives its name from the title to avoid the danger of a joke, so forof this nobleman. But above all, Co- midable to fools and simpletons. Few, nyston-gate, and Conyston-dyke, strike I think even yourself will allow, can me as decisive indications of a Royal stand a laugh better than I can; and resident at Swine in the Saxon or good sense, good taste, and good feelDano-Saxon period. Coning or cyning ing, forbid a man to act the Goth upon is the Saxon word for King; whence the antiquities of his country, and that Conisbro' near Doncaster; and Coney- merely to avoid a pun or jest. Being street in York, &c. Ton signifies a entirely opposed to Mr. Thompson in moated or fortified residence. Conys- my opinion as to the derivation of the ton-gate and Conyston-dyke denote, word Swine, and having a strong sustherefore, the gate or road, and ditch picion, which I am happy to find so or dyke of the King's abode. And strongly corroborated by your Letter, how could such names originate, if no that it is the identical appellation of Monarch ever inhabited such a dwell- the great Danish warrior, the motive ing here? And what other Sovereign by which I am influenced is to rescue than Sweyne does either history or tra- this memorial of the renowned father dition mention as having thus honour- of Canute from oblivion. It will, ed the parish of Swine?
therefore, I have no doubt, afford you But I fear I have already wearied great satisfaction to learn that I have your patience with the length to which no intention of changing the name (I my remarks have been extended. I would be laughed at till Domesday, leave you, therefore, to come to a de- rather than be guilty of such a Gothic cision from the evidence already before action), but merely of adding that of you; trusting that even if you'remain Denmark to it. That the name is in unconvinced by my arguments, which danger of being lost, is but too eviI am well aware might by abler hands dept; since a gentleman who has done have been set in a much more advanta- himself such honour as an Antiquary geous point of view; you will at least and Historian, has actually confounded respect my motives, and deign to profit it with that of a certain animal, who by my advice. You may, if you think assuredly never laid claim to the soreproper, communicate my views to Mr. reignty of the ocean, and who was Thompson, who, on fuller considera- therefore not likely to contend with tion, will perhaps be led to retract his Neptune for the dominion of the sea present opinion, and who in that case, shore, nor even for the banks of the from his vicinity to the spot, his inti- Humber, flooded as they so frequently mate acquaintance with it, and his ac- were in those days, till the very site of cess to various documents relative to the village in question must on many its history, as well as from his acknow- occasions have assumed the appearance Jedged talent and long experience in of an island. The adding of the epiAntiquarian pursuits, may be hereafter thet Denmark to that of Swine, and enabled 10 throw new light on this, I thus associating the name of the Mothink, rather interesting subject. narch with that of the country whence I remain, my dear Milne, he came, will, I trust, for ever prevent Your affectionate friend,
such a mistake hereafter, and, like the Thomas GREENWOOD. buoy that rides upon the wave, and To the Rev. R. Milne, Vicar of Swine. marks to every passing mariner the si
tuation of a certain spot, will on the My Dear Greenwood, Myddelton-sq. undulating stream of time ever mark
Dec. 6, 1825. the principal scene of the great NorthMANY thanks for your long, valu- ern warrior's operations, and distinable, and interesting Letter. I could guish to all succeeding generations the not resist laughing heartily, when read- noble name of Sweyn.— I am, my dear ing the commencement of it ; nor do I Greenwood, neither a Goth nor a Vanthink resistance would have been pos- dal, but your very affectionate friend, sible, had I been more phlegmatic than I naturally am. But you are quite
R. Milne, Vicar of Swedenmark. mistaken as to the motive by which I The Rev. T. Greenwood, St. Antholin's am influenced, when you suppose that Rectory, Watling-street.
RAIMYNDVS CVSTOS HOSPITALIS
1825.) Ancient Seals,
497 ANCIENT SEALs.
further remarks have been received in AVING been long in arrear with its explanation. The inscription, from
our Correspondents on this sub- an unfortunate fracture, is unintelligiject, we this month present to theny a ble, and the arms on the flag supported plate occupied entirely with their con by thedog, require appropriation. From tributions, the whole being, as we be- the appearance of the lion of Scotland, liere, before unpublished, and many
we conceive it to be posterior to the recently discovered. The designs of accession of James I. but copied from several we are' enabled to explain, an ancient model. Of the provincial whilst others we must leave to the in office of Admiral of England in the genuity of our readers.
county of York we have discovered no Figure 1 is from a brass matrix, mention elsewhere. purchased in 1824 by a brazier of Lis- Figures 3 and 4 are representations keard in Cornwall, from a quarter not
of a leaden impression, found some mentioned. It is, as set forth in the years ago by workmen employed in inscription, the Seal of Henry Prince repairing the bridge leading to Norof Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl wich Castle; and now in the possesof Chester, for the Office of the Cocket sion of Mr. Johnson, the highly reof the Duchy of Cornwall :
spectable Reeper of that prison. It 5. henrici principis Wall' duc' cor:
is,” says our Correspondent G.T. "in nub' comit' cestro de officio roketti a very excellent state of preservation, ducatus Cornubie.
and is composed apparently of a mixOur Correspondent, J. R. of Maw
ture of pewter, silver, and lead'; it cera man near Falmouth, ascribed it 10
tainly partakes most largely of the baser Henry the Sixth, because the seal of metals, but is much harder than if it Prince Edward his son, as engraved The legend on the obverse is :
solely consisted of either pewter or lead, in “Sandford's Genealogical History,” is, except in the inscription, very nearly siinilar. As, however, Henry the Sixth was never Prince of Wales, On the reverse : (succeeding his father before his creation, and when only nine months old), it is undoubtedly an official seal
“It is therefore, I should think, the of Henry the Fifth when Prince, whose
seal of Raymond du Pay, who was the seal as Prince of Wales, engraved in Master or Keeper of the Hospital esSandford, it also much resembles, ex
tablished at Jerusalem for the relief of cepting that the swan used as the crest poor pilgrims sometime previous to the (or rather the badge), holds no labell'd first Crusade, and who succeeded Geostrich feather in his bill. Henry of fard, the first Director, about or shortly Monmouth, as he was styled, was cre
before the year 1113, when he and his ated Prince of Wales in 1399; and in companions, who had previously been that year, it is probable, this seal was
members of the order of St. Benedict, made. He ascended the throne in 1413.
called themselves Knights of the Hosó - The cocket office was that office iü pital of St. John of Jerusalem, now the custom-house where the custom Knights of Malta.” was paid for goods to be exported. The
Fig. 5 was communicated by Mr. C. certificate of this payment being called Faulkner of Deddington in "Oxforda cocket. The derivation of the word shire. The brass matrix was found at and its application have been rather Oxford. The inscription seems to be: fully entered into by the late Mr. Policer de arqusdouct. Gough, in vol. lxxii. p. 210, where Fig. 6 is from a brass seal found in is an engraving of the seal of the cocket Devonshire in 1823. It is inscribed in the Port of Exeter (which had un
Jeban de $. quentin. accountably become the seal of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Bredon in Faulkner, is from a brass seal present
Fig. 7, communicated by Mr. C. Worcestershire.) A seal of the Cocket
ed to him by a friend, who found it for Inverness and Croc Bedhi is en: graved in vol. Lxxxi. ii. 521.
* See Mr. Bụtler's Short Historical View Figure 2 is the seal noticed in the of the Provincial Religious and Military Orpreseurt volume, parti. p. 210; and no ders of the Romish Church. GENT. Mag. December, 1825.
HOSPITALE DE HIERVSALEM.