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REVIEW-Otter's Life of Dr. Clarké.

(July, sition of just as much green known the Classics. In 1786, when he was ledge as will furnish half a mouthful only sixteen, Dr. Beadon gave bim for the examiner, the rest being only the situation of Chapel Clerk at Jesus. stalk. We are not going to quarrel During his Undergraduateship he prowith University Discipline, or the ob- duced nothing worthy his subsequent vious propriety of niaking all birds fame. In fact, he was only warehouse sing that ought to sing ; but only to ing his stock. Sometimes it seems he recommend a discretional power in took a morning ride upon Pegasus to the heads and tutors of colleges, with Airt with the Muses ; for, like other regard to young inen known to pose young men, he indulged in English sess habits of application, and powers Poetry. About the year 1990 he beof mind, even if they should direct them came B. A. and by Dr. Beadon's reto pursuits not strictly academical. commendation was appointed Tutor

Dr. Clarke was a remarkable in- to the Hon. Henry Tufton. With stance of the beneficial result attend- him he made the Tour of Great Briing this wise exercise of discretional tain, and afterwards went to France power in the head of his college, Dr. In 1792 his fellow - collegian Lord Beadon, the late Bishop of Bath and Berwick invited him to become his Wells. Clarke came from school a

companion in a Tour to Italy; and poor Classic, and for Mathematics he within an interrupted space of two had no taste whatever. It is observed years, he performed almost as much by the Abbè du Bos, that to become as the twelve labours of Hercules. He great in one thing, a man must have made large and valuable additions to an invincible propensity to that one his historical knowledge, ancient and thing, while very possibly he may be modern. He acquired French and a blockhead in all others. Dr. Clarke Italian sufficient for fluent conversaseems in like manner to have had an tion - he made such frequent referoverpowering penchant for History ences to the Classics for illustration of and ' Antiquities, Medals, Sculpture, the scenery and antiquities of Italy, Architecture, the elegant Arts, and that he made greater advances in Greek certain branches of Natural History. and Latin, than during the whole peThe result of allowing him to pur- riod of his education. He studied the sue these studies has proved a great Arts, more particularly painting; he public good in a literary view. It has formed a Cabinet of Marbles and Miproduced very interesting and very nerals-made a large Collection of Vases learned books of Travels, not only im- and Medals; and with his own hands portant to the Scholar and the Gen- constructed models of the most remarktleman, but conferring no inconsider- able temples and natural curiosities in able benefit on society by foreign ex- Italy, "one particularly, of Vesuvius, cursions, auxiliary to the learning and upon a great scale, of the materials of the arts of the nation. To him limi- the mountain, with such accuracy of tation to the Classics and Mathematics ontline, and justness of proportions, would have been a savage mode of pu- that Sir Wm. Hamilton pronounced nishment, and but for liberality of sen- it to be the best ever produced of the timent, he would have been made a kind, either by foreigner or native." mere drudge.

It is now at Lord Berwick's seat at Edw. Daniel Clarke was the son of Attingham. In 1794 he became tuthe Rev. Edw. Clarke, son of “mild tor 10 Sir Thos. Mostyn, in which year Wm. Clarke and Anne his wife.” He he took his degree of M.A.; and in 1796 was born June 5, 1769, and when a being then at Lord Berwick's, successchild, was not only amusing, but exhi- fully figured away in an election squibbited a talent for playful conversation compositions which often have a high and narrative, and a decided predilection literary character in humour and adfor those objects of science in which vocacy. Between 1796 and 1797 he he afterwards delighted. The rudi- let off at Brighton a periodical work, ments of his education were acquired Le Rêveur, or the Walking Visions of at Uckfield, under a Rev. Mr. Geri- an Absent Man," but it burnt out very son, and from thence he was removed soon. About the same time he made to Tunbridge, where the famous Vi- a Tour to Scotland with the Hon. cesimus Knox was Ludimagister in Berkeley Paget. At this period he chief. His attention was, however, had been elected Fellow of' his Col. more directed to other objects than lege, and in 1798 prepared to take up 1925.]

Review.-Otter's Life of Dr, Clarke. his residence there. Mr. Cripps, of form or other, but never monstrous or Sussex, then placed himself at Jesus grotesque ; and his millinery is equal under Dr. Clarke's tuition, and in to his modelling. Whether his sub1799 the tutor and pupil set out on ject be young or old, it is always atthose Continental tours, which have tired in graceful drapery. since so gratified the publick. In It is the province only of extensive 1802 he returned to England. In erudition to discover important scien1804 was presented by the University tific facts in matters which would eswith the degree of LL.D. In 1805 cape the notice of uninformed traveltook Holy Orders, and was instituted lers. Yet these neglected matters may to the Vicarage belonging to Jesus furnish the best, often the only sound College-in 1806 was married to An- elucidations of the ancient poets and gelica, fifth daughter of Sir William historians. Nothing apparently of the Rush; in 1808 was established in the most trivial kind escapes Dr. Clarke. Professorship of Mineralogy; in 1817 In the Fez of the Mediterranean sailwas elected Sub-Librarian of the Uni- ors he sees the cap of Ulysses, and he versity; and on Saturday, the gth of exhibits the pedigree of the pantomime March, 1822, fell a victim to acute and the dance. The fact is, that Dr. disease, leaving seven children, five Clarke had studied the Ancients in a sons and two daughters, the eldest not form the most interesting. He did fifteen years old at the time of his de- not study them for the purpose of cease.

knowing only their languages in perThe light in which we view Dr. fection. He wished to acquire the Clarke, is that of being the most in. fullest possible information of their teresting and tasteful trareller ever arts, manners, and habits. Now any known. Faults may be found in his necessity of studying the Classics for too sanguine adoption of hypothesis, verbal purposes only, is purely owing far too sanguine for a philosopher ; but to a very simple desideratum.' There it was a spirit which enabled him to ought to be both in Greek and Latin make curious discoveries, and connect a standard Thesaurus or glossary, simi numerous broken links of history. In lar to that of Du Cange. It should take finding ancient mantiers and customs every word, and show its various meanin modern practices, he had the eye of ings in different authors, in the same a lyas; and he treated his subjects not manner as is done by Johnson, Todd, only like a profound scholar, but like and other Lexicographers. Abbrea man of taste. Thus he avoided the viated editions might be published; waal heaviness of dissertation-builders, and the student who wishes only tó who pile brick upon brick, and stone obtain facility of construing at sight, upon stone, with no more regard to would find that he gains much time plan and embellishment than if they by such editions. But the fact is, that were erecting a prison wall. Of him all this drudgery ought to be taken at it may be said that he has niade of school ; and if youths were not entered his Trarels not only a palace of superb at the University till nineteen, it might literary architecture in pure and fine be done to every necessary extent. In style, but he has also furnished and that curious book, the Confessions of fitted it up in the very best taste. With an Opium Eater, we find that the an appearance as light as the florid scholar soon became more learned Gothic, it contains the most solid ma- than his master, by translating newssonry; and the elegant and rich taber- papers into Greek'; and though we nacle work, which looks like chit chat think that it is utterly impossible to or anecdote, conveys deep instruction. divest English Greek of the idiom of In our judgment, therefore, Dr. Clarke our native language, yet we believe is the best exemplar known for Tra- that if we learned Greek by translatvel writers. Dr. Moore has been justly ing English into it, as we do with Laadmired, but his remarks are limited tin in the Eton books, Lexicon work to life and manners, which he sketches might become rarely necessary. We with the hand of a master. Others have taken the example of Dr. Clarke, are very able in particular points, but because, though we think that no they are too heavy or too' technical. branch of science is to be lightly estiDr. Clarke suffers no details, no lump- mated, the knowledge of words only ish masses, to disfigure his work, --he effects no intellectual improvement. moulds them into some interesting A Polyglot man (one merely such) 48. Review.—Sir E. Brydges's Recollection of Foreign Travel. (July, becomes not a good historian, a power- that the characters formed upon such ful logician, an eloquent advocate, a model are far superior, and more or a tasteful connoisseur; nor throws useful to society; than pedantic echoes, one widow's mite into the treasury of who waste their lives in mere learning public wisdom. Roads are very use-' by heart, in mere repetition of sounds. ful, but no man possessed of common As, a traveller, we think that Dr. sense will say thai Books of Roads are Clarke, by his judicious line of study, better than the roads themselves. De- became facilè princeps. Of his Discipherers there ought to be; but it is sertations and other compositions we evident that one perfect Dictionary is cannot speak so highly. We could of itself sufficient. If an Antiquary mention instances where he formed meets with barbarous Latinity, he his conclusions before he had got up goes to Du Cange and Charpentier, and his premises. But whatever may be in ninety-nine instances out of a hun- his misapplication of learning occadred, the word is explained. He never sionally, and we say only occasionally, thinks of wasting half his life in study, he always brings to the enquiry so ing the grammar and dictionary of bar- much learning, that the reader is sure barous Latinity.


to gain much. Now it is most essential to the We might also dwell upon his stricformation of those patriotic habits tures concerning Russia, as exposures which every gentleman ought to have, upon which, if irue, it does a man no that he should be a man of taste ; that honour to dwell; but we do not like he should have a general knowledge of the criticism which consists in sifting architecture, sculpture, painting, and authors, and exposing the chaff and scenery, in order to exercise that con- smut of their grain, as if we were troul over fashion, which is essential cheapening it for purchase. to the glory, the arts, the commerce, and the wealth of the country. In short, the more amateurs there are, 5. Recollections of Foreign Travel, on Life, the more pains will artists take of Literature, and Self-Knowledge. , By Sir course, because nothing but excellence Egertou Bryuges, Bart. 2 vols. post 8vo.

II. 325. can be approved, and competition will

Vol. I. pp. 303. be more excited. Now the studies THERE are many passages of great which Dr. Clarke pursued, viz. the beauty, many of high reason, many of works of Winckelman, Visconti, and fine sentiment, many of excellent taste, the other Musea, in short, all the in the work before us, but tainted with works bearing upon the arts of elegant a morbid feeling, from worldly injusdesign, though they may not be the tice. Now the world will ever be studies which professional men ought what circumstances make it. With to regard in any other view than mere the division of labour wealth grows in relaxations, yei are peculiarly adapted higher estimation. When, as in the to noblemen and gentlemen. Such heroic ages; all wants were supplied studies dispose them to patronize the by an ample domain, and domestic arts with judgment, and to delight in nanufacture and the trades were carimprovement. If their minds are to ried on by slaves, then philosophers, be turned to mere dictionary acquisi, men of talents, and superior warriors tions, the country sustains proportional entered the field with the eclat of soinjury.

ciety; but let us suppose the greater We cannot dilate further upon this part of the population in a state of intopic, and in what we have said we digence, and not capable of acquiring hope not to be misunderstood. It is our maintenance, as retainers of the great, solemn opinion that the work of Greek the case is then altered. Men will aland Latin may be easily completed by ways annex the highest value to that the age of nineteen, and that proses- which they most want, and indigence sional or elegant studies, according to naturally over-estimates wealth. Let the genius or worldly situations of the

us suppose Sir Isaac Newton and students, may be most properly pur. Cræsus to settle in the same country sued between the periods of supra-boy- town at the same time. Sir Isaac may ship and manhood. We think that say, that by his wonderful discoveries Dr. Clarke's Travels are admirable he has so aided navigation, that he has specimens of the beautiful effect of added beyond calculation to the means learning and taste acting together; and of wealth, and the safety of the world. 1895.) Review.-Sir E. Brydges's Recollection of Foreign Travel. 49 Very true; but what' says a man of majesty of strength; Byron, a dæmon Linle or no mind, a mere mechanic? of the storm, enthroned upon a blazI first cut pens, and invented ink, and ing volcano, and hurling beneath him made paper, and I have done just as lightnings and earthquakes. much good ;-Sir Isaac coinplains, Is We are friends with Sir Egerton to this man to be compared to me? cer- a classical taste, and we think with tainly not, no more than a clever him that every deviation from classical pioneer is to be compared to Hanni- models will sink into obscurity as soon bal

. Why, then, we (Sir Isaac and as the novelly is past. (I. 151.) Cresas) are both settled in the same

" The nearer we come to nature, the town, and we will strive for influence at the next contested election for re

more perfect is the poetry, but then it

must be high, dignified and beautiful nature. presentatives in Parliament. The can- It must be spiritual blended with material i ass ensues. My dear Sir Isaac (says a nature, and both put by the powers of imaroter), no man respects you more than gination into paipable form. When poetry I do, -I eren admire you; but Cræsus of this sterling kind appears, then all the has obtained a church living for my tricks by which technical poetry strikes are son, a place in a public office for my blown into air, as if, after a fine-dressed Dephew, &c. &c. and to come to fi beauty made up in the pink of the fashion gures, wealth supplies my absolute

should have attracted every eye of an asseinpressing necessities, and genius only bly by the elegance of her person and opmy lasuries; and such I own is the pearance, the Venus de Medicis, endowed degraded corruption of my habits, that circle: would one eye still be found to ad

with life, should rise up in the middle of the a vewspaper is a greater luxury than

niire the goddess of millinery charms ?" I. the finest efforts of inind which were

195, 197. erer writien. I know what I ought 10 feel; but if you think with gods,

We must, however, leave millinery you must live with gods, to have your poetry, and other remarks on the subremuneration, and have the same easy ject in excellent taste, for want of inodes of subsistence, perpetual youth, room, and refer our readers to the do possibility of disease or fatigue, no

book, which abounds with elegant necessity for sleep or food; then we grotto-work. We cannot, however, caa afford to make Kensington Gar- forbear adding the two following exdens of Parnassus, say soft things to

tracts concerning Literature. those preity spinsters the Muses, and “The cultivation of Literature is almost Lake ambrosia with them instead of the only mode by which a man can combine coffee. As things are, however, we a life of retirement with a life of usefulness had rather draw corks than inferences. to others,-because his retirement is active

Men of plain sense, therefore, set in fruits dedicated to the enjoyment of the dowo with this huinble but wise reso- world; and wherever these fruits are gelarion,—to get as much money and as

nuine and sound, I believe that their effects, much virtue as they can into their fa- though generally allowed to be important, milies; and buy books and give din

are vastly more extensive and deep than is ners 10 authors, just as they like the supposed. The mind can only work perthings or the men.

fectly on the toils of others by means of But we must coine to the work be

written registers of them, which it can di

gest in the closet in silence, and without fore us. The main feature is an ex- interruption, where the reason is in full cellent mass of materials for a disserta- force, where the imagination is unrestraintion upon poetry, more especially that ed, and the emotions can be freely indulged, of Lord Byron. We allow that he uncheoked by the eye of ridicule or cuwrole very many exquisite things, but riosity. Nor is it a less advantage that we think that he was rather a magi- these are coinmunicable to those who cancian than a deiry; that he rather not command other society, nor otherwise created the awe arising from wonder, enjoy the thoughts and sentiments of their than the sublime, according to na

fellow-beings." 1.94. ture. Lord Byron was a capital stage The next extract is beautiful: manager and a first-rate actor ; but to say that his powers approximate those thing to concern inyself at all about the

“ It may be observed that it is a strange of Milton, is to put Roscius on a par trifles of Literature, while interests and with Hercules. Miltou appears to us evils so much more intimate and pressing the fine Farnesian figure, full of the "are attacking me on every side. These very GENT. Mag. July, 1825.



: Review.Croly on the Popish Question. (July, evils are what make the relief of Literature When Folly is thus strutting in peamore urgent and medicinal. I could no cock's feathers, it ought to be exposed, more have borne an hundredth part of the Upon the same indefeasible right, Carwoes and dangers that have oppressed and lile might say Paine (vulgo vocabus gathered upon me for thirty years, without Tom Paine) is my Pope, and your Mathe inspiring aid of Literature, than a feather can bear a heavy stone. Literature to

jesty will be pleased to recognize his me has been like the buoyant wave, that representative's right also,—the Qualifts upon its bosom the terrific vessel of ker says, George Fox is my Pope, and war, though loaded with a weight above I petition for his representation and so numeration, and filled with all the instru- de cæteris. But all these claims are ments of slaughterous death and ruin! The founded upon indefeasible right. No gigantic combination of moving destruction indefeasible right can extend beyond çuts through the foaming billow, dying its the protcetion of life and property. The brilliant colours with stench, and defiling its rest is an affair of compact. purity with human morbidness; but the The next nonsense is, that the King frightful furrow it has made soon closes shall not oppose a veto, nor the Proagain; it lashes itself into its former fresh- testants make a defence; they shall be ness, and it throws again its white untainted absolutely passive. We have pulled spray to heaven, as if the demon of evil had the reins with hard-mouthed horses, never crossed it." P. 149.

and found it something like tugging at One word in conclusion. The ok a barge, but the cart is not yet before will do Sir Egerton high credit as a the horse, and we hope it will never man of mind, and we are satisfied be. The nonsense is ihis. The King that the neglect of which he com- lays no hand upon opinion, nor upon plains must be owing to hasty publica. forms of worship, but he objects to tion; men who seek high respect political rights not bottomed upon his should issue only standard works. 'Ifa constitutional supremacy, and introinan writes prosing essays, or common- ductory of the claims of an unknown place sermons, which neither increase person, as mad (in assuming the viceknowledge nor confer pleasure, his gerency upon earth of the Almighty) fate will be like that of an innkeeper, as a March hare. In short, it is foolish who should charge the price of a grand to reason on the subject. A man dedinner for stale sandwiches and bad mands a right of visiting me with a beer. The finest Greek statues em- mad dog at his heels, and I shut my ployed the sculptors for many years; doors against him and his dog too. and no man is qualified to write hasá What says Mr. Croly in his exceltily who is not previously a complete lent fasciculas of the horrid doctrines; master of his subject by professional as in p. 81 he justly calls them? skill and knowledge.

In a Mr. Gandolphy's View of Christianity, quoted in p. 81, are the following passages : 1st. 'The Protest

ant Bishop of London must necessa6. Popery and the Popish Question, being an

Exposition of the Political and Doctrinal rily be an emissary of the Spirit of Opinions of Messrs. O'Connell, Keogh, Darkness, a disciple of the father of

lies. Dromgole, Gandolphy, &c. By the Rev. George Croly, A. M. F.R.L.S.

We know from fact* that some of

the Irish Catholic priests are excellent IT seems to be the ill-fated office of boxers, form rings, are botile-holders, the advocates for religious innovations seconds, &c. There may be indecoto be aiming at the destruction of com- rous men in all professions, and we mon sense for the support of their re

should not mention this, if we did spective tenets. Harsh as is the term,

not conceive that another paragraph of the whole of the Catholic Question, Mr. Gandolphy's justifies it. except in the view of conciliating Ire

“It (the ministry) ranks them (the Caland, is absolutely nonsense. They de- tholic priests) even above the angelic spirits, mand the re-admission of the Pope and clothes them with the divine character politically in England, which is just of the Messias himself

. Those distincas much nonsense as requesting his tions, however, arising from the sacerdotal Majesty to take a partner in the throne; and they also call this extraor

* An officer in bis Majesty's Navy witdinary position an indefeasible right. nessed it.


P. 77.

8vo. PP.


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